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MeSH Review

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

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Disease relevance of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation


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Chemical compound and disease context of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation


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Gene context of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation


  1. Origin of the secondary increase in firing probability of human motor neurons following transcranial magnetic stimulation. Studies in healthy subjects, type I hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy and multiple sclerosis. Mills, K.R., Boniface, S.J., Schubert, M. Brain (1991) [Pubmed]
  2. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation is as effective as fluoxetine in the treatment of depression in patients with Parkinson's disease. Fregni, F., Santos, C.M., Myczkowski, M.L., Rigolino, R., Gallucci-Neto, J., Barbosa, E.R., Valente, K.D., Pascual-Leone, A., Marcolin, M.A. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. (2004) [Pubmed]
  3. Transcranial magnetic stimulation in pontine infarction: correlation to degree of paresis. Ferbert, A., Vielhaber, S., Meincke, U., Buchner, H. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. (1992) [Pubmed]
  4. Early and late intracortical inhibition in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. Manganotti, P., Bongiovanni, L.G., Zanette, G., Fiaschi, A. Epilepsia (2000) [Pubmed]
  5. Frequency-dependent conduction delay of motor-evoked potentials in multiple sclerosis. Nielsen, J.F. Muscle Nerve (1997) [Pubmed]
  6. Children with comorbid attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder and tic disorder: evidence for additive inhibitory deficits within the motor system. Moll, G.H., Heinrich, H., Trott, G.E., Wirth, S., Bock, N., Rothenberger, A. Ann. Neurol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  7. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for Tourette syndrome. Münchau, A., Bloem, B.R., Thilo, K.V., Trimble, M.R., Rothwell, J.C., Robertson, M.M. Neurology (2002) [Pubmed]
  8. Direct recording of the output of the motor cortex produced by transcranial magnetic stimulation in a patient with cerebral cortex atrophy. Di Lazzaro, V., Oliviero, A., Pilato, F., Saturno, E., Dileone, M., Meglio, M., Cioni, B., Colosimo, C., Tonali, P.A., Rothwell, J.C. Clinical neurophysiology : official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology. (2004) [Pubmed]
  9. Does clinical response to repetitive prefrontal transcranial magnetic stimulation (r TMS) predict response to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in cases of major depression? Eschweiler, G.W., Plewnia, C., Batra, A., Bartels, M. Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie. (2000) [Pubmed]
  10. Low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation improves intractable epilepsy. Tergau, F., Naumann, U., Paulus, W., Steinhoff, B.J. Lancet (1999) [Pubmed]
  11. A cortico-cortical mechanism mediating object-driven grasp in humans. Cattaneo, L., Voss, M., Brochier, T., Prabhu, G., Wolpert, D.M., Lemon, R.N. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2005) [Pubmed]
  12. Effects of botulinum toxin type A on intracortical inhibition in patients with dystonia. Gilio, F., Currà, A., Lorenzano, C., Modugno, N., Manfredi, M., Berardelli, A. Ann. Neurol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  13. Modulation of cortical oscillatory activities induced by varying single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation intensity over the left primary motor area: a combined EEG and TMS study. Fuggetta, G., Fiaschi, A., Manganotti, P. Neuroimage (2005) [Pubmed]
  14. The natural history of central motor abnormalities in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Mills, K.R. Brain (2003) [Pubmed]
  15. Sensitivity of transcranial magnetic stimulation of cortico-bulbar vs. cortico-spinal tract involvement in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). Urban, P.P., Wicht, S., Hopf, H.C. J. Neurol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  16. A transcranial magnetic stimulation study evaluating methylprednisolone treatment in multiple sclerosis. Fierro, B., Salemi, G., Brighina, F., Buffa, D., Conte, S., La Bua, V., Piazza, A., Savettieri, G. Acta neurologica Scandinavica. (2002) [Pubmed]
  17. Visual cortex excitability in migraine before and after valproate prophylaxis: a pilot study using TMS. Mulleners, W.M., Chronicle, E.P., Vredeveld, J.W., Koehler, P.J. Eur. J. Neurol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  18. The motor-evoked potentials elicited from the deltoid muscle by transcranial magnetic stimulation with a standardized facilitation: the potential diagnostic utility for C5 radiculopathy. Inoue, S., Tani, T., Taniguchi, S., Yamamoto, H. Spine. (2003) [Pubmed]
  19. Abnormalities of sensorimotor integration in focal dystonia: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study. Abbruzzese, G., Marchese, R., Buccolieri, A., Gasparetto, B., Trompetto, C. Brain (2001) [Pubmed]
  20. Enhancement of human cortico-motoneuronal excitability by the selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor reboxetine. Plewnia, C., Hoppe, J., Hiemke, C., Bartels, M., Cohen, L.G., Gerloff, C. Neurosci. Lett. (2002) [Pubmed]
