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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review

Root Caries

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Disease relevance of Root Caries

  • By using data from subjects with two food diaries, a stepwise-linear-regression model for root caries showed that 4.2% of the variance for root caries was explained by sucrose, 2.8% by plaque, 3.8% by total number of teeth, and 5.6% by gingival recession [1].
  • Data were collected on coronal caries, oral hygiene, gingivitis, pocket depth, recession, and root caries and were compared with data from control subjects from a larger non-diabetic study group [2].
  • Given the hypothesis that root caries is the result of acid formation by acidogenic micro-organisms, the present study was performed to relate sucrose-induced pH response of dental plaque on root surfaces to the microbial composition of the overlying plaque [3].
  • The results obtained confirmed the collagen-binding activity of CBD in AgA and WapA, and suggested that WapA may be used, not only as a vaccine against coronal and dental root caries, but also against S. mutans-mediated endocarditis [4].
  • Our objective in this study was to determine whether the prevalences of periodontal diseases, coronal caries, and root caries for prehistoric inhabitants vary between geochemical regions of the state of Missouri. Burial sites were located on unique maps that depict geochemical variation among regions of the state [5].

Psychiatry related information on Root Caries


High impact information on Root Caries

  • These data suggest that root caries has a similar dietary etiology to coronal caries [1].
  • In the rat caries model using animals fed a high-sucrose diet and ad libitum, there were no significant differences in the number or severity of smooth surface, sulcal, or root caries elicited by the fruA mutant and the wild-type organism [9].
  • The differences in serum albumin concentrations between subjects with untreated root caries (DT = 0 and DT > 3) were 75.56 mg/dL in 70-year-olds and 202.97 mg/dL in 80-year-olds (p < 0.05, ANOVA) [10].
  • Effects of aged fluoride-containing restorative materials on recurrent root caries [11].
  • Evaluation of sodium fluorescein for quantitative diagnosis of root caries [12].

Chemical compound and disease context of Root Caries

  • In the groups of rats receiving diet containing 5% confectioner's sugar, there were no significant differences in root caries area or exposed root-surface area, regardless of the infection status of the animals [13].
  • Root caries reduction in the minocycline and fluoride groups was not significantly different, but the reduction was significantly greater than in the 9-aminoacridine group, with the caries score in all three groups being significantly less than that in the water control [14].
  • This study demonstrated that PS-OCT is well suited for the imaging of interproximal and occlusal caries, early root caries, and for imaging decay under composite fillings [15].
  • The effects of the combination of chlorhexidine/thymol- and fluoride-containing varnishes on the severity of root caries lesions in frail institutionalised elderly people [16].
  • AIM: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate in a group of periodontal maintenance patients, the effect of using a dentifrice and mouthrinse containing amine fluoride (AmF) and stannous fluoride (SnF2) as compared with a dentifrice and mouthrinse both containing sodium fluoride (NaF) with regard to their root caries experience [17].

Biological context of Root Caries

  • S. mutans genotypes showed no evidence of variability in colonizing noncarious and carious surfaces within the same individual, nor evidence of etiologic differences between coronal and root caries [18].

Anatomical context of Root Caries


Gene context of Root Caries

  • Multifactorial modeling resulted in the combination of Past Root Caries Experience (OR 12.8), Lactobacilli (OR 8.6) and Candida (OR 2.8) [23].
  • Among sero-positive women, there were significant differences in coronal and root caries by AIDS diagnostic criteria, but no periodontal indicators by either AIDS diagnostic criteria or CD4 status, were observed [24].
  • All leathery and soft root caries lesions in all subjects were coated with Fluor-Protector while the lesions in the Test group were also coated with Cervitec and the lesions in the Placebo group were coated with a Placebo varnish [16].
  • Groups C1 and C2 had unrestored root surface lesions; Group A, B and C3 were free of unrestored root caries and differed in their coronal caries experience [25].
  • CONCLUSIONS: Post-irradiated NPC patients constitute a high-risk group for dental root caries and oral candidiasis [26].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Root Caries


  1. Relationship of diet to root caries. Papas, A.S., Joshi, A., Palmer, C.A., Giunta, J.L., Dwyer, J.T. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1995) [Pubmed]
  2. The prevalence of root caries in a diabetic population. Tavares, M., Depaola, P., Soparkar, P., Joshipura, K. J. Dent. Res. (1991) [Pubmed]
  3. Plaque pH and microflora of dental plaque on sound and carious root surfaces. Aamdal-Scheie, A., Luan, W.M., Dahlén, G., Fejerskov, O. J. Dent. Res. (1996) [Pubmed]
  4. Identification and characterization of collagen-binding activity in Streptococcus mutans wall-associated protein: a possible implication in dental root caries and endocarditis. Han, T.K., Zhang, C., Dao, M.L. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2006) [Pubmed]
  5. The effect of geochemical factors on prevalences of dental diseases for prehistoric inhabitants of the state of Missouri. Hildebolt, C.F., Molnar, S., Elvin-Lewis, M., McKee, J.K. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. (1988) [Pubmed]
  6. Type 1 diabetes mellitus and oral health: assessment of coronal and root caries. Moore, P.A., Weyant, R.J., Etzel, K.R., Guggenheimer, J., Mongelluzzo, M.B., Myers, D.E., Rossie, K., Hubar, H., Block, H.M., Orchard, T. Community dentistry and oral epidemiology. (2001) [Pubmed]
  7. Caries incidence and increments in community-living older adults with and without dementia. Chalmers, J.M., Carter, K.D., Spencer, A.J. Gerodontology. (2002) [Pubmed]
  8. Root caries: prevention and chemotherapy. Jones, J.A. American journal of dentistry. (1995) [Pubmed]
  9. Characteristics and cariogenicity of a fructanase-defective Streptococcus mutants strain. Wexler, D.L., Penders, J.E., Bowen, W.H., Burne, R.A. Infect. Immun. (1992) [Pubmed]
  10. Association between serum albumin and root caries in community-dwelling older adults. Yoshihara, A., Hanada, N., Miyazaki, H. J. Dent. Res. (2003) [Pubmed]
  11. Effects of aged fluoride-containing restorative materials on recurrent root caries. Hsu, C.Y., Donly, K.J., Drake, D.R., Wefel, J.S. J. Dent. Res. (1998) [Pubmed]
  12. Evaluation of sodium fluorescein for quantitative diagnosis of root caries. van der Veen, M.H., Tsuda, H., Arends, J., ten Bosch, J.J. J. Dent. Res. (1996) [Pubmed]
  13. The effects of different levels of dietary sucrose on root caries subsequent to gingivectomy in conventional rats infected with Actinomyces viscosus M-100. Firestone, A.R., Graves, C.N., Feagin, F.F. J. Dent. Res. (1988) [Pubmed]
  14. Effect of antimicrobial agents on root surface caries, alveolar bone loss, and microflora in rice rats. Toth, A., Beck, F.M., Beck, E.X., Flaxman, N., Rosen, S. J. Dent. Res. (1986) [Pubmed]
  15. Imaging caries lesions and lesion progression with polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography. Fried, D., Xie, J., Shafi, S., Featherstone, J.D., Breunig, T.M., Le, C. Journal of biomedical optics. (2002) [Pubmed]
  16. The effects of the combination of chlorhexidine/thymol- and fluoride-containing varnishes on the severity of root caries lesions in frail institutionalised elderly people. Brailsford, S.R., Fiske, J., Gilbert, S., Clark, D., Beighton, D. Journal of dentistry. (2002) [Pubmed]
  17. Amine fluoride/stannous fluoride and incidence of root caries in periodontal maintenance patients. A 2 year evaluation. Paraskevas, S., Danser, M.M., Timmerman, M.F., van der Velden, U., van der Weijden, G.A. Journal of clinical periodontology. (2004) [Pubmed]
  18. Streptococcus mutans genotypes isolated from root and coronal caries. Nascimento, M.M., Höfling, J.F., Gonçalves, R.B. Caries Res. (2004) [Pubmed]
  19. Structural events in the caries process in enamel, cementum, and dentin. Frank, R.M. J. Dent. Res. (1990) [Pubmed]
  20. The cervical window as an aid in root canal access. Almeida, C.M. International endodontic journal. (1994) [Pubmed]
  21. Fluoride tablet programs in healthy elderly subjects: distribution of fluoride in saliva and plaque with tablets in different sites. Arneberg, P., Hossain, A.N., Jokstad, A. Acta Odontol. Scand. (2005) [Pubmed]
  22. Xerostomic medications and oral health: the Veterans Dental Study (part I). Janket, S.J., Jones, J.A., Rich, S., Meurman, J., Garcia, R., Miller, D. Gerodontology. (2003) [Pubmed]
  23. Multifactorial modeling for root caries prediction: 3-year follow-up results. Scheinin, A., Pienihäkkinen, K., Tiekso, J., Holmberg, S., Fukuda, M., Suzuki, A. Community dentistry and oral epidemiology. (1994) [Pubmed]
  24. Baseline characteristics of participants in the oral health component of the Women's Interagency HIV Study. Mulligan, R., Phelan, J.A., Brunelle, J., Redford, M., Pogoda, J.M., Nelson, E., Seirawan, H., Greenspan, J.S., Navazesh, M., Greenspan, D., Alves, M.E. Community dentistry and oral epidemiology. (2004) [Pubmed]
  25. Association of selected bacteria with the lesions of root surface caries. Bowden, G.H., Ekstrand, J., McNaughton, B., Challacombe, S.J. Oral Microbiol. Immunol. (1990) [Pubmed]
  26. Oral health status of southern Chinese following head and neck irradiation therapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Schwarz, E., Chiu, G.K., Leung, W.K. Journal of dentistry. (1999) [Pubmed]
  27. Dental caries prevalence and dental care utilization among the very old. Warren, J.J., Cowen, H.J., Watkins, C.M., Hand, J.S. Journal of the American Dental Association (1939) (2000) [Pubmed]
  28. Double blind clinical trial of a remineralizing dentifrice in the prevention of caries in a radiation therapy population. Papas, A., Russell, D., Singh, M., Stack, K., Kent, R., Triol, C., Winston, A. Gerodontology. (1999) [Pubmed]
  29. Ten-year cross-sectional and incidence study of coronal and root caries and some related factors in elderly Swedish individuals. Fure, S. Gerodontology. (2004) [Pubmed]
  30. Caries incidence and increments in Adelaide nursing home residents. Chalmers, J.M., Carter, K.D., Spencer, A.J. Special care in dentistry : official publication of the American Association of Hospital Dentists, the Academy of Dentistry for the Handicapped, and the American Society for Geriatric Dentistry. (2005) [Pubmed]
  31. Relationship among stimulated whole, glandular salivary flow rates, and root caries prevalence in an elderly population: a preliminary study. Younger, H., Harrison, T., Streckfus, C. Special care in dentistry : official publication of the American Association of Hospital Dentists, the Academy of Dentistry for the Handicapped, and the American Society for Geriatric Dentistry. (1998) [Pubmed]
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