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MeSH Review

Vena Cava, Superior

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Disease relevance of Vena Cava, Superior


High impact information on Vena Cava, Superior


Chemical compound and disease context of Vena Cava, Superior


Biological context of Vena Cava, Superior


Anatomical context of Vena Cava, Superior


Associations of Vena Cava, Superior with chemical compounds

  • Bipolar electrodes were used to record from the atria and thoracic veins, including the vein of Marshall, four PVs, and the superior vena cava [20].
  • OBJECTIVES: To examine the hemodynamic effects of milrinone given prophylactically to very preterm infants at high risk of low superior vena cava (SVC) flow and to investigate the preliminary efficacy and safety of an optimal dose [21].
  • Doses of 15-40 mug/kg injected into the superior vena cava or the right atrium produced depression of the reflex responses in extensor and flexor alpha motoneurons after latent periods of 1-3 sec, while gamma activity was initially accelerated [22].
  • Infants (n = 42) with low superior vena cava (SVC) flow (<41 mL/kg/min) in the first 12 hours were randomly assigned to receive 10 mL/kg normal saline solution, followed by 10 microg/kg/minute of dobutamine or dopamine [23].
  • In the collateral system, the three agonists exhibited approximately 3-fold differences in their relative activities when administered by rapid injection into the superior vena cava, with PGD2 greater than PGF2 alpha greater than histamine [24].

Gene context of Vena Cava, Superior

  • PURPOSE: To identify prognostic or treatment factors influencing the response of superior vena cava obstruction (SVCO), time to SVCO recurrence, and overall survival of SCLC patients with SVCO at presentation; and to assess the role of retreatment in patients with SVCO at recurrent or persistent disease [25].
  • Recurrence of thymoma presenting as a superior vena cava syndrome [26].
  • The lead system included a dual-coil defibrillation lead (Endotak DSP, Guidant) with a distal right ventricular (RV) electrode and a proximal superior vena cava (SVC) electrode, a CS lead (Perimeter, Guidant), and a left pectoral cutaneous electrode (Can) [27].
  • Wilms tumor presenting as superior vena cava syndrome [28].
  • The defibrillation energy is delivered from the RV electrode to the superior vena cava (SVC) electrode and the metallic case (CAN) of the ICD [29].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Vena Cava, Superior


  1. A phase I and pharmacokinetic study with 21-day continuous infusion of epirubicin. de Vries, E.G., Greidanus, J., Mulder, N.H., Nieweg, M.B., Postmus, P.E., Schipper, D.L., Sleijfer, D.T., Uges, D.R., Willemse, P.H. J. Clin. Oncol. (1987) [Pubmed]
  2. Hypofractionated external beam radiotherapy as retreatment for symptomatic non-small-cell lung carcinoma: an effective treatment? Kramer, G.W., Gans, S., Ullmann, E., van Meerbeeck, J.P., Legrand, C.C., Leer, J.W. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. (2004) [Pubmed]
  3. Superior vena cava syndrome caused by systemic lupus erythematosus in a patient with longstanding rheumatoid arthritis. van den Brink, H., Vroom, T.M., van de Laar, M.A., van Soesbergen, R.M., van der Korst, J.K. J. Rheumatol. (1990) [Pubmed]
  4. Non-immune hydrops and superior vena cava syndrome due to diaphragmatic hernia in one twin. Asmal, M., Suri, M., Ruzal-Shapiro, C.B., Baxi, L.V. Fetal. Diagn. Ther. (2004) [Pubmed]
  5. Catheterobronchial fistula due to vena cava superior thrombosis as a late complication of ventriculoatrial shunt. Parízek, J., Nytra, T., Zemánková, M., Eliás, P., Sercl, M., Nĕmecková, J., Jakubec, J. Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery. (1994) [Pubmed]
  6. Effects of transvenous electrode polarity and waveform duration on the relationship between defibrillation threshold and upper limit of vulnerability. Huang, J., KenKnight, B.H., Walcott, G.P., Rollins, D.L., Smith, W.M., Ideker, R.E. Circulation (1997) [Pubmed]
  7. Modification of the Fontan procedure. Superior vena cava to left pulmonary artery connection and inferior vena cava to right pulmonary artery connection with adjustable atrial septal defect. Laks, H., Ardehali, A., Grant, P.W., Permut, L., Aharon, A., Kuhn, M., Isabel-Jones, J., Galindo, A. Circulation (1995) [Pubmed]
  8. Phenothiazine-induced systemic lupus erythematosus with superior vena cava syndrome: case report and review of the literature. Steen, V.D., Ramsey-Goldman, R. Arthritis Rheum. (1988) [Pubmed]
  9. Effect of recainam on the energy required for ventricular defibrillation in dogs as assessed with implanted electrodes. Frame, L.H., Sheldon, J.H. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. (1988) [Pubmed]
  10. Hypocalcemic stimulation and nonselective venous sampling for localizing parathyroid adenomas: work in progress. Doppman, J.L., Skarulis, M.C., Chang, R., Alexander, H.R., Bartlett, D., Libutti, S.K., Marx, S.J., Spiegel, A.M. Radiology. (1998) [Pubmed]
  11. Atrial fibrillation originating from persistent left superior vena cava. Hsu, L.F., Jaïs, P., Keane, D., Wharton, J.M., Deisenhofer, I., Hocini, M., Shah, D.C., Sanders, P., Scavée, C., Weerasooriya, R., Clémenty, J., Haïssaguerre, M. Circulation (2004) [Pubmed]
  12. The in utero left ventricle of the fetal sheep: the effects of isoprenaline. Anderson, P.A., Fair, E.C., Killam, A.P., Nassar, R., Mainwaring, R.D., Rosemond, R.L., Whyte, L.M. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (1990) [Pubmed]
  13. Hemodynamic and morphological changes in the dog kidney after injection of 5% ethanolamine oleate into the superior vena cava. Wada, H., Hashizume, M., Yamaga, H., Kitano, S., Sugimachi, K. European surgical research. Europäische chirurgische Forschung. Recherches chirurgicales européennes. (1990) [Pubmed]
  14. Independence of changes in right atrial pressure and central venous pressure. Tkachenko, B.I., Evlakhov, V.I., Poyasov, I.Z. Bull. Exp. Biol. Med. (2002) [Pubmed]
  15. Partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection: diagnosis by transesophageal echocardiography. Ammash, N.M., Seward, J.B., Warnes, C.A., Connolly, H.M., O'Leary, P.W., Danielson, G.K. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  16. Prosthetic replacement for the thoracic vena cava: an experimental study. Fiore, A.C., Brown, J.W., Cromartie, R.S., Ofstein, L.C., Peigh, P.S., Sears, N.S., Deschner, W.P., King, H. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. (1982) [Pubmed]
  17. Differential expression of connexin43 gap junctions in cardiomyocytes isolated from canine thoracic veins. Yeh, H.I., Lai, Y.J., Lee, Y.N., Chen, Y.J., Chen, Y.C., Chen, C.C., Chen, S.A., Lin, C.I., Tsai, C.H. J. Histochem. Cytochem. (2003) [Pubmed]
  18. A regional difference in the distribution of postsynaptic alpha-adrenoceptor subtypes in canine veins. Shoji, T., Tsuru, H., Shigei, T. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch. Pharmacol. (1983) [Pubmed]
  19. Breast varices: imaging findings of an unusual presentation of collateral pathways in superior vena caval syndrome. Ozdemir, A., Ilgit, E.T., Konuş, O.L., Cetin, M., Ozsunar, Y. European journal of radiology. (2000) [Pubmed]
  20. Thoracic vein ablation terminates chronic atrial fibrillation in dogs. Park, A.M., Chou, C.C., Drury, P.C., Okuyama, Y., Peter, A., Hamabe, A., Miyauchi, Y., Kass, R.M., Karagueuzian, H.S., Fishbein, M.C., Lin, S.F., Chen, P.S. Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  21. Pilot study of milrinone for low systemic blood flow in very preterm infants. Paradisis, M., Evans, N., Kluckow, M., Osborn, D., McLachlan, A.J. J. Pediatr. (2006) [Pubmed]
  22. Nicotine-induced reflex depression of alpha motoneuron activity in the absence of fusimotor-spindle feedback. Ginzel, K.H., Estavillo, J., Eldred, E. J. Neurosci. Res. (1975) [Pubmed]
  23. Randomized trial of dobutamine versus dopamine in preterm infants with low systemic blood flow. Osborn, D., Evans, N., Kluckow, M. J. Pediatr. (2002) [Pubmed]
  24. Influence of mediators of anaphylaxis on collateral ventilation and the lung periphery of the dog. Spannhake, E.W., Kadowitz, P.J., Kleeberger, S.R. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (1985) [Pubmed]
  25. Superior vena cava obstruction in small-cell lung cancer. Chan, R.H., Dar, A.R., Yu, E., Stitt, L.W., Whiston, F., Truong, P., Vincent, M.D., Kocha, W.I. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. (1997) [Pubmed]
  26. Recurrence of thymoma presenting as a superior vena cava syndrome. Lefebvre, P., Leleux, A., Philippart, C. Heart (1999) [Pubmed]
  27. Effect of coronary sinus electrode on the optimal atrial defibrillation pathway for an atrioventricular defibrillator. Tse, H.F., Timmermans, C., Rodriguez, L.M., Lau, C.P., Wellens, H.J. J. Cardiovasc. Electrophysiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  28. Wilms tumor presenting as superior vena cava syndrome. Fong, K.W., Lee, A.C., Wong, Y.C., Lee, W.K., Tsui, K.Y. Med. Pediatr. Oncol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  29. A comparison of biventricular and conventional transvenous defibrillation: a computational study using patient derived models. Mocanu, D., Kettenbach, J., Sweeney, M.O., Kikinis, R., Kenknight, B.H., Eisenberg, S.R. Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE. (2004) [Pubmed]
  30. Lung cancer. Frödin, J.E. Acta oncologica (Stockholm, Sweden) (1996) [Pubmed]
  31. Interaction between carotid and cardiopulmonary baroreflexes in control of plasma ADH. Thames, M.D., Schmid, P.G. Am. J. Physiol. (1981) [Pubmed]
  32. Local thrombolytic therapy in superior vena cava syndrome secondary to malignant thymoma: a case report and literature review. Enders, G.C., Sodums, M.T. Catheterization and cardiovascular diagnosis. (1994) [Pubmed]
  33. Sudden cardiac herniation 6 months after right pneumonectomy. Zandberg, F.T., Verbeke, S.J., Snijder, R.J., Dalinghaus, W.H., Roeffel, S.M., Van Swieten, H.A. Ann. Thorac. Surg. (2004) [Pubmed]
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