The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
Chemical Compound Review

CHEMBL1408927     (4E)-3-oxo-4-[(4- sulfonaphthalen-1...

Synonyms: BIDD:ER0668, AC1NV8OM, FD&C Red No. 2, 642-59-1, UNII-37RBV3X49K, ...
Welcome! If you are familiar with the subject of this article, you can contribute to this open access knowledge base by deleting incorrect information, restructuring or completely rewriting any text. Read more.

Disease relevance of Red Dye No. 2

  • Between 1968 and 1977, 32 patients who underwent the Fontan operation for tricuspid atresia at Bordeaux, France, or Leiden, The Netherlands, survived at least 1 year after surgery [1].
  • Hospital-based surveillance of HIV infection: Bordeaux, France, 1983-1990. Groupe d'Epidémiologie Clinique du SIDA en Aquitaine (GECSA) [2].
  • Cultures of Helicobacter pylori on chocolate agar slants in bijou bottles and on chocolate agar plates inside BBL Campy Pouches were mailed from Dublin to Galway, Ireland; Bordeaux, France; and Beijing, China. Both systems maintained viability of H. pylori for at least 4 days under mailing conditions [3].
  • Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was applied to Chlamydia trachomatis reference strains representing each of the 18 serovars and to 29 clinical isolates from genital specimens collected in Bordeaux, France, or Malmö, Sweden [4].
  • Sixty-two soft tissue tumors were immunostained at the Bergonié Institute, Bordeaux, France, and the Curie Institute, Paris, France. We also examined 203 soft tissue neoplasms on standard tissue sections and tissue microarrays [5].

Psychiatry related information on Red Dye No. 2


High impact information on Red Dye No. 2

  • We present microsatellite DNA evidence for the hypothesis that Cabernet Sauvignon is the progeny of two other Bordeaux cultivars, Cabernet franc and Sauvignon blanc [9].
  • Recently, we have shown that activation of the VSG-1 gene in the BoTaR (Bordeaux trypanozoon antigen repertoire) serodeme of Trypanosoma equiperdum involves the duplication and transposition of a telomeric BC gene into one of at least three unlinked telomeric sites [10].
  • CD4+ lymphocyte count and plasma HIV RNA levels in a survey of 1602 HIV-infected patients in Bordeaux, France, 1996-1997. Groupe d'Epidemiologie Clinique da SIDA en Aquitaine [11].
  • Molecular genetic studies by colleagues in Bordeaux have identified a quantitative trait locus for the hyperactivity/hyperreactivity trait of WKHA rats [12].
  • Presented in part to the third joint meeting of the European Tissue Repair Society and the Wound Healing Society in Bordeaux, France, 24-28 August 1999, and published in abstract form in Wound Repair Regen 1999; 7: A321[13]

Biological context of Red Dye No. 2

  • It was shown that whilst NP entered living cells by passive diffusion, occurrence of FR in lysosomes resulted from fluid-phase endocytosis [14].
  • METHOD: A total of 441 pregnant women attending the State Maternity Hospital in Bordeaux were interviewed during the third trimester of pregnancy, then at 3 days and 6 weeks after birth [15].
  • Long-term air pollution indicator assessment: example of black smoke in Bordeaux, France [16].
  • Multi-year regressions were used to quantify in detail the seasonal evolution of mature grapevine biomass under the climatic conditions of the Bordeaux area, France, and for differing levels of soil nitrogen [17].
  • METHODS: All patients treated with leflunomide from May 2000 to April 2003 in the Department of Rheumatology of the Bordeaux University Hospital were identified, and their treatment patterns and outcome ascertained [18].

