The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review

Academies and Institutes

Welcome! If you are familiar with the subject of this article, you can contribute to this open access knowledge base by deleting incorrect information, restructuring or completely rewriting any text. Read more.

Disease relevance of Academies and Institutes


Psychiatry related information on Academies and Institutes

  • With consultations having been held across Australia this year as part of the process of developing a new National Alcohol Strategy, it seemed timely to invite my colleagues from the National Drug Research Institute who are experts in the alcohol field to write this Harm Reduction Digest [6].
  • Of the 75 patients in the February 1977 "class" at the Longevity Research Institute, Santa Barbara, California, 11 volunteers were pre- and posttested (21- to 23-day intervals) with the MMPI, 13 with the California Psychological Inventory, and 17 with four subtests of the WAIS (total: 21 males, 10 females) [7].
  • He is currently employed as a consultant to the Mental Health Research Institute at Royal Park Melbourne [8].

High impact information on Academies and Institutes

  • MRC attacks government proposal to sell off research institutes [9].
  • PURPOSE: N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) retinamide (¿4-HPR, Fenretinide; R.W. Johnson Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Springhouse, PA) and tamoxifen (TAM) have synergistic antitumor and chemopreventive activity against mammary cancer in preclinical studies [10].
  • In the past, research at Southern Research Institute led to the development of two new classes of clinically useful anticancer agents, the nitrosoureas and the imidazole triazines [11].
  • It has recently been reported (Horwitz, K. B., Zava, D. T., Thilagar, A. K., Jensen, E. M., and McGuire, W. L. (1978) Cancer Res. 38, 2434-2437) than the human breast cancer-derived cell line MCF-7 from EG&G Mason Research Institute contains no 8 S and very little 4 S cytoplasmic estrogen receptor [12].
  • Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, a 162-bed tertiary care cancer center specialty hospital affiliated with the University of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa. Medical records were reviewed for age, sex, histologic findings of previous malignant growth, types and duration of symptoms, and mode of presentation [13].

Chemical compound and disease context of Academies and Institutes


Biological context of Academies and Institutes


Anatomical context of Academies and Institutes

  • The principle of the therapy of carcinoma cervicis uteri in the Research Institute of Clinical and Experimental Oncology in Brno is the combination of betatron megavoltage irradiation and cobalt 60 irradiation with intracavital radium irradiation [24].
  • The Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial, the Lifestyle Heart Trial, and the Aerobics Research Institute studies suggest that light to moderate amounts of exercise protect against early mortality from coronary artery disease [25].

Associations of Academies and Institutes with chemical compounds

  • DL-Centchroman (67/20; INN: Ormeloxifene) synthesized at the Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow, is a nonsteroidal once-a-week oral contraceptive [26].
  • Predictive pharmacophore models were developed for a large series of piperidine- and piperazine-based CCR5 antagonists as anti-HIV-1 agents reported by Schering-Plough Research Institute in recent years [27].
  • Acute (10 days) and chronic (360 days after implantation) tissue reaction was characterized numerically and compared with poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate), used in the Drug Control Research Institute in Prague as a standard in the evaluation of polymers, for which good tolerance in the clinical practice has been demonstrated [28].
  • The Kronos longevity research institute [29].
  • METHODS: Fifty-two patients with an average age of 62 years (range 40-74 years) were sized for both a CarboMedics Top Hat valve (CarboMedics Inc, Austin, Tex) and an MCRI On-X valve (Medical Carbon Research Institute, LLC, Austin, Tex) before random assignment to receive either valve type [30].

Gene context of Academies and Institutes

  • A total of 140,000 synthetic compounds from the Bristol-Myers Pharmaceutical Research Institute chemical deck were tested, using a substrate-based colorimetric enzymatic assay, in which ST3 activity was evaluated through its ability to cleave and inactivate alpha-1 proteinase inhibitor [31].
  • CEA antigen obtained by the Wrocław team and CEA standard antigen from Chester Beatty Cancer Research Institute, London were used for immunization of goats [32].
  • From December 1987 to July 1988, a total of 17,142 clinical specimens were examined at the National Research Institute of Health (NRIH), Addis Abeba, to determine the incidence of methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) strains [33].
  • The Melbourne Neuromuscular Research Institute (MNRI) has undertaken diagnostic detection of selected mtDNA mutations since 1990 [34].
  • To date, tipifarnib (Zarnestra; Janssen Pharmaceutica NV) and lonafarnib (Sarasar; Schering-Plough Research Institute) are the only two FT inhibitors to have been evaluated in phase III clinical trials [35].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Academies and Institutes