  21. Hysteresis in corticospinal excitability during gradual muscle contraction and relaxation in humans. Kimura, T., Yamanaka, K., Nozaki, D., Nakazawa, K., Miyoshi, T., Akai, M., Ohtsuki, T. Experimental brain research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation cérébrale. (2003) [Pubmed]
  22. Measurement of motor evoked potentials following repetitive magnetic motor cortex stimulation during isoflurane or propofol anaesthesia. Rohde, V., Krombach, G.A., Baumert, J.H., Kreitschmann-Andermahr, I., Weinzierl, M., Gilsbach, J.M. British journal of anaesthesia. (2003) [Pubmed]
  23. Abnormalities of cortical excitability and cortical inhibition in cervical dystonia Evidence from somatosensory evoked potentials and paired transcranial magnetic stimulation recordings. Kanovský, P., Bares, M., Streitová, H., Klajblová, H., Daniel, P., Rektor, I. J. Neurol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  24. Striatal dopamine release induced by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the human motor cortex. Strafella, A.P., Paus, T., Fraraccio, M., Dagher, A. Brain (2003) [Pubmed]
  25. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation increases the release of dopamine in the nucleus accumbens shell of morphine-sensitized rats during abstinence. Erhardt, A., Sillaber, I., Welt, T., Müller, M.B., Singewald, N., Keck, M.E. Neuropsychopharmacology (2004) [Pubmed]
  26. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the dominant hemisphere can disrupt visual naming in temporal lobe epilepsy patients. Wassermann, E.M., Blaxton, T.A., Hoffman, E.A., Berry, C.D., Oletsky, H., Pascual-Leone, A., Theodore, W.H. Neuropsychologia. (1999) [Pubmed]
  27. Effects of 4-aminopyridine on motor evoked potentials in patients with spinal cord injury: a double-blinded, placebo-controlled crossover trial. Wolfe, D.L., Hayes, K.C., Hsieh, J.T., Potter, P.J. J. Neurotrauma (2001) [Pubmed]
  28. Cortico-motor excitability of the lower limb motor representation: a comparative study in Parkinson's disease and healthy controls. Tremblay, F., Tremblay, L.E. Clinical neurophysiology : official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology. (2002) [Pubmed]
  29. Modulation of behavior and cortical motor activity in healthy subjects by a chronic administration of a serotonin enhancer. Loubinoux, I., Tombari, D., Pariente, J., Gerdelat-Mas, A., Franceries, X., Cassol, E., Rascol, O., Pastor, J., Chollet, F. Neuroimage (2005) [Pubmed]
  30. Inhibition of human motor cortex by ethanol. A transcranial magnetic stimulation study. Ziemann, U., Lönnecker, S., Paulus, W. Brain (1995) [Pubmed]
  31. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) effects on testosterone, prolactin, and corticosterone in adult male rats. Hedges, D.W., Salyer, D.L., Higginbotham, B.J., Lund, T.D., Hellewell, J.L., Ferguson, D., Lephart, E.D. Biol. Psychiatry (2002) [Pubmed]
  32. Activation of frontal premotor areas during suprathreshold transcranial magnetic stimulation of the left primary sensorimotor cortex: a glucose metabolic PET study. Siebner, H., Peller, M., Bartenstein, P., Willoch, F., Rossmeier, C., Schwaiger, M., Conrad, B. Human brain mapping. (2001) [Pubmed]
  33. Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia type I. Nerve conduction and evoked potential studies in families with SCA1, SCA2 and SCA3. Abele, M., Bürk, K., Andres, F., Topka, H., Laccone, F., Bösch, S., Brice, A., Cancel, G., Dichgans, J., Klockgether, T. Brain (1997) [Pubmed]
  34. One-Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the premotor cortex alters reciprocal inhibition in DYT1 dystonia. Huang, Y.Z., Edwards, M.J., Bhatia, K.P., Rothwell, J.C. Mov. Disord. (2004) [Pubmed]
  35. Modulation of monoamine transporter expression and function by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Ikeda, T., Kurosawa, M., Uchikawa, C., Kitayama, S., Nukina, N. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2005) [Pubmed]
  36. Effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on serum brain derived neurotrophic factor in drug resistant depressed patients. Zanardini, R., Gazzoli, A., Ventriglia, M., Perez, J., Bignotti, S., Rossini, P.M., Gennarelli, M., Bocchio-Chiavetto, L. Journal of affective disorders. (2006) [Pubmed]
  37. Effects of the serotonin1B/1D receptor agonist zolmitriptan on motor cortical excitability in humans. Werhahn, K.J., Förderreuther, S., Straube, A. Neurology (1998) [Pubmed]
  38. Transcranial magnetic stimulation-evoked cortical inhibition: a consistent marker of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder scores in tourette syndrome. Gilbert, D.L., Sallee, F.R., Zhang, J., Lipps, T.D., Wassermann, E.M. Biol. Psychiatry (2005) [Pubmed]
  39. Effects of 1-Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on acute pain induced by capsaicin. Tamura, Y., Okabe, S., Ohnishi, T., N Saito, D., Arai, N., Mochio, S., Inoue, K., Ugawa, Y. Pain (2004) [Pubmed]
  40. Decreased susceptibility to pentylenetetrazol-induced seizures after low-frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation in rats. Akamatsu, N., Fueta, Y., Endo, Y., Matsunaga, K., Uozumi, T., Tsuji, S. Neurosci. Lett. (2001) [Pubmed]
  41. Cerebral substrates of musical imagery. Halpern, A.R. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. (2001) [Pubmed]
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