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MeSH Review

Body Image

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Disease relevance of Body Image


Psychiatry related information on Body Image

  • Body image disturbances in anorexia nervosa patients have been assessed in an experimental study which dealt with the following issues: Three different procedures for the assessment of body image disturbances were compared in a discriminant function analysis: a Video Monitor Procedure, the Movable Caliper Procedure and the Image Marking Procedure [6].
  • MEASUREMENTS: Standardized self-report scales on distress (SCL-90R), eating behavior (FEV), interpersonal problems (IIP), body image (FKB-20), life satisfaction (IRES) [7].
  • The potential of specific antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) to cause clinically significant changes in bodyweight is a key consideration in the management of epilepsy; changes in weight can pose health hazards, impair body image and self-esteem, and lead to noncompliance with therapy [8].
  • On all seven HRQOL measures (impact of cancer and treatment, concern regarding body image, mental health, general health, activity, worries about cancer and dying, and energy), there were statistically significant decrements associated with androgen deprivation [9].
  • The Dysmorphic group reported a pattern of body image disturbance consistent with MD by displaying a high overall level of body image disturbance, symptoms of associated psychopathology, steroid use, and appearance-controlling behavior [10].

High impact information on Body Image

  • RESULTS: Compared with healthy controls, subjects with a history of BN had significant lowering of mood, increases in ratings of body image concern, and subjective loss of control of eating following the tryptophan-free mixture [11].
  • Whole body images of anesthetized mice taken at various time points after cell infusion revealed the early migration of allogeneic cells to peripheral lymphoid organs, with later infiltration of GVHD target organs [12].
  • Body image and attitudes toward male roles in anabolic-androgenic steroid users [13].
  • Whole body images of HO-1 transcription patterns did, however; reveal increases in HO-1 transcription in Tg mice after treatment with other Mps, heme and cadmium chloride (CdCl(2)) [14].
  • Each subject took part in investigations of body image, using a distorting photograph technique, and interoception, using a satiety aversion to sucrose test [15].

Chemical compound and disease context of Body Image

  • This report documents the importance of measuring plasma prednisolone concentrations to diagnose noncompliance, especially in adolescents who are overly concerned about their body image [16].
  • The finding that m-CPP temporarily improved mood and reduced body image distortions supports the hypothesis that altered serotonin activity may contribute to the pathophysiology of AN [17].
  • Data showed that the women in the exercise group improved significantly in body image (Physical Condition and Weight Concerns subscales) vs control group participants at post-treatment [18].
  • This result is consistent with a mechanism for the development of a disturbance in body image proposed by Cooper and Taylor (British Journal of Psychiatry 153 [Suppl. 2] 20-22, 1988) [19].
  • Indium-111 tropolonate labeled autologous platelets were used to determine mean platelet life and platelet production rate; total body images were also acquired [20].

Biological context of Body Image

  • The psychosocial problems commonly reported in relation to parenteral nutrition are distress from loss of normal eating ability, depression, body image changes, fear of problems with apparatus, and decreased sexual activity [21].
  • Analysis indicated that body image and adiposity were significantly (p<.01) related for the whole sample, for boys and girls and for White children, Black children, and Asian children [22].

Anatomical context of Body Image

  • As expected, the treatment was not able to reduce the subjects' highly distorted perception of body image, due to the fact that GH treatment, despite a clear amelioration of lean/fat body mass ratio, did not change their body proportions.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[23]

Gene context of Body Image


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Body Image


  1. Weight loss expectations in obese patients seeking treatment at medical centers. Dalle Grave, R., Calugi, S., Magri, F., Cuzzolaro, M., Dall'aglio, E., Lucchin, L., Melchionda, N., Marchesini, G. Obes. Res. (2004) [Pubmed]
  2. Factors related to sexual function in postmenopausal women with a history of breast cancer. Greendale, G.A., Petersen, L., Zibecchi, L., Ganz, P.A. Menopause (New York, N.Y.) (2001) [Pubmed]
  3. Symptom, symptom experiences, and symptom distress encountered by women with breast cancer undergoing current treatment modalities. Boehmke, M.M., Dickerson, S.S. Cancer nursing. (2005) [Pubmed]
  4. Resolution of Ga-67 citrate uptake in the left neck mass of Hodgkin's disease and reversion of double scoliosis of cervical-thoracic and lower lumbar vertebrae. Zwick, M., Shih, W.J., Greenwood, M., Cibull, M.L., Miller, S. Annals of nuclear medicine. (2000) [Pubmed]
  5. Perceptions of body image in subjects with multiple sclerosis: a pilot study. Samonds, R.J., Cammermeyer, M. The Journal of neuroscience nursing : journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses. (1989) [Pubmed]
  6. The measurement of body image disturbances in anorexia nervosa. Experimental comparison of different methods. Fichter, M.M., Meister, I., Koch, H.J. The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science. (1986) [Pubmed]
  7. Effectiveness of behavioral and psychodynamic in-patient treatment of severe obesity--first results from a randomized study. Beutel, M., Thiede, R., Wiltink, J., Sobez, I. Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord. (2001) [Pubmed]
  8. Effect of antiepileptic drugs on bodyweight: overview and clinical implications for the treatment of epilepsy. Biton, V. CNS drugs. (2003) [Pubmed]
  9. The impact of androgen deprivation on quality of life after radical prostatectomy for prostate carcinoma. Fowler, F.J., McNaughton Collins, M., Walker Corkery, E., Elliott, D.B., Barry, M.J. Cancer (2002) [Pubmed]
  10. Presence of muscle dysmorphia symptomology among male weightlifters. Hildebrandt, T., Schlundt, D., Langenbucher, J., Chung, T. Comprehensive psychiatry. (2006) [Pubmed]
  11. Symptomatic relapse in bulimia nervosa following acute tryptophan depletion. Smith, K.A., Fairburn, C.G., Cowen, P.J. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry (1999) [Pubmed]
  12. In vivo imaging of graft-versus-host-disease in mice. Panoskaltsis-Mortari, A., Price, A., Hermanson, J.R., Taras, E., Lees, C., Serody, J.S., Blazar, B.R. Blood (2004) [Pubmed]
  13. Body image and attitudes toward male roles in anabolic-androgenic steroid users. Kanayama, G., Barry, S., Hudson, J.I., Pope, H.G. The American journal of psychiatry. (2006) [Pubmed]
  14. Selection of potential therapeutics based on in vivo spatiotemporal transcription patterns of heme oxygenase-1. Zhang, W., Contag, P.R., Hardy, J., Zhao, H., Vreman, H.J., Hajdena-Dawson, M., Wong, R.J., Stevenson, D.K., Contag, C.H. J. Mol. Med. (2002) [Pubmed]
  15. The stability of perceptual disturbances in anorexia nervosa. Garfinkel, P.E., Moldofsky, H., Garner, D.M. Psychological medicine. (1979) [Pubmed]
  16. Measurement of plasma prednisolone level to evaluate a prednisone treatment failure in an adolescent with Crohn's disease. Milov, D.E., Hill, M., Andres, J.M., Cynamon, H.A., Hendeles, L. J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr. (1989) [Pubmed]
  17. Altered response to meta-chlorophenylpiperazine in anorexia nervosa: support for a persistent alteration of serotonin activity after short-term weight restoration. Frank, G.K., Kaye, W.H., Weltzin, T.E., Perel, J., Moss, H., McConaha, C., Pollice, C. The International journal of eating disorders. (2001) [Pubmed]
  18. Psychological and fitness changes associated with exercise participation among women with breast cancer. Pinto, B.M., Clark, M.M., Maruyama, N.C., Feder, S.I. Psycho-oncology. (2003) [Pubmed]
  19. Depressed mood and concern with weight and shape in normal young women. Cohen-Tovée, E.M. The International journal of eating disorders. (1993) [Pubmed]
  20. Abnormal platelet adhesion on abdominal vessels in asymptomatic patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. Louwes, H., Vellenga, E., de Wolf, J.T. Ann. Hematol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  21. Psychosocial aspects of artificial feeding. Padilla, G.V., Grant, M.M. Cancer (1985) [Pubmed]
  22. Relationship between body image and percent body fat among British school children. Duncan, M.J., Woodfield, L.A., O'Neill, S.J., Al-Nakeeb, Y. Perceptual and motor skills. (2002) [Pubmed]
  23. Growth hormone treatment in adults with childhood onset growth hormone deficiency: effects on psychological capabilities. Sartorio, A., Molinari, E., Riva, G., Conti, A., Morabito, F., Faglia, G. Horm. Res. (1995) [Pubmed]
  24. Phase I trial of technetium [Leu13] bombesin as cancer seeking agent: possible scintigraphic guide for surgery? De Vincentis, G., Scopinaro, F., Varvarigou, A., Ussof, W., Schillaci, O., Archimandritis, S., Corleto, V., Longo, F., Delle Fave, G. Tumori. (2002) [Pubmed]
  25. Psychiatric aspects of head and neck surgery. Part II: Body image and psychiatric intervention. Bronheim, H., Strain, J.J., Biller, H.F. General hospital psychiatry. (1991) [Pubmed]
  26. The effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery on body image. Neven, K., Dymek, M., leGrange, D., Maasdam, H., Boogerd, A.C., Alverdy, J. Obesity surgery : the official journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery and of the Obesity Surgery Society of Australia and New Zealand. (2002) [Pubmed]
  27. Psychosocial and sexual functioning in women with Turner syndrome. Pavlidis, K., McCauley, E., Sybert, V.P. Clin. Genet. (1995) [Pubmed]
  28. Body image of women with rheumatoid arthritis. Gutweniger, S., Kopp, M., Mur, E., Günther, V. Clinical and experimental rheumatology. (1999) [Pubmed]
  29. Effects of body image on dieting, exercise, and anabolic steroid use in adolescent males. Drewnowski, A., Kurth, C.L., Krahn, D.D. The International journal of eating disorders. (1995) [Pubmed]
  30. Autoerotic accident associated with self-applied ketamine. Breitmeier, D., Passie, T., Mansouri, F., Albrecht, K., Kleemann, W.J. Int. J. Legal Med. (2002) [Pubmed]
  31. Body size estimation and body dissatisfaction in eating disorder patients and normal controls. Fernández, F., Probst, M., Meermann, R., Vandereycken, W. The International journal of eating disorders. (1994) [Pubmed]
  32. The Ste-Justine Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Cohort Study. Part II: Perception of health, self and body image, and participation in physical activities. Goldberg, M.S., Mayo, N.E., Poitras, B., Scott, S., Hanley, J. Spine. (1994) [Pubmed]
  33. Psychiatric issues in renal dialysis and transplantation. Stewart, R.S. Hospital & community psychiatry. (1983) [Pubmed]
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