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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review

Corpora Allata

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High impact information on Corpora Allata

  • Precocene II inhibits juvenile hormone biosynthesis by cockroach corpora allata in vitro [1].
  • Expressed sequence tags from the corpora allata of the cockroach Diploptera punctata yielded a new cytochrome P450, CYP15A1 [2].
  • Finally, we used the same primers for DNMDAR1 to demonstrate a fragment of putative NMDA receptor in the corpora allata of Diploptera punctata [3].
  • In accordance with these results, immunoreactivity to an antiserum directed against the common C terminus of callatostatin 1 and allatostatin 1 was observed in the corpora allata of D. punctata but not in the corpus allatum of C. vomitoria, despite its presence in neurons of the brain [4].
  • At 10(-7) M, Grb-AST B1 also strongly inhibits juvenile hormone III biosynthesis by corpora allata from 2-day-old adult males and 1-day-old (males and females) and 4-day-old (females) last instar larvae of G. bimaculatus [5].

Biological context of Corpora Allata


Anatomical context of Corpora Allata


Associations of Corpora Allata with chemical compounds

  • CYP15A1, the cytochrome P450 that catalyzes epoxidation of methyl farnesoate to juvenile hormone III in cockroach corpora allata [2].
  • This dilution reflected in part the poor penetration of mevalonate into the corpora allata cells, because JH synthesis in mevinolin-treated cells was not fully rescued by mevalonate [15].
  • In insects, these sesquiterpenoids are synthesized by retrocerebral endocrine organs, the corpora allata, via the classical mevalonate (MVA) pathway [16].
  • During the primary response to methoprene (in female locusts in which the corpora allata had been destroyed immediately after emergence), Vg mRNA was first detected after 18-24 hr and accumulated rapidly between 36 and 48 hr [17].
  • Following incubation of (2E,6E)-[1,5,9-3H]farnesol with homogenates of corpora allata from fifth instar larvae or adult female M. sexta, and analysis by RP-IPC, the major radiolabeled products corresponded to farnesoic acid, farnesal, and a polar product(s) presumably derived from the tritium on C-1 of farnesol [18].

Gene context of Corpora Allata

  • Here, we describe the 10-day adult age course of JH synthesis from isolated corpus allatum (CA) of InR and of chico, the insulin receptor substrate homolog [19].
  • Thus the lateral neurosecretory cells, which are immunoreactive with antisera to beta-endorphin and ovine prolactin, may regulate corpus allatum activity, whereas a CRF immunoreactive substance seems to be used as neurotransmitter by antennal receptors [20].
  • JH production by glands of wild-type females increases in parallel with the progress of ovarian maturation, the major product of the adult corpus allatum being juvenile hormone 3 bis-epoxide (JHB3) [21].
  • From the effects of these inhibitors, we conclude that the glutamate transporter expressed in corpora allata cells of the cricket is similar to the high affinity glutamate transporters cloned from human brain, especially EAAT1 and EAAT3 [22].
  • SP also increases in vitro juvenile hormone (JH) biosynthesis in excised corpora allata (CA) of D. melanogaster and Helicoverpa armigera [23].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Corpora Allata


