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Gene Review

C9orf116  -  chromosome 9 open reading frame 116

Homo sapiens

Synonyms: MGC29761, PIERCE1, Pierce1, RbEST47, UPF0691 protein C9orf116, ...
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Disease relevance of C9orf116

  • Eight hundred thirty-four patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) in King and Pierce Counties, Washington, and in Los Angeles County, California, with symptomatic onset between 1960 and 1969 were followed up for disability status in 1980 [1].
  • We conducted a population-based study of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in King, Pierce, and Snohomish counties in western Washington state [2].
  • The results of active surveillance showed that passive reporting was about 65% complete in Pierce County. No change occurred in the number of hepatitis A cases reported, but hepatitis B cases increased by 50%, and non-A, non-B hepatitis cases increased by 138% [3].
  • They obtained peripheral blood specimens from 18- to 79-year-old residents of King, Pierce, and Snohomish counties of western Washington who were diagnosed with vulvar cancer between April 1991 and June 1994 [4].
  • Since keyhole limpet hemocyanin (Pierce, Rockford, Illinois) is used increasingly in biomedicine as a carrier for vaccines and an immunotherapeutic agent for bladder transitional cell carcinoma, there is a growing interest in finding new substances that share its potent immunomodulatory properties [5].

Psychiatry related information on C9orf116


High impact information on C9orf116

  • The ultrastructure of spindle formation during the first meiotic division in oocytes of the Strepsipteran insect Xenos peckii Kirby (Acroschismus wheeleri Pierce) was examined in serial thick (0.25-micron) and thin sections [9].
  • We recently found (Pierce, K. L., Fujino, H., Srinivasan, D., and Regan, J. W. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 35944-35949) that stimulation of both isoforms with PGF(2 alpha) leads to activation of a Rho signaling pathway, resulting in tyrosine phosphorylation of p125 focal adhesion kinase, formation of actin stress fibers, and cell rounding [10].
  • MCP-1 was radioiodinated with Iodo-beads (Pierce Chemical Co., Rockford, IL) without significant loss of biologic activity [11].
  • On the basis of the X-ray crystal structure of scytalone dehydratase complexed with an active center inhibitor [Lundqvist, T., Rice, J., Hodge, C. N., Basarab, G. S., Pierce, J. and Lindqvist, Y. (1994) Structure (London) 2, 937-944], eight active-site residues were mutated to examine their roles in the catalytic mechanism [12].
  • The Pierce BCA assay showed the least difference in values among different types of protein [13].

Biological context of C9orf116

  • We have recently shown that the beta subunit of thyrotropin (TSH) can be cross-linked to the TSH receptor [Buckland, Strickland, Pierce & Rees Smith (1985) Endocrinology (Baltimore) 116, 2122-2124; Buckland, Strickland & Rees Smith (1985) Biochem. Soc. Trans. 13, 942-943] [14].
  • In concert with this, the manifestation of a protective phenotype has recently been shown to involve dynamic modulation of protein kinase C-epsilon (PKC epsilon) signaling complexes (Ping P, Zhang J, Pierce WM Jr, and Bolli R. Circ Res 88: 59--62, 2001) [15].
  • Although Pierce County may not be representative of all counties in the United States, persons responsible for public health prevention programs should recognize that data acquired through passive surveillance may not accurately reflect the magnitude of the risk for specific populations or the amount of disease that can be prevented [3].
  • Age-specific menopause rates, frequency and duration of menopausal estrogen use, and characteristics of users and non-users of menopausal estrogen therapy are presented for the population of King and Pierce counties in the state of Washington from 1973-1974 survey data [16].
  • The estimated frequency is approximately 1/40,000 live births [Cody JD, Pierce JF, Brkanac Z, Plaetke R, Ghidoni PD, Kaye CI, Leach RJ. 1997. Am. J. Med. Genet. 69:280-286] [17].

Anatomical context of C9orf116

  • As part of an epidemiologic study of cancer of the large bowel in women, female residents of King and Pierce counties (Washington) who were diagnosed during 1976--77 were interviewed regarding previous gallbladder surgery [18].
  • Stenosis of the renal artery of the transplant (RAT), is reported with a frequency of 5-10% (Nerstrøm, Ladefoged & Lund 1972, Nilsson, Henriksson & Thoren 1976, Beachley, Pierce, Boykin & Lee 1976) [19].