Anatomical context of Red Dye No. 2

  • A study is presented of a prospective analysis of survival rates in 157 patients with spinal cord injury consecutively admitted to the Pellegrin Hospital (University Hospital, Bordeaux, France) [19].
  • SETTING: Service d'Ophtalmologie, CHU Pellegrin, Bordeaux, France. METHODS: This prospective, 2-year follow-up study comprised 100 keratoconic eyes with clear central corneas and contact lens intolerance [20].
  • This study concerned 157 patients with diverse diagnoses from Bordeaux, Grenoble and Marseille who had undergone an HLA-matched transplantation without T cell depletion [21].
  • All patients (n = 334) undergoing the Fontan operation at the University of Bordeaux, France, and the University of Alabama Medical Center, Birmingham, were entered into a single data base to examine the relation, if any, between size of the pulmonary arteries and outcome [22].
  • The high concentration of Bordeaux mixture used saturated these organs and resulted in excess copper being deposited in other sites, such as the fat body and the reproductive system [23].

Associations of Red Dye No. 2 with other chemical compounds


Gene context of Red Dye No. 2

  • In this study, we analysed 13 samples of the French population--4147 non-related individuals living in Bordeaux, Brest, Caen, Dijon, Limoges, Lyon, Marseille, Nancy, Paris, Poitiers, Rennes, Strasbourg and Toulouse--all of whom were typed for 10 alleles of the HLA-A locus and 16 alleles of the HLA-B locus [27].
  • Regional anesthesia: vintage Bordeaux (and Napa Valley) [28].
  • SETTING: IVF center of the teaching hospital in Bordeaux, France. PATIENT(S): Women undergoing IVF and ICSI treatment [29].
  • These patients, who were part of two cooperative consecutive trials enrolling a total of 196 patients (BGM 84 and BGMT 87 studies), were those who were treated in the CHR Bordeaux and achieved CR after induction chemotherapy [30].
  • Due to its restricted expression pattern in mammalian epidermis, dog keratin 9 gene was a good candidate gene for the genetic palmoplantar hyperkeratosis observed in the Dogue de Bordeaux [31].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Red Dye No. 2

  • A cohort study of 89 HIV-1-infected adult patients contaminated by blood products: Bordeaux 1981-1989. Groupe d'Epidémiologie Clinique du SIDA en Aquitaine (GECSA) [32].
  • Fifty-four patients (44 women and 10 men) with CD, operated on after 1996 in two centers (Kremlin-Bicêtre and Bordeaux) and followed postoperatively during a mean period of 19.9 +/- 22.7 months (range, 1-89 months), were enrolled in this retrospective study [33].
  • Because of the general agreement of the two methods, molecular omp1 genotyping was applied to the epidemiological study of C. trachomatis isolates from genital infections in Bordeaux (France), during a 29-month period [34].
  • Intermediate-term results after en bloc double-lung transplantation with bronchial arterial revascularization. Bordeaux Lung and Heart-Lung Transplant Group [35].
  • Between February 1988 and January 1992, 61 patients have undergone bilateral lung transplantations (42 heart-lung and 19 double-lung) in Bordeaux [36].


