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MeSH Review

Adaptation, Physiological

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Disease relevance of Adaptation, Physiological


High impact information on Adaptation, Physiological


Chemical compound and disease context of Adaptation, Physiological

  • The inability to increase ammonium excretion during severe metabolic acidosis following ammonium chloride loading did not favor the possibility of a transient physiological adaptation of ammoniagenesis at the tubular cell level, related to potassium depletion [11].
  • The question has been raised whether insulin secretagogues by acting on vascular or myocardial potassium channels may prevent ischaemic preconditioning, a physiological adaptation that could affect the outcome of coronary heart disease, but there is evidence against this concern being applicable to glimepiride [12].

Biological context of Adaptation, Physiological


Anatomical context of Adaptation, Physiological


Associations of Adaptation, Physiological with chemical compounds

  • These take place through physiological adaptation processes that rely primarily on Ca(2+) ions [21].
  • The biochemical and physiological adaptations of plants to low temperatures include the post-translational activation and increased expression of enzymes of the sucrose synthesis pathway, the changed expression of Calvin cycle enzymes, and changes in the leaf protein content [22].
  • In this study we aimed to generate an integrative and dynamic picture of the physiological adaptations that occur during chronic glucose infusion [23].
  • In toto, these data indicate that RpoS-mediated regulation of NRZ may be an important physiological adaptation that allows the cell to use nitrate under stress-associated conditions [24].
  • This improvement in exercise capacity was accompanied by a 6% and 17% reduction in VE and in arterial lactic acid concentration for a given work rate, respectively (p < 0.0001), suggesting that physiologic adaptation to training occurred [2].

Gene context of Adaptation, Physiological


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Adaptation, Physiological


  1. Antenatal screening using random blood glucose values. Lind, T. Diabetes (1985) [Pubmed]
  2. Intensity of training and physiologic adaptation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Maltais, F., LeBlanc, P., Jobin, J., Bérubé, C., Bruneau, J., Carrier, L., Breton, M.J., Falardeau, G., Belleau, R. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. (1997) [Pubmed]
  3. Role of AP2/EREBP transcription factors in gene regulation during abiotic stress. Kizis, D., Lumbreras, V., Pagès, M. FEBS Lett. (2001) [Pubmed]
  4. Performance and muscle fiber adaptations to creatine supplementation and heavy resistance training. Volek, J.S., Duncan, N.D., Mazzetti, S.A., Staron, R.S., Putukian, M., Gómez, A.L., Pearson, D.R., Fink, W.J., Kraemer, W.J. Medicine and science in sports and exercise. (1999) [Pubmed]
  5. Klebsiella planticola strain DSZ mineralizes simazine: physiological adaptations involved in the process. Sánchez, M., Garbi, C., Martínez-Alvarez, R., Ortiz, L.T., Allende, J.L., Martín, M. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  6. The role of falling leptin levels in the neuroendocrine and metabolic adaptation to short-term starvation in healthy men. Chan, J.L., Heist, K., DePaoli, A.M., Veldhuis, J.D., Mantzoros, C.S. J. Clin. Invest. (2003) [Pubmed]
  7. The effects of chenodiol on biliary lipids and their association with gallstone dissolution in the National Cooperative Gallstone Study (NCGS). Grundy, S.M., Lan, S.P., Lachin, J. J. Clin. Invest. (1984) [Pubmed]
  8. Dietary-induced alterations in thyroid hormone metabolism during overnutrition. Danforth, E., Horton, E.S., O'Connell, M., Sims, E.A., Burger, A.G., Ingbar, S.H., Braverman, L., Vagenakis, A.G. J. Clin. Invest. (1979) [Pubmed]
  9. Muscles undergoing physiological adaptation to stress take up gallium-67 citrate. O'Connell, J.B., Robinson, J.A., Henkin, R.E., Messmore, H.L. Lancet (1980) [Pubmed]
  10. Decoding photoperiodic time through Per1 and ICER gene amplitude. Messager, S., Ross, A.W., Barrett, P., Morgan, P.J. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1999) [Pubmed]
  11. Anorexia nervosa, laxative abuse, hypopotassemia and distal renal tubular acidosis. Pines, A., Kaplinsky, N., Olchovsky, D., Frankl, O., Goldfarb, D., Iaina, A. Isr. J. Med. Sci. (1985) [Pubmed]
  12. Clinical review of glimepiride. McCall, A.L. Expert opinion on pharmacotherapy. (2001) [Pubmed]
  13. Adaptations in lipid metabolism of bovine adipose tissue in lactogenesis and lactation. McNamara, J.P., Hillers, J.K. J. Lipid Res. (1986) [Pubmed]
  14. Applied physiology of triathlon. O'Toole, M.L., Douglas, P.S. Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.) (1995) [Pubmed]
  15. Distribution and seasonal variation of vasoactive intestinal (VIP)-like peptides in the nervous system of Helix pomatia. Kaufmann, W., Kerschbaum, H.H., Hauser-Kronberger, C., Hacker, G.W., Hermann, A. Brain Res. (1995) [Pubmed]
  16. Downregulation of the glucocorticoid receptor. A mechanism for physiological adaptation to hormones. Webster, J.C., Cidlowski, J.A. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. (1994) [Pubmed]
  17. Adaptation of Microsporum gypseum to ketoconazole. Lenhart, K., Merkunová, A. Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis Facultatis Medicae. (1989) [Pubmed]
  18. Substrate upregulation of the human small intestinal peptide transporter, hPepT1. Walker, D., Thwaites, D.T., Simmons, N.L., Gilbert, H.J., Hirst, B.H. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (1998) [Pubmed]
  19. Conditioned release of 5-hydroxytryptamine in vivo in the nucleus accumbens following isolation-rearing in the rat. Fulford, A.J., Marsden, C.A. Neuroscience (1998) [Pubmed]
  20. Effect of surgical preparation and arterialization on vasomotion of human saphenous vein. O'Neil, G.S., Chester, A.H., Schyns, C.J., Tadjkarimi, S., Borland, J.A., Yacoub, M.H. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. (1994) [Pubmed]
  21. Ca(2+)-binding proteins in the retina: structure, function, and the etiology of human visual diseases. Palczewski, K., Polans, A.S., Baehr, W., Ames, J.B. Bioessays (2000) [Pubmed]
  22. A plant for all seasons: alterations in photosynthetic carbon metabolism during cold acclimation in Arabidopsis. Stitt, M., Hurry, V. Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  23. Metabolic adaptations to chronic glucose infusion in rats. Topp, B.G., McArthur, M.D., Finegood, D.T. Diabetologia (2004) [Pubmed]
  24. Expression of the Escherichia coli NRZ nitrate reductase is highly growth phase dependent and is controlled by RpoS, the alternative vegetative sigma factor. Chang, L., Wei, L.I., Audia, J.P., Morton, R.A., Schellhorn, H.E. Mol. Microbiol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  25. Vesl/Homer proteins regulate ryanodine receptor type 2 function and intracellular calcium signaling. Westhoff, J.H., Hwang, S.Y., Duncan, R.S., Ozawa, F., Volpe, P., Inokuchi, K., Koulen, P. Cell Calcium (2003) [Pubmed]
  26. Modulation by dietary restriction in gene expression related to insulin-like growth factor-1 in rat muscle. Tomita, M., Shimokawa, I., Higami, Y., Yanagihara-Outa, K., Kawahara, T., Tanaka, K., Ikeda, T., Shindo, H. Aging (Milan, Italy) (2001) [Pubmed]
  27. Affinity purification of 61- and 65-kDa rat brain corticotropin-releasing factor receptors and receptor-associated G proteins. Gibbins, J.M., Woods, R.J., Lowry, P.J. Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  28. Involvement of nitric oxide in the interferon-gamma-induced inhibition of growth hormone and prolactin secretion in anterior pituitary cell cultures. Vankelecom, H., Matthys, P., Denef, C. Mol. Cell. Endocrinol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  29. Proportional assist ventilation as an aid to exercise training in severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Hawkins, P., Johnson, L.C., Nikoletou, D., Hamnegård, C.H., Sherwood, R., Polkey, M.I., Moxham, J. Thorax (2002) [Pubmed]
  30. Effect of pulmonary rehabilitation on quadriceps fatiguability during exercise. Mador, M.J., Kufel, T.J., Pineda, L.A., Steinwald, A., Aggarwal, A., Upadhyay, A.M., Khan, M.A. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. (2001) [Pubmed]
  31. Diabetes mellitus and sports. Draznin, M.B., Patel, D.R. Adolescent medicine (Philadelphia, Pa.) (1998) [Pubmed]
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