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MeSH Review


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Disease relevance of Gynecology


High impact information on Gynecology


Chemical compound and disease context of Gynecology


Biological context of Gynecology


Anatomical context of Gynecology

  • A total of 129 patients who had undergone a radical hysterectomy for SCC of the uterine cervix at the Department of Gynecology of the Martin-Luther University, Halle-Wittenberg in 1991-2000 were included [21].
  • Classic pages in obstetrics and gynecology. Notes on anhaemia, principally in its connections with the puerperal state, and with functional disease of the uterus; with cases: Walter Channing. The New England Quarterly Journal of Medicine and Surgery, vol. 1, pp. 157-188, 1842-1843 [22].
  • SETTING: Second Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the University of Athens; Euromedica IVF Unit; and Hellenic Pasteur Institute. PATIENTS: Thirty-three patients undergoing IVF-ET divided in three groups: 8 with conception, 18 with fertilized oocytes but no conception, and 7 without fertilized oocytes [23].
  • Classic pages in obstetrics and gynecology. A radiographic demonstration of the circulation through the heart in the adult and in the foetus, and the identification of the ductus arteriosus. Alfred Ernest Barclay, Sir Joseph Barcroft, Donald Henry Barron, and Kenneth James Franklin. The British Journal of Radiology, vol. 12, pp. 505-518, 1939 [24].
  • To evaluate the usefulness of autoantibody detection as a nonoperative method of diagnosing endometriosis, we tested 221 sera from 215 patients from the infertility, gynecology, and gynecologic oncology services by an indirect immunofluorescence assay using monolayer cultures of an endometrial carcinoma cell line [25].

Associations of Gynecology with chemical compounds

  • PURPOSE: A phase III trial was performed between October 1981 and June 1984 to compare the efficacy of single-agent cisplatin and single-agent carboplatin in previously untreated patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage III or IV carcinoma of the ovary following surgery [26].
  • When white cases were compared to either gynecology or community controls, relative risks were increased for long duration estrogen use and for recent use prior to diagnosis [27].
  • Neoadjuvant chemotherapy consisting of 2-3 courses of cisplatin, vincristine, and bleomycin was used in the primary treatment of 36 consecutive patients with locally advanced early-stage cervical carcinoma [International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stages Ib or IIa; tumor size, greater than or equal to 4 cm] [28].
  • The main lasers used in gynecology are CO2, neodymium-yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG), and potassium tatanyl-phosphate-doubled Nd:YAG [29].
  • Increased gentamicin dosage requirements: rapid elimination in 249 gynecology patients [30].

Gene context of Gynecology

  • PTEN-staining status was not associated with patient age, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, myometrial invasion or histologic grade [31].
  • Univariate analysis showed that expression of p53, Bax, bulk residual disease and International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetricians (FIGO) stage were all strongly correlated with response to chemotherapy (P < 0.01) [32].
  • RESULTS: Compared with cystoadenomas and borderline tumors, the tessutal VEGF immunostaining was significantly higher in cystoadenocarcinomas, with the highest values detected in architectural International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Grade 3 neoplasms (P2 < 0.001) [33].
  • GSTT1 and/or GSTM1 null genotypes were not significantly associated with the histologic type and grade or FIGO (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics) stages of the ovarian carcinomas [34].
  • No association was detected between International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage and receptor status, but there was a somewhat lower frequency of ER positivity in poorly differentiated tumors (P = 0.07) [35].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Gynecology