  1. Food and Drug Administration Drug approval summary: temozolomide plus radiation therapy for the treatment of newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme. Cohen, M.H., Johnson, J.R., Pazdur, R. Clin. Cancer Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
  2. Differential susceptibility to DL-alpha-difluoromethylornithine in clinical isolates of Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense. Bacchi, C.J., Nathan, H.C., Livingston, T., Valladares, G., Saric, M., Sayer, P.D., Njogu, A.R., Clarkson, A.B. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (1990) [Pubmed]
  3. Comparative antimutagenic effects of D- and L-centchroman and their comparison with tamoxifen in Salmonella assay. Gupta, S., Mukhopadhyay, A., Ray, S., Giri, A.K. Mutat. Res. (1999) [Pubmed]
  4. A phase I/II trial of HIV SF2 gp120/MF59 vaccine in seronegative thais.AFRIMS-RIHES Vaccine Evaluation Group. Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences and the Research Institute for Health Sciences. Nitayaphan, S., Khamboonruang, C., Sirisophana, N., Morgan, P., Chiu, J., Duliege, A.M., Chuenchitra, C., Supapongse, T., Rungruengthanakit, K., deSouza, M., Mascola, J.R., Boggio, K., Ratto-Kim, S., Markowitz, L.E., Birx, D., Suriyanon, V., McNeil, J.G., Brown, A.E., Michael, R.A. Vaccine (2000) [Pubmed]
  5. Effective treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria with azithromycin-quinine combinations: a randomized, dose-ranging study. Miller, R.S., Wongsrichanalai, C., Buathong, N., McDaniel, P., Walsh, D.S., Knirsch, C., Ohrt, C. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. (2006) [Pubmed]
  6. Alcohol policy and harm reduction in Australia. Loxley, W., Gray, D., Wilkinson, C., Chikritzhs, T., Midford, R., Moore, D. Drug and alcohol review. (2005) [Pubmed]
  7. A diet and exercise regimen: its effect upon mental acuity and personality, a pilot study. Merzbacher, C.F. Perceptual and motor skills. (1979) [Pubmed]
  8. Van Gogh and lithium. Creativity and bipolar disorder: perspective of a lawyer/parliamentarian. Cole, N. The Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry. (1999) [Pubmed]
  9. MRC attacks government proposal to sell off research institutes. Dickson, D. Nature (1992) [Pubmed]
  10. Pilot trial of the safety, tolerability, and retinoid levels of N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) retinamide in combination with tamoxifen in patients at high risk for developing invasive breast cancer. Conley, B., O'Shaughnessy, J., Prindiville, S., Lawrence, J., Chow, C., Jones, E., Merino, M.J., Kaiser-Kupfer, M.I., Caruso, R.C., Podgor, M., Goldspiel, B., Venzon, D., Danforth, D., Wu, S., Noone, M., Goldstein, J., Cowan, K.H., Zujewski, J. J. Clin. Oncol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  11. Has the well gone dry? The First Cain Memorial Award Lecture. Montgomery, J.A. Cancer Res. (1982) [Pubmed]
  12. An insulin effect on cytoplasmic estrogen receptor in the human breast cancer cell line MCF-7. Moore, M.R. J. Biol. Chem. (1981) [Pubmed]
  13. The need to consider survival, outcome, and expense when evaluating and treating patients with unknown primary carcinoma. Schapira, D.V., Jarrett, A.R. Arch. Intern. Med. (1995) [Pubmed]
  14. Treatment of chronic amebiasis in pediatric patients with a suspension of quinfamide. Araujo Rojas, F., Benavides Ledezma, M., Vega Martinez, C., Gomez Garza, R. Clinical therapeutics. (1983) [Pubmed]
  15. Low serum folate concentrations are associated with an excess incidence of acute coronary events: the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study. Voutilainen, S., Lakka, T.A., Porkkala-Sarataho, E., Rissanen, T., Kaplan, G.A., Salonen, J.T. European journal of clinical nutrition. (2000) [Pubmed]
  16. Financial analysis of animal trypanosomiasis control using cypermethrin pour-on in Kenya. Kamau, S.W., Omukuba, J., Kiragu, J., Masika, P., Ndung'u, J.M., Wachira, P., Mehlitz, D. Prev. Vet. Med. (2000) [Pubmed]
  17. Etiology of acute lower respiratory infection in Filipino children under five years. Capeding, M.R., Sombrero, L.T., Paladin, F.J., Suzuki, H., Numazaki, Y., Saniel, M.C. Southeast Asian J. Trop. Med. Public Health (1994) [Pubmed]
  18. Survival of patients with advanced ovarian carcinoma treated with Penberol. Novotná, J., Andrysek, O., Kobilková, J., Laurová, L. Neoplasma (1983) [Pubmed]
  19. Effects of WR-1065 and WR-151326 on survival and neoplastic transformation in C3H/10T1/2 cells exposed to TRIGA or JANUS fission neutrons. Balcer-Kubiczek, E.K., Harrison, G.H., Hill, C.K., Blakely, W.F. Int. J. Radiat. Biol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  20. Interleukin-1beta and interleukin-1alpha may affect the implantation rate of patients undergoing in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer. Karagouni, E.E., Chryssikopoulos, A., Mantzavinos, T., Kanakas, N., Dotsika, E.N. Fertil. Steril. (1998) [Pubmed]
  21. Cost-benefit analysis of laparoscopic versus laparotomy salpingo-oophorectomy for benign tubo-ovarian disease. Vilos, G.A., Alshimmiri, M.M. The Journal of the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists. (1995) [Pubmed]
  22. Genotypic variation in fatty acid content of blackcurrant seeds. Ruiz del Castillo, M.L., Dobson, G., Brennan, R., Gordon, S. J. Agric. Food Chem. (2002) [Pubmed]
  23. Biotechnology in Japan 1984--a mini-review. Part 2: Government agencies, universities and research institutes. Schmid, R. Naturwissenschaften (1985) [Pubmed]
  24. Carcinoma cervicis uteri. Long-term follow-up therapeutic results. Ptácková, B., Kucera, F., Caha, A., Tacev, T., Spurný, V., Kabela, M., Konecný, M., Krystof, V. Czechoslovak medicine. (1982) [Pubmed]
  25. Endovascular intervention in patients with coronary and peripheral arterial disease. Breisch, A.J., Perez, J.A. Journal of vascular nursing : official publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing. (1994) [Pubmed]
  26. Centchroman, a selective estrogen receptor modulator, as a contraceptive and for the management of hormone-related clinical disorders. Singh, M.M. Medicinal research reviews. (2001) [Pubmed]
  27. Generation of predictive pharmacophore models for CCR5 antagonists: study with piperidine- and piperazine-based compounds as a new class of HIV-1 entry inhibitors. Debnath, A.K. J. Med. Chem. (2003) [Pubmed]
  28. The biocompatibility of polypyrrolidone in test implantation. Sprincl, L., Kusková, M., Roda, J., Králícek, J. J. Biomed. Mater. Res. (1982) [Pubmed]
  29. The Kronos longevity research institute. Harman, S.M. Exp. Gerontol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  30. A randomized comparison of the MCRI On-X and CarboMedics Top Hat bileaflet mechanical replacement aortic valves: early postoperative hemodynamic function and clinical events. Chambers, J., Roxburgh, J., Blauth, C., O'Riordan, J., Hodson, F., Rimington, H. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. (2005) [Pubmed]
  31. Purification of active matrix metalloproteinase catalytic domains and its use for screening of specific stromelysin-3 inhibitors. Kannan, R., Ruff, M., Kochins, J.G., Manly, S.P., Stoll, I., El Fahime, M., Noël, A., Foidart, J.M., Rio, M.C., Dive, V., Basset, P. Protein Expr. Purif. (1999) [Pubmed]
  32. Preparation of immune sera against carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). Balbierz, H., Nikołajczuk, M. Arch. Immunol. Ther. Exp. (Warsz.) (1978) [Pubmed]
  33. The incidence of methicillin resistant S. aureus strains in clinical specimens in relation to their beta-lactamase producing and multiple-drug resistance properties in Addis Abeba. Geyid, A., Lemeneh, Y. Ethiop. Med. J. (1991) [Pubmed]
  34. Diagnostic screening of mitochondrial DNA mutations in Australian adults 1990-2001. Marotta, R., Chin, J., Quigley, A., Katsabanis, S., Kapsa, R., Byrne, E., Collins, S. Internal medicine journal. (2004) [Pubmed]
  35. Farnesyltransferase inhibitors as anticancer agents: critical crossroads. Doll, R.J., Kirschmeier, P., Bishop, W.R. Current opinion in drug discovery & development. (2004) [Pubmed]
  36. Radioimmunoassay for ceronapril, a new angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, and its application to a pharmacokinetic study in healthy male volunteers. Tu, J.I., Brennan, J., Stouffer, B., Mantha, S., Turabi, N., Tsay, H.M. Therapeutic drug monitoring. (1992) [Pubmed]
  37. Countrywide analysis of perinatal outcome. Stembera, Z., Kravka, A., Mandys, F. Journal of perinatal medicine. (1988) [Pubmed]
  38. Past, present, and future of total artificial heart development at research institute of replacement medicine, Hiroshima University School of Medicine. Matsuura, Y., Fukunaga, S., Sueda, T. Artificial organs. (1996) [Pubmed]
  39. Ecology of danger-dependent cytokine-boosted spontaneous abortion in the CBA x DBA/2 mouse model. I. Synergistic effect of LPS and (TNF-alpha + IFN-gamma) on pregnancy loss. Clark, D.A., Manuel, J., Lee, L., Chaouat, G., Gorczynski, R.M., Levy, G.A. Am. J. Reprod. Immunol. (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities