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Disease relevance of Fumigation


High impact information on Fumigation

  • After 3 years of CO2 fumigation, trees were twice as likely to be reproductively mature and produced three times as many cones and seeds as trees at ambient CO2 concentration [5].
  • Consistent with the proposed role for ascorbate in reactive oxygen species detoxification, lipid peroxides are elevated in soz1, but not in wild type following ozone fumigation [6].
  • Agricultural soil fumigation as a source of atmospheric methyl bromide [7].
  • These data further suggest that fumigation with the relatively low atmospheric concentrations of monoterpenes that are occasionally observed during warm windless days in the Mediterranean canopies may significantly improve the heat tolerance of nonemitting vegetation that grows intermixed with emitting species [8].
  • Differential effects of elevated ozone on two hybrid aspen genotypes predisposed to chronic ozone fumigation. Role of ethylene and salicylic acid [9].

Biological context of Fumigation


Anatomical context of Fumigation

  • In BTH-pretreated, but not fumigated, plants, H(2)O(2) accumulation occurred in the cell walls and no dead cells were detected, whereas O(3) fumigation of untreated plants produced H(2)O(2) accumulation also inside some palisade mesophyll cells, causing their death [15].
  • The fumigation programme was started with methyl bromide treatment directed primarily against arthropods, followed by ammonia spray to kill coccidial oocysts and concluded by three formaldehyde treatments with fog and spray against bacteria and viruses [16].

Associations of Fumigation with chemical compounds

  • Upon fumigation with 0.1 microL L(-1) sulfur dioxide, the Cys and glutathione contents in leaves of F(1) plants were increased significantly, but not in leaves of non-transformed control plants [17].
  • The second of the two [Ca2+]cyt peaks, but not the first, could be eliminated either by pre-treatment of plants with lanthanum chloride, or by reducing the duration of ozone fumigation [18].
  • The isoprene protection effect was directly demonstrated by fumigation of young (non-emitting) leaves, treated with RB or bromoxynil (simulating photoinhibition) [19].
  • Fumigation experiments with toxic levels of hydrogen sulphide (H2S) gas showed that while sense transformants were highly resistant, control and antisense plants were severely damaged by the treatment [20].
  • Total phenolic content was also strongly stimulated at the 10th and 72nd h from starting fumigation, concomitant with an enhancement in phenylalanine ammonia-lyase a and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase b expression, as evaluated by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction [21].

Gene context of Fumigation

  • Incubation with 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid, the precursor of ethylene, increased while fumigation with ethylene decreased expression and activity of ST and CAS [22].
  • Ascorbate peroxidase activity increased 1.8-fold without a lag period during fumigation with 0.1 ppm ozone, while guaiacol peroxidase activity increased 4.4-fold with a 1-day lag [23].
  • In addition, fumigation workers had significantly reduced performance on the Santa Ana Dexterity Test of the dominant hand and a nonsignificantly higher prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome than did the referents [10].
  • Plastic tarps currently used during soil fumigation to control emissions have been shown to be permeable to fumigant vapors, resulting in appreciable losses to the atmosphere [24].
  • The concentration of ascorbate (ASC) was determined in leaf extracellular washing fluid (apoplast) and in the residual leaf tissue (symplast) after 0, 4 and 8 h acute fumigation, and after a 16 h "recovery" period in CFA [25].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Fumigation


