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Disease relevance of Colubridae


High impact information on Colubridae

  • The female sex attractiveness pheromone of the Canadian red-sided garter snake, Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis, consists of a novel series of nonvolatile saturated and monounsaturated long-chain methyl ketones, whereas the male sex recognition pheromone contains squalene [3].
  • Male Thamnophis melanogaster court immediately when exposed to estrogen-treated, attractive females and continue courting for 6 to 8 days [4].
  • Here it is shown that in the adult red-sided garter snake, the seasonal androgen peak in the summer has a delayed action (8 months) on the male's readiness to court the next spring following emergence from hibernation [5].
  • The concentration-dependent actions of neostigmine, a carbamate anticholinesterase agent, were studied on the acetylcholine receptor channel complex in voltage-clamped twitch fibers of costocutaneous muscles of garter snakes [6].
  • A proteinaceous chemoattractant for garter snakes has been isolated and purified to homogeneity from such secretions by means of permeation chromatography and semipreparative nondenaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis [7].

Biological context of Colubridae


Anatomical context of Colubridae


Associations of Colubridae with chemical compounds


Gene context of Colubridae


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Colubridae


  1. Antioxidant defenses in the tolerance of freezing and anoxia by garter snakes. Hermes-Lima, M., Storey, K.B. Am. J. Physiol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  2. Variation in seasonal ultrastructure of sexual granules in the renal sexual segment of the Northern Water Snake, Nerodia sipedon sipedon. Krohmer, R.W. J. Morphol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  3. Sex pheromones in snakes. Mason, R.T., Fales, H.M., Jones, T.H., Pannell, L.K., Chinn, J.W., Crews, D. Science (1989) [Pubmed]
  4. Female control of male reproductive function in a Mexican Snake. Garstka, W.R. Science (1982) [Pubmed]
  5. Trans-seasonal action of androgen in the control of spring courtship behavior in male red-sided garter snakes. Crews, D. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1991) [Pubmed]
  6. Concentration-dependent effects of neostigmine on the endplate acetylcholine receptor channel complex. Fiekers, J.F. J. Neurosci. (1985) [Pubmed]
  7. Purification and characterization of a chemoattractant from electric shock-induced earthworm secretion, its receptor binding, and signal transduction through the vomeronasal system of garter snakes. Jiang, X.C., Inouchi, J., Wang, D., Halpern, M. J. Biol. Chem. (1990) [Pubmed]
  8. Effects of prostaglandin F2 alpha on sexual behavior and ovarian function in female garter snakes (Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis). Whittier, J.M., Crews, D. Endocrinology (1986) [Pubmed]
  9. Effects of melatonin on the behavioral and hormonal responses of red-sided garter snakes (Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis) to exogenous corticosterone. Lutterschmidt, D.I., LeMaster, M.P., Mason, R.T. Hormones and behavior. (2004) [Pubmed]
  10. Metabolic effects of testosterone in the chequered water-snake, Natrix piscator. Thapliyal, J.P., Gupta, S.C., Garg, R.K. J. Endocrinol. (1975) [Pubmed]
  11. Chemosignal transduction in the vomeronasal organ of garter snakes: cloning of a gene encoding adenylate cyclase from the vomeronasal organ of garter snakes. Liu, W., Wang, D., Liu, J., Chen, P., Halpern, M. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. (1998) [Pubmed]
  12. Effects of progesterone and estrogen on the histology of the oviduct of the garter snake, Thamnophis elegans. Mead, R.A., Eroschenko, V.P., Highfill, D.R. Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. (1981) [Pubmed]
  13. Characteristics of the acetylcholine-operated channel at twitch and slow fibre neuromuscular junctions of the garter snake. Dionne, V.E., Parsons, R.L. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (1981) [Pubmed]
  14. Thick caliber projections from brainstem to cerebral cortex in the snakes Thamnophis sirtalis and Natrix sipedon. Ulinski, P.S. Neuroscience (1981) [Pubmed]
  15. Thyroid function in adrenaline-induced changes in the intermediary metabolism of the chequered water-snake (Natrix piscator). Gupta, S.C., Thapliyal, J.P. J. Endocrinol. (1982) [Pubmed]
  16. Molecular cloning and characterization of protein phosphatase 2C of vomeronasal sensory epithelium of garter snakes. Wang, D., Liu, W., Liu, J., Chen, P., Quan, W., Halpern, M. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. (2002) [Pubmed]
  17. Prothrombin-activator (thromboplastin) generation in the blood of water snake (Natrix piscator). Srivastava, V.M., Dube, B., Dube, R.K., Agarwal, G.P. Thromb. Haemost. (1981) [Pubmed]
  18. Effects of lanthanum at snake twitch and tonic muscle fibre endplates. Coniglio, L.M., Hendricks, G.M., Parsons, R.L. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (1993) [Pubmed]
  19. A kinetic analysis of the endplate ion channel blocking action of disopyramide and its optical isomers. Dempster, J., Jones, S.V., Marshall, I.G. Br. J. Pharmacol. (1987) [Pubmed]
  20. Effects of the aminoglycoside antibiotics, streptomycin and neomycin, on neuromuscular transmission. I. Presynaptic considerations. Fiekers, J.F. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (1983) [Pubmed]
  21. Pulmonary carbonic anhydrase in the garter snake, Thamnophis sirtalis. Stabenau, E.K., Vietti, K.R. Physiol. Biochem. Zool. (2002) [Pubmed]
  22. Chemoarchitecture and afferent connections of the "olfactostriatum": a specialized vomeronasal structure within the basal ganglia of snakes. Martinez-Marcos, A., Ubeda-Bañon, I., Lanuza, E., Halpern, M. J. Chem. Neuroanat. (2005) [Pubmed]
  23. Metabolic capacity and myosin expression in single muscle fibres of the garter snake. Wilkinson, R.S., Nemeth, P.M., Rosser, B.W., Sweeney, H.L. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (1991) [Pubmed]
  24. Differential effects of lesions of the vomeronasal and olfactory nerves on garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis) responses to airborne chemical stimuli. Zuri, I., Halpern, M. Behav. Neurosci. (2003) [Pubmed]
  25. Acetylcholine receptor kinetics. A description from single-channel currents at snake neuromuscular junctions. Dionne, V.E., Leibowitz, M.D. Biophys. J. (1982) [Pubmed]
  26. Effects of castration and androgen replacement on male courtship behavior in the red-sided garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis). Camazine, B., Garstka, W., Tokarz, R., Crews, D. Hormones and behavior. (1980) [Pubmed]
  27. Effect of thyroidectomy, i-thyroxine and temperature on hemopoiesis in the chequered water snake, Natrix piscator. Thapliyal, J.P., Kaur, R.J. Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. (1976) [Pubmed]
  28. Effect of parathyroidectomy in the water snake, Natrix piscator. Singh, R., Kar, I. Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. (1979) [Pubmed]
  29. Effects of ovariectomy and estrogen replacement on attractivity and receptivity in the red-sided garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis). Mendonça, M.T., Crews, D. J. Comp. Physiol. A (1996) [Pubmed]
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