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MeSH Review


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Disease relevance of Fungemia


High impact information on Fungemia


Chemical compound and disease context of Fungemia


Biological context of Fungemia


Anatomical context of Fungemia


Gene context of Fungemia

  • The BACTEC high-blood-volume fungal medium (HBV-FM) (Becton Dickinson Diagnostic Instrument Systems, Sparks, Md.) was compared with the Isolator (IS) tube and the BACTEC Plus 26 (BP26) blood culture bottle for the ability to recover fungi from the blood of adult patients suspected of having fungemia [20].
  • Although shock developed soon after fungemia with the C. albicans clinical isolate, TNF-alpha concentrations did not increase above normal saline values in either candidemic group at t = 1.5, 4.5, or 6 hrs (17 +/- 7 vs. 14 +/- 1 U/mL in the parent C. albicans organism vs. its agerminative mutant at t = 6 hrs) [21].
  • Murine studies have reported elevated serum macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) concentrations in animals inoculated with fungus; however, the human cytokine response to fungemia has not been described [22].
  • Controlled comparative evaluation of BacT/Alert FAN and ESP 80A aerobic media as means for detecting bacteremia and fungemia [23].
  • Candida krusei fungemia in an unrelated allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant patient successfully treated with Caspofungin [24].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Fungemia


  1. Trichosporon hepatitis. Korinek, J.K., Guarda, L.A., Bolivar, R., Stroehlein, J.R. Gastroenterology (1983) [Pubmed]
  2. Failure of fluconazole to suppress fungemia in a patient with fever, neutropenia, and typhlitis. McIlroy, M.A. J. Infect. Dis. (1991) [Pubmed]
  3. Volume of blood required to detect common neonatal pathogens. Schelonka, R.L., Chai, M.K., Yoder, B.A., Hensley, D., Brockett, R.M., Ascher, D.P. J. Pediatr. (1996) [Pubmed]
  4. Peritoneal eosinophilia associated with Paecilomyces variotii infection in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Nankivell, B.J., Pacey, D., Gordon, D.L. Am. J. Kidney Dis. (1991) [Pubmed]
  5. Fungemia in children infected with the human immunodeficiency virus: new epidemiologic patterns, emerging pathogens, and improved outcome with antifungal therapy. Walsh, T.J., Gonzalez, C., Roilides, E., Mueller, B.U., Ali, N., Lewis, L.L., Whitcomb, T.O., Marshall, D.J., Pizzo, P.A. Clin. Infect. Dis. (1995) [Pubmed]
  6. Fluconazole and Candida krusei fungemia. Persons, D.A., Laughlin, M., Tanner, D., Perfect, J., Gockerman, J.P., Hathorn, J.W. N. Engl. J. Med. (1991) [Pubmed]
  7. Intravenous catheter-associated Malassezia furfur fungemia. Garcia, C.R., Johnston, B.L., Corvi, G., Walker, L.J., George, W.L. Am. J. Med. (1987) [Pubmed]
  8. Fungemia in the immunocompromised host. Changing patterns, antigenemia, high mortality. Meunier-Carpentier, F., Kiehn, T.E., Armstrong, D. Am. J. Med. (1981) [Pubmed]
  9. Use of a panfungal PCR assay for detection of fungal pathogens in a commercial blood culture system. Iwen, P.C., Freifeld, A.G., Bruening, T.A., Hinrichs, S.H. J. Clin. Microbiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  10. Outbreak of Saccharomyces cerevisiae subtype boulardii fungemia in patients neighboring those treated with a probiotic preparation of the organism. Cassone, M., Serra, P., Mondello, F., Girolamo, A., Scafetti, S., Pistella, E., Venditti, M. J. Clin. Microbiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  11. Intra-abdominal abscess and fungemia caused by candida krusei. Gordon, R.A., Simmons, B.P., Appelbaum, P.C., Aber, R.C. Arch. Intern. Med. (1980) [Pubmed]
  12. Candida glabrata fungemia in transplant patients receiving voriconazole after fluconazole. Alexander, B.D., Schell, W.A., Miller, J.L., Long, G.D., Perfect, J.R. Transplantation (2005) [Pubmed]
  13. Controlled evaluation of hypertonic sucrose medium for detection of bacteremia and fungemia in supplemented peptone broth. Weinstein, M.P., Reller, L.B., Mirrett, S., Wang, W.L. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1982) [Pubmed]
  14. Biofilm production by isolates of Candida species recovered from nonneutropenic patients: comparison of bloodstream isolates with isolates from other sources. Shin, J.H., Kee, S.J., Shin, M.G., Kim, S.H., Shin, D.H., Lee, S.K., Suh, S.P., Ryang, D.W. J. Clin. Microbiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  15. Candida parapsilosis fungemia associated with parenteral nutrition and contaminated blood pressure transducers. Weems, J.J., Chamberland, M.E., Ward, J., Willy, M., Padhye, A.A., Solomon, S.L. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1987) [Pubmed]
  16. Rhodotorula spp. fungemia in an immunocompromised boy after neurosurgery successfully treated with miconazole and 5-flucytosine: case report and review of the literature. Marinová, I., Szabadosová, V., Brandeburová, O., Krcméry, V. Chemotherapy. (1994) [Pubmed]
  17. Antifungal management practices and evolution of infection in organ transplant recipients with cryptococcus neoformans infection. Singh, N., Lortholary, O., Alexander, B.D., Gupta, K.L., John, G.T., Pursell, K.J., Muñoz, P., Klintmalm, G.B., Stosor, V., Del Busto, R., Limaye, A.P., Somani, J., Lyon, M., Houston, S., House, A.A., Pruett, T.L., Orloff, S., Humar, A., Dowdy, L.A., Garcia-Diaz, J., Kalil, A.C., Fisher, R.A., Heitman, J., Husain, S. Transplantation (2005) [Pubmed]
  18. Nosocomial Cryptococcus laurentii fungemia in a bone marrow transplant patient after prophylaxis with ketoconazole successfully treated with oral fluconazole. Krcméry, V., Kunova, A., Mardiak, J. Infection (1997) [Pubmed]
  19. Successful treatment with liposomal amphotericin B in two patients with persisting fungemia. Sculier, J.P., Bron, D., Coune, A., Meunier, F. Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. (1989) [Pubmed]
  20. Controlled comparison of the BACTEC high-blood-volume fungal medium, BACTEC Plus 26 aerobic blood culture bottle, and 10-milliliter isolator blood culture system for detection of fungemia and bacteremia. Wilson, M.L., Davis, T.E., Mirrett, S., Reynolds, J., Fuller, D., Allen, S.D., Flint, K.K., Koontz, F., Reller, L.B. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  21. The yeast to hyphal transition following hematogenous candidiasis induces shock and organ injury independent of circulating tumor necrosis factor-alpha. Matuschak, G.M., Lechner, A.J. Crit. Care Med. (1997) [Pubmed]
  22. Elevated endogenous serum macrophage colony-stimulating factor in the early stage of fungemia following bone marrow transplantation. Petros, W.P., Rabinowitz, J., Stuart, A.R., Gupton, C., Alderman, E.M., Peters, W.P. Exp. Hematol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  23. Controlled comparative evaluation of BacT/Alert FAN and ESP 80A aerobic media as means for detecting bacteremia and fungemia. Doern, G.V., Barton, A., Rao, S. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  24. Candida krusei fungemia in an unrelated allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant patient successfully treated with Caspofungin. Fanci, R., Guidi, S., Bonolis, M., Bosi, A. Bone Marrow Transplant. (2005) [Pubmed]
  25. Comparative analysis of three antifungal susceptibility test methods against prospectively collected Candida species. Villareal, K.M., Cook, R.A., Galgiani, J.N., Wenzel, R.P., Pappas, P.G., Pottage, J.C., Gallis, H.A., Crane, L.R. Diagn. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. (1994) [Pubmed]
  26. Hansenula anomala outbreak at a surgical intensive care unit: a search for risk factors. Kalenic, S., Jandrlic, M., Vegar, V., Zuech, N., Sekulic, A., Mlinaric-Missoni, E. Eur. J. Epidemiol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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