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Gene Review

MFCON  -  Muscle fat content

Sus scrofa

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Disease relevance of TOTLIPID

  • The difference in TL values between cord regions with and without hemorrhage was not significant (P > 0.1) [1].

High impact information on TOTLIPID

  • Splenic T cells from lipid Ag-immunized guinea pigs showed strong proliferative responses to total lipid Ags and partially purified glycolipid fractions from M. tuberculosis [2].
  • NeuGcGM3 (700 nmol/g [dry weight] of intestine) was found to be the predominant enterocyte ganglioside (comprising 75% of the total lipid-bound sialic acid) in neonatal piglets, followed by NeuAcGM3 (200 nmol/g [dry weight] of intestine) [3].
  • The effects of a vegetable-oil-based formula containing 30% 18:2n-6 (18:2 omega-6), 0.8% 18:3n-3, and no n-6 or n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPs) on retina total lipid, ethanolamine phosphoglyceride (EPG), and phosphatidylcholine (PC) fatty acid composition were studied in neonatal piglets [4].
  • Myocyte damage was dependent on the content of total lipid hydroperoxides in both copper-oxidized and AAPH-oxidized LDL [5].
  • The incorporation of n-3 fatty acids (i.e., eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid) occurred within the various phospholipids and neutral lipids without influencing their total lipid content [6].

Biological context of TOTLIPID


Anatomical context of TOTLIPID


Associations of TOTLIPID with chemical compounds

  • Glucose conversion to total lipid or CO2 was unaffected by the presence of purified porcine insulin (0, 10, 100, 1000, and 100,000 microM/ml) [7].
  • The latter cells contained more cholesterol (23% of total lipid) than either the granular cells (18%) or the basal and spinous cells (8%) [17].
  • In spite of this, the polarization ratio of trans-parinaric acid and the fluorescence intensity of merocyanine 540 revealed that a significant lateral phase separation occurred at 20-22 degrees C in the extracted phospholipids, which was smoother in the total lipid fractions and in the native microsomal membranes [12].
  • Therefore, these studies determined the myelin total lipid, phosphatidylethanolamine and plasma and liver phospholipid fatty acids in piglets fed from birth to 15 d with formula containing (g/100 g fatty acids): 18:1, 17 and 18:3(n-3), 0.8; 18:1, 38 and 18:3(n-3), 0.6 fatty acids; or 18:1, 40 and 18:3(n-3), 4; or sow milk [18].
  • Feeding AA resulted in lower linoleic acid (p < 0.05) and higher (p < 0.05) AA in liver total lipid (% wt/wt) and bone FFA (% wt/wt) but no change to DHA [8].

Other interactions of TOTLIPID


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of TOTLIPID

  • As compared to samples from lean pigs, muscles from Iberian pigs showed a higher content of heme iron that may have promoted the generation of higher content of total lipid-derived volatiles during the refrigeration of cooked meat [22].
  • Total lipid from germinal tissue was benzoylated and the product was separated by Florisil and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatographies [23].
  • Total lipid content from longissimus dorsi, semi-membranosus muscle, and heart left ventricular (HLV) samples were extracted with chloroform/methanol and subsequently separated by high performance liquid chromatography [24].
  • 3. The quantities of total lipid (TL), acid-detergent fibre (ADF) and volatile fatty acids (VFA) passing through the re-entrant cannulas and excreted in the faeces in 24 h were measured [25].
  • It was also shown that when dextran solution or dextran solution with addition of Intralipid to the same concentration as the total lipid concentration in blood, were used as perfusion medium, there was no placental transport of the chlorobiphenyl [26].


  1. Spinal cord lipid levels in a porcine model of spinal cord decompression sickness. Sharpe, R.P., Broome, J.R. Undersea & hyperbaric medicine : journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc. (1997) [Pubmed]
  2. Induction of CD1-restricted immune responses in guinea pigs by immunization with mycobacterial lipid antigens. Hiromatsu, K., Dascher, C.C., LeClair, K.P., Sugita, M., Furlong, S.T., Brenner, M.B., Porcelli, S.A. J. Immunol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  3. Structure and function of a ganglioside receptor for porcine rotavirus. Rolsma, M.D., Kuhlenschmidt, T.B., Gelberg, H.B., Kuhlenschmidt, M.S. J. Virol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  4. Retina fatty acid composition of piglets fed from birth with a linoleic acid-rich vegetable-oil formula for infants. Hrboticky, N., MacKinnon, M.J., Innis, S.M. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1991) [Pubmed]
  5. Oxidized LDL induces ventricular myocyte damage and abnormal electrical activity--role of lipid hydroperoxides. Zorn-Pauly, K., Schaffer, P., Pelzmann, B., Bernhart, E., Wei, G., Lang, P., Ledinski, G., Greilberger, J., Koidl, B., Jürgens, G. Cardiovasc. Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
  6. Effects of a high n-3 fatty acid diet on membrane lipid composition of heart and skeletal muscle in normal swine and in swine with the genetic mutation for malignant hyperthermia. Otten, W., Iaizzo, P.A., Eichinger, H.M. J. Lipid Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
  7. Effects of cell size and animal age on glucose metabolism in pig adipose tissue. Etherton, T.D., Aberle, E.D., Thompson, E.H., Allen, C.E. J. Lipid Res. (1981) [Pubmed]
  8. Dietary supplementation of arachidonic acid is associated with higher whole body weight and bone mineral density in growing pigs. Weiler, H.A. Pediatr. Res. (2000) [Pubmed]
  9. Effects of intraperitoneally administered lipoic acid, vitamin E, and linalool on the level of total lipid and fatty acids in guinea pig brain with oxidative stress induced by H2O2. Celik, S., Ozkaya, A. J. Biochem. Mol. Biol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  10. Effects of drag reducing polymer on atherosclerosis. Ertepinar, H., Süzen, B., Ozoran, A., Ozoran, Y., Ceylan, S., Yeginoglu, G., Uremek, G. Biorheology. (1990) [Pubmed]
  11. Lipid analysis of skeletal muscle from pigs susceptible to malignant hyperthermia. Fletcher, J.E., Rosenberg, H., Michaux, K., Cheah, K.S., Cheah, A.M. Biochem. Cell Biol. (1988) [Pubmed]
  12. The influence of fatty acid unsaturation and physical properties of microsomal membrane phospholipids on UDP-glucuronyltransferase activity. Castuma, C.E., Brenner, R.R. Biochem. J. (1989) [Pubmed]
  13. Chemical analysis of organotypic cultures of mouse spinal cord in normal, demyelinative, and nondemyelinative conditions. Roth, G.A., Yu, R.K., Bornstein, M.B. J. Neurochem. (1983) [Pubmed]
  14. Effect of polyunsaturated fatty acids and phospholipids on [3H]-vitamin E incorporation into pulmonary artery endothelial cell membranes. Sekharam, K.M., Patel, J.M., Block, E.R. J. Cell. Physiol. (1990) [Pubmed]
  15. Lipid content and water permeability of skin and oral mucosa. Squier, C.A., Cox, P., Wertz, P.W. J. Invest. Dermatol. (1991) [Pubmed]
  16. Effect of nitrogen dioxide on surface membrane fluidity and insulin receptor binding of pulmonary endothelial cells. Patel, J.M., Edwards, D.A., Block, E.R., Raizada, M.K. Biochem. Pharmacol. (1988) [Pubmed]
  17. Different populations of pig epidermal cells: isolation and lipid composition. Gray, G.M., Yardley, H.J. J. Lipid Res. (1975) [Pubmed]
  18. Oleic acid (18:1) in plasma, liver and brain myelin lipid of piglets fed from birth with formulas differing in 18:1 content. Rioux, F.M., Innis, S.M. J. Nutr. (1992) [Pubmed]
  19. Correlations among selected pork quality traits. Huff-Lonergan, E., Baas, T.J., Malek, M., Dekkers, J.C., Prusa, K., Rothschild, M.F. J. Anim. Sci. (2002) [Pubmed]
  20. Porcine leptin inhibits lipogenesis in porcine adipocytes. Ramsay, T.G. J. Anim. Sci. (2003) [Pubmed]
  21. Reconstitution of a protein into lipid vesicles using natural detergents. Christiansen, K., Carlsen, J. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1983) [Pubmed]
  22. Analysis of volatiles in meat from Iberian pigs and lean pigs after refrigeration and cooking by using SPME-GC-MS. Estévez, M., Morcuende, D., Ventanas, S., Cava, R. J. Agric. Food Chem. (2003) [Pubmed]
  23. Micro-scale determination of seminolipid by high performance liquid chromatography and its application for determination of the seminolipid content in boar spermatozoa. Suzuki, A., Handa, S., Ishizuka, I., Yamakawa, T. J. Biochem. (1977) [Pubmed]
  24. Malignant hyperthermia: an altered phospholipid and fatty acid composition in muscle membranes. Seewald, M.J., Eichinger, H.M., Iaizzo, P.A. Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica. (1991) [Pubmed]
  25. Studies on digestion and absorption in the intestines of growing pigs. 8. Measurements of the flow of total lipid, acid-detergent fibre and volatile fatty acids. Sambrook, I.E. Br. J. Nutr. (1979) [Pubmed]
  26. Influence of albumin concentration in the foetal circulation on the placental transfer of 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl in the guinea pig. Kihlström, I. Acta pharmacologica et toxicologica. (1982) [Pubmed]
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