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MeSH Review

Carotid Artery, External

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Disease relevance of Carotid Artery, External


High impact information on Carotid Artery, External


Chemical compound and disease context of Carotid Artery, External


Biological context of Carotid Artery, External


Anatomical context of Carotid Artery, External


Associations of Carotid Artery, External with chemical compounds


Gene context of Carotid Artery, External

  • First, CGRP fibers appeared in the wall of the carotid arch and external carotid arteries, and in a thin septum between these two arteries at an early stage of larval development (stage III) [24].
  • Our findings demonstrate the importance of the external carotid artery in giving rise to the vasa vasorum that supply the areas of atherosclerotic plaque [25].
  • Involvement of the external carotid arteries in moyamoya disease: neuroradiological evaluation of 66 patients [26].
  • Hamster cheek pouch tumors were perfused with HSV-LacZ or HSV-IL-2, by microcannulating the external carotid artery, and gene transfer determined [27].
  • Three factors were not among the most predictive factors of epilepsy but were significantly associated with the onset of seizures: AVM feeding by the external carotid artery, a temporal cortical location, and a parietal cortical location [28].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Carotid Artery, External


  1. High-dose intra-arterial cisplatin boost with hyperfractionated radiation therapy for advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Regine, W.F., Valentino, J., Arnold, S.M., Haydon, R.C., Sloan, D., Kenady, D., Strottmann, J., Pulmano, C., Mohiuddin, M. J. Clin. Oncol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  2. Shaking limb transient ischemic attacks: unusual presentation of carotid artery occlusive disease: report of two cases. Klempen, N.L., Janardhan, V., Schwartz, R.B., Stieg, P.E. Neurosurgery (2002) [Pubmed]
  3. Multivisceral fibromuscular dysplasia in childhood: case report and review of the literature. Sandmann, W., Schulte, K.M. Annals of vascular surgery. (2000) [Pubmed]
  4. New embolization method using estrogen for dural arteriovenous malformation and meningioma. Suzuki, J., Komatsu, S. Surgical neurology. (1981) [Pubmed]
  5. Intra-arterial cisplatin and FUDR in advanced malignancies confined to the head and neck. Forastiere, A.A., Baker, S.R., Wheeler, R., Medvec, B.R. J. Clin. Oncol. (1987) [Pubmed]
  6. Influence of acetazolamide and CO2 on extracranial flow volume and intracranial blood flow velocity. Eicke, B.M., Buss, E., Bähr, R.R., Hajak, G., Paulus, W. Stroke (1999) [Pubmed]
  7. HU-211, a novel noncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonist, improves neurological deficit and reduces infarct volume after reversible focal cerebral ischemia in the rat. Belayev, L., Busto, R., Zhao, W., Ginsberg, M.D. Stroke (1995) [Pubmed]
  8. Digital imaging of umbelliferone clearance: a method for repeated measurements of cerebral cortical blood flow with high temporal and spatial resolution. Kirkpatrick, P.J., Bucknall, R., Naylor, P., Rudman, S., Strong, A.J. J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. (1994) [Pubmed]
  9. Radiosensitization with carotid intra-arterial bromodeoxyuridine +/- 5-fluorouracil biomodulation for malignant gliomas. Greenberg, H.S., Chandler, W.F., Ensminger, W.D., Sandler, H., Junck, L., Page, M.A., Crane, D., McKeever, P., Tankanow, R., Bromberg, J. Neurology (1994) [Pubmed]
  10. External carotid artery embolization of dural arteriovenous malformations involving the cavernous sinus. Outcome and role of venous thrombosis. Hirabuki, N., Mitomo, M., Miura, T., Hashimoto, T., Kawai, R., Kozuka, T. Acta radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987) (1990) [Pubmed]
  11. Vasomotor origin of intracranial pressure waves in hydrocephalic infants. Barritault, L., Rimbert, J.N., Hirsch, J.F., Pierre-Kahn, A., Lacombe, J., Zouaoui, A., Mises, J., Gabersek, V. European journal of nuclear medicine. (1980) [Pubmed]
  12. Cerebral ischemia alters glucose transporter kinetics across rat brain microvascular endothelium. Quantitative analysis by an in situ brain perfusion method. Suzuki, H., Nagashima, T., Fujita, K., Tamaki, N., Sugioka, K., Yamadori, T., Yamaguchi, M. J. Auton. Nerv. Syst. (1994) [Pubmed]