  1. Methyl bromide intoxication in four field-workers during removal of soil fumigation sheets. Herzstein, J., Cullen, M.R. Am. J. Ind. Med. (1990) [Pubmed]
  2. The effect of relative humidity on swine vesicular disease virus in dried films before and during formaldehyde fumigation. Batty, E., Farmer, Y.L., Breame, A.J., Bruce, W. The Journal of hygiene. (1979) [Pubmed]
  3. Respiratory epithelium, production performance and behaviour of formaldehyde-exposed broiler chicks. Zulkifli, I., Fauziah, O., Omar, A.R., Shaipullizan, S., Siti Selina, A.H. Vet. Res. Commun. (1999) [Pubmed]
  4. Observations on the effects of formaldehyde on cockroaches and their flora: I. Survival of vaccinia virus-infected cockroaches during fumigation with formaldehyde. Bartzokas, C.A., McCarthy, K., Shackleton, W.B., Baker, B.F. The Journal of hygiene. (1978) [Pubmed]
  5. Rising CO2 levels and the fecundity of forest trees. LaDeau, S.L., Clark, J.S. Science (2001) [Pubmed]
  6. Environmental stress sensitivity of an ascorbic acid-deficient Arabidopsis mutant. Conklin, P.L., Williams, E.H., Last, R.L. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1996) [Pubmed]
  7. Agricultural soil fumigation as a source of atmospheric methyl bromide. Yagi, K., Williams, J., Wang, N.Y., Cicerone, R.J. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1993) [Pubmed]
  8. The capacity for thermal protection of photosynthetic electron transport varies for different monoterpenes in Quercus ilex. Copolovici, L.O., Filella, I., Llusià, J., Niinemets, U., Peñuelas, J. Plant Physiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  9. Differential effects of elevated ozone on two hybrid aspen genotypes predisposed to chronic ozone fumigation. Role of ethylene and salicylic acid. Vahala, J., Keinänen, M., Schützendübel, A., Polle, A., Kangasjärvi, J. Plant Physiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  10. Health effects associated with sulfuryl fluoride and methyl bromide exposure among structural fumigation workers. Calvert, G.M., Mueller, C.A., Fajen, J.M., Chrislip, D.W., Russo, J., Briggle, T., Fleming, L.E., Suruda, A.J., Steenland, K. American journal of public health. (1998) [Pubmed]
  11. Terminal disinfection of calf houses by formaldehyde fumigation. Scarlett, C.M., Mathewson, G.K. Vet. Rec. (1977) [Pubmed]
  12. Occupational and environmental hygiene assessment of fumigations with methyl bromide. Guillemin, M.P., Hillier, R.S., Bernhard, C.A. The Annals of occupational hygiene. (1990) [Pubmed]
  13. Air pollution and agricultural aphid pests. I: Fumigation experiments with SO2 and NO2. Houlden, G., McNeil, S., Aminu-Kano, M., Bell, J.N. Environ. Pollut. (1990) [Pubmed]
  14. Epidemiology, bacteriology and control of an outbreak of Nocardia asteroides infection on a liver unit. Sahathevan, M., Harvey, F.A., Forbes, G., O'Grady, J., Gimson, A., Bragman, S., Jensen, R., Philpott-Howard, J., Williams, R., Casewell, M.W. J. Hosp. Infect. (1991) [Pubmed]
  15. Benzothiadiazole-induced resistance modulates ozone tolerance. Iriti, M., Rabotti, G., De Ascensao, A., Faoro, F. J. Agric. Food Chem. (2003) [Pubmed]
  16. Microbiologically monitored fumigation of a newly built SPF laboratory rodent facility. Sebesteny, A., Milite, G., Martelossi, P. Lab. Anim. (1992) [Pubmed]
  17. Cysteine synthase overexpression in tobacco confers tolerance to sulfur-containing environmental pollutants. Noji, M., Saito, M., Nakamura, M., Aono, M., Saji, H., Saito, K. Plant Physiol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  18. Dissection of the ozone-induced calcium signature. Clayton, H., Knight, M.R., Knight, H., McAinsh, M.R., Hetherington, A.M. Plant J. (1999) [Pubmed]
  19. Protection by isoprene against singlet oxygen in leaves. Affek, H.P., Yakir, D. Plant Physiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  20. Tobacco plants transformed with the O-acetylserine (thiol) lyase gene of wheat are resistant to toxic levels of hydrogen sulphide gas. Youssefian, S., Nakamura, M., Sano, H. Plant J. (1993) [Pubmed]
  21. Ozone-induced cell death in tobacco cultivar Bel W3 plants. The role of programmed cell death in lesion formation. Pasqualini, S., Piccioni, C., Reale, L., Ederli, L., Della Torre, G., Ferranti, F. Plant Physiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  22. Arabidopsis sulfurtransferases: investigation of their function during senescence and in cyanide detoxification. Meyer, T., Burow, M., Bauer, M., Papenbrock, J. Planta (2003) [Pubmed]
  23. Expression of Arabidopsis cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase gene in response to ozone or sulfur dioxide. Kubo, A., Saji, H., Tanaka, K., Kondo, N. Plant Mol. Biol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  24. An approach for estimating the permeability of agricultural films. Papiernik, S.K., Yates, S.R., Gan, J. Environ. Sci. Technol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  25. Does ascorbate in the mesophyll cell walls form the first line of defence against ozone? Testing the concept using broad bean (Vicia faba L.). Turcsányi, E., Lyons, T., Plöchl, M., Barnes, J. J. Exp. Bot. (2000) [Pubmed]
  26. Bioreactors for removing methyl bromide following contained fumigations. Miller, L.G., Baesman, S.M., Oremland, R.S. Environ. Sci. Technol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  27. The effects of precocene II on reproduction and development of triatomine bugs (Reduviidae: Triatominae). Tarrant, C., Cupp, E.W., Bowers, W.S. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. (1982) [Pubmed]
  28. Acaricidal activity of Paeonia suffruticosa root bark-derived compounds against Dermatophagoides farinae and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Acari: Pyroglyphidae). Kim, H.K., Tak, J.H., Ahn, Y.J. J. Agric. Food Chem. (2004) [Pubmed]
  29. The use of new field methods of semen analysis in the study of occupational hazards to reproduction: the example of ethylene dibromide. Schrader, S.M., Ratcliffe, J.M., Turner, T.W., Hornung, R.W. Journal of occupational medicine. : official publication of the Industrial Medical Association. (1987) [Pubmed]
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