The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review

Upper Gastrointestinal Tract

Welcome! If you are familiar with the subject of this article, you can contribute to this open access knowledge base by deleting incorrect information, restructuring or completely rewriting any text. Read more.

Disease relevance of Upper Gastrointestinal Tract


Psychiatry related information on Upper Gastrointestinal Tract


High impact information on Upper Gastrointestinal Tract


Chemical compound and disease context of Upper Gastrointestinal Tract


Biological context of Upper Gastrointestinal Tract


Anatomical context of Upper Gastrointestinal Tract


Associations of Upper Gastrointestinal Tract with chemical compounds


Gene context of Upper Gastrointestinal Tract

  • Comparisons among humans, dogs, and rats suggest that localization and density of CCK receptor subtypes in the upper gastrointestinal tract are species-dependent [30].
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution and pharmacological characteristics of CCK-A and CCK-B receptors in the human upper gastrointestinal tract and compare them with those in the rat and dog [30].
  • Neurons containing VMAT2 constituted 14-20% of all intrinsic neurons in the upper GI tract, and there was an equal number of TH-positive neurons [31].
  • CONCLUSIONS: Localization of CCK receptor subtypes in human upper gastrointestinal tract provides a biochemical and morphological basis for the separate regulatory roles of gastrin and CCK [30].
  • The GPR66/FM-3 mRNA is prominently expressed in the upper GI tract of humans, as is the mRNA for NmU, consistent with role for this receptor-ligand pair in regulating the function of this organ system [32].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Upper Gastrointestinal Tract