  1. Mature results of a randomized trial of two doses of cisplatin for the treatment of ovarian cancer. Scottish Gynecology Cancer Trials Group. Kaye, S.B., Paul, J., Cassidy, J., Lewis, C.R., Duncan, I.D., Gordon, H.K., Kitchener, H.C., Cruickshank, D.J., Atkinson, R.J., Soukop, M., Rankin, E.M., Davis, J.A., Reed, N.S., Crawford, S.M., MacLean, A., Parkin, D., Sarkar, T.K., Kennedy, J., Symonds, R.P. J. Clin. Oncol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  2. Coexpression of cyclooxygenase-2 and thymidine phosphorylase as a prognostic indicator in patients with FIGO stage IIB squamous cell carcinoma of uterine cervix treated with radiotherapy and concurrent chemotherapy. Pyo, H., Kim, Y.B., Cho, N.H., Suh, C.O., Park, T.K., Yun, Y.S., Kim, G.E. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. (2005) [Pubmed]
  3. Effect of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation on pregnancy rates after intrauterine insemination. DiMarzo, S.J., Kennedy, J.F., Young, P.E., Hebert, S.A., Rosenberg, D.C., Villanueva, B. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. (1992) [Pubmed]
  4. Paclitaxel-based chemotherapy in carcinoma of the fallopian tube. Gemignani, M.L., Hensley, M.L., Cohen, R., Venkatraman, E., Saigo, P.E., Barakat, R.R. Gynecol. Oncol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  5. Menstrual cyclicity of CA-125 in patients with endometriosis. Hornstein, M.D., Thomas, P.P., Gleason, R.E., Barbieri, R.L. Fertil. Steril. (1992) [Pubmed]
  6. A study of various tests to detect asymptomatic urinary tract infections in an obstetric population. Bachman, J.W., Heise, R.H., Naessens, J.M., Timmerman, M.G. JAMA (1993) [Pubmed]
  7. Occult tumor cells in bone marrow of patients with locoregionally restricted ovarian cancer predict early distant metastatic relapse. Braun, S., Schindlbeck, C., Hepp, F., Janni, W., Kentenich, C., Riethmüller, G., Pantel, K. J. Clin. Oncol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  8. The emergence of molecular gynecology: homeobox and Wnt genes in the female reproductive tract. Kitajewski, J., Sassoon, D. Bioessays (2000) [Pubmed]
  9. Prognostic significance of angiogenesis and Ki-67, p53, and p21 expression: a population-based endometrial carcinoma study. Salvesen, H.B., Iversen, O.E., Akslen, L.A. J. Clin. Oncol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  10. Docetaxel and cisplatin in combination as first-line chemotherapy for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer. Scottish Gynaecological Cancer Trials Group. Vasey, P.A., Paul, J., Birt, A., Junor, E.J., Reed, N.S., Symonds, R.P., Atkinson, R., Graham, J., Crawford, S.M., Coleman, R., Thomas, H., Davis, J., Eggleton, S.P., Kaye, S.B. J. Clin. Oncol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  11. Systematic reviews of medical evidence: the use of meta-analysis in obstetrics and gynecology. Peipert, J.F., Bracken, M.B. Obstetrics and gynecology. (1997) [Pubmed]
  12. Efficacy of oral antibiotics following parenteral antibiotics for serious infections in obstetrics and gynecology. Hager, W.D., Pascuzzi, M., Vernon, M. Obstetrics and gynecology. (1989) [Pubmed]
  13. Obstetrics and gynecology: Supravaginal hysterectomy without ligature of the cervix, in operation for uterine fibroids: a new method. by Benjamin Franklin Baer. American Journal of Obstetrics and Diseases of Women, vol. 26, 1892. Longo, L.D. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. (1976) [Pubmed]
  14. Classic pages in obstetrics and gynecology. Operation in cases of complete prolapse. Archibald Donald. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of the British Empire, vol. 13, pp. 195-196, 1908. Longo, L.D. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. (1977) [Pubmed]
  15. Polycystic ovaries and levels of gonadotrophins and androgens in recurrent miscarriage: prospective study in 50 women. Tulppala, M., Stenman, U.H., Cacciatore, B., Ylikorkala, O. British journal of obstetrics and gynaecology. (1993) [Pubmed]
  16. Clinical applications of gonadotropin-releasing hormones in reproductive disorders. Moghissi, K.S. Endocrinol. Metab. Clin. North Am. (1992) [Pubmed]
  17. Relationship between serum müllerian-inhibiting substance and other reproductive hormones in untreated women with polycystic ovary syndrome and normal women. Cook, C.L., Siow, Y., Brenner, A.G., Fallat, M.E. Fertil. Steril. (2002) [Pubmed]
  18. Obstetrics and gynecology resident satisfaction with an integrated, comprehensive abortion rotation. Steinauer, J., Drey, E.A., Lewis, R., Landy, U., Learman, L.A. Obstetrics and gynecology. (2005) [Pubmed]
  19. Classic pages in obstetrics and gynecology. Structure of the porcine LH-and FSH-releasing hormone. I. The proposed amino acid sequence. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, vol. 43, pp. 1334-1339, 1971. Matsuo, H., Baba, Y., Nair, R.M., Arimura, A., Schally, A.V. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. (1976) [Pubmed]
  20. Bone mineral density and biochemical markers of bone turnover in peri- and postmenopausal women. De Leo, V., Ditto, A., la Marca, A., Lanzetta, D., Massafra, C., Morgante, G. Calcif. Tissue Int. (2000) [Pubmed]
