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MeSH Review

Western Australia

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Disease relevance of Western Australia


Psychiatry related information on Western Australia

  • In this Harm Reduction Digest based in part on a presentation at the 'International Research Symposium Preventing Substance Use, Risky Use and Harm: What is Evidence-Based Policy?' held in Fremantle, Western Australia in February 2003, the author proposes a new regulatory framework through which to further reduce tobacco-related harm [6].

High impact information on Western Australia

  • Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was first reported in Western Australia in the early 1990s from indigenous peoples living in remote areas [1].
  • This outbreak was followed by large outbreaks in Taiwan in 1998, caused by genogroup C2, and in Perth (Western Australia) in 1999, where viruses belonging to genogroups B3 and C2 cocirculated [7].
  • Incidence of IDDM in Western Australia in children aged 0-14 yr from 1985 to 1989 [8].
  • Vitamin A and cancer prevention I: observations in workers previously exposed to asbestos at Wittenoom, Western Australia [9].
  • Patients on CTOs in the first year of implementation in Western Australia were compared with controls from Nova Scotia matched on date of discharge from in-patient care, demographics, diagnosis and past in-patient psychiatric history [10].

Chemical compound and disease context of Western Australia


Biological context of Western Australia


Associations of Western Australia with chemical compounds

  • METHODS: We analysed data from one or more HDM allergen measurements in 215 houses included in four previous studies conducted in Sydney (a high allergen environment) and Busselton, Western Australia (a moderate allergen environment) [21].
  • Re: "Alcohol and mortality in Busselton, Western Australia" [22].
  • Computer quantitation of gallium 67 lung uptake in crocidolite (blue asbestos) workers of Western Australia [23].
  • STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Five hundred and sixty eight men and women aged 33-83 years from Perth, Western Australia, completed one of the two prototypes of the tool and gave a fasting blood sample for measurement of serum folate [24].
  • Formaldehyde exposure was examined in relation to asthma among young children (between 6 months and 3 yrs old) in a population-based control study carried out in Perth, Western Australia, between 1997-1999 [25].

