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Chemical Compound Review

Ligustizine     2,3,5,6-tetramethylpyrazine

Synonyms: Ligustrazine, TMPZ, Tetrapyrazine, Chuanxiongzine, Bs factor, ...
 
 
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Disease relevance of Chuanxiongzine

 

High impact information on Chuanxiongzine

 

Chemical compound and disease context of Chuanxiongzine

 

Biological context of Chuanxiongzine

 

Anatomical context of Chuanxiongzine

 

Associations of Chuanxiongzine with other chemical compounds

 

Gene context of Chuanxiongzine

 

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Chuanxiongzine

References

  1. Tetramethylpyrazine for treatment of experimentally induced stroke in Mongolian gerbils. Ho, W.K., Wen, H.L., Lee, C.M. Stroke (1989) [Pubmed]
  2. In vitro uterine response to tetramethylpyrazine, the active constituent of chung chong (a traditional Chinese medicine). Tuttle, R.S., Marmelstein, L., Trad, T., Reddy, S., Radley, T. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. (1989) [Pubmed]
  3. Tetramethylpyradizine prevents inducible NO synthase expression and improves survival in rodent models of endotoxic shock. Wu, C.C., Liao, M.H., Chen, S.J., Yen, M.H. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch. Pharmacol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  4. Ligustrazine-induced endothelium-dependent relaxation in pulmonary arteries via an NO-mediated and exogenous L-arginine-dependent mechanism. Peng, W., Hucks, D., Priest, R.M., Kan, Y.M., Ward, J.P. Br. J. Pharmacol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  5. Tetramethylpyrazine Attenuates Adriamycin-Induced Apoptotic Injury in Rat Renal Tubular Cells NRK-52E. Cheng, C.Y., Sue, Y.M., Chen, C.H., Hou, C.C., Chan, P., Chu, Y.L., Chen, T.H., Hsu, Y.H. Planta Med. (2006) [Pubmed]
  6. Inhibitory mechanisms of tetramethylpyrazine in middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO)-induced focal cerebral ischemia in rats. Hsiao, G., Chen, Y.C., Lin, J.H., Lin, K.H., Chou, D.S., Lin, C.H., Sheu, J.R. Planta Med. (2006) [Pubmed]
  7. Activation of apical CFTR and basolateral Ca(2+)-activated K+ channels by tetramethylpyrazine in Caco-2 cell line. Zhu, J.X., Zhang, G.H., Yang, N., Rowlands, D.K., Wong, H.Y., Tsang, L.L., Chung, Y.W., Chan, H.C. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  8. The effects of tetramethylpyrazine on the incidence of arrhythmias and the release of PGI2 and TXA2 in the ischemic rat heart. Feng, J., Wu, G., Tang, S. Planta Med. (1999) [Pubmed]
  9. Effects of tetramethylpyrazine on the release of PGI2 and TXA2 in the hypoxic isolated rat heart. Feng, J., Liu, R., Wu, G., Tang, S. Mol. Cell. Biochem. (1997) [Pubmed]
  10. Hemodynamic and nonhemodynamic mechanisms of experimental pulmonary edema in rats and the effects of anisodamine and tetramethylpyrazine--estimation of blood gas analysis, RBC superoxide dismutase and prostaglandin E2 in plasma and bronchoalveolar lavage (Part 3). Dai, S., Cheng, J., Sun, R., Duan, J., Yuan, Q., Sun, Y., Yan, Y., Xue, Q. Chin. Med. Sci. J. (1993) [Pubmed]
  11. Effects of tetramethylpyrazine on heart rate and pupil diameter in rats. Hsu, W.H., Smith, B.E. Zhongguo yao li xue bao = Acta pharmacologica Sinica. (1990) [Pubmed]
  12. Candidates for cognitive enhancer extracted from medicinal plants: paeoniflorin and tetramethylpyrazine. Watanabe, H. Behav. Brain Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
  13. Analogues of tetramethylpyrazine affect membrane fluidity of liposomes: relationship to their biological activities. Nie, S.Q., Majarais, I., Kwan, C.Y., Epand, R.M. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  14. Iron-induced oxidative damage and apoptosis in cerebellar granule cells: attenuation by tetramethylpyrazine and ferulic acid. Zhang, Z., Wei, T., Hou, J., Li, G., Yu, S., Xin, W. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  15. Vascular effects of tetramethylpyrazine: direct interaction with smooth muscle alpha-adrenoceptors. Kwan, C.Y., Gaspar, V., Shi, A.G., Wang, Z.L., Chen, M.C., Ohta, A., Cragoe, E.J., Daniel, E.E. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1991) [Pubmed]
  16. A possible mechanism of action of tetramethylpyrazine on vascular smooth muscle in rat aorta. Wu, C.C., Chiou, W.F., Yen, M.H. Eur. J. Pharmacol. (1989) [Pubmed]
  17. Tetramethylpyrazine inhibits ATP-activated currents in rat dorsal root ganglion neurons. Liang, S.D., Xu, C.S., Zhou, T., Liu, H.Q., Gao, Y., Li, G.L. Brain Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
  18. Protective effects of tetramethylpyrazine on kainate-induced excitotoxicity in hippocampal culture. Shih, Y.H., Wu, S.L., Chiou, W.F., Ku, H.H., Ko, T.L., Fu, Y.S. Neuroreport (2002) [Pubmed]
  19. Differential Cl- and HCO3- mediated anion secretion by different colonic cell types in response to tetromethylpyrazine. Zhu, J.X., Yang, N., He, Q., Tsang, L.L., Zhao, W.C., Chung, Y.W., Chan, H.C. World J. Gastroenterol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  20. Beneficial effects of tetramethylpyrazine, an active constituent of Chinese herbs, on rats with endotoxemia. Liao, M.H., Wu, C.C., Yen, M.H. Proc. Natl. Sci. Counc. Repub. China B (1998) [Pubmed]
  21. Inhibition of cyclic strain-induced endothelin-1 secretion by tetramethylpyrazine. Bi, W.F., Yang, H.Y., Liu, J.C., Cheng, T.H., Chen, C.H., Shih, C.M., Lin, H., Wang, T.C., Lian, W.S., Chen, J.J., Chiu, H.C., Chang, N.C. Clin. Exp. Pharmacol. Physiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  22. Neuroprotection by tetramethylpyrazine against ischemic brain injury in rats. Kao, T.K., Ou, Y.C., Kuo, J.S., Chen, W.Y., Liao, S.L., Wu, C.W., Chen, C.J., Ling, N.N., Zhang, Y.H., Peng, W.H. Neurochem. Int. (2006) [Pubmed]
  23. Analysis of tetramethylpyrazine in Ephedrae herba by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and high-performance liquid chromatography. Lv, K., Li, H., Ding, M. Journal of chromatography. A. (2000) [Pubmed]
  24. Effect of tetramethylpyrazine on P-selectin and hepatic/renal ischemia and reperfusion injury in rats. Chen, J.L., Zhou, T., Chen, W.X., Zhu, J.S., Chen, N.W., Zhang, M.J., Wu, Y.L. World J. Gastroenterol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  25. Protective effect of tetramethylpyrazine on absolute ethanol-induced renal toxicity in mice. Liu, C.F., Lin, M.H., Lin, C.C., Chang, H.W., Lin, S.C. J. Biomed. Sci. (2002) [Pubmed]
 
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