  21. SCC antigen in the serum as an independent prognostic factor in operable squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix. Strauss, H.G., Laban, C., Lautenschläger, C., Buchmann, J., Schneider, I., Koelbl, H. Eur. J. Cancer (2002) [Pubmed]
  22. Classic pages in obstetrics and gynecology. Notes on anhaemia, principally in its connections with the puerperal state, and with functional disease of the uterus; with cases: Walter Channing. The New England Quarterly Journal of Medicine and Surgery, vol. 1, pp. 157-188, 1842-1843. Longo, L.D. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. (1977) [Pubmed]
  23. Correlation of serum and follicular fluid concentrations of placental protein 14 and CA-125 in in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer patients. Chryssikopoulos, A., Mantzavinos, T., Kanakas, N., Karagouni, E., Dotsika, E., Zourlas, P.A. Fertil. Steril. (1996) [Pubmed]
  24. Classic pages in obstetrics and gynecology. A radiographic demonstration of the circulation through the heart in the adult and in the foetus, and the identification of the ductus arteriosus. Alfred Ernest Barclay, Sir Joseph Barcroft, Donald Henry Barron, and Kenneth James Franklin. The British Journal of Radiology, vol. 12, pp. 505-518, 1939. Longo, L.D. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. (1978) [Pubmed]
  25. Autoantibodies associated with endometriosis: can their detection predict presence of the disease? Wild, R.A., Hirisave, V., Podczaski, E.S., Coulam, C., Shivers, C.A., Satyaswaroop, P.G. Obstetrics and gynecology. (1991) [Pubmed]
  26. Long-term follow-up of the first randomized study of cisplatin versus carboplatin for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer. Taylor, A.E., Wiltshaw, E., Gore, M.E., Fryatt, I., Fisher, C. J. Clin. Oncol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  27. "Alternative" controls in a case-control study of endometrial cancer and exogenous estrogen. Hulka, B.S., Grimson, R.C., Greenberg, B.G., Kaufman, D.G., Fowler, W.C., Hogue, C.J., Berger, G.S., Pulliam, C.C. Am. J. Epidemiol. (1980) [Pubmed]
  28. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy with cisplatin, vincristine, and bleomycin and radical surgery in early-stage bulky cervical carcinoma. Chang, H.C., Lai, C.H., Chou, P.C., Tseng, C.J., Chang, T.C., Hsueh, S., Ho, Y.S., Soong, Y.K. Cancer Chemother. Pharmacol. (1992) [Pubmed]
  29. Comparative study of different laser systems. Bhatta, N., Isaacson, K., Bhatta, K.M., Anderson, R.R., Schiff, I. Fertil. Steril. (1994) [Pubmed]
  30. Increased gentamicin dosage requirements: rapid elimination in 249 gynecology patients. Zaske, D.E., Cipolle, R.J., Strate, R.G., Dickes, W.F. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. (1981) [Pubmed]
  31. PTEN expression is associated with prognosis for patients with advanced endometrial carcinoma undergoing postoperative chemotherapy. Kanamori, Y., Kigawa, J., Itamochi, H., Sultana, H., Suzuki, M., Ohwada, M., Kamura, T., Sugiyama, T., Kikuchi, Y., Kita, T., Fujiwara, K., Terakawa, N. Int. J. Cancer (2002) [Pubmed]
  32. p53 and related proteins in epithelial ovarian cancer. Sengupta, P.S., McGown, A.T., Bajaj, V., Blackhall, F., Swindell, R., Bromley, M., Shanks, J.H., Ward, T., Buckley, C.H., Reynolds, K., Slade, R.J., Jayson, G.C. Eur. J. Cancer (2000) [Pubmed]
  33. Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor related to 72-kilodalton metalloproteinase immunostaining in patients with serous ovarian tumors. Garzetti, G.G., Ciavattini, A., Lucarini, G., Pugnaloni, A., De Nictolis, M., Amati, S., Romanini, C., Biagini, G. Cancer (1999) [Pubmed]
  34. Glutathione S-transferase T1 and M1 gene defects in ovarian carcinoma. Hengstler, J.G., Kett, A., Arand, M., Oesch-Bartlomowicz, B., Oesch, F., Pilch, H., Tanner, B. Cancer Lett. (1998) [Pubmed]
  35. Adenocarcinoma of the cervix. Expression and clinical significance of estrogen and progesterone receptors. Fujiwara, H., Tortolero-Luna, G., Mitchell, M.F., Koulos, J.P., Wright, T.C. Cancer (1997) [Pubmed]
  36. Role of Lewis A and Lewis B blood group antigens in Helicobacter pylori infection. Rothenbacher, D., Weyermann, M., Bode, G., Kulaksiz, M., Stahl, B., Brenner, H. Helicobacter (2004) [Pubmed]
  37. Hepatitis B antigen: a review of its importance in the practice of obstetrics and gynecology. Babb, R.R. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. (1976) [Pubmed]
  38. Vascular endothelial growth factor serum concentrations in ovarian cancer. Tempfer, C., Obermair, A., Hefler, L., Haeusler, G., Gitsch, G., Kainz, C. Obstetrics and gynecology. (1998) [Pubmed]
  39. Applications of laser surgery in gynecology. Hype or high tech? Blackwell, R.E. Surg. Clin. North Am. (1991) [Pubmed]
  40. Ultrasonographic guided ovarian stroma hydrocoagulation for ovarian stimulation in polycystic ovary syndrome. Ramzy, A.M., Al-Inany, H., Aboulfoutouh, I., Sataar, M., Idrees, O.A., Shehata, M.H. Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica. (2001) [Pubmed]
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