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MeSH Review

Health Maintenance Organizations

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Disease relevance of Health Maintenance Organizations


Psychiatry related information on Health Maintenance Organizations


High impact information on Health Maintenance Organizations

  • METHODS: We analyzed a 5 percent random sample of the 1993 Medicare Part B claims data for beneficiaries over the age of 65 who were not enrolled in health maintenance organizations (HMOs) [9].
  • Methylphenidate prevalence in 2- through 4-year-olds increased at each site: MWM, 3-fold; MAM, 1.7-fold; and HMO, 3.1-fold [10].
  • A similar rank order was observed for the MAM program, while the HMO had nearly 3 times more clonidine than antidepressant use (1.9 vs 0.7) [10].
  • SETTING: A primary care clinic for adult members of a large health maintenance organization in San Diego, Calif. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 9215 adults (4958 women and 4257 men with mean [SD] ages of 55.3 [15.7] and 58.1 [14.5] years, respectively) who responded to a survey questionnaire, which was mailed to all patients 1 week after a clinic visit [11].
  • DESIGN AND SETTING: Cohort and case-control analyses of immunization data tracked from March 1991 through March 1997 for 3 large health maintenance organizations (HMOs) participating in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Vaccine Safety Datalink project [12].

Chemical compound and disease context of Health Maintenance Organizations


Biological context of Health Maintenance Organizations


Anatomical context of Health Maintenance Organizations


Associations of Health Maintenance Organizations with chemical compounds


Gene context of Health Maintenance Organizations

  • Population-based screening for hemochromatosis using phenotypic and DNA testing among employees of health maintenance organizations in Springfield, Missouri [28].
  • METHODS: All health maintenance organization employees were invited to participate in hemochromatosis screening using a repeated elevation of the transferrin saturation test as the case definition (> or = 50% in women and > or = 60% in men with no other cause) [28].
  • PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: The case series included persons whose MRSA-positive infections were identified at a hospital laboratory from January 1, 1993, through February 28, 1994, and a health maintenance organization laboratory from July 1, 1993, through February 28, 1994 [29].
  • This study examined the extent to which a group of female HMO enrollees were aware of the discovery of the BRCA1 gene and, without having received detailed information about the test, whether they would be interested in being tested to find out if they have the gene [30].
  • Activity of one of the key CP activating enzymes, CYP2B1 (which is similar to human CYP2B6), was significantly enhanced in the liver and tumor by the HMO diet, which could result in the formation of more pharmacologically active CP metabolites and, therefore, increased CP antitumor response [31].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Health Maintenance Organizations


