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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review


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Disease relevance of Decontamination


Psychiatry related information on Decontamination


High impact information on Decontamination


Chemical compound and disease context of Decontamination


Biological context of Decontamination


Anatomical context of Decontamination


Associations of Decontamination with chemical compounds


Gene context of Decontamination

  • The polymerase chain reaction-enhanced duck HBV culture system has utility in optimizing photochemical decontamination protocols [28].
  • Culture results were confirmed by a sensitive duckling infectivity assay that indicated that 6.3 log10 of infectious duck HBV had been inactivated by photochemical decontamination [28].
  • Therefore, we investigated the effect of several decontamination techniques on the immunoreactivity and bioactivity of the inflammatory cytokines IL-1beta, IL-6, TNF-alpha, IL-12, and IFN-gamma, the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10, and the chemokine IL-8 in biological specimens [29].
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine the added costs of hygienic measures (barrier precautions, isolation, and decontamination) required for MRSA carriers in German hospitals and possible strategies for cost reduction [30].
  • A survey compared syrup of ipecac use by CSPI, ABAT, and ABMT/ACMT members as the first response decontamination [31].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Decontamination


  1. Stimulation of transforming growth factor beta1 by enteric bacteria in the pathogenesis of rat intestinal fibrosis. Mourelle, M., Salas, A., Guarner, F., Crespo, E., García-Lafuente, A., Malagelada, J.R. Gastroenterology (1998) [Pubmed]
  2. Utility of selective digestive decontamination in mechanically ventilated patients. Ferrer, M., Torres, A., González, J., Puig de la Bellacasa, J., el-Ebiary, M., Roca, M., Gatell, J.M., Rodriguez-Roisin, R. Ann. Intern. Med. (1994) [Pubmed]
  3. Influence of intestinal bacterial decontamination using metronidazole and ciprofloxacin or ciprofloxacin alone on the development of acute graft-versus-host disease after marrow transplantation in patients with hematologic malignancies: final results and long-term follow-up of an open-label prospective randomized trial. Beelen, D.W., Elmaagacli, A., Müller, K.D., Hirche, H., Schaefer, U.W. Blood (1999) [Pubmed]
  4. Effect of selective bowel decontamination with norfloxacin on spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, translocation, and survival in an animal model of cirrhosis. Runyon, B.A., Borzio, M., Young, S., Squier, S.U., Guarner, C., Runyon, M.A. Hepatology (1995) [Pubmed]
  5. Sodium hydroxide decontamination of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease virus. Brown, P., Rohwer, R.G., Gajdusek, D.C. N. Engl. J. Med. (1984) [Pubmed]
  6. A controlled trial in intensive care units of selective decontamination of the digestive tract with nonabsorbable antibiotics. The French Study Group on Selective Decontamination of the Digestive Tract. Gastinne, H., Wolff, M., Delatour, F., Faurisson, F., Chevret, S. N. Engl. J. Med. (1992) [Pubmed]
  7. Oropharyngeal decontamination decreases incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia. A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial. Pugin, J., Auckenthaler, R., Lew, D.P., Suter, P.M. JAMA (1991) [Pubmed]
  8. Selective bowel decontamination does not alter hepatic regeneration in rats. MacIntosh, E.L., Gauthier, T., Harding, G.K., Minuk, G.Y. Gastroenterology (1992) [Pubmed]
  9. Systemic prostacyclin in cirrhotic patients. Relationship with portal hypertension and changes after intestinal decontamination. Guarner, C., Soriano, G., Such, J., Teixidó, M., Ramis, I., Bulbena, O., Roselló, J., Guarner, F., Gelpi, E., Balanzó, J. Gastroenterology (1992) [Pubmed]
  10. Polymerase chain reaction decontamination: the wipe test. Cone, R.W., Hobson, A.C., Huang, M.L., Fairfax, M.R. Lancet (1990) [Pubmed]
  11. Selective intestinal decontamination increases serum and ascitic fluid C3 levels in cirrhosis. Such, J., Guarner, C., Soriano, G., Teixidó, M., Barrios, J., Tena, F., Méndez, C., Enríquez, J., Rodríguez, J.L., Vilardell, F. Hepatology (1990) [Pubmed]
  12. Survival of Legionella pneumophila after decontamination with paraformaldehyde gas. Winn, W.C., Davis, G.S., Weinberg, D.N., Beaty, H.N. J. Infect. Dis. (1982) [Pubmed]
  13. Survival or growth of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in a model system of fresh meat decontamination runoff waste fluids and its resistance to subsequent lactic acid stress. Samelis, J., Sofos, J.N., Kendall, P.A., Smith, G.C. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  14. Inactivation of caliciviruses. Duizer, E., Bijkerk, P., Rockx, B., De Groot, A., Twisk, F., Koopmans, M. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  15. Modified Thayer-Martin medium for recovery of Nocardia species from contaminated specimens. Murray, P.R., Niles, A.C., Heeren, R.L. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1988) [Pubmed]