  1. Precocene II inhibits juvenile hormone biosynthesis by cockroach corpora allata in vitro. Pratt, G.E., Bowers, W.S. Nature (1977) [Pubmed]
  2. CYP15A1, the cytochrome P450 that catalyzes epoxidation of methyl farnesoate to juvenile hormone III in cockroach corpora allata. Helvig, C., Koener, J.F., Unnithan, G.C., Feyereisen, R. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2004) [Pubmed]
  3. Insect NMDA receptors mediate juvenile hormone biosynthesis. Chiang, A.S., Lin, W.Y., Liu, H.P., Pszczolkowski, M.A., Fu, T.F., Chiu, S.L., Holbrook, G.L. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2002) [Pubmed]
  4. Callatostatins: neuropeptides from the blowfly Calliphora vomitoria with sequence homology to cockroach allatostatins. Duve, H., Johnsen, A.H., Scott, A.G., Yu, C.G., Yagi, K.J., Tobe, S.S., Thorpe, A. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1993) [Pubmed]
  5. A family of neuropeptides that inhibit juvenile hormone biosynthesis in the cricket, Gryllus bimaculatus. Lorenz, M.W., Kellner, R., Hoffmann, K.H. J. Biol. Chem. (1995) [Pubmed]
  6. Control of juvenile hormone biosynthesis. Evidence for phosphorylation of the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase of insect corpus allatum. Monger, D.J., Law, J.H. J. Biol. Chem. (1982) [Pubmed]
  7. Characterization and regulation of HMG-CoA reductase during a cycle of juvenile hormone synthesis. Feyereisen, R., Farnsworth, D.E. Mol. Cell. Endocrinol. (1987) [Pubmed]
  8. Effects of larval nutrition on the endocrinology of mosquito egg development. Telang, A., Li, Y., Noriega, F.G., Brown, M.R. J. Exp. Biol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  9. Formation of a whorl-like autophagosome by Golgi apparatus engulfing a ribosome-containing vacuole in corpora allata of the cockroach Diploptera punctata. Yang, D.M., Chiang, A.S. Cell Tissue Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
  10. Morphological and physiological comparisons of two types of allatostatin in the brain and retrocerebral complex of the tomato moth, Lacanobia oleracea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Audsley, N., Duve, H., Thorpe, A., Weaver, R.J. J. Comp. Neurol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  11. Proctolin: A possible releasing factor in the corpus cardiacum/corpus allatum of the locust. Clark, L., Zhang, J.R., Tobe, S., Lange, A.B. Peptides (2006) [Pubmed]
  12. Glutamate-induced rise in cytosolic calcium concentration stimulates in vitro rates of juvenile hormone biosynthesis in corpus allatum of Diploptera punctata. Pszczolkowski, M.A., Lee, W.S., Liu, H.P., Chiang, A.S. Mol. Cell. Endocrinol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  13. Molecular cloning and tissue expression of an insect farnesyl diphosphate synthase. Castillo-Gracia, M., Couillaud, F. Eur. J. Biochem. (1999) [Pubmed]
  14. Photoaffinity labeling of allatostatin receptor proteins in the corpora allata of the cockroach, Diploptera punctata. Cusson, M., Prestwich, G.D., Stay, B., Tobe, S.S. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (1991) [Pubmed]
  15. Precursor supply for insect juvenile hormone III biosynthesis in a cockroach. Feyereisen, R., Farnsworth, D.E. J. Biol. Chem. (1987) [Pubmed]
  16. Biosynthetic pathway of insect juvenile hormone III in cell suspension cultures of the sedge Cyperus iria. Bede, J.C., Teal, P.E., Goodman, W.G., Tobe, S.S. Plant Physiol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  17. Vitellogenin mRNA in locust fat body: coordinate induction of two genes by a juvenile hormone analog. Dhadialla, T.S., Cook, K.E., Wyatt, G.R. Dev. Biol. (1987) [Pubmed]
  18. Farnesol and farnesal dehydrogenase(s) in corpora allata of the tobacco hornworm moth, Manduca sexta. Baker, F.C., Mauchamp, B., Tsai, L.W., Schooley, D.A. J. Lipid Res. (1983) [Pubmed]
  19. Mutations in insulin signaling pathway alter juvenile hormone synthesis in Drosophila melanogaster. Tu, M.P., Yin, C.M., Tatar, M. Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  20. Immunocytochemical localization of peptidergic neurons and neurosecretory cells in the neuro-endocrine system of the Colorado potato beetle with antisera to vertebrate regulatory peptides. Veenstra, J.A., Romberg-Privee, H.M., Schooneveld, H., Polak, J.M. Histochemistry (1985) [Pubmed]
  21. Regulation of juvenile hormone synthesis in wild-type and apterous mutant Drosophila. Altaratz, M., Applebaum, S.W., Richard, D.S., Gilbert, L.I., Segal, D. Mol. Cell. Endocrinol. (1991) [Pubmed]
  22. A Na+-dependent electrogenic glutamate transporter current in voltage-clamped cells of corpora allata in the cricket Gryllus bimaculatus. Kosakai, K., Yoshino, M. J. Comp. Physiol. B, Biochem. Syst. Environ. Physiol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  23. Common functional elements of Drosophila melanogaster seminal peptides involved in reproduction of Drosophila melanogaster and Helicoverpa armigera females. Fan, Y., Rafaeli, A., Moshitzky, P., Kubli, E., Choffat, Y., Applebaum, S.W. Insect Biochem. Mol. Biol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  24. Primary structure of four allatostatins: neuropeptide inhibitors of juvenile hormone synthesis. Woodhead, A.P., Stay, B., Seidel, S.L., Khan, M.A., Tobe, S.S. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1989) [Pubmed]
  25. In vitro biosynthesis of juvenile hormone by the larval corpora allata of Manduca sexta: quantificationby radioimmunoassay. Granger, N.A., Bollenbacher, W.E., Vince, R., Gilbert, L.I., Baehr, J.C., Dray, F. Mol. Cell. Endocrinol. (1979) [Pubmed]
  26. Enzymic synthesis of juvenile hormone in locust corpora allata: evidence for a microsomal cytochrome P-450 linked methyl farnesoate epoxidase. Feyereisen, R., Pratt, G.E., Hamnett, A.F. Eur. J. Biochem. (1981) [Pubmed]
  27. Two new allatostatins from the brains of Diploptera punctata. Woodhead, A.P., Khan, M.A., Stay, B., Tobe, S.S. Insect Biochem. Mol. Biol. (1994) [Pubmed]
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