Gene context of Western Australia


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Western Australia


  1. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus clones, Western Australia. Coombs, G.W., Pearson, J.C., O'Brien, F.G., Murray, R.J., Grubb, W.B., Christiansen, K.J. Emerging Infect. Dis. (2006) [Pubmed]
  2. Pigmentary and cutaneous risk factors for non-melanocytic skin cancer--a case-control study. Kricker, A., Armstrong, B.K., English, D.R., Heenan, P.J. Int. J. Cancer (1991) [Pubmed]
  3. Dental caries and fluoride exposure in Western Australia. Riordan, P.J. J. Dent. Res. (1991) [Pubmed]
  4. Dental fluorosis and fluoride exposure in Western Australia. Riordan, P.J., Banks, J.A. J. Dent. Res. (1991) [Pubmed]
  5. A histological comparison of cutaneous malignant melanoma between the Oxford Region and Western Australia. Heenan, P.J., Holman, C.D. Histopathology (1982) [Pubmed]
  6. Where to for tobacco regulation: time for new approaches? Liberman, J. Drug and alcohol review. (2003) [Pubmed]
  7. Molecular epidemiology of human enterovirus 71 strains and recent outbreaks in the Asia-Pacific region: comparative analysis of the VP1 and VP4 genes. Cardosa, M.J., Perera, D., Brown, B.A., Cheon, D., Chan, H.M., Chan, K.P., Cho, H., McMinn, P. Emerging Infect. Dis. (2003) [Pubmed]
  8. Incidence of IDDM in Western Australia in children aged 0-14 yr from 1985 to 1989. Kelly, H.A., Byrne, G.C. Diabetes Care (1992) [Pubmed]
  9. Vitamin A and cancer prevention I: observations in workers previously exposed to asbestos at Wittenoom, Western Australia. Musk, A.W., de Klerk, N.H., Ambrosini, G.L., Eccles, J.L., Hansen, J., Olsen, N.J., Watts, V.L., Lund, H.G., Pang, S.C., Beilby, J., Hobbs, M.S. Int. J. Cancer (1998) [Pubmed]
  10. A comparison of health service use in two jurisdictions with and without compulsory community treatment. Kisely, S., Smith, M., Preston, N.J., Xiao, J. Psychological medicine. (2005) [Pubmed]
  11. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Western Australia. Dailey, L., Coombs, G.W., O'Brien, F.G., Pearman, J.W., Christiansen, K., Grubb, W.B., Riley, T.V. Emerging Infect. Dis. (2005) [Pubmed]
  12. Dietary folate and nonneural midline birth defects: no evidence of an association from a case-control study in Western Australia. Bower, C., Stanley, F.J. Am. J. Med. Genet. (1992) [Pubmed]
  13. Emergence of high-level mupirocin resistance in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Western Australia. Udo, E.E., Pearman, J.W., Grubb, W.B. J. Hosp. Infect. (1994) [Pubmed]
  14. Campylobacter pyloridis, gastritis, and peptic ulceration. Goodwin, C.S., Armstrong, J.A., Marshall, B.J. J. Clin. Pathol. (1986) [Pubmed]
  15. Ampicillin-resistant Haemophilus in Western Australia. Richardson, C.J., Masters, P.L. Med. J. Aust. (1977) [Pubmed]
  16. Meningeal cysticercosis diagnosed in Western Australia. Gubbay, S.S., Matz, L.R. Med. J. Aust. (1977) [Pubmed]
  17. Changing epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Western Australia. Riley, T.V., Pearman, J.W., Rouse, I.L. Med. J. Aust. (1995) [Pubmed]
  18. Genetic analysis of community isolates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Western Australia. Udo, E.E., Pearman, J.W., Grubb, W.B. J. Hosp. Infect. (1993) [Pubmed]
  19. Evaluation of a pilot project to use computers in a rural general practice term. Teague, M., Talbot, J., Ward, A.M. The Australian journal of rural health. (2000) [Pubmed]
  20. Stillbirths, neonatal and post-neonatal mortality by race, birthweight and gestational age. Kliewer, E.V., Stanley, F.J. Journal of paediatrics and child health. (1993) [Pubmed]
  21. Variability and repeatability of house dust mite allergen measurement: implications for study design and interpretation. Marks, G.B., Tovey, E.R., Peat, J.K., Salome, C.M., Woolcock, A.J. Clin. Exp. Allergy (1995) [Pubmed]
  22. Re: "Alcohol and mortality in Busselton, Western Australia". Ferrence, R.G., Bondy, S. Am. J. Epidemiol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  23. Computer quantitation of gallium 67 lung uptake in crocidolite (blue asbestos) workers of Western Australia. Hayes, A.A., Thickbroom, G.W., Guelfi, G.R., Musk, A.W., van der Schaaf, A.A. European journal of nuclear medicine. (1990) [Pubmed]
  24. A rapid dietary assessment tool to determine intake of folate was developed and validated. Hickling, S., Knuiman, M., Jamrozik, K., Hung, J. Journal of clinical epidemiology. (2005) [Pubmed]
  25. Domestic exposure to formaldehyde significantly increases the risk of asthma in young children. Rumchev, K.B., Spickett, J.T., Bulsara, M.K., Phillips, M.R., Stick, S.M. Eur. Respir. J. (2002) [Pubmed]
  26. Carcinoembryonic antigen in an unselected elderly population: a four year follow up. Stevens, D.P., Mackay, I.R., Cullen, K.J. Br. J. Cancer (1975) [Pubmed]
  27. A Western Australian kindred with Dutch cerebral amyloid angiopathy. Panegyres, P.K., Kwok, J.B., Schofield, P.R., Blumbergs, P.C. J. Neurol. Sci. (2005) [Pubmed]
  28. P53 overexpression in gastric adenocarcinoma with Helicobacter pylori infection. Chang, K.H., Kwon, J.W., Kim, B.S., Hwang, J.H., Lee, S.K., Lee, Y.C., Park, H.J., Park, I.S., Kim, H.K. Yonsei Med. J. (1997) [Pubmed]
  29. Psychostimulants, adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and morbid jealousy. Pillai, K., Kraya, N. The Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry. (2000) [Pubmed]
  30. Distribution of HLA A, B and C antigens in an Australian population. Hawkins, B.R., Houliston, J.B., Dawkins, R.L. Hum. Genet. (1979) [Pubmed]
  31. Detection of the rodent tapeworm Rodentolepis (=Hymenolepis) microstoma in humans. A new zoonosis? Macnish, M.G., Ryan, U.M., Behnke, J.M., Thompson, R.C. Int. J. Parasitol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  32. Trends and regional differences in testosterone prescribing in Australia, 1991-2001. Handelsman, D.J. Med. J. Aust. (2004) [Pubmed]
  33. User acceptance of the Web-based distribution of radiology services in regional and remote centres of Western Australia. Tually, P., Stavrianou, C., Walker, J. Journal of telemedicine and telecare. (2005) [Pubmed]
  34. Folate and vitamin B-12 and risk of fatal cardiovascular disease: cohort study from Busselton, Western Australia. Hung, J., Beilby, J.P., Knuiman, M.W., Divitini, M. BMJ (2003) [Pubmed]
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