  1. How often does metronidazole induce pancreatitis? Friedman, G.D., Selby, J.V. Gastroenterology (1990) [Pubmed]
  2. Use of hematopoietic colony-stimulating factors: the American Society of Clinical Oncology survey. The Health Services Research Committee of the American Society of Clinical Oncology. Bennett, C.L., Smith, T.J., Weeks, J.C., Bredt, A.B., Feinglass, J., Fetting, J.H., Hillner, B.E., Somerfield, M.R., Winn, R.J. J. Clin. Oncol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  3. Peptic ulcer and gastrointestinal hemorrhage associated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use in patients younger than 65 years. A large health maintenance organization cohort study. Lanza, L.L., Walker, A.M., Bortnichak, E.A., Dreyer, N.A. Arch. Intern. Med. (1995) [Pubmed]
  4. Inhaled beta-2 adrenergic receptor agonists and primary cardiac arrest. Lemaitre, R.N., Siscovick, D.S., Psaty, B.M., Pearce, R.M., Raghunathan, T.E., Whitsel, E.A., Weinmann, S.A., Anderson, G.D., Lin, D. Am. J. Med. (2002) [Pubmed]
  5. Trends in hypertension prevalence, treatment, and control: in a well-defined older population. Barker, W.H., Mullooly, J.P., Linton, K.L. Hypertension (1998) [Pubmed]
  6. Ambulatory mental health services utilization in three provider plans. Diehr, P., Williams, S.J., Martin, D.P., Price, K. Medical care. (1984) [Pubmed]
  7. Behavioral risk factors among members of a health maintenance organization. Rosal, M.C., Ockene, J.K., Ma, Y., Hebert, J.R., Merriam, P.A., Matthews, C.E., Ockene, I.S. Preventive medicine. (2001) [Pubmed]
  8. Depressive symptoms in users and non-users of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate. Civic, D., Scholes, D., Ichikawa, L., LaCroix, A.Z., Yoshida, C.K., Ott, S.M., Barlow, W.E. Contraception. (2000) [Pubmed]
  9. House calls to the elderly--a vanishing practice among physicians. Meyer, G.S., Gibbons, R.V. N. Engl. J. Med. (1997) [Pubmed]
  10. Trends in the prescribing of psychotropic medications to preschoolers. Zito, J.M., Safer, D.J., dosReis, S., Gardner, J.F., Boles, M., Lynch, F. JAMA (2000) [Pubmed]
  11. Adverse childhood experiences and smoking during adolescence and adulthood. Anda, R.F., Croft, J.B., Felitti, V.J., Nordenberg, D., Giles, W.H., Williamson, D.F., Giovino, G.A. JAMA (1999) [Pubmed]
  12. Immunization levels among premature and low-birth-weight infants and risk factors for delayed up-to-date immunization status. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Vaccine Safety Datalink Group. Davis, R.L., Rubanowice, D., Shinefield, H.R., Lewis, N., Gu, D., Black, S.B., DeStefano, F., Gargiullo, P., Mullooly, J.P., Thompson, R.S., Chen, R.T. JAMA (1999) [Pubmed]
  13. Use of replacement estrogens and the risk of myocardial infarction. Hernandez Avila, M., Walker, A.M., Jick, H. Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.) (1990) [Pubmed]
  14. Digestion of human milk oligosaccharides by healthy infants evaluated by the lactulose hydrogen breath test. Brand-Miller, J.C., McVeagh, P., McNeil, Y., Messer, M. J. Pediatr. (1998) [Pubmed]
  15. Frequency of neonatal bilirubin testing and hyperbilirubinemia in a large health maintenance organization. Newman, T.B., Escobar, G.J., Gonzales, V.M., Armstrong, M.A., Gardner, M.N., Folck, B.F. Pediatrics (1999) [Pubmed]
  16. Sumatriptan treatment for migraine in a health maintenance organization: economic, humanistic, and clinical outcomes. Cohen, J.A., Beall, D., Beck, A., Rawlings, J., Miller, D.W., Clements, B., Pait, D.G., Batenhorst, A. Clinical therapeutics. (1999) [Pubmed]
  17. Cost-effectiveness of anastrozole versus tamoxifen as first-line therapy for postmenopausal women with advanced breast cancer. Simons, W.R., Jones, D., Buzdar, A. Clinical therapeutics. (2003) [Pubmed]
  18. The utility of apolipoprotein E genotyping in the diagnosis of Alzheimer disease in a community-based case series. Tsuang, D., Larson, E.B., Bowen, J., McCormick, W., Teri, L., Nochlin, D., Leverenz, J.B., Peskind, E.R., Lim, A., Raskind, M.A., Thompson, M.L., Mirra, S.S., Gearing, M., Schellenberg, G.D., Kukull, W. Arch. Neurol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  19. Fracture protection provided by long-term estrogen treatment. Maxim, P., Ettinger, B., Spitalny, G.M. Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA. (1995) [Pubmed]
  20. Integrating chiropractic in managed care. Simpson, C.A. Managed care quarterly. (1996) [Pubmed]
  21. Intestinal first-pass metabolism of eperisone in the rat. Mihara, K., Matsumura, M., Yoshioka, E., Hanada, K., Nakasa, H., Ohmori, S., Kitada, M., Ogata, H. Pharm. Res. (2001) [Pubmed]
  22. Effect of dietary fats on the delta 6- and delta 5-desaturation of fatty acids in rat liver microsomes. Kirstein, D., Høy, C.E., Hølmer, G. Br. J. Nutr. (1983) [Pubmed]
  23. Evidence for self-selection among health maintenance organization enrollees. Jackson-Beeck, M., Kleinman, J.H. JAMA (1983) [Pubmed]
  24. Comparison of health outcomes at a health maintenance organisation with those of fee-for-service care. Ware, J.E., Brook, R.H., Rogers, W.H., Keeler, E.B., Davies, A.R., Sherbourne, C.D., Goldberg, G.A., Camp, P., Newhouse, J.P. Lancet (1986) [Pubmed]
  25. Influenza vaccination programs for elderly persons: cost-effectiveness in a health maintenance organization. Mullooly, J.P., Bennett, M.D., Hornbrook, M.C., Barker, W.H., Williams, W.W., Patriarca, P.A., Rhodes, P.H. Ann. Intern. Med. (1994) [Pubmed]
  26. Serum uric acid unrelated to cancer incidence in humans. Hiatt, R.A., Fireman, B.H. Cancer Res. (1988) [Pubmed]
  27. Lithium use and discontinuation in a health maintenance organization. Johnson, R.E., McFarland, B.H. The American journal of psychiatry. (1996) [Pubmed]
  28. Population-based screening for hemochromatosis using phenotypic and DNA testing among employees of health maintenance organizations in Springfield, Missouri. McDonnell, S.M., Hover, A., Gloe, D., Ou, C.Y., Cogswell, M.E., Grummer-Strawn, L. Am. J. Med. (1999) [Pubmed]
  29. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a high school wrestling team and the surrounding community. Lindenmayer, J.M., Schoenfeld, S., O'Grady, R., Carney, J.K. Arch. Intern. Med. (1998) [Pubmed]
  30. Genetic testing for breast cancer susceptibility: awareness and interest among women in the general population. Tambor, E.S., Rimer, B.K., Strigo, T.S. Am. J. Med. Genet. (1997) [Pubmed]
  31. Intervention of transplantable human mammary carcinoma MX-1 chemotherapy with dietary menhaden oil in athymic mice: increased therapeutic effects and decreased toxicity of cyclophosphamide. Shao, Y., Pardini, L., Pardini, R.S. Nutrition and cancer. (1997) [Pubmed]
  32. Variations in cataract extraction rates in Medicare prepaid and fee-for-service settings. Goldzweig, C.L., Mittman, B.S., Carter, G.M., Donyo, T., Brook, R.H., Lee, P., Mangione, C.M. JAMA (1997) [Pubmed]
  33. Tubal sterilization and the long-term risk of hysterectomy. Stergachis, A., Shy, K.K., Grothaus, L.C., Wagner, E.H., Hecht, J.A., Anderson, G., Normand, E.H., Raboud, J. JAMA (1990) [Pubmed]
  34. Rheumatoid arthritis in women. Incidence rates in group health cooperative, Seattle, Washington, 1987-1989. Dugowson, C.E., Koepsell, T.D., Voigt, L.F., Bley, L., Nelson, J.L., Daling, J.R. Arthritis Rheum. (1991) [Pubmed]
  35. Diagnostic test use in different practice settings. A controlled comparison. Hlatky, M.A., Lee, K.L., Botvinick, E.H., Brundage, B.H. Arch. Intern. Med. (1983) [Pubmed]
  36. Characteristics of patients with asthma within a large HMO: a comparison by age and gender. Osborne, M.L., Vollmer, W.M., Linton, K.L., Buist, A.S. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. (1998) [Pubmed]
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