  1. Long-term results after the Fontan operation for tricuspid atresia. Girod, D.A., Fontan, F., Deville, C., Ottenkamp, J., Choussat, A. Circulation (1987) [Pubmed]
  2. Hospital-based surveillance of HIV infection: Bordeaux, France, 1983-1990. Groupe d'Epidémiologie Clinique du SIDA en Aquitaine (GECSA). Dabis, F., Chêne, G., Salamon, R., Msellati, P., Etcheverry, B. AIDS (1991) [Pubmed]
  3. Transportation of Helicobacter pylori cultures by optimal systems. Xia, H.X., Keane, C.T., Chen, J., Zhang, J., Walsh, E.J., Moran, A.P., Hua, J.S., Megraud, F., O'Morain, C.A. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  4. Genetic variability among Chlamydia trachomatis reference and clinical strains analyzed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Rodriguez, P., Allardet-Servent, A., de Barbeyrac, B., Ramuz, M., Bebear, C. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  5. Reproducibility of MDM2 and CDK4 staining in soft tissue tumors. Binh, M.B., Garau, X.S., Guillou, L., Aurias, A., Coindre, J.M. Am. J. Clin. Pathol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  6. Dementia-free life expectancy in France. Ritchie, K., Robine, J.M., Letenneur, L., Dartigues, J.F. American journal of public health. (1994) [Pubmed]
  7. Risk of dementia and alcohol and wine consumption: a review of recent results. Letenneur, L. Biol. Res. (2004) [Pubmed]
  8. Visuo-spatial attention and psychomotor performance in elderly community residents: effects of age, gender, and education. Mazaux, J.M., Dartigues, J.F., Letenneur, L., Darriet, D., Wiart, L., Gagnon, M., Commenges, D., Boller, F. Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology : official journal of the International Neuropsychological Society. (1995) [Pubmed]
  9. The parentage of a classic wine grape, Cabernet Sauvignon. Bowers, J.E., Meredith, C.P. Nat. Genet. (1997) [Pubmed]
  10. Stability of expression-linked surface antigen gene in Trypanosoma equiperdum. Buck, G.A., Longacre, S., Raibaud, A., Hibner, U., Giroud, C., Baltz, T., Baltz, D., Eisen, H. Nature (1984) [Pubmed]
  11. CD4+ lymphocyte count and plasma HIV RNA levels in a survey of 1602 HIV-infected patients in Bordeaux, France, 1996-1997. Groupe d'Epidemiologie Clinique da SIDA en Aquitaine. Marimoutou, C., Chêne, G., Pellegrin, I., Moreau, J.F., Spira, R., Neau, D., Lacoste, D., Ceccaldi, J., Malvy, D., Dabis, F. AIDS (1998) [Pubmed]
  12. WKHA rats with genetic hyperactivity and hyperreactivity to stress: a review. Hendley, E.D. Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews. (2000) [Pubmed]
  13. Inhibition of matrix metalloproteinases enhances breaking strength of colonic anastomoses in an experimental model. Syk, I., Agren, M.S., Adawi, D., Jeppsson, B. The British journal of surgery. (2001) [Pubmed]
  14. Fluorescent cytochemistry of acid phosphatase and demonstration of fluid-phase endocytosis using an azo dye method. Espada, J., Horobin, R.W., Stockert, J.C. Histochem. Cell Biol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  15. Obstetrical complications and the development of postpartum depressive symptoms: a prospective survey of the MATQUID cohort. Verdoux, H., Sutter, A.L., Glatigny-Dallay, E., Minisini, A. Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica. (2002) [Pubmed]
  16. Long-term air pollution indicator assessment: example of black smoke in Bordeaux, France. Filleul, L., Baldi, I., Quenel, P., Brochard, P., Tessier, J.F. Journal of exposure analysis and environmental epidemiology. (2002) [Pubmed]
  17. Allometric relationships to estimate seasonal above-ground vegetative and reproductive biomass of Vitis vinifera L. Castelan-Estrada, M., Vivin, P., Gaudillère, J.P. Ann. Bot. (2002) [Pubmed]
  18. Effectiveness and safety profile of leflunomide in rheumatoid arthritis: actual practice compared with clinical trials. Martin, K., Bentaberry, F., Dumoulin, C., Dehais, J., Haramburu, F., Bégaud, B., Schaeverbeke, T. Clinical and experimental rheumatology. (2005) [Pubmed]
  19. Initial factors predicting survival in patients with a spinal cord injury. Daverat, P., Gagnon, M., Dartigues, J.F., Mazaux, J.M., Barat, M. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. (1989) [Pubmed]