  13. Quantitative spectral analysis of carotid Doppler signal: evaluation as a method for measurement of drug effects. Spence, J.D. Clinical and investigative medicine. Médecine clinique et experimentale. (1989) [Pubmed]
  14. The effect on breathing of abruptly stopping carotid body discharge. Nye, P.C., Hanson, M.A., Torrance, R.W. Respiration physiology. (1981) [Pubmed]
  15. Magnetic resonance imaging of gadolinium-labeled monoclonal antibody polymers directed at human T lymphocytes implanted in canine brain. Kornguth, S.E., Turski, P.A., Perman, W.H., Schultz, R., Kalinke, T., Reale, R., Raybaud, F. J. Neurosurg. (1987) [Pubmed]
  16. Characterization of cephalic arteriovenous LH differences by continuous sampling in ovariectomized sheep. Rasmussen, D.D., Malven, P.V. Neuroendocrinology (1982) [Pubmed]
  17. Histamine actions in dog retinal central arteries as compared to those in middle cerebral and temporal arteries. Kitamura, Y., Okamura, T., Kani, K., Toda, N. Journal of ocular pharmacology and therapeutics : the official journal of the Association for Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics. (1995) [Pubmed]
  18. Continuous methotraxate intra-arterial infusion in the treatment of head and neck cancer. Losada, J.S. Medical journal of Zambia. (1977) [Pubmed]
  19. Characterization of 5-hydroxytryptamine receptors in the cranial vasculature. Saxena, P.R., Bom, A.H., Verdouw, P.D. Cephalalgia : an international journal of headache. (1989) [Pubmed]
  20. Bilirubin-induced changes in brain energy metabolism after osmotic opening of the blood-brain barrier. Wennberg, R.P., Johansson, B.B., Folbergrová, J., Siesjö, B.K. Pediatr. Res. (1991) [Pubmed]
  21. A calpain inhibitor attenuates cortical cytoskeletal protein loss after experimental traumatic brain injury in the rat. Posmantur, R., Kampfl, A., Siman, R., Liu, J., Zhao, X., Clifton, G.L., Hayes, R.L. Neuroscience (1997) [Pubmed]
  22. Projection angiograms of blood labeled by adiabatic fast passage. Dixon, W.T., Du, L.N., Faul, D.D., Gado, M., Rossnick, S. Magnetic resonance in medicine : official journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine / Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. (1986) [Pubmed]
  23. Spontaneous carotid-cavernous fistulas: clinical, radiological, and therapeutic considerations. Experience with 20 cases. Viñuela, F., Fox, A.J., Debrun, G.M., Peerless, S.J., Drake, C.G. J. Neurosurg. (1984) [Pubmed]
  24. Ontogeny of substance P-, CGRP-, and VIP-containing nerve fibers in the amphibian carotid labyrinth of the bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana. An immunohistochemical study. Kusakabe, T. Cell Tissue Res. (1992) [Pubmed]
  25. The origin and distribution of vasa vasorum at the bifurcation of the common carotid artery with atherosclerosis. Bo, W.J., McKinney, W.M., Bowden, R.L. Stroke (1989) [Pubmed]
  26. Involvement of the external carotid arteries in moyamoya disease: neuroradiological evaluation of 66 patients. Hoshimaru, M., Kikuchi, H. Neurosurgery (1992) [Pubmed]
  27. Efficient gene transfer to human squamous cell carcinomas by the herpes simplex virus type 1 amplicon vector. Carew, J.F., Federoff, H., Halterman, M., Kraus, D.H., Savage, H., Sacks, P.G., Schantz, S.P., Shah, J.P., Fong, Y. Am. J. Surg. (1998) [Pubmed]
  28. Epilepsy associated with cerebral arteriovenous malformations: a multivariate analysis of angioarchitectural characteristics. Turjman, F., Massoud, T.F., Sayre, J.W., Viñuela, F., Guglielmi, G., Duckwiler, G. AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology. (1995) [Pubmed]
  29. Ischemic necrosis of the scalp after preoperative embolization of meningeal tumors. Chan, R.C., Thompson, G.B. Neurosurgery (1984) [Pubmed]
  30. Muscular and CNS effects of carotid artery administration of contrast media in rabbits. Whisson, C.C., Evill, C.A., Sage, M.R., Wilson, A.J. AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology. (1990) [Pubmed]
  31. Effects of intracarotid infusion of neuropeptide Y on cerebral blood flow in rats. Okazaki, S., Sako, K., Yonemasu, Y. Brain Res. (1992) [Pubmed]
  32. Ruthenium red antagonism of capsaicin-induced vascular changes in the rat nasal mucosa. Bari, F., Jancsó, G. European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery. (1994) [Pubmed]
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