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Gene Review

F10  -  coagulation factor X

Rattus norvegicus

Synonyms: Coagulation factor X, Stuart factor
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Disease relevance of F10

  • Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) was induced in rat C6 glioma cells grown in M199 and HAM F10 media by addition of 1 mM dibutyryl cyclic AMP [1].
  • The role of membrane estrogen receptor-alpha (mERalpha) in rapid nongenomic responses to 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) was tested in sublines of GH3/B6 rat prolactinoma cells selected for high (GH3/B6/F10) and low (GH3/B6/D9) mERalpha expression [2].
  • The anti-angiogenic effect of SR 25989 was further assessed in vitro in a quantitative assay of angiogenesis comprising a fragment of rat aorta embedded in a fibrin gel and in vivo in a pulmonary metastatic model using C57BL/6 mice inoculated in the foot pad with the highly metastatic melanoma cell line B16 F10 [3].
  • Of the two other radiolabels, [75Se]selenomethionine had the advantage over [3H]proline of higher labelling efficiency (especially in Ham's F10 medium), lower toxicity, and being a gamma-emitter [4].
  • When isolated islets were stored in CAB-4 degrees C for 96 h, they yielded slightly higher numbers of dissociated cells than after culture in HAM's F10 at 20 degrees C. Implantation of cold stored islets from 2 donor pancreata corrected hyperglycemia in streptozotocin-diabetic rats [5].

High impact information on F10

  • The mitogenic effect of activated coagulation factor X (factor Xa) was examined in cultured aortic smooth muscle cells (VSMC) from Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) [6].
  • Peptides 69-84-Gly and (P80)68-86, which lacked stimulatory activity toward many encephalitogenic T cells in our proliferation assay when standard APC were used, become strongly stimulatory in the presence of less commonly used APC, i.e., an Ia+ T cell clone (LOA) or an Ia-inducible rat glial cell clone (F10) [7].
  • The myocytes were prepared from neonatal rats and cultured in F10 medium that was supplemented with serum [8].
  • DX-9065a is an antithrombin III (AT III)-independent and selective inhibitor of activated blood coagulation factor X (FXa) [9].
  • (+)-2S-2-[4-[[(3S)-1-Acetimidoyl-3- pyrrolidinyl]oxy]phenyl]-3-[7-amidino-2-naphthyl]propanoic acid hydrochloride pentahydrate (DX-9065a) is an antithrombin III (AT III)-independent and selective inhibitor of activated blood coagulation factor X (FXa) [10].

Biological context of F10

  • In studies to understand the regulatory mechanisms involved in Ia expression, a glial cell clone generated from the brains of neonatal Lewis rats (F10 clone) readily expressed class II major histocompatibility (Ia) antigens after stimulation by interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) at doses from 10 to 100 units/ml [11].
  • Two of the three groups were submitted to two different levels of hypoxia (FiO2 = 0.05, group F5 and FiO2 = 0.1, group F10) and the third to normoxia (FiO2 = 0.21, group F21) in a thermoneutral and controlled environment [12].
  • More than 50% of the eighth to tenth generation (F8-F10) offsprings of the Px-rats showed regular 4-day estrous cycles at 15-16 months of age, while nearly 80% of normal F8-F10 rats developed persistent estrus at 13-14 months of age [13].
  • PCA was evaluated by measurement of the level of activation of coagulation factor X using specific chromogenic substrate S-2222 [14].

Anatomical context of F10

  • Examination of both local and propagating seizure profiles of the new strains from F6 to F10 revealed that the FAST and SLOW rats had similar amygdala afterdischarge (AD) thresholds and associated AD durations [15].
  • When the growth medium (Ham's F10) was supplemented with rat median eminence extract (MEE), L-thyroxin and fresh serum from hypophysectomized rats, some of the 2A8 cells accumulated and stored secretory granules which were characteristic of the cells of the intact pituitary gland [16].
  • Vesicle-treated F1 cells revert to their original arrest behavior and metastatic capacity following removal of F10 vesicle components from the plasma membrane [17].
  • Seminiferous tubules were cultured during fifteen days in HAM F10 medium supplemented with fetal calf serum (FCS) and/or follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) [18].
  • TNF rich supernatants were prepared from macrophages cultured in F10 medium +2% Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) [19].

Associations of F10 with chemical compounds

  • We examined the structural requirements, within a series of cysteinyl derivatives, for oxidation of thiols and of LDL in Hams F10 medium [20].
  • The livers were perfused for 3 hours with modified Ham's F10 culture medium supplemented with thyroxine hormone (T4) [21].
  • Serum triglyceride in the F30 group was about 2 times higher than in the F10 and F20 groups [22].
  • The paw of male Sprague-Dawley rats were injected with 100 microliter of formalin with 2.5% (F2.5), 5% (F5), and 10% (F10) concentrations [23].

Other interactions of F10


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of F10

  • These differences in group F5 as well as the maze solution profile (defined by analysis of 15 variables considered) was significantly closer to the control group F21 than the less hypoxied group F10 [12].
  • A murine monoclonal antibody (SV-1/F10) was highly specific immunologically for West African E.carinatus venom both by ELISA and immunoblotting [26].
  • At the end of the 53-day treatment period, all animals were placed under chloroform anaesthesia; the caudal epididymides were removed, minced and placed in Ham's F10 solution for the evaluation of sperm count and motility [27].
  • Synthesis and secretion of blood coagulation factor X was studied during incubations of hepatocytes prepared by perfusion of rat livers with collagenase [28].


  1. Expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein in rat C6 glioma relates to vimentin and is independent of cell-cell contact. Backhovens, H., Gheuens, J., Slegers, H. J. Neurochem. (1987) [Pubmed]
  2. Mechanisms of membrane estrogen receptor-alpha-mediated rapid stimulation of Ca2+ levels and prolactin release in a pituitary cell line. Bulayeva, N.N., Wozniak, A.L., Lash, L.L., Watson, C.S. Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab. (2005) [Pubmed]
  3. Anti-angiogenic effects of the thienopyridine SR 25989 in vitro and in vivo in a murine pulmonary metastasis model. Mah-Becherel, M.C., Céraline, J., Deplanque, G., Chenard, M.P., Bergerat, J.P., Cazenave, J.P., Klein-Soyer, C. Br. J. Cancer (2002) [Pubmed]
  4. Studies on the microcytotoxicity test. III. Comparison of [75Se]selenomethionine with [3H]proline, Na2, 51CrO4 and [125I]iododeoxyuridine for pre-labelling target cells in long-term cytotoxicity tests. Brooks, C.G. J. Immunol. Methods (1978) [Pubmed]
  5. Cold-preservation of pancreatic beta cells. Korbutt, G.S., Pipeleers, D.G. Cell transplantation. (1994) [Pubmed]
  6. Coagulation factor Xa stimulates platelet-derived growth factor release and mitogenesis in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells of rat. Ko, F.N., Yang, Y.C., Huang, S.C., Ou, J.T. J. Clin. Invest. (1996) [Pubmed]
  7. Major role of antigen-presenting cells in the response of rat encephalitogenic T cells to myelin basic proteins. Sun, D., Le, J., Yang, S., Malotkey, M., Coleclough, C. J. Immunol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  8. Reoxygenation-induced cell damage of isolated neonatal rat ventricular myocytes can be reduced by chain-breaking antioxidants. Ek, B., Hallberg, C., Sjögren, K.G., Hjalmarson, A. Free Radic. Biol. Med. (1994) [Pubmed]
  9. DX-9065a, an orally active factor Xa inhibitor, does not facilitate haemorrhage induced by tail transection or gastric ulcer at the effective doses in rat thrombosis model. Tanabe, K., Morishima, Y., Shibutani, T., Terada, Y., Hara, T., Shinohara, Y., Aoyagi, K., Kunitada, S., Kondo, T. Thromb. Haemost. (1999) [Pubmed]
  10. Antithrombotic and hemorrhagic effects of DX-9065a, a direct and selective factor Xa inhibitor: comparison with a direct thrombin inhibitor and antithrombin III-dependent anticoagulants. Morishima, Y., Tanabe, K., Terada, Y., Hara, T., Kunitada, S. Thromb. Haemost. (1997) [Pubmed]
  11. Enhanced interferon-gamma-induced Ia-antigen expression by glial cells after previous exposure to this cytokine. Sun, D. J. Neuroimmunol. (1991) [Pubmed]
  12. Influence of different levels of neonatal mild/moderate hypoxia-ischemia in learning abilities of rats at the age of one month. Carratalá, F., Moya, M., Ferrer, E. Biol. Neonate (1997) [Pubmed]
  13. Delayed onset of persistent estrus in aged rats raised from parathyroidectomized mothers. Fujii, T., Yamamoto, N. Experimental aging research. (1983) [Pubmed]
  14. Factor X-activating activity from Guerin epithelioma. Mielicki, W., Wierzbicki, R. Neoplasma (1988) [Pubmed]
  15. Development of kindling-prone and kindling-resistant rats: selective breeding and electrophysiological studies. Racine, R.J., Steingart, M., McIntyre, D.C. Epilepsy Res. (1999) [Pubmed]
  16. Accumulation of secretory granules in pituitary clonal cells derived from the epithelium of Rathke's pouch. Shiino, M., Ishikawa, H., Rennels, E.G. Cell Tissue Res. (1978) [Pubmed]
  17. The influence of cell surface properties on the arrest of circulating melanoma cells. Poste, G. Prog. Clin. Biol. Res. (1980) [Pubmed]
  18. Morphological aspects of cultured rat seminiferous tubules in the presence of fetal calf serum and follicle-stimulating hormone. Lombello, C.B., Wada, M.L., Dolder, H. J. Submicrosc. Cytol. Pathol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  19. Effect of long and short fibre amosite asbestos on in vitro TNF production by rat alveolar macrophages: the modifying effect of lipopolysaccharide. Dogra, S., Donaldson, K. Industrial health. (1995) [Pubmed]
  20. Structural requirements for oxidation of low-density lipoprotein by thiols. Wood, J.L., Graham, A. FEBS Lett. (1995) [Pubmed]
  21. Ultrastructural and hormonal metabolic studies of rat liver maintained in vitro by perfusion at 30 degrees C and 37 degrees C: a time course study by TEM, SEM and RIA. Hassan, I.M., al-Ali, S.Y., Hassan, M. Histol. Histopathol. (1989) [Pubmed]
  22. Beneficial effects of enteral fat administration on liver dysfunction, liver lipid accumulation, and protein metabolism in septic rats. Hayashi, N., Kashiwabara, N., Yoshihara, D., Takeshita, Y., Handa, H., Yanai, M., Maeda, J., Yamakawa, M. J. Nutr. Sci. Vitaminol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  23. Effects of different concentrations of formalin on paw edema and pain behaviors in rats. Lee, I.O., Jeong, Y.S. J. Korean Med. Sci. (2002) [Pubmed]
  24. Optimization of fetal lung organ culture for surfactant biosynthesis. Doucet, E., Bourbon, J., Rieutort, M., Marin, L., Tordet, C. In Vitro Cell. Dev. Biol. (1987) [Pubmed]
  25. Regulation of the membrane estrogen receptor-alpha: role of cell density, serum, cell passage number, and estradiol. Campbell, C.H., Bulayeva, N., Brown, D.B., Gametchu, B., Watson, C.S. FASEB J. (2002) [Pubmed]
  26. Characterisation of a monoclonal antibody capable of neutralising the haemorrhagic activity of West African Echis carinatus (carpet viper) venom. Iddon, D., Hommel, M., Theakston, R.D. Toxicon (1988) [Pubmed]
  27. Proteinaceous diet inhibits gossypol-induced spermatotoxicity. Akinola, O.B., Dosunmu, O.O., Dini, L., Ajayi, S. European journal of histochemistry : EJH. (2006) [Pubmed]
  28. The activation of factor X by hepatocyte plasma membranes. Willingham, A.K., Matschiner, J.T. Cell. Mol. Biol. (1989) [Pubmed]
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