  1. Propranolol in the prevention of first upper gastrointestinal tract hemorrhage in patients with cirrhosis of the liver and esophageal varices. Pascal, J.P., Cales, P. N. Engl. J. Med. (1987) [Pubmed]
  2. Carcinogenesis in F344 rats by N-nitrosomethyl-n-propylamine derivatives. Lijinsky, W., Reuber, M.D., Saavedra, J.E., Singer, G.M. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. (1983) [Pubmed]
  3. Vasopressin therapy for upper gastrointestinal tract hemorrhage. Has its efficacy been proven? Hussey, K.P. Arch. Intern. Med. (1985) [Pubmed]
  4. Periampullary malignancy in Gardner's syndrome. Jones, T.R., Nance, F.C. Ann. Surg. (1977) [Pubmed]
  5. Upper gastrointestinal tract safety profile of alendronate: the fracture intervention trial. Bauer, D.C., Black, D., Ensrud, K., Thompson, D., Hochberg, M., Nevitt, M., Musliner, T., Freedholm, D. Arch. Intern. Med. (2000) [Pubmed]
  6. Direct inhibitory effect of erythromycin on human alimentary tract smooth muscle. Nissan, A., Freund, H.R., Hanani, M. Am. J. Surg. (2002) [Pubmed]
  7. Relative frequency of upper gastrointestinal and colonic lesions in patients with positive fecal occult-blood tests. Rockey, D.C., Koch, J., Cello, J.P., Sanders, L.L., McQuaid, K. N. Engl. J. Med. (1998) [Pubmed]
  8. Cimetidine and tranexamic acid for upper-gastrointestinal-tract bleeding. Chalmers, T.C. N. Engl. J. Med. (1983) [Pubmed]
  9. Antacid versus cimetidine in preventing acute gastrointestinal bleeding. A randomized trial in 75 critically ill patients. Priebe, H.J., Skillman, J.J., Bushnell, L.S., Long, P.C., Silen, W. N. Engl. J. Med. (1980) [Pubmed]
  10. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) associate with zwitterionic phospholipids: insight into the mechanism and reversal of NSAID-induced gastrointestinal injury. Lichtenberger, L.M., Wang, Z.M., Romero, J.J., Ulloa, C., Perez, J.C., Giraud, M.N., Barreto, J.C. Nat. Med. (1995) [Pubmed]
  11. Cost-effectiveness of misoprostol for prophylaxis against nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug-induced gastrointestinal tract bleeding. Edelson, J.T., Tosteson, A.N., Sax, P. JAMA (1990) [Pubmed]
  12. Cytomegalovirus infection of the upper gastrointestinal tract following liver transplantation--incidence, location, and severity in cyclosporine- and FK506-treated patients. Sakr, M., Hassanein, T., Gavaler, J., Abu-Elmagd, K., Fung, J., Gordon, R., Starzl, T., Van Thiel, D. Transplantation (1992) [Pubmed]
  13. Serum vitamin E, serum selenium and the risk of gastrointestinal cancer. Knekt, P., Aromaa, A., Maatela, J., Alfthan, G., Aaran, R.K., Teppo, L., Hakama, M. Int. J. Cancer (1988) [Pubmed]
  14. Association between NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQ01) inactivating C609T polymorphism and adenocarcinoma of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Sarbia, M., Bitzer, M., Siegel, D., Ross, D., Schulz, W.A., Zotz, R.B., Kiel, S., Geddert, H., Kandemir, Y., Walter, A., Willers, R., Gabbert, H.E. Int. J. Cancer (2003) [Pubmed]
  15. Acute histologic effects of simulated large-volume aspiration of sucralfate into the lungs of rats. Shepherd, K.E., Faulkner, C.S., Leiter, J.C. Crit. Care Med. (1990) [Pubmed]
  16. Phase II trial of carboplatin and vinblastine in adenocarcinoma of the stomach. Ginn, D., Kelsen, D., Eisenberger, M., Heelan, R., Magill, G. Investigational new drugs. (1990) [Pubmed]
  17. Thermic effect of food during each phase of the menstrual cycle. Tai, M.M., Castillo, T.P., Pi-Sunyer, F.X. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1997) [Pubmed]
  18. In vitro evaluation of dexamethasone-beta-D-glucuronide for colon-specific drug delivery. Haeberlin, B., Rubas, W., Nolen, H.W., Friend, D.R. Pharm. Res. (1993) [Pubmed]
  19. Influence of orally and rectally administered propionate on cholesterol and glucose metabolism in obese rats. Berggren, A.M., Nyman, E.M., Lundquist, I., Björck, I.M. Br. J. Nutr. (1996) [Pubmed]
  20. Gastric compliance in bulimia nervosa. Zimmerli, E.J., Walsh, B.T., Guss, J.L., Devlin, M.J., Kissileff, H.R. Physiol. Behav. (2006) [Pubmed]
  21. Motilin--an update. Fox, J.E. Life Sci. (1984) [Pubmed]
  22. Effects of acetaldehyde on cell regeneration and differentiation of the upper gastrointestinal tract mucosa. Homann, N., Kärkkäinen, P., Koivisto, T., Nosova, T., Jokelainen, K., Salaspuro, M. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. (1997) [Pubmed]
  23. Sucrose: a novel permeability marker for gastroduodenal disease. Meddings, J.B., Sutherland, L.R., Byles, N.I., Wallace, J.L. Gastroenterology (1993) [Pubmed]
  24. Identification of a novel neuromedin U receptor subtype expressed in the central nervous system. Shan, L., Qiao, X., Crona, J.H., Behan, J., Wang, S., Laz, T., Bayne, M., Gustafson, E.L., Monsma, F.J., Hedrick, J.A. J. Biol. Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
  25. Ascorbic acid and total vitamin C concentrations in plasma, gastric juice, and gastrointestinal mucosa: effects of gastritis and oral supplementation. Waring, A.J., Drake, I.M., Schorah, C.J., White, K.L., Lynch, D.A., Axon, A.T., Dixon, M.F. Gut (1996) [Pubmed]
  26. Upper gastrointestinal tract safety of risedronate: a pooled analysis of 9 clinical trials. Taggart, H., Bolognese, M.A., Lindsay, R., Ettinger, M.P., Mulder, H., Josse, R.G., Roberts, A., Zippel, H., Adami, S., Ernst, T.F., Stevens, K.P. Mayo Clin. Proc. (2002) [Pubmed]
  27. Activation of human adenylate cyclase in the upper gastrointestinal tract by vasoactive intestinal polypeptide. Simon, B., Kather, H. Gastroenterology (1978) [Pubmed]
  28. Intraileal capsaicin inhibits gastrointestinal contractions via a neural reflex in conscious dogs. Shibata, C., Jin, X.L., Naito, H., Matsuno, S., Sasaki, I. Gastroenterology (2002) [Pubmed]
  29. Where do all the tablets go? Evans, K.T., Roberts, G.M. Lancet (1976) [Pubmed]
  30. Localization of cholecystokinin A and cholecystokinin B-gastrin receptors in the human stomach. Reubi, J.C., Waser, B., Läderach, U., Stettler, C., Friess, H., Halter, F., Schmassmann, A. Gastroenterology (1997) [Pubmed]
  31. Chemical coding of the human gastrointestinal nervous system: cholinergic, VIPergic, and catecholaminergic phenotypes. Anlauf, M., Schäfer, M.K., Eiden, L., Weihe, E. J. Comp. Neurol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  32. Identification of a human gastrointestinal tract and immune system receptor for the peptide neuromedin U. Hedrick, J.A., Morse, K., Shan, L., Qiao, X., Pang, L., Wang, S., Laz, T., Gustafson, E.L., Bayne, M., Monsma, F.J. Mol. Pharmacol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  33. New therapeutic approach to corrosive burns of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Di Costanzo, J., Noirclerc, M., Jouglard, J., Escoffier, J.M., Cano, N., Martin, J., Gauthier, A. Gut (1980) [Pubmed]
  34. Principles of feeding cancer patients via enteral or parenteral nutrition during radiotherapy. Fietkau, R. Strahlentherapie und Onkologie : Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et al]. (1998) [Pubmed]
  35. Effects of enteric microbial overgrowth on small intestinal ultrastructure in the rat. Wehman, H.J., Lifshitz, F., Teichberg, S. Am. J. Gastroenterol. (1978) [Pubmed]
  36. Endoscopy and ERCP in the setting of previous upper GI tract surgery. Part II: postsurgical anatomy with alteration of the pancreaticobiliary tree. Feitoza, A.B., Baron, T.H. Gastrointest. Endosc. (2002) [Pubmed]
  37. Topical prostaglandin E2 in the treatment of acute upper gastrointestinal tract hemorrhage. A prospective, randomized, double-blind study. Levine, B.A., Sirinek, K.R., Gaskill, H.V. Archives of surgery (Chicago, Ill. : 1960) (1985) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities