The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
Gene Review

BAS  -  Beta-adrenergic stimulation, response to

Homo sapiens

Welcome! If you are familiar with the subject of this article, you can contribute to this open access knowledge base by deleting incorrect information, restructuring or completely rewriting any text. Read more.

Disease relevance of BAS

  • Assessment of tardive dyskinesia, parkinsonism, and chronic akathisia was made once weekly for 18 weeks with the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS), Simpson-Angus Rating Scale for Extrapyramidal Side Effects, and Barnes Rating Scale for Drug-Induced Akathisia (BAS) [1].
  • The banding automatic system (BAS) we describe in this paper is a computer-assisted karyotyping system suitable for the analysis of both normal and abnormal karyotypes in banded chromosome specimens [2].
  • The bronchial arterial system (BAS) and its territory was studied in dissections of 40 fresh adult cadavers [3].
  • There were no significant differences between the olanzapine and placebo group on adverse effects rating scales - SAS, BAS and AIMS scores; Weight gain was significantly higher in the olanzapine group (n=59, WMD 7.63 CI 4.0 to 11.2) by 12 months [4].
  • LP-specific IgE was assayed by the BAS assay and RAST for comparison in the sera of thirty-two normal asymptomatic subjects RAST-negative for LP and of twenty-six subjects with hay fever and RAST-positive for LP [5].

Psychiatry related information on BAS

  • Assessment of akathisia, psychosis and depression were monitored by BAS, BPRS and HAM-D [6].
  • Behavioral inhibition system (BIS), Behavioral activation system (BAS) and schizophrenia: Relationship with psychopathology and physiology [7].
  • The personality factors interacted so that BAS and Extraversion tended to mutually increase the impact of each other, while BIS diminished the effect of BAS [8].
  • Results supported the utility of the questionnaire measures and reaction time task as assessments of BAS and BIS functioning [9].
  • OBJECTIVES: The dysregulation of the Behavioural Activation System (BAS) is discussed as a vulnerability marker for bipolar disorders, resulting in fluctuations of activity and mood [10].

High impact information on BAS

  • These oppositely charged surfactants form mixed aggregates on alumina causing retention of BAS by strong hydrophobic and ionic interactions [11].
  • Overall, our results suggest that the relationship of the BAS with cardiac reactivity seems to be mediated by the parasympathetic nervous system [12].
  • We also identified novel invertebrate members of the BAS and MEG classes using genome data, and generated an alignment of vertebrate and invertebrate FERM domains of each class. 'Specialized' residues were identified that are conserved only within a given class of PTPs [13].
  • Given Fowles' (1980, 1988) theory that electrodermal activity primarily reflects the activity of the behavioral inhibition system (BIS) while heart rate primarily reflects the activity of the behavioral activation system (BAS), we predicted that electrodermal indices of anxiety would be more affected by oxazepam than heart rate [14].
  • Stromal cells isolated from benign and malignant associated stroma (BAS and CAS) of a human clinical sample have been determined to contain similar levels of functional 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) receptor (VDR) [15].

Chemical compound and disease context of BAS

  • The BAS results tended to confirm the Lawson & Inglis finding that (1) children with learning disabilities in general have verbal deficits and show significantly higher performance on non-verbal tasks, and that (2) this tendency is more pronounced in males than in females [16].

Biological context of BAS

  • Clearances in maximal H2O diuresis were performed to evaluate changes in GFR (CIn), RPF (CPAH) and tubular function before starting CsA (BAS), after 2 days (S1) and 1 month (S2) of oral therapy with 5 mg/kg per day CsA [17].
  • In the BAS system recognition of the various features and constituents of the chromosomes is performed by an operator, whereas chromosome identification and classification are entrusted to a computer [2].
  • The procedure was studied using a device, the Back Analysis System (BAS), to acquire and process EMG signals from six bilateral muscle sites during sustained isometric contractions designed to progressively fatigue the lower back [18].
  • Bacterial adhesion score (BAS, 0-5) and the presence of leukocytes and fibroblasts were estimated from photographs [19].
  • ER-a Pvu II, Xba I genotype was not related to BMC, BMD, and BAS at all sites [20].

Anatomical context of BAS

  • The calculated cross-sectional areas of the main and interlobar pulmonary arteries (normalized for body surface area [BAS]) were found to give the best estimates of mean pulmonary artery pressure (r = 0.89, P less than 0.001 and r = 0.66, P less than 0.001) [21].
  • Antibody BAS 16.4 reacted with two high molecular weight bands (approximately 265 and 240 kD) in Western blotting and decorated a fiber attached to the proximal end of the basal bodies [22].
  • The presence of leukocytes and fewer numbers of fibroblasts on the GTR membrane were associated with greater BAS for rod- and filament-shaped bacteria [19].
  • The results showed that dispositional BAS sensitivity, particularly BAS Fun Seeking, and Negative Affect interacted with facial image motion in predicting autonomic nervous system activity [23].
  • BMD (g/cm(2)), BMC (g), and bone areal size (BAS, cm(2) ) at lumbar spine 1-4 (L(1-4)) and proximal femur (femoral neck, trochanter and Ward's triangle) were measured by duel-energy X-ray absorptionmetry [20].

Associations of BAS with chemical compounds

  • Because of the lack of data, an additional stability study was carried out for BAS in an aqueous matrix using traditional preservation methods such as acidification (pH 2)/refrigeration, addition of formaldehyde (5%)/refrigeration, and freezing (-20 degrees C) [24].
  • Two enantiomers of commercially available triazole fungicide epoxiconazole (BAS 480 F), first registered in 1993, were resolved for the first time on a microcrystalline cellulose triacetate (MCTA) [25].
  • The distribution of serotonin (5-HT) immunoreactive structures has been investigated in the brain of the crested newt by means of indirect immunofluorescence, and unlabeled antibody peroxidase-antiperoxidase-complex (PAP) or biotin-avidin-system (BAS) techniques [26].
  • RESULTS: The results showed that large numbers of bacteria (high BAS) were present on both sides of the coronal 2/3 of the membrane in both groups, irrespective of clinical conditions [19].
  • OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the amount of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) reduction achieved by adding the specifically engineered bile acid sequestrant (SE-BAS) colesevelam HCl to a stable dose of fenofibrate in patients with mixed hyperlipidemia [27].

Other interactions of BAS

  • After phenotypes were adjusted for age, height, and weight, a significant association was found between VDR Apa I genotype and BMC variation at L(1-4) and Ward's triangle (P<0.05), but not in BMD or BAS at lumbar spine and proximal femur [20].
  • High BAS scores were observed if the catabolic enzyme activity and the D2 receptor density as indicated by the two polymorphisms were in disequilibrium, i.e. in the presence of the Val-/A1- (low enzyme activity/high receptor density) or the Val+/A1+ (high enzyme activity/low receptor density) alleles [28].
  • We examine a parent-report version of the measure of behavioral inhibition and behavioral activation of Carver and White (1994), the BIS/BAS scales [29].
  • Above 3965 m (13,000 ft) the TST required significantly less oxygen flow than the BAS to maintain the target SpO2 [30].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of BAS

  • Combination of BAS adsolubilization-based SPE with liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization in positive ion mode/ion trap mass spectrometry permitted the quantification of BAS with detection limits of 4 ng/L and their identification by isolation and subsequent fragmentation in the ion trap [11].
  • A new technique of pancreaticojejunostomy using a fibrin glue biological adhesive system (BAS) after pancreaticoduodenectomy is reported [31].
  • A 210-kD component identified by mAB BAS (basal apparatus of Spermatozopsis) 1.4 was localized in the flagellar transitional region by immunogold electron microscopy [22].
  • In the evaluation of the outcome, we considered the length of hospitalization, the changes in the scores of BPRS, SAPS, SANS, MMSE, CGI, GAF, UPDRS, BAS, and Morrison's scale [32].
  • CONCLUSIONS: Lower self-reported BAS sensitivity predicts a worse course of depression but EEG asymmetries do not [33].


  1. Clozapine treatment for neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia, parkinsonism, and chronic akathisia in schizophrenic patients. Spivak, B., Mester, R., Abesgaus, J., Wittenberg, N., Adlersberg, S., Gonen, N., Weizman, A. The Journal of clinical psychiatry. (1997) [Pubmed]
  2. Computer-assisted karyotyping system of banded chromosomes. Bruschi, C., Tedeschi, F., Puglisi, P.P., Marmiroli, N. Cytogenet. Cell Genet. (1981) [Pubmed]
  3. The bronchial arteries: anatomic study and application to lung transplantation. Carles, J., Clerc, F., Dubrez, J., Couraud, L., Drouillard, J., Videau, J. Surgical and radiologic anatomy : SRA. (1995) [Pubmed]
  4. Early intervention for psychosis. Marshall, M., Rathbone, J. Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online) (2006) [Pubmed]
  5. A new immunoperoxidase assay for Lolium perenne-specific IgE in serum based on the biotin/avidin system (BAS). Plebani, A., Notarangelo, L.D., Monafo, V., Nespoli, L., Ugazio, A.G. Clin. Allergy (1984) [Pubmed]
  6. Cyproheptadine treatment in neuroleptic-induced akathisia. Weiss, D., Aizenberg, D., Hermesh, H., Zemishlany, Z., Munitz, H., Radwan, M., Weizman, A. The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science. (1995) [Pubmed]
  7. Behavioral inhibition system (BIS), Behavioral activation system (BAS) and schizophrenia: Relationship with psychopathology and physiology. Scholten, M.R., van Honk, J., Aleman, A., Kahn, R.S. Journal of psychiatric research. (2006) [Pubmed]
  8. Behavioural activation as predictor of substance use: mediating and moderating role of attitudes and social relationships. Knyazev, G.G. Drug and alcohol dependence. (2004) [Pubmed]
  9. Gray's reinforcement sensitivity model and child psychopathology: laboratory and questionnaire assessment of the BAS and BIS. Colder, C.R., O'Connor, R.M. Journal of abnormal child psychology. (2004) [Pubmed]
  10. Mood fluctuations in people putatively at risk for bipolar disorders. Hofmann, B.U., Meyer, T.D. The British journal of clinical psychology / the British Psychological Society. (2006) [Pubmed]
  11. Solid-phase extraction of amphiphiles based on mixed hemimicelle/admicelle formation: application to the concentration of benzalkonium surfactants in sewage and river water. Merino, F., Rubio, S., Pérez-Bendito, D. Anal. Chem. (2003) [Pubmed]
  12. BIS-BAS sensitivity and cardiac autonomic stress profiles. Heponiemi, T., Keltikangas-Järvinen, L., Kettunen, J., Puttonen, S., Ravaja, N. Psychophysiology. (2004) [Pubmed]
  13. Comparative analysis of the Band 4.1/ezrin-related protein tyrosine phosphatase Pez from two Drosophila species: implications for structure and function. Edwards, K., Davis, T., Marcey, D., Kurihara, J., Yamamoto, D. Gene (2001) [Pubmed]
  14. Effects of oxazepam on anxiety: implications for Fowles' psychophysiological interpretation of Gray's model. Landon, J.F., Sher, K.J., Shah, J.H. Psychopharmacology (Berl.) (1993) [Pubmed]
  15. Altered VDR-mediated transcriptional activity in prostate cancer stroma. Hidalgo, A.A., Paredes, R., Garcia, V.M., Flynn, G., Johnson, C.S., Trump, D.L., Onate, S.A. J. Steroid Biochem. Mol. Biol. (2007) [Pubmed]
  16. Learning disabilities and intelligence test results: a principal components analysis of the British Ability Scales. Elliott, C.D., Tyler, S. British journal of psychology (London, England : 1953) (1987) [Pubmed]
  17. Effects of a two-month treatment with low oral doses of cyclosporin on renal function. Balletta, M., Libetta, C., Fuiano, G., Delfino, M., Brunetti, B., Ungaro, B., Conte, G. Nephrol. Dial. Transplant. (1991) [Pubmed]
  18. Classification of back muscle impairment based on the surface electromyographic signal. Roy, S.H., De Luca, C.J., Emley, M., Oddsson, L.I., Buijs, R.J., Levins, J.A., Newcombe, D.S., Jabre, J.F. Journal of rehabilitation research and development. (1997) [Pubmed]
  19. Bacterial morphotypes and early cellular responses in clinically infected and non-infected sites after combination therapy of guided tissue regeneration and allograft. Lin, S.J., Hou, L.T., Liu, C.M., Liao, C.S., Wong, M.Y., Ho, J.Y., Chang, W.K. Journal of dentistry. (2000) [Pubmed]
  20. Association of vitamin D receptor and estrogen receptor-alpha gene polymorphism with peak bone mass and bone size in Chinese women. Qin, Y.J., Zhang, Z.L., Huang, Q.R., He, J.M., Hu, Y.Q., Zhao, Q., Lu, J.H., Li, M., Liu, Y.J. Acta Pharmacol. Sin. (2004) [Pubmed]
  21. CT-determined pulmonary artery diameters in predicting pulmonary hypertension. Kuriyama, K., Gamsu, G., Stern, R.G., Cann, C.E., Herfkens, R.J., Brundage, B.H. Investigative radiology. (1984) [Pubmed]
  22. Purification and characterization of basal apparatuses from a flagellate green alga. Geimer, S., Teltenkötter, A., Plessmann, U., Weber, K., Lechtreck, K.F. Cell Motil. Cytoskeleton (1997) [Pubmed]
  23. Effects of a small talking facial image on autonomic activity: the moderating influence of dispositional BIS and BAS sensitivities and emotions. Ravaja, N. Biological psychology. (2004) [Pubmed]
  24. Stability of benzalkonium surfactants on hemimicelle-based solid-phase extraction cartridges. Luque, N., Merino, F., Rubio, S., Pérez-Bendito, D. Journal of chromatography. A. (2005) [Pubmed]
  25. Liquid chromatographic method development for determination of fungicide epoxiconazole enantiomers by achiral and chiral column switching technique in water and soil. Hutta, M., Rybár, I., Chalányová, M. Journal of chromatography. A. (2002) [Pubmed]
  26. The organization of serotonin-immunoreactive neuronal systems in the brain of the crested newt, Triturus cristatus carnifex Laur. Fasolo, A., Franzoni, M.F., Gaudino, G., Steinbusch, H.W. Cell Tissue Res. (1986) [Pubmed]
  27. Safety and efficacy of colesevelam hydrochloride in combination with fenofibrate for the treatment of mixed hyperlipidemia. McKenney, J., Jones, M., Abby, S. Current medical research and opinion. (2005) [Pubmed]
  28. Molecular genetics support Gray's personality theory: the interaction of COMT and DRD2 polymorphisms predicts the behavioural approach system. Reuter, M., Schmitz, A., Corr, P., Hennig, J. Int. J. Neuropsychopharmacol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  29. Behavioral inhibition and behavioral activation in young children: relations with self-regulation and adaptation to preschool in children attending Head Start. Blair, C. Developmental psychobiology. (2003) [Pubmed]
  30. Oxygen delivery comparison of two constant-flow masks during flight to 6863 m. Hinkelbein, J., Glaser, E., Doerrstein, J., Genzwuerker, H.V. Aviation, space, and environmental medicine. (2006) [Pubmed]
  31. New technique for pancreaticojejunostomy using a biological adhesive. Tashiro, S., Murata, E., Hiraoka, T., Nakakuma, K., Watanabe, E., Miyauchi, Y. The British journal of surgery. (1987) [Pubmed]
  32. Oxcarbazepine vs. valproate in the treatment of mood and schizoaffective disorders. Raja, M., Azzoni, A. Int. J. Neuropsychopharmacol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  33. Behavioral activation system deficits predict the six-month course of depression. McFarland, B.R., Shankman, S.A., Tenke, C.E., Bruder, G.E., Klein, D.N. Journal of affective disorders. (2006) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities