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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review

Protective Clothing

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Disease relevance of Protective Clothing


Psychiatry related information on Protective Clothing

  • In households reading the comic book (N-122), respondents reported the following changes as a direct result of readership--avoidance of sun exposure between 10 am and 2 pm (44.3%), use of sunscreens with SPF 8 and over (38.5%), skin self-examination (34.4%), and use of protective clothing (29.5%) [6].
  • This study measures self-reported sun avoidance practices, use of protective clothing, and use of sunscreen among 4,749 non-Hispanic white adults living in households in California. Data are from the California Behavioral Risk Factor Survey, a population-based telephone survey of health behaviors and attitudes [7].

High impact information on Protective Clothing


Biological context of Protective Clothing

  • Tractors, equipped with cabs, were used in nine spray operations.Air sampling, hand washes, and dermal patch dosimeters served as the basis to calculate the amount of bromoxynil (p.e.) available for inhalation, deposition on the hands, and deposition under a standardized set of protective clothing [13].
  • The most significant changes in Tre, Tsk, and heart rate while wearing the NBC protective clothing occur following heat acclimation that involves wearing the clothing during exercise [14].
  • We conclude that the physiological strain and limitation of heat-exercise tolerance imposed by wearing NBC protective clothing are not reduced if heat acclimation is prolonged from 6 to 12 days [15].
  • The effectiveness of intermittent, microclimate cooling for men who worked in US Army chemical protective clothing (modified mission-oriented protective posture level 3; MOPP 3) was examined [16].
  • However, when wearing NBC protective clothing, the only significant change induced by training was a higher mean skin temperature (Tsk) in the early part of the test [17].

Anatomical context of Protective Clothing

  • Many items of protective clothing are incorporated within the concept of universal precautions--the precautions necessary to reduce exposure to blood or body fluids (Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, 1987) [18].

Associations of Protective Clothing with chemical compounds

  • One insecticide (carbaryl) and two herbicides (atrazine and metolachlor) were studied, together with three protective clothing materials [cotton, polyester, and polyester/cotton (65/35) blend] and three crock fabrics (cotton, nylon, and silk) [19].
  • The present findings demonstrate the risk of handling aziridine hardeners when protective clothing is not properly used and when work practices result in direct skin contact [20].
  • A quantitative study of alkylamine permeation through a glove material using Permea-Tec aliphatic amine pads, used for the detection of chemical breakthrough of protective clothing, was performed for triethylamine following a microwave-extraction process and gas chromatographic analysis [21].
  • METHODS: A randomized controlled trial based in 10 New Hampshire towns addressed children's use of protective clothing, shade, and sunscreen at freshwater beach areas [22].
  • Protective clothing as a means of reducing nicotine absorption in tobacco harvesters [23].

Gene context of Protective Clothing

  • By contrast, the utilization of protective clothing while spraying pesticides inside the greenhouses was positively associated with PON1 activity, very likely by preventing the pesticides from being absorbed [24].
  • Subjects were evaluated during continuous treadmill walking while wearing lightweight combat clothing and during intermittent exercise while wearing the NBC protective clothing [14].
  • The population related a greater use of protective clothing and/or sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or greater as their reported restrictions on outdoor activities ceased [25].
  • Chemical protective clothing standard test method development. Part 1. Penetration test method [26].
  • A disturbing number of common liquid chemicals permeated the best available protective clothing material when evaluated by the ASTM Standard Test Method F739-81 [27].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Protective Clothing

  • BACKGROUND: The increased threat of nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) weapons underlines the need of protective clothing and gas masks, but this may impair performance [28].


  1. Sucralfate in the prevention of treatment-induced diarrhea in patients receiving pelvic radiation therapy: A North Central Cancer Treatment Group phase III double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Martenson, J.A., Bollinger, J.W., Sloan, J.A., Novotny, P.J., Urias, R.E., Michalak, J.C., Shanahan, T.G., Mailliard, J.A., Levitt, R. J. Clin. Oncol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  2. Styrene-induced peripheral neuropathy. Fung, F., Clark, R.F. J. Toxicol. Clin. Toxicol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  3. Effects of dehydration, hypohydration, and hyperhydration on tolerance during uncompensable heat stress. McLellan, T.M., Cheung, S.S., Latzka, W.A., Sawka, M.N., Pandolf, K.B., Millard, C.E., Withey, W.R. Canadian journal of applied physiology = Revue canadienne de physiologie appliquée. (1999) [Pubmed]
  4. Permeation of protective clothing materials by methylene chloride and perchloroethylene. Vahdat, N. American Industrial Hygiene Association journal. (1987) [Pubmed]
  5. Ability of the Wet Bulb Globe Temperature Index to predict heat stress in men wearing NBC protective clothing. Tilley, R.I., Standerwick, J.M., Long, G.J. Military medicine. (1987) [Pubmed]
  6. Skin cancer comic book: evaluation of a public educational vehicle. Putnam, G.L., Yanagisako, K.L. Cancer Detect. Prev. (1982) [Pubmed]
  7. Sun avoidance practices among non-Hispanic white Californians. Hoegh, H.J., Davis, B.D., Manthe, A.F. Health education & behavior : the official publication of the Society for Public Health Education. (1999) [Pubmed]
  8. A cross-sectional survey of sensitization to Aspergillus oryzae-derived lactase in pharmaceutical workers. Bernstein, J.A., Bernstein, D.I., Stauder, T., Lummus, Z., Bernstein, I.L. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  9. Low doses of melatonin and diurnal effects on thermoregulation and tolerance to uncompensable heat stress. McLellan, T.M., Gannon, G.A., Zamecnik, J., Gil, V., Brown, G.M. J. Appl. Physiol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  10. Recovery of some common solvents from protective clothing breakthrough indicator pads by microwave-solvent extraction and gas chromatography. Vo, E., Berardinelli, S.P., Hall, R.C. The Analyst. (1999) [Pubmed]
  11. Bronchoconstriction due to cold weather in COPD. The roles of direct airway effects and cutaneous reflex mechanisms. Koskela, H.O., Koskela, A.K., Tukiaineu, H.O. Chest (1996) [Pubmed]
  12. Dermal exposure to monoterpenes during wood work. Eriksson, K., Wiklund, L. Journal of environmental monitoring : JEM. (2004) [Pubmed]
  13. Exposure of ground-rig applicators to the herbicide bromoxynil applied as a 1:1 mixture of butyrate and octanoate. Cessna, A.J., Grover, R. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  14. Heat strain in protective clothing following hot-wet or hot-dry heat acclimation. McLellan, T.M., Aoyagi, Y. Canadian journal of applied physiology = Revue canadienne de physiologie appliquée. (1996) [Pubmed]
  15. Effects of 6 versus 12 days of heat acclimation on heat tolerance in lightly exercising men wearing protective clothing. Aoyagi, Y., McLellan, T.M., Shephard, R.J. European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology. (1995) [Pubmed]
  16. Intermittent microclimate cooling during exercise-heat stress in US army chemical protective clothing. Cadarette, B.S., Cheuvront, S.N., Kolka, M.A., Stephenson, L.A., Montain, S.J., Sawka, M.N. Ergonomics. (2006) [Pubmed]
  17. Effects of training and acclimation on heat tolerance in exercising men wearing protective clothing. Aoyagi, Y., McLellan, T.M., Shephard, R.J. European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology. (1994) [Pubmed]
  18. Using protective clothing. York, V. Nursing times. (2002) [Pubmed]
  19. Frictional transition of pesticides from protective clothing. Yang, Y., Li, S. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  20. Dermatitis from aziridine hardener in printing ink. Garabrant, D.H. Contact Derm. (1985) [Pubmed]
  21. Determination of alkylamine permeation through protective gloves using aliphatic amine pads. Vo, E., Berardinelli, S.P. Journal of environmental monitoring : JEM. (1999) [Pubmed]
  22. Persistent increase in children's sun protection in a randomized controlled community trial. Dietrich, A.J., Olson, A.L., Sox, C.H., Tosteson, T.D., Grant-Petersson, J. Preventive medicine. (2000) [Pubmed]
  23. Protective clothing as a means of reducing nicotine absorption in tobacco harvesters. Gehlbach, S.H., Williams, W.A., Freeman, J.I. Arch. Environ. Health (1979) [Pubmed]
  24. Paraoxonase activity and genetic polymorphisms in greenhouse workers with long term pesticide exposure. Hernández, A.F., Mackness, B., Rodrigo, L., López, O., Pla, A., Gil, F., Durrington, P.N., Pena, G., Parrón, T., Serrano, J.L., Mackness, M.I. Human & experimental toxicology. (2003) [Pubmed]
  25. Compensation strategies in sun protection behaviors by a population with nonmelanoma skin cancer. Robinson, J.K. Preventive medicine. (1992) [Pubmed]
  26. Chemical protective clothing standard test method development. Part 1. Penetration test method. Mansdorf, S.Z., Berardinelli, S.P. American Industrial Hygiene Association journal. (1988) [Pubmed]
  27. Permeation of protective clothing materials: comparison of liquid contact, liquid splashes and vapors on breakthrough times. Man, V.L., Bastecki, V., Vandal, G., Bentz, A.P. American Industrial Hygiene Association journal. (1987) [Pubmed]
  28. Influence of a carbohydrate drink on performance of military personnel in NBC protective clothing. van Dokkum, W., van Boxtel, L.B., van Dijk, M.J., Boer, L.C., van der Beek, E.J. Aviation, space, and environmental medicine. (1996) [Pubmed]
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