  16. Mesenteric Th1 polarization and monocyte TNF-alpha production: first steps to systemic inflammation in rats with cirrhosis. Muñoz, L., Albillos, A., Nieto, M., Reyes, E., Lledó, L., Monserrat, J., Sanz, E., de la Hera, A., Alvarez-Mon, M. Hepatology (2005) [Pubmed]
  17. Rapid emergence of ciprofloxacin-resistant enterobacteriaceae containing multiple gentamicin resistance-associated integrons in a Dutch hospital. van Belkum, A., Goessens, W., van der Schee, C., Lemmens-den Toom, N., Vos, M.C., Cornelissen, J., Lugtenburg, E., de Marie, S., Verbrugh, H., Löwenberg, B., Endtz, H. Emerging Infect. Dis. (2001) [Pubmed]
  18. Validation of use of whole-cell repetitive extragenic palindromic sequence-based PCR (REP-PCR) for typing strains belonging to the Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-Acinetobacter baumannii complex and application of the method to the investigation of a hospital outbreak. Snelling, A.M., Gerner-Smidt, P., Hawkey, P.M., Heritage, J., Parnell, P., Porter, C., Bodenham, A.R., Inglis, T. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  19. The effect of selective bowel decontamination on the pharmacokinetics of mycophenolate mofetil in liver transplant recipients. Schmidt, L.E., Rasmussen, A., Nørrelykke, M.R., Poulsen, H.E., Hansen, B.A. Liver Transpl. (2001) [Pubmed]
  20. Effect of commercial-scale high-temperature, short-time pasteurization on the viability of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis in naturally infected cows' milk. Grant, I.R., Hitchings, E.I., McCartney, A., Ferguson, F., Rowe, M.T. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  21. Limiting-dilution analysis for the determination of leukemic cell frequencies after bone marrow decontamination with mafosfamide or merocyanine 540. Porcellini, A., Talevi, N., Marchetti-Rossi, M.T., Palazzi, M., Manna, A., Sparaventi, G., Delfini, C., Valentini, M. Blood (1987) [Pubmed]
  22. Reduced stem cell mobilization in mice receiving antibiotic modulation of the intestinal flora: involvement of endotoxins as cofactors in mobilization. Velders, G.A., van Os, R., Hagoort, H., Verzaal, P., Guiot, H.F., Lindley, I.J., Willemze, R., Opdenakker, G., Fibbe, W.E. Blood (2004) [Pubmed]
  23. Use of a phage-based assay for phenotypic detection of mycobacteria directly from sputum. Park, D.J., Drobniewski, F.A., Meyer, A., Wilson, S.M. J. Clin. Microbiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  24. The antimicrobial spectrum of norfloxacin. Newsom, S.W. J. Antimicrob. Chemother. (1984) [Pubmed]
  25. Isolation of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis from intestinal mucosa and mesenteric lymph nodes of goats by use of selective Dubos medium. Saxegaard, F. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1985) [Pubmed]
  26. Triple regimen of selective decontamination of the digestive tract, systemic cefotaxime, and microbiological surveillance for prevention of acquired infection in intensive care. Ledingham, I.M., Alcock, S.R., Eastaway, A.T., McDonald, J.C., McKay, I.C., Ramsay, G. Lancet (1988) [Pubmed]
  27. Decontamination of ethidium bromide spills. Lunn, G. Trends Genet. (1990) [Pubmed]
  28. Photochemical inactivation of duck hepatitis B virus in human platelet concentrates: a model of surrogate human hepatitis B virus infectivity. Eble, B.E., Corash, L. Transfusion (1996) [Pubmed]
  29. Cytokine measurement in biological samples after physicochemical treatment for inactivation of biosafety level 4 viral agents. Mahanty, S., Kalwar, R., Rollin, P.E. J. Med. Virol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  30. Additional costs for preventing the spread of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and a strategy for reducing these costs on a surgical ward. Herr, C.E., Heckrodt, T.H., Hofmann, F.A., Schnettler, R., Eikmann, T.F. Infection control and hospital epidemiology : the official journal of the Society of Hospital Epidemiologists of America. (2003) [Pubmed]
  31. Trends in ipecac use: a survey of poison center staff. Marchbanks, B., Lockman, P., Shum, S., Beard, D. Veterinary and human toxicology. (1999) [Pubmed]
  32. Selective decontamination of the digestive tract to prevent postoperative infection: a randomized placebo-controlled trial in liver transplant patients. Zwaveling, J.H., Maring, J.K., Klompmaker, I.J., Haagsma, E.B., Bottema, J.T., Laseur, M., Winter, H.L., van Enckevort, P.J., TenVergert, E.M., Metselaar, H.J., Bruining, H.A., Slooff, M.J. Crit. Care Med. (2002) [Pubmed]
  33. Recovery of mycobacteria from patients with cystic fibrosis. Bange, F.C., Kirschner, P., Böttger, E.C. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  34. Gastric decontamination performed 5 min after the ingestion of temazepam, verapamil and moclobemide: charcoal is superior to lavage. Lapatto-Reiniluoto, O., Kivistö, K.T., Neuvonen, P.J. British journal of clinical pharmacology. (2000) [Pubmed]
  35. Stomach as a source of colonization of the respiratory tract during mechanical ventilation: association with ventilator-associated pneumonia. Torres, A., El-Ebiary, M., Soler, N., Montón, C., Fàbregas, N., Hernández, C. Eur. Respir. J. (1996) [Pubmed]
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