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Gene Review

Fkbp1a  -  FK506 binding protein 1a

Mus musculus

Synonyms: 12 kDa FK506-binding protein, 12 kDa FKBP, Calstabin-1, FK506-binding protein 1A, FKBP-12, ...
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Disease relevance of Fkbp1a

  • The recent discovery that small molecule ligands for the peptidyl-prolyl isomerase (PPIase) FKBP12 possess powerful neuroprotective and neuroregenerative properties in vitro and in vivo suggests therapeutic utility for such compounds in neurodegenerative disease [1].
  • Like immunosuppression, this toxicity is not due to the inhibition of the PPIase activity of FKBP-12, but may be linked to the inhibition of the phosphatase activity of calcineurin by the drug FKBP-12 complex [2].
  • In this report, we establish that FKBP12 mediates FK506 inhibition of both calcineurin phosphatase activity and IgE activation-induced cytokine transcripts in a Kirsten murine sarcoma virus-immortalized mast cell line that is FKBP12 deficient [3].
  • Fractionation of differentiating murine teratocarcinoma F9 cells and extraction of the nuclear/microsomal pellets with ethidium bromide led to the purification and microsequencing of the protein mCyP-S1, a novel cyclosporin A-sensitive peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase (PPIase). mCyP-S1 is a new member of the cyclophilin class of proteins [4].

High impact information on Fkbp1a

  • FKBP12 modulates Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum in skeletal muscle and developmental cardiac defects have been reported in FKBP12-deficient mice, but the role of FKBP12.6 in cardiac excitation-contraction coupling remains unclear [5].
  • Although L-685,818 bound with high affinity to FKBP-12 and inhibited its PPIase activity, it did not suppress T cell activation, and, when complexed with FKBP-12, did not affect calcineurin phosphatase activity [2].
  • We also tested the sensor against a chemical array to identify ligands that bind to FKBP12 or ERalpha [6].
  • Here, we used systemic gene transfer in tumor-bearing mice to identify novel antiinvasive and antimetastatic functions for Fkbp8, and subsequently for Fkbp1a [7].
  • Antitumor effects produced by Fkbp1a gene expression are mediated by cellular pathways entirely distinct from those responsible for antitumor effects produced by Fkbp1a binding to its bacterially derived ligand, rapamycin [7].

Biological context of Fkbp1a

  • Recent studies have shown that binding of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) to InsP3R isoforms is differentially regulated by Ca2+, and that InsP3R functions are finely regulated by phosphorylation via tyrosine kinases and protein kinase C, by dephosphorylation via calcineurin, and by binding to FKBP (FK506-binding protein) [8].
  • FKBP12 is the only FK506 binding protein mediating T-cell inhibition by the immunosuppressant FK506 [9].
  • Taken together, our data suggest that a trimeric-interaction among calcineurin, FKBP12, and RyR is important for the regulation of the RyR channel activity and may play an important role in the Ca(2+) signaling of muscle contraction and relaxation [10].
  • The results show that high PPIase activities of Pin1 are found in organs that have the tendency to develop Pin1 knockout phenotypes and, therefore, provide for the first time an enzymological basis for these observations [11].
  • These results suggest that posttranslational modifications may influence the PPIase activity in vivo [11].

Anatomical context of Fkbp1a

  • Effects of cyclosporin A and FK506 on Fc epsilon receptor type I-initiated increases in cytokine mRNA in mouse bone marrow-derived progenitor mast cells: resistance to FK506 is associated with a deficiency in FK506-binding protein FKBP12 [12].
  • Toward this end, a gene encoding a fusion protein containing the FK506-binding protein FKBP12, fused to the intracellular portion of the receptor for thrombopoietin (mpl), was introduced into primary murine bone marrow cells [13].
  • In contrast, activation-elicited release of the secretory granule mediator beta-hexosaminidase was only partially inhibited by FK506 at 1000 nM, regardless of the levels of FKBP12 expressed by the cells [3].
  • Myoblasts and myotubes of C2-C12 cells express similar amounts of cyclophilin A and FKBP12, immunophilins known to be intracellular-binding targets for CsA and tacrolimus, respectively [14].
  • FKBP12 is not required for the modulation of transforming growth factor beta receptor I signaling activity in embryonic fibroblasts and thymocytes [15].

Associations of Fkbp1a with chemical compounds


Regulatory relationships of Fkbp1a

  • Thus, FKBP12 is a physiologic regulator of cell cycle acting by normally down-regulating TGF-beta receptor signaling [21].
  • These data suggest that FK506 promotes osteogenic differentiation by activating BMP receptors through interacting with FKBP12 [22].
  • The IC50 value for FK506 inhibition of IgE activation-induced transcripts for TNF-alpha decreased from 40 nM in vector control cells to 10 nM in FKBP12 transfectants [3].

Other interactions of Fkbp1a

  • Several FKBP family members such as FKBP12, FKBP12.6, and FKBP51 are expressed in T cells [9].
  • FKBP12, the 12-kDa FK506-binding protein, is a ubiquitous abundant protein that acts as a receptor for the immunosuppressant drug FK506, binds tightly to intracellular calcium release channels and to the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) type I receptor [21].
  • The p21 up-regulation and cell cycle arrest derive from the overactivity of TGF-beta receptor signaling, which is normally inhibited by FKBP12 [21].
  • Our data fit a model whereby both FKBP12 and calcineurin target an unknown regulator of IL-3 mRNA turnover [23].
  • Expression of a membrane targeted fusion protein containing the c-kit receptor linked to one or more copies of FKBP12 allowed Ba/F3 cells to be switched from IL-3 dependence to FK1012-dependence [24].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Fkbp1a


  1. Synthesis of N-glyoxyl prolyl and pipecolyl amides and thioesters and evaluation of their in vitro and in vivo nerve regenerative effects. Hamilton, G.S., Wu, Y.Q., Limburg, D.C., Wilkinson, D.E., Vaal, M.J., Li, J.H., Thomas, C., Huang, W., Sauer, H., Ross, D.T., Soni, R., Chen, Y., Guo, H., Howorth, P., Valentine, H., Liang, S., Spicer, D., Fuller, M., Steiner, J.P. J. Med. Chem. (2002) [Pubmed]
  2. The immunosuppressive and toxic effects of FK-506 are mechanistically related: pharmacology of a novel antagonist of FK-506 and rapamycin. Dumont, F.J., Staruch, M.J., Koprak, S.L., Siekierka, J.J., Lin, C.S., Harrison, R., Sewell, T., Kindt, V.M., Beattie, T.R., Wyvratt, M. J. Exp. Med. (1992) [Pubmed]
  3. The complex of FK506-binding protein 12 and FK506 inhibits calcineurin phosphatase activity and IgE activation-induced cytokine transcripts, but not exocytosis, in mouse mast cells. Fruman, D.A., Bierer, B.E., Benes, J.E., Burakoff, S.J., Austen, K.F., Katz, H.R. J. Immunol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  4. Murine cyclophilin-S1: a variant peptidyl-prolyl isomerase with a putative signal sequence expressed in differentiating F9 cells. Schumacher, A., Schröter, H., Multhaup, G., Nordheim, A. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1991) [Pubmed]
  5. Oestrogen protects FKBP12.6 null mice from cardiac hypertrophy. Xin, H.B., Senbonmatsu, T., Cheng, D.S., Wang, Y.X., Copello, J.A., Ji, G.J., Collier, M.L., Deng, K.Y., Jeyakumar, L.H., Magnuson, M.A., Inagami, T., Kotlikoff, M.I., Fleischer, S. Nature (2002) [Pubmed]
  6. A yeast sensor of ligand binding. Tucker, C.L., Fields, S. Nat. Biotechnol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  7. Functional identification of distinct sets of antitumor activities mediated by the FKBP gene family. Fong, S., Mounkes, L., Liu, Y., Maibaum, M., Alonzo, E., Desprez, P.Y., Thor, A.D., Kashani-Sabet, M., Debs, R.J. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2003) [Pubmed]
  8. The InsP3 receptor and intracellular Ca2+ signaling. Mikoshiba, K. Curr. Opin. Neurobiol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  9. FKBP12 is the only FK506 binding protein mediating T-cell inhibition by the immunosuppressant FK506. Xu, X., Su, B., Barndt, R.J., Chen, H., Xin, H., Yan, G., Chen, L., Cheng, D., Heitman, J., Zhuang, Y., Fleischer, S., Shou, W. Transplantation (2002) [Pubmed]
  10. Ca(2+)-dependent interaction between FKBP12 and calcineurin regulates activity of the Ca(2+) release channel in skeletal muscle. Shin, D.W., Pan, Z., Bandyopadhyay, A., Bhat, M.B., Kim, d.o. .H., Ma, J. Biophys. J. (2002) [Pubmed]
  11. Comparative analysis of enzyme activities and mRNA levels of peptidyl prolyl cis/trans isomerases in various organs of wild type and Pin1-/- mice. Fanghänel, J., Akiyama, H., Uchida, C., Uchida, T. FEBS Lett. (2006) [Pubmed]
  12. Effects of cyclosporin A and FK506 on Fc epsilon receptor type I-initiated increases in cytokine mRNA in mouse bone marrow-derived progenitor mast cells: resistance to FK506 is associated with a deficiency in FK506-binding protein FKBP12. Kaye, R.E., Fruman, D.A., Bierer, B.E., Albers, M.W., Zydowsky, L.D., Ho, S.I., Jin, Y.J., Castells, M.C., Schreiber, S.L., Walsh, C.T. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1992) [Pubmed]
  13. Targeted expansion of genetically modified bone marrow cells. Jin, L., Siritanaratkul, N., Emery, D.W., Richard, R.E., Kaushansky, K., Papayannopoulou, T., Blau, C.A. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1998) [Pubmed]
  14. Calcineurin enhances acetylcholinesterase mRNA stability during C2-C12 muscle cell differentiation. Luo, Z.D., Wang, Y., Werlen, G., Camp, S., Chien, K.R., Taylor, P. Mol. Pharmacol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  15. FKBP12 is not required for the modulation of transforming growth factor beta receptor I signaling activity in embryonic fibroblasts and thymocytes. Bassing, C.H., Shou, W., Muir, S., Heitman, J., Matzuk, M.M., Wang, X.F. Cell Growth Differ. (1998) [Pubmed]
  16. Synthesis of ketone analogues of prolyl and pipecolyl ester FKBP12 ligands. Wu, Y.Q., Wilkinson, D.E., Limburg, D., Li, J.H., Sauer, H., Ross, D., Liang, S., Spicer, D., Valentine, H., Fuller, M., Guo, H., Howorth, P., Soni, R., Chen, Y., Steiner, J.P., Hamilton, G.S. J. Med. Chem. (2002) [Pubmed]
  17. FKBP12.6 and cADPR regulation of Ca2+ release in smooth muscle cells. Wang, Y.X., Zheng, Y.M., Mei, Q.B., Wang, Q.S., Collier, M.L., Fleischer, S., Xin, H.B., Kotlikoff, M.I. Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  18. Systemic treatment with GPI 1046 improves spatial memory and reverses cholinergic neuron atrophy in the medial septal nucleus of aged mice. Sauer, H., Francis, J.M., Jiang, H., Hamilton, G.S., Steiner, J.P. Brain Res. (1999) [Pubmed]
  19. Synthesis, molecular modeling and biological evaluation of aza-proline and aza-pipecolic derivatives as FKBP12 ligands and their in vivo neuroprotective effects. Wilkinson, D.E., Thomas, B.E., Limburg, D.C., Holmes, A., Sauer, H., Ross, D.T., Soni, R., Chen, Y., Guo, H., Howorth, P., Valentine, H., Spicer, D., Fuller, M., Steiner, J.P., Hamilton, G.S., Wu, Y.Q. Bioorg. Med. Chem. (2003) [Pubmed]
  20. Paradoxical actions of hydrogen peroxide on long-term potentiation in transgenic superoxide dismutase-1 mice. Kamsler, A., Segal, M. J. Neurosci. (2003) [Pubmed]
  21. FKBP12, the 12-kDa FK506-binding protein, is a physiologic regulator of the cell cycle. Aghdasi, B., Ye, K., Resnick, A., Huang, A., Ha, H.C., Guo, X., Dawson, T.M., Dawson, V.L., Snyder, S.H. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2001) [Pubmed]
  22. Mechanism of osteogenic induction by FK506 via BMP/Smad pathways. Kugimiya, F., Yano, F., Ohba, S., Igawa, K., Nakamura, K., Kawaguchi, H., Chung, U.I. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2005) [Pubmed]
  23. Rapamycin destabilizes interleukin-3 mRNA in autocrine tumor cells by a mechanism requiring an intact 3' untranslated region. Banholzer, R., Nair, A.P., Hirsch, H.H., Ming, X.F., Moroni, C. Mol. Cell. Biol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  24. Stimulating cell proliferation through the pharmacologic activation of c-kit. Jin, L., Asano, H., Blau, C.A. Blood (1998) [Pubmed]
  25. Divergent functional properties of ryanodine receptor types 1 and 3 expressed in a myogenic cell line. Fessenden, J.D., Wang, Y., Moore, R.A., Chen, S.R., Allen, P.D., Pessah, I.N. Biophys. J. (2000) [Pubmed]
  26. The effects of rapamycin in murine peripheral nerve isografts and allografts. Myckatyn, T.M., Ellis, R.A., Grand, A.G., Sen, S.K., Lowe, J.B., Hunter, D.A., Mackinnon, S.E. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. (2002) [Pubmed]
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