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MeSH Review

Chironomidae

 
 
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Disease relevance of Chironomidae

  • Acute (10 day) semi-static toxicity tests in which the midge, Chironomus tepperi, were exposed to atrazine and molinate were conducted in laboratory water and in river water, in the absence and presence of sediment [1].
 

High impact information on Chironomidae

 

Chemical compound and disease context of Chironomidae

  • The interacting effects of cadmium toxicity and food limitation on the midge, Chironomus riparius, were studied during chronic exposure in laboratory experiments [7].
  • The fate, distribution, and toxicity of lindane in tests with Chironomus riparius: effects of bioturbation and sediment organic matter content [8].
  • The joint toxicity of esfenvalerate and chlorpyrifos to the fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) and the aquatic midge larvae (Chironomus tentans) was determined using comparisons to independent action (IA) and concentration addition (CA) models [9].
  • The acute toxicity of sulfate to Ceriodaphnia dubia, Chironomus tentans, Hyalella azteca, and Sphaerium simile was assessed to support potential updates of Illinois (USA) sulfate criteria for the protection of aquatic life [10].
  • Toxicity of 4-nonylphenol to Tubifex tubifex and Chironomus riparius in 28-day whole-sediment tests [11].
 

Biological context of Chironomidae

 

Anatomical context of Chironomidae

  • Here, we visualize the assembly and transport of a specific mRNP particle, the Balbiani ring mRNP in the dipteran Chironomus tentans, and show that a Dbp5 homologue in C.tentans, Ct-Dbp5, binds to pre-mRNP co-transcriptionally and accompanies the mRNP to and through the nuclear pores and into the cytoplasm [17].
  • Unexpected homology between inducible cell wall protein QID74 of filamentous fungi and BR3 salivary protein of the insect Chironomus [18].
  • Here, we report that essentially the entire pool of HMG1 proteins in Drosophila embryos and Chironomus cultured cells is phosphorylated at multiple serine residues located within acidic tails of these proteins [19].
  • A tritium compound with low molecular weight and diameter, N-succinimidyl-[2,3-3H]-propionate (3H-NSP), was used to label histones and nonhistone proteins from calf thymus, and nuclear and total salivary gland proteins from larvae of the midge Chironomus thummi [20].
  • We have purified and characterised an apparently novel nuclear 42-kDa casein kinase from epithelial cells of Chironomus tentans which comigrates with a phosphoprotein associated with transcriptionally active salivary gland genes [21].
 

Associations of Chironomidae with chemical compounds

  • Transcription of the Balbiani ring (BR) genes of the dipteran Chironomus tentans was inhibited by teh nucleoside analogue DRB (5,6-dichloro-1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl benzimidazole) [22].
  • The activity of Chironomus RNA is sensitive to u.v. irradiation with low fluence affecting less than 2% of the pyrimidine bases [23].
  • 0. Such an effect is not observed in A. limacina myoglobin (in the absence of the acetate/acetic acid mixture) and Chironomus thummi thummi erythrocruorin [24].
  • Resonance Raman spectroscopy has been employed to detect the iron-proximal histidine stretching mode in deoxyhemoglobins from insect larvae of Chironomus thummi thummi (CTT) [25].
  • In the cells of the midge Chironomus, almost all of the HMGA protein (cHMGA) is phosphorylated by CK2 at two adjacent sites [26].
 

Gene context of Chironomidae

 

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Chironomidae

  • When protein extracts of Chironomus tentans salivary gland nuclei were probed on Western blots with anti-C23 antibody the predominant cross-reacting species was a 110-kDa polypeptide which had an electrophoretic mobility similar to that of protein C23 [31].
  • 5 S RNA of Chironomus thummi larvae was purified from total phenol extracted RNA by gel filtration and labelled to about 10(7) dpm/mug with carrier-free iodine-125 [32].
  • Inequivalent conformational response of Chironomus hemoglobins to ligation with O2 and CO. A circular-dichrosim and infrared-spectroscopic study [33].
  • The development of allergen during metamorphosis of chironomids, Chironomus yoshimatsui and Tokunagayusurika akamusi, was studied by means of ELISA inhibition with pooled serum containing high titer of specific IgE to each adult midge [34].
  • Molecular cloning and characterization of tropomyosin, a major allergen of Chironomus kiiensis, a dominant species of nonbiting midges in Korea [35].

References

  1. The toxicity and bioavailability of atrazine and molinate to Chironomus tepperi larvae in laboratory and river water in the presence and absence of sediment. Phyu, Y.L., Warne, M.S., Lim, R.P. Chemosphere (2005) [Pubmed]
  2. Presence of histone H1 on an active Balbiani ring gene. Ericsson, C., Grossbach, U., Björkroth, B., Daneholt, B. Cell (1990) [Pubmed]
  3. Balbiani ring 6 gene in Chironomus tentans: a diverged member of the Balbiani ring gene family. Lendahl, U., Wieslander, L. Cell (1984) [Pubmed]
  4. A variant tandemly repeated nucleotide sequence in Balbiani ring 2 of Chironomus tentans. Case, S.T., Summers, R.L., Jones, A.G. Cell (1983) [Pubmed]
  5. Quantitation of turnover and export to the cytoplasm of hnRNA transcribed in the Balbiani rings. Egyházi, E. Cell (1976) [Pubmed]
  6. Three-dimensional structure of a specific pre-messenger RNP particle established by electron microscope tomography. Skoglund, U., Andersson, K., Strandberg, B., Daneholt, B. Nature (1986) [Pubmed]
  7. Chronic toxicity of cadmium to Chironomus riparius (Diptera: Chironomidae) at different food levels. Postma, J.F., Buckert-de Jong, M.C., Staats, N., Davids, C. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  8. The fate, distribution, and toxicity of lindane in tests with Chironomus riparius: effects of bioturbation and sediment organic matter content. Goedkoop, W., Peterson, M. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. (2003) [Pubmed]
  9. Joint toxicity of chlorpyrifos and esfenvalerate to fathead minnows and midge larvae. Belden, J.B., Lydy, M.J. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. (2006) [Pubmed]
  10. Effects of hardness, chloride, and acclimation on the acute toxicity of sulfate to freshwater invertebrates. Soucek, D.J., Kennedy, A.J. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. (2005) [Pubmed]
  11. Toxicity of 4-nonylphenol to Tubifex tubifex and Chironomus riparius in 28-day whole-sediment tests. Bettinetti, R., Provini, A. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. (2002) [Pubmed]
  12. Hrp59, an hnRNP M protein in Chironomus and Drosophila, binds to exonic splicing enhancers and is required for expression of a subset of mRNAs. Kiesler, E., Hase, M.E., Brodin, D., Visa, N. J. Cell Biol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  13. Kinetic analysis of uptake and phosphorylation of 5,6-dichlororibofuranosylbenzimidazole (DRB) by salivary gland cells of Chironomus tentans. Egyházi, E., Ossoinak, A., Holst, M., Rosendahl, K., Tayip, U. J. Biol. Chem. (1980) [Pubmed]
  14. DNA replications in Chironomus polytene chromosomes during treatment with ethanol. Lönn, U. J. Cell. Sci. (1981) [Pubmed]
  15. A p50-like Y-box protein with a putative translational role becomes associated with pre-mRNA concomitant with transcription. Soop, T., Nashchekin, D., Zhao, J., Sun, X., Alzhanova-Ericsson, A.T., Björkroth, B., Ovchinnikov, L., Daneholt, B. J. Cell. Sci. (2003) [Pubmed]
  16. Site-specific insertion of a SINE-like element, Cp1, into centromeric tandem repeats from Chironomus pallidivittatus. Liao, C., Rovira, C., He, H., Edström, J.E. J. Mol. Biol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  17. The mRNA export factor Dbp5 is associated with Balbiani ring mRNP from gene to cytoplasm. Zhao, J., Jin, S.B., Björkroth, B., Wieslander, L., Daneholt, B. EMBO J. (2002) [Pubmed]
  18. Unexpected homology between inducible cell wall protein QID74 of filamentous fungi and BR3 salivary protein of the insect Chironomus. Rey, M., Ohno, S., Pintor-Toro, J.A., Llobell, A., Benitez, T. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1998) [Pubmed]
  19. Constitutive phosphorylation of the acidic tails of the high mobility group 1 proteins by casein kinase II alters their conformation, stability, and DNA binding specificity. Wiśniewski, J.R., Szewczuk, Z., Petry, I., Schwanbeck, R., Renner, U. J. Biol. Chem. (1999) [Pubmed]
  20. Protein labelling with 3H-NSP (N-succinimidyl-[2,3-3H]propionate). Müller, G.H. J. Cell. Sci. (1980) [Pubmed]
  21. A novel nuclear 42-kDa casein kinase identified in Chironomus tentans. Stigare, J., Kovacs, J., Buddelmeijer, N., Egyhazi, E. FEBS Lett. (1992) [Pubmed]
  22. Packing of a specific gene into higher order structures following repression of RNA synthesis. Andersson, K., Björkroth, B., Daneholt, B. J. Cell Biol. (1984) [Pubmed]
  23. Anterior determinants in embryos of Chironomus samoensis: characterization by rescue bioassay. Elbetieha, A., Kalthoff, K. Development (1988) [Pubmed]
  24. Kinetics of carbon monoxide binding to monomeric hemoproteins. Role of the proximal histidine. Coletta, M., Ascenzi, P., Traylor, T.G., Brunori, M. J. Biol. Chem. (1985) [Pubmed]
  25. Iron-histidine stretching vibration in the deoxy state of insect hemoglobins with different O2 affinities and Bohr effects. Kerr, E.A., Yu, N.T., Gersonde, K., Parish, D.W., Smith, K.M. J. Biol. Chem. (1985) [Pubmed]
  26. Consecutive steps of phosphorylation affect conformation and DNA binding of the chironomus high mobility group A protein. Schwanbeck, R., Gymnopoulos, M., Petry, I., Piekiełko, A., Szewczuk, Z., Heyduk, T., Zechel, K., Wiśniewski, J.R. J. Biol. Chem. (2001) [Pubmed]
  27. A nuclear cap-binding complex binds Balbiani ring pre-mRNA cotranscriptionally and accompanies the ribonucleoprotein particle during nuclear export. Visa, N., Izaurralde, E., Ferreira, J., Daneholt, B., Mattaj, I.W. J. Cell Biol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  28. nanos is an evolutionarily conserved organizer of anterior-posterior polarity. Curtis, D., Apfeld, J., Lehmann, R. Development (1995) [Pubmed]
  29. Developmental effects of a chimeric ultraspiracle gene derived from Drosophila and Chironomus. Henrich, V.C., Vogtli, M.E., Antoniewski, C., Spindler-Barth, M., Przibilla, S., Noureddine, M., Lezzi, M. Genesis (2000) [Pubmed]
  30. Functional characterization of two Ultraspiracle forms (CtUSP-1 and CtUSP-2) from Chironomus tentans. Vögtli, M., Imhof, M.O., Brown, N.E., Rauch, P., Spindler-Barth, M., Lezzi, M., Henrich, V.C. Insect Biochem. Mol. Biol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  31. Effects of anti-C23 (nucleolin) antibody on transcription of ribosomal DNA in Chironomus salivary gland cells. Egyhazi, E., Pigon, A., Chang, J.H., Ghaffari, S.H., Dreesen, T.D., Wellman, S.E., Case, S.T., Olson, M.O. Exp. Cell Res. (1988) [Pubmed]
  32. RNA, RIBOSOMAL/*BIOSYNon of ribosomal 5S RNA genes in Chironomus thummi by in situ hybridization of iodinated 5S RNA. Bäumlein, H., Wobus, U. Chromosoma (1976) [Pubmed]
  33. Inequivalent conformational response of Chironomus hemoglobins to ligation with O2 and CO. A circular-dichrosim and infrared-spectroscopic study. Wollmer, A., Steffens, G., Buse, G. Eur. J. Biochem. (1977) [Pubmed]
  34. Developmental change of chironomid allergen during metamorphosis. Matsuoka, H., Ishii, A., Kimura, J.Y., Noono, S. Allergy (1990) [Pubmed]
  35. Molecular cloning and characterization of tropomyosin, a major allergen of Chironomus kiiensis, a dominant species of nonbiting midges in Korea. Jeong, K.Y., Yum, H.Y., Lee, I.Y., Ree, H.I., Hong, C.S., Kim, D.S., Yong, T.S. Clin. Diagn. Lab. Immunol. (2004) [Pubmed]
 
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