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MeSH Review

Azygos Vein

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Disease relevance of Azygos Vein


High impact information on Azygos Vein


Chemical compound and disease context of Azygos Vein


Biological context of Azygos Vein


Anatomical context of Azygos Vein


Associations of Azygos Vein with chemical compounds

  • In conclusion, the findings indicate that, in the basal state, the tissues drained by the azygos vein utilize both glucose and FFA [15].
  • However, the calibre of the azygos vein gave a strong correlation in these two methods (0.82) [10].

Gene context of Azygos Vein

  • Partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the azygos vein with atrial septal defect [16].
  • The staining was characteristically noted in the paraaortic nodes and the nodes around the hemiazygos vein in cases of left adrenal NB, and in the paracaval nodes and the nodes around the azygos vein in cases of right adrenal NB [17].
  • Serum p53 antibodies in drainage blood from the azygos vein in patients with esophageal carcinoma [18].
  • After EVL-PSE, the flow rate and velocity of MPV was significantly reduced (P<0.05), as well as the flow rate of the LGV and azygos vein [19].
  • The normal mouse is expected to have a single and left-sided azygos vein that develops from the paired embryonic cardinal venous system and drains most of the right and left thoracic walls into the left anterior vena cava [20].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Azygos Vein


  1. Plasma level of transforming growth factor beta1 measured from the azygos vein predicts prognosis in patients with esophageal cancer. Fukuchi, M., Miyazaki, T., Fukai, Y., Nakajima, M., Sohda, M., Masuda, N., Manda, R., Tsukada, K., Kato, H., Kuwano, H. Clin. Cancer Res. (2004) [Pubmed]
  2. Effects of propranolol and nitroglycerin on cephalad collateral venous flow in patients with cirrhosis: evaluation using transesophageal real-time two-dimensional Doppler echography. Sukigara, M., Shimoji, K., Ohata, M., Matsumoto, T., Komazaki, T., Matsumura, M., Itoh, S., Omoto, R. Am. J. Gastroenterol. (1988) [Pubmed]
  3. Leiomyosarcoma of the superior vena cava and azygos vein. Levett, J.M., Meffert, W.G., Strong, W.W., Hass, A.C., Macke, R.A., Berg, G.G., Nelson, M.A., Ghosh, C. Ann. Thorac. Surg. (1995) [Pubmed]
  4. Intracardiac leiomyomatosis: echocardiographic features. Kullo, I.J., Oh, J.K., Keeney, G.L., Khandheria, B.K., Seward, J.B. Chest (1999) [Pubmed]
  5. Congenital systemic arteriovenous fistula between the descending aorta, azygos vein, and superior vena cava. Soler, P., Mehta, A.V., Garcia, O.L., Kaiser, G., Tamer, D. Chest (1981) [Pubmed]
  6. Systemic hemodynamics and serum nitrate levels in patients undergoing endoscopic variceal ligation. Yokoyama, M., Shijo, H., Ota, K., Kubara, K., Kokawa, H., Kim, T., Akiyoshi, N., Okumura, M., Inoue, K. Hepatology (1996) [Pubmed]
  7. Plasma catecholamine concentrations are a reliable index of sympathetic vascular tone in patients with cirrhosis. Braillon, A., Gaudin, C., Poo, J.L., Moreau, R., Debaene, B., Lebrec, D. Hepatology (1992) [Pubmed]
  8. Digital subtraction angiography in patients with transposition of the great arteries after surgical repair. Chung, K.J., Hesselink, J.R., Chernoff, H.L., Kreidberg, M.B., Cleveland, R.J. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. (1985) [Pubmed]
  9. Regional sympathetic activity, severity of liver disease and hemodynamics in patients with cirrhosis. Gaudin, C., Braillon, A., Poo, J.L., Moreau, R., Hadengue, A., Lebrec, D. J. Hepatol. (1991) [Pubmed]
  10. Comparison of breath-hold 2D phase-contrast with non breath-hold cine phase-contrast MRA in the assessment of azygos venous blood flow in portal hypertension. Ng, W.H., Chan, Y.L., Sung, J.Y., Lee, Y.T., Lee, S.F., Chung, S.S. Magma (New York, N.Y.) (2004) [Pubmed]
  11. Systemic and hepatic hemodynamics in hepatosplenic Manson's schistosomiasis with and without propranolol. Mies, S., Neto, O.B., Beer, A., Baía, C.E., Alfieri, F., Pereira, L.M., Sette, M.J., Raia, S. Dig. Dis. Sci. (1997) [Pubmed]
  12. Dilatation of the azygos vein simulating a mediastinal tumour. Siddorn, J.A., Worsornu, L. Thorax (1979) [Pubmed]
  13. Nitrate kinetics in patients with compensated cirrhosis: correlation with hemodynamics. Shijo, H., Yokoyama, M., Ota, K., Kokawa, H., Kubara, K., Kim, T., Akiyoshi, N., Okumura, M., Inoue, K. Am. J. Gastroenterol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  14. Resting state block and use independence of rat vascular muscle Ca++ channels by Ro 40-5967. Mishra, S.K., Hermsmeyer, K. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (1994) [Pubmed]
  15. Blood flow, substrate utilization and heat generation in tissues drained by the azygos vein in man. Brundin, T., Hagenfeldt, L., Söderberg, R., Wahren, J. Clinical physiology (Oxford, England) (1987) [Pubmed]
  16. Partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection to the azygos vein with atrial septal defect. Mullen, J.C., Razzouk, A.J., Williams, W.G., Moës, C.A., Freedom, R.M. Ann. Thorac. Surg. (1991) [Pubmed]
  17. Lymphatic drainage of adrenal neuroblastoma. Tokiwa, K., Nakamura, K., Ogita, S., Iwai, N., Hagiwara, A., Takahashi, T. J. Pediatr. Surg. (1993) [Pubmed]
  18. Serum p53 antibodies in drainage blood from the azygos vein in patients with esophageal carcinoma. Kato, H., Nakajima, M., Fukuchi, M., Miyazaki, T., Manda, R., Kimura, H., Faried, A., Sohda, M., Fukai, Y., Masuda, N., Tsukada, K., Kuwano, H. Anticancer Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
  19. Therapeutic effects of endoscopic variceal ligation combined with partial splenic embolization for portal hypertension. Xu, R.Y., Liu, B., Lin, N. World J. Gastroenterol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  20. Genetically determined variation in the azygos vein in the mouse. Biddle, F.G., Jung, J.D., Eales, B.A. Teratology (1991) [Pubmed]
  21. Anomalous inferior vena cava with azygos continuation, dysgenesis of lung, and clinically suspected absence of left pericardium. Matsuoka, T., Kimura, F., Sugiyama, K., Nagata, N., Takatani, O. Chest (1990) [Pubmed]
  22. Mediastinal granuloma and fibrosing mediastinitis. Dines, D.E., Payne, W.S., Bernatz, P.E., Pairolero, P.C. Chest (1979) [Pubmed]
  23. Anomalous left brachiocephalic vein: spiral CT and angiographic findings. Kim, H.J., Kim, H.S., Lee, G. Journal of computer assisted tomography. (1994) [Pubmed]
  24. Simultaneous occurrence of a thyromediastinal muscle, a truncus bicaroticobrachialis, and a left superior vena cava. Barbaix, E., Kerckaert, I., D'herde, K., Depreter, M., Espeel, M. Clinical anatomy (New York, N.Y.) (2003) [Pubmed]
  25. Isolated anomalous inferior vena cava with azygos drainage. Ramsaran, E.K., Filiberti, A.W., Spodick, D.H. Cardiology (1995) [Pubmed]
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