  20. Intacs for the correction of keratoconus: Two-year follow-up. Colin, J., Malet, F.J. Journal of cataract and refractive surgery (2007) [Pubmed]
  21. Role of splenectomy in incidence and severity of acute graft-versus-host disease: a multicenter study of 157 patients. Michallet, M., Corront, B., Bosson, J.L., Molina, L., Peissel, B., Maraninchi, D., Reiffers, J., Chabannon, C., Gaspard, M.H., Stoppa, A.M. Bone Marrow Transplant. (1991) [Pubmed]
  22. The size of the pulmonary arteries and the results of the Fontan operation. Fontan, F., Fernandez, G., Costa, F., Naftel, D.C., Tritto, F., Blackstone, E.H., Kirklin, J.W. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. (1989) [Pubmed]
  23. Secondary ion mass spectrometry analysis of the copper distribution in Drosophila melanogaster chronically intoxicated with Bordeaux mixture. Marchal-Ségault, D., Briançon, C., Halpern, S., Fragu, P., Laugé, G. Biol. Cell (1990) [Pubmed]
  24. Organoleptic impact of 2-methoxy-3-isobutylpyrazine on red bordeaux and loire wines. Effect of environmental conditions on concentrations in grapes during ripening. Roujou de Boubée, D., Van Leeuwen, C., Dubourdieu, D. J. Agric. Food Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
  25. Phytotoxicity of copper fungicides to guava fruits. Gaikwad, A.P., Nimbalkar, C.A. Journal of environmental biology / Academy of Environmental Biology, India. (2005) [Pubmed]
  26. Nonlinear regression analysis of kinetics of the photocatalytic decolorization of an azo dye in aqueous TiO(2) slurry. Behnajady, M.A., Modirshahla, N. Photochem. Photobiol. Sci. (2006) [Pubmed]
  27. Distribution of HLA-A,B alleles in 13 panels of blood donors in France. Prevost, P., Busson, M., Marcelli-Barge, A. Tissue Antigens (1984) [Pubmed]
  28. Regional anesthesia: vintage Bordeaux (and Napa Valley). Eisenach, J.C. Anesthesiology (1997) [Pubmed]
  29. Recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone versus human menopausal gonadotropin in the late follicular phase during ovarian hyperstimulation for in vitro fertilization. Commenges-Ducos, M., Piault, S., Papaxanthos, A., Ribes, C., Dallay, D., Commenges, D. Fertil. Steril. (2002) [Pubmed]
  30. Comparative cost of allogeneic or autologous bone marrow transplantation and chemotherapy in patients with acute myeloid leukaemia in first remission. Dufoir, T., Saux, M.C., Terraza, B., Marit, G., Guessard, S., Foulon, G., Reiffers, J. Bone Marrow Transplant. (1992) [Pubmed]
  31. Identification and analysis of the dog keratin 9 (KRT9) gene. Lachaume, P., Hitte, C., Jouquand, S., Priat, C., Galibert, F. Anim. Genet. (1998) [Pubmed]
  32. A cohort study of 89 HIV-1-infected adult patients contaminated by blood products: Bordeaux 1981-1989. Groupe d'Epidémiologie Clinique du SIDA en Aquitaine (GECSA). Msellati, P., Dupon, M., Morlat, P., Lacoste, D., Pellegrin, J.L., Dabis, F. AIDS (1990) [Pubmed]
  33. Pituitary magnetic resonance imaging findings do not influence surgical outcome in adrenocorticotropin-secreting microadenomas. Salenave, S., Gatta, B., Pecheur, S., San-Galli, F., Visot, A., Lasjaunias, P., Roger, P., Berge, J., Young, J., Tabarin, A., Chanson, P. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (2004) [Pubmed]
  34. Evaluation of molecular typing for epidemiological study of Chlamydia trachomatis genital infections. Rodriguez, P., de Barbeyrac, B., Persson, K., Dutilh, B., Bebear, C. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  35. Intermediate-term results after en bloc double-lung transplantation with bronchial arterial revascularization. Bordeaux Lung and Heart-Lung Transplant Group. Baudet, E.M., Dromer, C., Dubrez, J., Jougon, J.B., Roques, X., Velly, J.F., Deville, C., Couraud, L. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. (1996) [Pubmed]
  36. Long-term functional results after bilateral lung transplantation. Bordeaux Lung and Heart-Lung Transplant Group. Dromer, C., Velly, J.F., Jougon, J., Martigne, C., Baudet, E.M., Couraud, L. Ann. Thorac. Surg. (1993) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities