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MeSH Review

British Columbia

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Disease relevance of British Columbia


Psychiatry related information on British Columbia

  • This study examined the relationship between walking, physical activity levels, and potential psychological mediators between people who owned dogs and those who did not own dogs in the Capital Region District of Greater Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Data were collected in September 2004; analyses were conducted in January 2005 [5].
  • This study examined the impact of caregiving on 61 MS family caregivers in British Columbia. The report of the study will include information regarding the caregiver's physical and mental health, health behaviours, participation in and satisfaction with preferred activities, and financial resources [6].

High impact information on British Columbia

  • Here we report the discovery in Pavilion Lake, British Columbia, Canada, of a distinctive assemblage of freshwater calcite microbialites, some of which display microstructures similar to the fabrics displayed by Epiphyton and Girvanella [7].
  • METHODS: We included all physicians (4403) in British Columbia who prescribed a thiazide diuretic, beta-blocker, inhibitor of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), or CCB as the first antihypertensive agent for 36,507 residents aged 66 years and over, with no previous or concurrent sign of underlying cardiovascular disease [8].
  • Control alleles and haplotypes were composed of parental marker alleles and haplotypes not transmitted to the affected child, in 90 simplex and 31 multiplex families from British Columbia. A total of 6,164 alleles at 11 loci were segregated through families of probands with RP MS or RR MS [9].
  • METHODS: Using administrative billing data from the Ministry of Health in 1996-2000, all prevalent RA cases in British Columbia, Canada were identified [10].
  • Under stripped conditions with minimum chloride the order of O2 affinity is: Hb A (Glu) much less than Hb Rush (Gln) less than or equal to Hb British Columbia (Lys) less than or equal to Hb Potomac (Asp) less than or equal to Hb Alberta (Gly) [11].

Chemical compound and disease context of British Columbia


Biological context of British Columbia


Anatomical context of British Columbia


Associations of British Columbia with chemical compounds

  • PATIENTS: All adult HIV-positive individuals in the province of British Columbia who started taking ritonavir and saquinavir (each at 600 mg twice daily) in combination from 1 September 1996 to 28 February 1997, with a minimum of two plasma viral load measurements, one at baseline and one after the initiation of therapy [25].
  • METHODS: Cohorts of three patients were given escalating intraoperative light doses of 15-35 J/cm2 48 h after i.v. delivery of 2.0 mg/kg Photofrin II (Quadra Logic Technologies, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada), and then escalating light doses of 30-32.5 J/cm2 after a 24-h sensitizer/operation interval [26].
  • Study participants were British Columbia, Canada, residents aged >or=65 years who received angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or calcium channel blockers at least once during the observation period [27].
  • In addition, ECOG is currently conducting a trial designed to confirm the striking activity of cisplatin and paclitaxel seen in the British Columbia trials [28].
  • The authors studied a cohort of 30,157 male pulp and paper workers in British Columbia, Canada. Of these, 20,373 worked in kraft mills only, 5,249 in sulfite mills only, and 4,535 in both kraft and sulfite mills [29].

Gene context of British Columbia

  • We extended the typing of the DRB1 in an Amerindian group (Penutian) from British Columbia. The presence of the alleles DRB1* 0405, *0407 and *0410 only in Na-Dene and alleles DRB1*0408, *1301*1302, *1304, *1305, *1502 and *1601 only in Amerindians suggests separate origins of these two groups [30].
  • This study confirms previous observations placing girls with TS at higher risk for CD and suggests a similar high prevalence in British Columbia [31].
  • Prevalent dialysis patients in British Columbia, Canada, who had measurements of calcium (Ca), phosphate (Pi), and parathyroid hormone (iPTH) between January and March 2000 were followed prospectively until December 2002 [32].
  • This report describes four different approaches to prenatal testing for HD which have arisen during a pilot predictive and prenatal testing program in British Columbia, Canada. In the first approach (exclusion testing), the at risk parent cannot or prefers not to learn of his/her HD status [33].
  • The sequence data obtained from the British Columbia isolates were compared with HCV sequences for the NCR obtained from GenBank for the construction of a phylogenetic tree using the GDE program, version 2 [34].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of British Columbia