Associations of C9orf116 with chemical compounds

  • For the biuret assay, Lowry-Peterson assay, Bio-Rad Coomassie Blue assay, and Pierce BCA assay, the correlation coefficients were 0.96, 0.97, 0.89, 0.99, respectively [13].
  • Whole milk, decelled milk, skimmed milk and whey were analyzed for protein with the Lowry method, modified for fat-containing samples, the Bradford dye-binding assay (Bio-Rad) and the Pierce bicinchoninic acid (BCA) assay [20].
  • SETTING: King, Pierce, and Snohomish counties in Washington State. PATIENTS: One hundred twelve population-based incident cases meeting Centers for Disease Control and Prevention criteria for KS [21].
  • The binding of the protein to HA was detected with avidinbiotin alkaline phosphatase and developed by incubation with naphthol as-mx phosphate and Texas Red Salt (Pierce, Rockford, Ill) [22].
  • The Pierce Femto peroxidase substrate was at least 10 times more sensitive when using film than the highly cited 3,3('),5,5(')-tetramethylbenzidine (benzidine derivative) staining method and 50 times more sensitive when using a CCD imaging system [23].

Other interactions of C9orf116

  • Aphasic subjects' auditory comprehension of reversible passive sentences is facilitated by preceding predictive and nonpredictive narratives (Hough, Pierce, & Cannito, 1989, Brain and Language, 36, 325-334) [24].
  • The median TNF-alpha concentration in samples measured by Pierce assay (n=368) was 4.23 pg/mL, (range, 1.34-77.2 pg/mL) [25].
  • Water and sediment samples collected during 1977-78 from the Indian River lagoon between Vero Beach, Indian River County, and Fort Pierce, Saint Lucie County, Florida were analyzed for PCBs and DDT [26].
  • The survey included 59 dives conducted at six locations (Scott Field, Norfra Pipeline, Hudson Field, Pierce Field, Forties Field, and Bruce Field) from four Diver Support Vessels (Rockwater 1, Semi 2, Bar Protector, and Discovery) [27].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of C9orf116


  1. Factors associated with a malignant or benign course of multiple sclerosis. Clark, V.A., Detels, R., Visscher, B.R., Valdiviezo, N.L., Malmgren, R.M., Dudley, J.P. JAMA (1982) [Pubmed]
  2. Incidence of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in three counties in western Washington state. McGuire, V., Longstreth, W.T., Koepsell, T.D., van Belle, G. Neurology (1996) [Pubmed]
  3. The effect of underreporting on the apparent incidence and epidemiology of acute viral hepatitis. Alter, M.J., Mares, A., Hadler, S.C., Maynard, J.E. Am. J. Epidemiol. (1987) [Pubmed]
  4. Glutathione S-transferase M1 genotypes and the risk of vulvar cancer: a population-based case-control study. Chen, C., Madeleine, M.M., Weiss, N.S., Daling, J.R. Am. J. Epidemiol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  5. Immunotherapeutic effect of concholepas hemocyanin in the murine bladder cancer model: evidence for conserved antitumor properties among hemocyanins. Moltedo, B., Faunes, F., Haussmann, D., De Ioannes, P., De Ioannes, A.E., Puente, J., Becker, M.I. J. Urol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  6. A handful of questions. Supporting parental decision making. Claassen, M. Clinical nurse specialist CNS. (2000) [Pubmed]
  7. Hawkeye Pierce and the questionable relevance of medical etiquette to contemporary medical ethics and practice. Sugarman, J. The Journal of clinical ethics. (1994) [Pubmed]
  8. Helen Flanders Dunbar, John Dewey, and clinical pragmatism: reflections on method in psychosomatic medicine and bioethics. Hart, C.W. The journal of pastoral care & counseling : JPCC. (2002) [Pubmed]
  9. Intranuclear membranes and the formation of the first meiotic spindle in Xenos peckii (Acroschismus wheeleri) oocytes. Rieder, C.L., Nowogrodzki, R. J. Cell Biol. (1983) [Pubmed]
  10. Delayed reversal of shape change in cells expressing FP(B) prostanoid receptors. Possible role of receptor resensitization. Fujino, H., Pierce, K.L., Srinivasan, D., Protzman, C.E., Krauss, A.H., Woodward, D.F., Regan, J.W. J. Biol. Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
  11. Identification of high affinity receptors for human monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 on human monocytes. Yoshimura, T., Leonard, E.J. J. Immunol. (1990) [Pubmed]
  12. Catalytic mechanism of scytalone dehydratase: site-directed mutagenisis, kinetic isotope effects, and alternate substrates. Basarab, G.S., Steffens, J.J., Wawrzak, Z., Schwartz, R.S., Lundqvist, T., Jordan, D.B. Biochemistry (1999) [Pubmed]
  13. Determination of total protein in human milk: comparison of methods. Keller, R.P., Neville, M.C. Clin. Chem. (1986) [Pubmed]
  14. Thyrotropin cross-links to the thyrotropin receptor through both the alpha and beta subunits. Buckland, P.R., Rickards, C.R., Howells, R.D., Smith, B.R. Biochem. J. (1986) [Pubmed]
  15. Use of functional proteomics to investigate PKC epsilon-mediated cardioprotection: the signaling module hypothesis. Vondriska, T.M., Klein, J.B., Ping, P. Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  16. Characteristics of menopausal women: a survey of King and Pierce counties in Washington, 1973-2974. Stadel, B.V., Weiss, N. Am. J. Epidemiol. (1975) [Pubmed]
  17. Congenital anomalies and anthropometry of 42 individuals with deletions of chromosome 18q. Cody, J.D., Ghidoni, P.D., DuPont, B.R., Hale, D.E., Hilsenbeck, S.G., Stratton, R.F., Hoffman, D.S., Muller, S., Schaub, R.L., Leach, R.J., Kaye, C.I. Am. J. Med. Genet. (1999) [Pubmed]
  18. Cholecystectomy and the incidence of cancer of the large bowel. Weiss, N.S., Daling, J.R., Chow, W.H. Cancer (1982) [Pubmed]
  19. Arterial stenosis in renal transplantation. Lindfors, O., Laasonen, L., Fyhrqvist, F., Kock, B., Eklund, B., Lindström, B. Scandinavian journal of urology and nephrology. Supplementum. (1977) [Pubmed]
  20. Compartmentalization and quantitation of protein in human milk. Lönnerdal, B., Woodhouse, L.R., Glazier, C. J. Nutr. (1987) [Pubmed]
  21. Kawasaki syndrome in Washington State. Race-specific incidence rates and residential proximity to water. Davis, R.L., Waller, P.L., Mueller, B.A., Dykewicz, C.A., Schonberger, L.B. Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine. (1995) [Pubmed]
  22. Age-dependent change in the hyaluronic acid content of the human chorioretinal complex. Tate, D.J., Oliver, P.D., Miceli, M.V., Stern, R., Shuster, S., Newsome, D.A. Arch. Ophthalmol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  23. Chemiluminescent-based methods to detect subpicomole levels of c-type cytochromes. Feissner, R., Xiang, Y., Kranz, R.G. Anal. Biochem. (2003) [Pubmed]
  24. Contextual influences in reading comprehension in aphasia. Germani, M.J., Pierce, R.S. Brain and language. (1992) [Pubmed]
  25. Comparison of two enzyme immunometric assays to measure tumor necrosis factor-alpha in human serum. Gambino, R., Bo, S., Signorile, A., Menato, G., Pagano, G., Cassader, M. Clin. Chim. Acta (2006) [Pubmed]
  26. Residues of polychlorinated biphenyls and DDT in water and sediment of the Indian River Lagoon, Florida--1977-78. Wang, T.C., Johnson, R.S., Bricker, J.L. Pesticides monitoring journal. (1980) [Pubmed]
  27. Thermal status of saturation divers during operational dives in the North Sea. Mekjavić, B., Golden, F.S., Eglin, M., Tipton, M.J. Undersea & hyperbaric medicine : journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. (2001) [Pubmed]
  28. Alternate site testing for HbA1c using the Primus CLC330 GHb analyzer. Phillipov, G., Charles, P., Beng, C., Phillips, P.J. Diabetes Care (1997) [Pubmed]
  29. Lack of difference in neonatal mortality between blacks and whites served by the same medical care system. Kugler, J.P., Connell, F.A., Henley, C.E. The Journal of family practice. (1990) [Pubmed]
  30. Cefamandole-erythromycin-heparin peritoneal irrigation: an adjunct to the surgical treatment of diffuse bacterial peritonitis. Washington, B.C., Villalba, M.R., Lauter, C.B., Colville, J., Starnes, R. Surgery (1983) [Pubmed]
  31. Capacity related characteristics of Glyco-Gel affinity chromatographic support. Morin, L.G., Austin, G.E., Mullins, R.H. Clin. Biochem. (1988) [Pubmed]
  32. Dental X-rays and the risk of intracranial meningioma: a population-based case-control study. Longstreth, W.T., Phillips, L.E., Drangsholt, M., Koepsell, T.D., Custer, B.S., Gehrels, J.A., van Belle, G. Cancer (2004) [Pubmed]
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