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MeSH Review

Relaxation Techniques

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Disease relevance of Relaxation Techniques


Psychiatry related information on Relaxation Techniques


High impact information on Relaxation Techniques

  • The binding of the mononucleotide inhibitors 2'-GMP, 3'-GMP, and 5'-GMP to genetically engineered ribonuclease T1 has been investigated by conventional inhibition kinetics, fluorimetric titrations, molecular modeling, and fast relaxation techniques [7].
  • The conformation of adenosine 5'-triphosphate in the manganese complex of pyruvate kinase from rabbit muscle was determined from six metal to nucleus distances derived by nuclear magnetic relaxation techniques [8].
  • Residual interactions in delta131delta, a large disordered fragment of staphylococcal nuclease, have been probed at two different pHs using backbone (15)N and side-chain methyl (2)H NMR spin relaxation techniques [9].
  • We compared the effects of relaxation therapy in hypertensive patients taking placebo, a beta-blocker (atenolol, 100 mg/d), or a diuretic (chlorthalidone, 50 mg/d), and we also compared the effects of relaxation therapy with the effects of the latter two drugs alone [10].
  • This and other studies suggest that this type and amount relaxation therapy may not be as useful for enhancing blood glucose control in patients with type I diabetes as in those with type II diabetes [11].

Chemical compound and disease context of Relaxation Techniques

  • The effects of relaxation therapy on blood pressure and neural responses to "social stress"-anger instigation were determined in 30 male patients with mild primary hypertension. "Social stress"-anger induced increases in systolic and diastolic blood pressures (both p less than 0.01) and plasma norepinephrine (p less than 0.05) before therapy [12].

Biological context of Relaxation Techniques


Anatomical context of Relaxation Techniques

  • The electrical properties of biological and artificial membranes were studied in the presence of a number of negatively charged tungsten carbonyl complexes, such as [W(CO)5(CN)]- , [W(CO)5(NCS)]-, [W2(CO)10(CN)]-, and [W(CO)5(SCH2C6H5)]-, using the single-cell electrorotation and the charge-pulse relaxation techniques [16].
  • Using a dielectric relaxation technique based on the Maxwell-Wagner effect and elaborated by a 'single-shell' fitting procedure, the data indicate that both membrane conductivity and membrane permittivity increase after treatment of these cells with lonidamine while the conductivity of the cytosol remains unchanged [17].

Associations of Relaxation Techniques with chemical compounds

  • Methyl motions in 13C-methylated concanavalin as studied by 13C magnetic resonance relaxation techniques [18].
  • Drug treatment of GAD should be used as part of a comprehensive treatment plan that includes assessment for medical illnesses that can aggravate anxiety, withdrawal of all unnecessary medications (especially CNS depressants) and caffeine, structured relaxation techniques, evaluation of the specific type of anxiety, and psychotherapy [19].
  • Chloroperoxidase, a heme glycoprotein isolated from the mold Caldariomyces fumago, was studied by NMR relaxation techniques [20].
  • 1. Aplysia neurones with an excitatory response to acetylcholine (ACh) were voltage-clamped, and the ACh-induced currents were studied using noise and relaxation techniques [21].
  • The effects of lyotropic anions, particularly perchlorate, on the kinetics of partial reactions of the Na+,K+-ATPase from pig kidney were investigated by two different kinetic techniques: stopped flow in combination with the fluorescent label RH421 and a stationary electrical relaxation technique [22].

Gene context of Relaxation Techniques

  • The orientation of TLL with respect to the lipid membrane was investigated using a water-soluble spin relaxation agent, chromium(III) oxalate (Crox), and a recently developed ESR relaxation technique [Lin, Y., et al. (1998) Science 279, 1925-1929], here modified to low microwave amplitude (<0.36 G) [23].
  • METHODS: Ninety-three patients with systemic lupus erythematosus without active disease in any major organ were randomized, using a minimization protocol, to 12 weeks of graded exercise therapy, relaxation therapy or no intervention [24].
  • The solid state 13C NMR technique of proton dipolar decoupling was used to study slow (solid-like) motions (correlation time, tau o > or = 10 microseconds), whereas for intermediate (mobile) protein, rotational reorientational motion (tau o range of 1-500 nsec) the 13C off-resonance rotating frame spin-lattice relaxation technique was employed [25].
  • This experiment was aimed at assessing whether hypnosis, which is a powerful relaxation technique, modulated the FMD response to mental stress in subjects with different hypnotic susceptibility [26].
  • Complementary modalities/Part 2. Relaxation techniques for surgical patients [27].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Relaxation Techniques


  1. Behavioral vs beta-blocker therapy in patients with primary hypertension: effects on blood pressure, left ventricular function and mass, and the pressor surge of social stress anger. Lee, D.D., DeQuattro, V., Allen, J., Kimura, S., Aleman, E., Konugres, G., Davison, G. Am. Heart J. (1988) [Pubmed]
  2. Behavioral and nonpharmacologic treatments of headache. Lake, A.E. Med. Clin. North Am. (2001) [Pubmed]
  3. Treatment of temporomandibular disorders among adolescents: a comparison between occlusal appliance, relaxation training, and brief information. Wahlund, K., List, T., Larsson, B. Acta Odontol. Scand. (2003) [Pubmed]
  4. Diabetic neuropathy. Helping patients cope with their pain. Belgrade, M.J., Lev, B.I. Postgraduate medicine. (1991) [Pubmed]
  5. A controlled comparison of relaxation and diazepam in panic disorder. Taylor, C.B., Kenigsberg, M.L., Robinson, J.M. The Journal of clinical psychiatry. (1982) [Pubmed]
  6. Effects of biofeedback-aided relaxation on the psychological stress symptoms of college students. Fehring, R.J. Nursing research. (1983) [Pubmed]
  7. Modes of mononucleotide binding to ribonuclease T1. Georgalis, Y., Zouni, A., Zielenkiewicz, P., Holzwarth, J.F., Clarke, R., Hahn, U., Saenger, W. J. Biol. Chem. (1992) [Pubmed]
  8. Nuclear magnetic relaxation studies of the conformation of adenosine 5'-triphosphate on pyruvate kinase from rabbit muscle. Sloan, D.L., Mildvan, A.S. J. Biol. Chem. (1976) [Pubmed]
  9. Probing residual interactions in unfolded protein states using NMR spin relaxation techniques: an application to delta131delta. Choy, W.Y., Kay, L.E. J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2003) [Pubmed]
  10. Relaxation therapy for hypertension. Comparison of effects with concomitant placebo, diuretic, and beta-blocker. Jacob, R.G., Shapiro, A.P., Reeves, R.A., Johnsen, A.M., McDonald, R.H., Coburn, P.C. Arch. Intern. Med. (1986) [Pubmed]
  11. Effects of relaxation therapy on patients with type I diabetes mellitus. Feinglos, M.N., Hastedt, P., Surwit, R.S. Diabetes Care (1987) [Pubmed]
  12. Relaxation therapy lowers blood pressure more effectively in hypertensives with raised plasma norepinephrine and blunts pressor response to anger. Lee, D.D., Kimura, S., DeQuattro, V., Davison, G. Clinical and experimental hypertension. Part A, Theory and practice. (1989) [Pubmed]
  13. Effect of relaxation therapy on post-myocardial infarction patients' rehabilitation. Munro, B.H., Creamer, A.M., Haggerty, M.R., Cooper, F.S. Nursing research. (1988) [Pubmed]
  14. 1H-NMR relaxation studies of glycopeptides: a dynamic structural investigation. Rossi, C., Pogliani, L., Masi, S., Ceccarini, C., Niccolai, N. J. Biomol. Struct. Dyn. (1984) [Pubmed]
  15. Evaluation of obstetric analgesia and anaesthesia: long-term maternal recollections. MacArthur, C., Lewis, M., Knox, E.G. International journal of obstetric anesthesia. (1993) [Pubmed]
  16. Interaction of lipophilic ions with the plasma membrane of mammalian cells studies by electrorotation. Kürschner, M., Nielsen, K., Andersen, C., Sukhorukov, V.L., Schenk, W.A., Benz, R., Zimmermann, U. Biophys. J. (1998) [Pubmed]
  17. Effects of lonidamine on the membrane electrical properties of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells. Santini, M.T., Cametti, C., Indovina, P.L., Malorni, W., Benassi, M., Gentile, F.P., Castiglione, S., Floridi, A. FEBS Lett. (1991) [Pubmed]
  18. Methyl motions in 13C-methylated concanavalin as studied by 13C magnetic resonance relaxation techniques. Sherry, A.D., Keepers, J., James, T.L., Teherani, J. Biochemistry (1984) [Pubmed]
  19. Generalized anxiety disorder: new concepts and psychopharmacologic therapies. Dubovsky, S.L. The Journal of clinical psychiatry. (1990) [Pubmed]
  20. Broad-line nuclear magnetic resonance studies of chloroperoxidase. Krejcarek, G.E., Bryant, R.G., Smith, R.J., Hager, L.P. Biochemistry (1976) [Pubmed]
  21. Interaction of permeant ions with channels activated by acetylcholine in Aplysia neurones. Marchais, D., Marty, A. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (1979) [Pubmed]
  22. Hofmeister effects of anions on the kinetics of partial reactions of the Na+,K+-ATPase. Ganea, C., Babes, A., Lüpfert, C., Grell, E., Fendler, K., Clarke, R.J. Biophys. J. (1999) [Pubmed]
  23. Interfacial orientation of Thermomyces lanuginosa lipase on phospholipid vesicles investigated by electron spin resonance relaxation spectroscopy. Hedin, E.M., Høyrup, P., Patkar, S.A., Vind, J., Svendsen, A., Fransson, L., Hult, K. Biochemistry (2002) [Pubmed]
  24. Fatigue in systemic lupus erythematosus: a randomized controlled trial of exercise. Tench, C.M., McCarthy, J., McCurdie, I., White, P.D., D'Cruz, D.P. Rheumatology (Oxford, England) (2003) [Pubmed]
  25. 13C NMR studies of protein motional dynamics in bovine, human, rat, and chicken ocular lenses. Rydzewski, J.M., Wang, S.X., Stevens, A., Serdahl, C., Schleich, T. Exp. Eye Res. (1993) [Pubmed]
  26. Hypnotic modulation of flow-mediated endothelial response to mental stress. Jambrik, Z., Sebastiani, L., Picano, E., Ghelarducci, B., Santarcangelo, E.L. International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology. (2005) [Pubmed]
  27. Complementary modalities/Part 2. Relaxation techniques for surgical patients. Good, M. The American journal of nursing. (1995) [Pubmed]
  28. The effectiveness of teaching a relaxation technique to patients undergoing elective cardiac catheterization. Warner, C.D., Peebles, B.U., Miller, J., Reed, R., Rodriquez, S., Martin-Lewis, E. The Journal of cardiovascular nursing. (1992) [Pubmed]
  29. Pharmacotherapy for chronic facial pain. Phero, J.C. Dent. Clin. North Am. (1984) [Pubmed]
  30. Influence of Yoga and Ayurveda on self-rated sleep in a geriatric population. Manjunath, N.K., Telles, S. Indian J. Med. Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
  31. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis: benefits from massage therapy. Field, T., Hernandez-Reif, M., Seligman, S., Krasnegor, J., Sunshine, W., Rivas-Chacon, R., Schanberg, S., Kuhn, C. Journal of pediatric psychology. (1997) [Pubmed]
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