  1. Prevalence and clinical implications of insertions in the HIV-1 p6Gag N-terminal region in drug-naive individuals initiating antiretroviral therapy. Brumme, Z.L., Chan, K.J., Dong, W.W., Wynhoven, B., Mo, T., Hogg, R.S., Montaner, J.S., O'Shaughnessy, M.V., Harrigan, P.R. Antivir. Ther. (Lond.) (2003) [Pubmed]
  2. Demyelination and ethnicity: experience at the University of British Columbia Multiple Sclerosis Clinic with special reference to HTLV-I-associated myelopathy in British Columbian natives. Oger, J., Lai, H. Ann. Neurol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  3. Estrogen receptor quantitation and staging as complementary prognostic indicators in breast cancer: a study of 583 patients. Godolphin, W., Elwood, J.M., Spinelli, J.J. Int. J. Cancer (1981) [Pubmed]
  4. Evaluation of the core antigen assay as a second-line supplemental test for diagnosis of active hepatitis C virus infection. Krajden, M., Shivji, R., Gunadasa, K., Mak, A., McNabb, G., Friesenhahn, M., Hendricks, D., Comanor, L. J. Clin. Microbiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  5. Relationships among dog ownership and leisure-time walking in Western Canadian adults. Brown, S.G., Rhodes, R.E. American journal of preventive medicine. (2006) [Pubmed]
  6. Nurturing a valuable resource: family caregivers in multiple sclerosis. Dewis, M.E., Niskala, H. Axone (Dartmouth, N.S.) (1992) [Pubmed]
  7. Modern freshwater microbialite analogues for ancient dendritic reef structures. Laval, B., Cady, S.L., Pollack, J.C., McKay, C.P., Bird, J.S., Grotzinger, J.P., Ford, D.C., Bohm, H.R. Nature (2000) [Pubmed]
  8. Influences of educational interventions and adverse news about calcium-channel blockers on first-line prescribing of antihypertensive drugs to elderly people in British Columbia. Maclure, M., Dormuth, C., Naumann, T., McCormack, J., Rangno, R., Whiteside, C., Wright, J.M. Lancet (1998) [Pubmed]
  9. Susceptibility to relapsing-progressive multiple sclerosis is associated with inheritance of genes linked to the variable region of the TcR beta locus: use of affected family-based controls. Hockertz, M.K., Paty, D.W., Beall, S.S. Am. J. Hum. Genet. (1998) [Pubmed]
  10. Gaps in care for rheumatoid arthritis: a population study. Lacaille, D., Anis, A.H., Guh, D.P., Esdaile, J.M. Arthritis Rheum. (2005) [Pubmed]
  11. Involvement of Glu G3(101)beta in the function of hemoglobin. Comparative O2 equilibrium studies of human mutant hemoglobins. Shih, D.T., Jones, R.T., Imai, K., Tyuma, I. J. Biol. Chem. (1985) [Pubmed]
  12. Updated clinical experience with MACOP-B. Klimo, P., Connors, J.M. Semin. Hematol. (1987) [Pubmed]
  13. Noncontraceptive hormone use and risk of breast cancer. Yang, C.P., Daling, J.R., Band, P.R., Gallagher, R.P., White, E., Weiss, N.S. Cancer Causes Control (1992) [Pubmed]
  14. Protozoal dermatitis of farmed Atlantic salmon in British Columbia. Brocklebank, J.R. Can. Vet. J. (1997) [Pubmed]
  15. A hierarchical approach to coding chemical, biological and pharmaceutical substances. Keefe, A.R., Bert, J.L., Grace, J.R., Makaroff, S.J., Lang, B.J., Band, P.R. Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part B, Critical reviews. (2005) [Pubmed]
  16. Genetic variation within and among domesticated Atlantic salmon broodstocks in British Columbia, Canada. Withler, R.E., Supernault, K.J., Miller, K.M. Anim. Genet. (2005) [Pubmed]
  17. Chronic lung disease following neonatal ventilation. I. incidence in two geographically defined populations. Fenton, A.C., Annich, G., Mason, E., Solimano, A., Field, D.J. Pediatr. Pulmonol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  18. The human vagina: normal flora considered as an in situ tissue-associated, adherent biofilm. Domingue, P.A., Sadhu, K., Costerton, J.W., Bartlett, K., Chow, A.W. Genitourinary medicine. (1991) [Pubmed]
  19. Monitoring biological effects of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, and biphenyls in great blue heron chicks (Ardea herodias) in British Columbia. Sanderson, J.T., Elliott, J.E., Norstrom, R.J., Whitehead, P.E., Hart, L.E., Cheng, K.M., Bellward, G.D. Journal of toxicology and environmental health. (1994) [Pubmed]
  20. Impact of new radiotherapy modalities on the surgical management of cancer of the esophagus and cardia. Flores, A.D., Nelems, B., Evans, K., Hay, J.H., Stoller, J., Jackson, S.M. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. (1989) [Pubmed]
  21. Osteochondral lesions of the talus in a sports medicine clinic. A new radiographic technique and surgical approach. Thompson, J.P., Loomer, R.L. The American journal of sports medicine. (1984) [Pubmed]
  22. Granulosa cell tumors. A clinical review of 61 cases. Pankratz, E., Boyes, D.A., White, G.W., Galliford, B.W., Fairey, R.N., Benedet, J.L. Obstetrics and gynecology. (1978) [Pubmed]
  23. Acid leaching studies of chrysotile asbestos from mines in the Coalinga region of California and from Quebec and British Columbia. Morgan, A. The Annals of occupational hygiene. (1997) [Pubmed]
  24. Primary seminoma of the mediastinum. Cancer Control Agency of British Columbia experience. Lee, Y.M., Jackson, S.M. Cancer (1985) [Pubmed]
  25. The antiviral effect of ritonavir and saquinavir in combination amongst HIV-infected adults: results from a community-based study. Rhone, S.A., Hogg, R.S., Yip, B., Sherlock, C., Conway, B., Schechter, M.T., O'Shaughnessy, M.V., Montaner, J.S. AIDS (1998) [Pubmed]
  26. Intrapleural photodynamic therapy: results of a phase I trial. Pass, H.I., DeLaney, T.F., Tochner, Z., Smith, P.E., Temeck, B.K., Pogrebniak, H.W., Kranda, K.C., Russo, A., Friauf, W.S., Cole, J.W. Ann. Surg. Oncol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  27. Performance of comorbidity scores to control for confounding in epidemiologic studies using claims data. Schneeweiss, S., Seeger, J.D., Maclure, M., Wang, P.S., Avorn, J., Glynn, R.J. Am. J. Epidemiol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  28. Doxorubicin/paclitaxel combination chemotherapy for metastatic breast cancer: the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group experience. Sledge, G.W. Semin. Oncol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  29. Cohort mortality study of pulp and paper mill workers in British Columbia, Canada. Band, P.R., Le, N.D., Fang, R., Threlfall, W.J., Astrakianakis, G., Anderson, J.T., Keefe, A., Krewski, D. Am. J. Epidemiol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  30. Analysis of HLA class I and class II in Na-Dene and Amerindian populations from British Columbia, Canada. Monsalve, M.V., Edin, G., Devine, D.V. Hum. Immunol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  31. Increased prevalence of celiac disease in girls with Turner syndrome detected using antibodies to endomysium and tissue transglutaminase. Gillett, P.M., Gillett, H.R., Israel, D.M., Metzger, D.L., Stewart, L., Chanoine, J.P., Freeman, H.J. Can. J. Gastroenterol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  32. Calcium, phosphate, and parathyroid hormone levels in combination and as a function of dialysis duration predict mortality: evidence for the complexity of the association between mineral metabolism and outcomes. Stevens, L.A., Djurdjev, O., Cardew, S., Cameron, E.C., Levin, A. J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  33. Different options for prenatal testing for Huntington's disease using DNA probes. Fahy, M., Robbins, C., Bloch, M., Turnell, R.W., Hayden, M.R. J. Med. Genet. (1989) [Pubmed]
  34. Identification of hepatitis C virus genotypes among hospitalized patients in British Columbia, Canada. Altamirano, M., Delaney, A., Wong, A., Marostenmaki, J., Pi, D. J. Infect. Dis. (1995) [Pubmed]
  35. Pregnancy and multiple sclerosis. A prospective study. Sadovnick, A.D., Eisen, K., Hashimoto, S.A., Farquhar, R., Yee, I.M., Hooge, J., Kastrukoff, L., Oger, J.J., Paty, D.W. Arch. Neurol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  36. Antenatal seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) in Canadian women: HSV-2 prevalence increases throughout the reproductive years. Patrick, D.M., Dawar, M., Cook, D.A., Krajden, M., Ng, H.C., Rekart, M.L. Sexually transmitted diseases. (2001) [Pubmed]
  37. Clinical experience with Hexabrix in cerebral angiography. Robertson, W.D., Nugent, R.A., Russell, D.B., Singer-Jordan, J., Graeb, D.A., Lapointe, J.S., Morris, D.C. Investigative radiology. (1984) [Pubmed]
  38. High-resolution source imaging in mesiotemporal lobe epilepsy: a comparison between MEG and simultaneous EEG. Leijten, F.S., Huiskamp, G.J., Hilgersom, I., Van Huffelen, A.C. Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society. (2003) [Pubmed]
  39. Postcoital contraception with dl-norgestrel/ethinyl estradiol combination: six years experience in a student medical clinic. Percival-Smith, R.K., Abercrombie, B. Contraception. (1987) [Pubmed]
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