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MeSH Review

Day Care

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Disease relevance of Day Care


Psychiatry related information on Day Care


High impact information on Day Care

  • The positive association between measles and atopy was evident at all ages, in both urban and rural dwellers, and among subjects with many or few contacts at home or in day care [7].
  • SETTING: Ten day care centers for children of US Navy personnel in San Diego, Calif. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 149 day care attendees (aged 24-60 months) and their families were randomized; 127 children and their 328 household contacts received 2 vaccine doses and were included in the analysis [8].
  • In three of these disagreements (effect of day care on IQ, discontinuation of antidepressants, risperidone versus typical antipsychotics for schizophrenia), the smaller trials showed greater effect sizes than the large trials [9].
  • The cortisol stress response was greater in infants of mothers with allergy (P = .045) or asthma (P = .039), those with fewer siblings (P = .066), and those not entering day care early in life (P = .017) [10].
  • The mite allergen level was less than 0.1 microg/gm at home, and he did not attend a day-care center [11].

Chemical compound and disease context of Day Care


Biological context of Day Care

  • CONCLUSIONS--These results indicate an increased risk of IDDM associated with early dietary exposure to cow's milk-containing formula, short duration of exclusive breast-feeding, high intake of cow's milk protein in the recent diet, recent infection, and early attendance at day care [17].
  • Specific environmental exposures within day care, such as the presence of pets or having a rug or carpet in the area where children sleep, may increase the risk of recurrent ear infections in the first year of life among children with familial history of atopy who attend day care [18].
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that among children with a parental history of atopy the protective effect of day care attendance in early life against the development of atopy has begun by 2 years of age, and that a protective effect of day care attendance in early life against wheezing may not be observed until after 4 years of age [19].
  • Factors that increase frequency of the infection include young age, multiple gestation, family history of atopy, lack of parental education, household crowding, older school-age siblings, lack of breast feeding, day-care attendance, passive smoke exposure, and discharge from a neonatal intensive care unit between September and December [20].
  • Sex differences in behaviour pattern and catecholamine and cortisol excretion in 3-6 year old day-care children [21].

Anatomical context of Day Care


Associations of Day Care with chemical compounds

  • Vitamin A status was determined using fasting plasma levels and the relative dose response (RDR) procedure before and 30, 120, and 180 days after administration of an oral massive (200,000 IU) dose of vitamin A. The study was carried out in Recife, Brazil among 93 children of 7 yr or less from low income families who attended two day-care programs [24].
  • Ampicillin-resistant H. parainfluenzae was more frequently found in children from three to four years of age (88%) or in those who attended day-care programs (97%) and less frequently in older children and parents (33%) [25].
  • The Sentinel Counties studies of the Centers for Disease Control in the US have identified a number of factors associated with the acquisition of HAV, including household members, homosexual men, children and caretakers in day-care facilities who come into contact with individuals who are incubating or in the early phases of HAV infection [26].
  • Isolates of S. pneumoniae relatively resistant (MIC greater than or equal to 0.125 micrograms/mL) to penicillin G, amoxicillin, or cefuroxime accounted for 8% of isolates from the hospital and 11.9% of episodes of nasopharyngeal colonization in children in day care [27].
  • The prevalence of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMZ) resistance was 11.5% in isolates from the hospital, whereas 30.0% of episodes of nasopharyngeal carriage of S. pneumoniae studied in day care children included TMP-SMZ-resistant isolates [27].

Gene context of Day Care

  • The genes for both Shiga toxins I and II (stx1 and stx2, respectively) were detected in all but one isolate (sporadic case), and Shiga toxin production by the day care center isolates was not significantly different from that of the other isolates, including the three HUS-associated isolates [28].
  • METHOD: Sixteen of 22 children with ADHD and comorbid disruptive disorder completed a randomized, placebo-controlled study examining the separate and incremental effects of 2 doses of MPH and BMOD during a partial hospitalization program [29].
  • METHODS: Drugs used by patients attending four specialist palliative day care centres were reviewed to identify combinations that could result in a pharmacokinetic interaction via any of the five main human forms of CYP [30].
  • METHODS: A prospective study was conducted of 80 consecutive persons with RA, recruited while participating in a 3-week, rehabilitation day-care programme [31].
  • The outbreak was brought under control with rigorous hygienic measures and the decision to discharge all patients with MRSA from the day-care unit [23].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Day Care


  1. Occupational risk of human parvovirus B19 infection for school and day-care personnel during an outbreak of erythema infectiosum. Gillespie, S.M., Cartter, M.L., Asch, S., Rokos, J.B., Gary, G.W., Tsou, C.J., Hall, D.B., Anderson, L.J., Hurwitz, E.S. JAMA (1990) [Pubmed]
  2. Shigellosis in day-care centres. Weissman, J.B., Gangorosa, E.J., Schmerler, A., Marier, R.L., Lewis, J.N. Lancet (1975) [Pubmed]
  3. Outer-membrane protein subtypes of Haemophilus influenzae type b and spread of disease in day-care centers. Barenkamp, S.J., Granoff, D.M., Munson, R.S. J. Infect. Dis. (1981) [Pubmed]
  4. Children with trimethoprim- and ampicillin-resistant fecal Escherichia coli in day care centers. Reves, R.R., Murray, B.E., Pickering, L.K., Prado, D., Maddock, M., Bartlett, A.V. J. Infect. Dis. (1987) [Pubmed]
  5. Anti-rotavirus G type-specific and isotype-specific antibodies in children with natural rotavirus infections. O'Ryan, M.L., Matson, D.O., Estes, M.K., Pickering, L.K. J. Infect. Dis. (1994) [Pubmed]
  6. Therapeutic drug monitoring of mood stabilizers in Medicaid patients with bipolar disorder. Marcus, S.C., Olfson, M., Pincus, H.A., Zarin, D.A., Kupfer, D.J. The American journal of psychiatry. (1999) [Pubmed]
  7. Measles history and atopic diseases: a population-based cross-sectional study. Paunio, M., Heinonen, O.P., Virtanen, M., Leinikki, P., Patja, A., Peltola, H. JAMA (2000) [Pubmed]
  8. Effectiveness of influenza vaccination of day care children in reducing influenza-related morbidity among household contacts. Hurwitz, E.S., Haber, M., Chang, A., Shope, T., Teo, S., Ginsberg, M., Waecker, N., Cox, N.J. JAMA (2000) [Pubmed]
  9. Comparison of large versus smaller randomized trials for mental health-related interventions. Contopoulos-Ioannidis, D.G., Gilbody, S.M., Trikalinos, T.A., Churchill, R., Wahlbeck, K., Ioannidis, J.P. The American journal of psychiatry. (2005) [Pubmed]
  10. Cortisol circadian rhythms and stress responses in infants at risk of allergic disease. Ball, T.M., Anderson, D., Minto, J., Halonen, M. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  11. Exposure to indoor allergens in early infancy and sensitization. Munir, A.K., Kjellman, N.I., Björkstén, B. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  12. Identification by DNA sequence analysis of a new plasmid-encoded trimethoprim resistance gene in fecal Escherichia coli isolates from children in day-care centers. Singh, K.V., Reves, R.R., Pickering, L.K., Murray, B.E. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (1992) [Pubmed]
  13. Comparative in vitro activities of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, cefuroxime, cephalexin, and cephalothin against trimethoprim-resistant Escherichia coli isolated from stools of children attending day-care centers. Singh, K.V., Reves, R.R., Pickering, L.K., Murray, B.E. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (1990) [Pubmed]
  14. The epidemiology of S. sonnei and S. flexneri in Pima County, Arizona: an exploratory study. McCombie, S.C., Funk, D.B., Browning, J.A., Nolan, P.A. American journal of public health. (1988) [Pubmed]
  15. A multicenter, randomized, open label comparison of azithromycin and amoxicillin/clavulanate in acute otitis media among children attending day care or school. Khurana, C.M. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (1996) [Pubmed]
  16. Outbreak of scarlet fever caused by an erythromycin-resistant Streptococcus pyogenes emm22 genotype strain in a day-care center. Espinosa de los Monteros, L.E., Bustos, I.M., Flores, L.V., Avila-Figueroa, C. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (2001) [Pubmed]
  17. Environmental factors in childhood IDDM. A population-based, case-control study. Verge, C.F., Howard, N.J., Irwig, L., Simpson, J.M., Mackerras, D., Silink, M. Diabetes Care (1994) [Pubmed]
  18. Day care attendance in the first year of life and illnesses of the upper and lower respiratory tract in children with a familial history of atopy. Celedon, J.C., Litonjua, A.A., Weiss, S.T., Gold, D.R. Pediatrics (1999) [Pubmed]
  19. Day care attendance, respiratory tract illnesses, wheezing, asthma, and total serum IgE level in early childhood. Celedón, J.C., Litonjua, A.A., Ryan, L., Weiss, S.T., Gold, D.R. Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine. (2002) [Pubmed]
  20. An update on respiratory syncytial virus epidemiology: a developed country perspective. Law, B.J., Carbonell-Estrany, X., Simoes, E.A. Respiratory medicine. (2002) [Pubmed]
  21. Sex differences in behaviour pattern and catecholamine and cortisol excretion in 3-6 year old day-care children. Lundberg, U. Biological psychology. (1983) [Pubmed]
  22. Endoscopic correction of vesicoureteric reflux in failed reimplanted ureters. Kumar, R., Puri, P. Eur. Urol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  23. An outbreak of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in a dermatology day-care unit. Farrell, A.M., Shanson, D.C., Ross, J.S., Roberts, N.M., Fry, C., Cream, J.J., Staughton, R.C., Bunker, C.B. Clin. Exp. Dermatol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  24. Assessment of marginal vitamin A deficiency in Brazilian children using the relative dose response procedure. Flores, H., Campos, F., Araujo, R.C., Underwood, B.A. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1984) [Pubmed]
  25. Frequency of ampicillin-resistant Haemophilus parainfluenzae in children. Scheifele, D.W., Fussell, S.J. J. Infect. Dis. (1981) [Pubmed]
  26. New hepatitis A vaccines and their role in prevention. Strader, D.B., Seeff, L.B. Drugs (1996) [Pubmed]
  27. Nasopharyngeal carriage of antibiotic-resistant pneumococci by children in group day care. Henderson, F.W., Gilligan, P.H., Wait, K., Goff, D.A. J. Infect. Dis. (1988) [Pubmed]
  28. Genomic comparisons and Shiga toxin production among Escherichia coli O157:H7 isolates from a day care center outbreak and sporadic cases in southeastern Wisconsin. Gouveia, S., Proctor, M.E., Lee, M.S., Luchansky, J.B., Kaspar, C.W. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  29. Methylphenidate and behavior modification in children with ADHD and comorbid ODD or CD: main and incremental effects across settings. Kolko, D.J., Bukstein, O.G., Barron, J. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. (1999) [Pubmed]
  30. Potential for drug interactions involving cytochrome P450 in patients attending palliative day care centres: a multicentre audit. Wilcock, A., Thomas, J., Frisby, J., Webster, M., Keeley, V., Finn, G., Fossey, K., Wee, B., Beale, J., Lennard, M.S. British journal of clinical pharmacology. (2005) [Pubmed]
  31. Change in and predictors of leisure activities among patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a prospective study. Wikström, I., Jacobsson, L.T. Scand. J. Rheumatol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  32. Detection of rotaviruses in the day care environment by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Wilde, J., Van, R., Pickering, L., Eiden, J., Yolken, R. J. Infect. Dis. (1992) [Pubmed]
  33. Haemophilus influenzae type b in a day care center: relationship of nasopharyngeal carriage to development of anticapsular antibody. Granoff, D.M., Gilsdorf, J., Gessert, C.E., Lowe, L. Pediatrics (1980) [Pubmed]
  34. Diclofenac for day-care arthroscopy surgery: comparison with a standard opioid therapy. McLoughlin, C., McKinney, M.S., Fee, J.P., Boules, Z. British journal of anaesthesia. (1990) [Pubmed]
  35. A new method for collecting airborne allergens. Parvaneh, S., Elfman, L., Ahlf, E., Nybom, R., Elfman, L.H., van Hage-Hamsten, M. Allergy (2000) [Pubmed]
  36. Reliability and validity of psychomotor tests as measures of recovery from isoflurane or enflurane anesthesia in a day-care surgery unit. Denis, R., Letourneau, J.E., Londorf, D. Anesth. Analg. (1984) [Pubmed]
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