The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review


Welcome! If you are familiar with the subject of this article, you can contribute to this open access knowledge base by deleting incorrect information, restructuring or completely rewriting any text. Read more.

Disease relevance of Coccidia

  • Eight species of coccidia were recognized in 596 faeces samples from 3 commercial rabbitries in South East England. The level of infection was related to management methods and at one site it was reduced by an outbreak of mucoid enteritis and/or its treatment with oxytetracycline [1].
  • Lasalocid for improved weight gains and control of Coccidia in lambs [2].
  • Results suggest that 1.0 ppm of diclazuril best prevents coccidiosis caused by six species of coccidia in chickens [3].
  • Three polycyclic, polyether, monocarboxylic acid antibiotics produced by and extracted from a strain of Streptomyces albus and designated A204 sodium, A28695A, or A204-np, were specifically tested for activity against hepatic and incidentally against intestinal coccidia of rabbits [4].
  • Polymerase chain reaction tests using DNAs of cat, dog, swine, cattle, human, Sarcocystis cruzi, Eimeria ahsata, E. vermiformis, and Escherichia coli indicated no cross-reaction with nucleic acids of hosts, related coccidia, or bacteria [5].

High impact information on Coccidia

  • The mannitol cycle--a new metabolic pathway in the Coccidia [6].
  • Treatment with metronidazole induced the disappearance of coccidia from the stool and clinical remission [7].
  • Attachment of p-benzophenone side chains at N1 was found to be one of the most effective modifications for enhancing the potency of 6-azauracil against a broad spectrum of coccidia in chickens [8].
  • We also conducted a captive experiment in order to test for the effects of testosterone on resistance to coccidia, which is a common parasite of house finches [9].
  • Apparently, host response to cimetidine is minor in comparison to effects of coccidia on duodenal pH [10].

Chemical compound and disease context of Coccidia

  • Infections of coccidia and low levels of methionine, which in themselves did not produce any significant change in weight gain, did give a significant weight depression in combination [11].
  • In conclusion, addition of Diclazuril at the dose of 5 ppm in the drinking water of naturally coccidia infected bird induced the same effect as 25 ppm of Toltrazuril as a treatment for coccidiosis in chickens [12].

Biological context of Coccidia


Anatomical context of Coccidia


Associations of Coccidia with chemical compounds

  • The duokvin itself showed no appreciable activity against the coccidia [19].
  • For identification of coccidia, modified Ziehl-Neelsen carbolfuchsin staining of formalin-ether concentrates were used, and for other pathogenic parasites, iron hematoxylin-stained smears and formalin-ether concentrates were examined [20].
  • Monensin controlled coccidia slightly better when given at 120 ppm than when given at 100 ppm [21].
  • Efficacy of lasalocid against coccidia in cattle [22].
  • When pullets were reared in floor pens previously seeded with coccidia, amprolium medication in the feed alone reduced the E. tenella-induced mortality rate from 28 to 8% [23].

Gene context of Coccidia

  • We concluded that GPI isozymes in E. tenella can serve as useful markers in experiments on chicken coccidia [24].
  • To investigate their interactions with adenosine kinase, this enzyme was purified by affinity chromatography from the sporulated oocysts of 3 avian coccidia, Eimeria tenella, E. acervulina and E. brunetti as well as from chicken liver [25].
  • The inhibitory effects of IM treatment on oocyst shedding suggest that COX-2 products may have immunosuppressive effects in coccidia infection at local sites of infection [26].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Coccidia


  1. The species of Eimeria in rabbits for meat production in Britain. Catchpole, J., Norton, C.C. Parasitology (1979) [Pubmed]
  2. Lasalocid for improved weight gains and control of Coccidia in lambs. Foreyt, W.J., Parish, S.M., Foreyt, K.M. Am. J. Vet. Res. (1981) [Pubmed]
  3. Anticoccidial efficacy of diclazuril against recent field isolates of Eimeria from commercial poultry farms. McDougald, L.R., Mathis, G.F., Seibert, B.P. Avian Dis. (1990) [Pubmed]
  4. Efficacy of antibiotics A204 sodium A28695A, and A204np against Coccidia of rabbits. Fitzgerald, P.R. J. Protozool. (1976) [Pubmed]
  5. Sensitive and specific polymerase chain reaction detection of Toxoplasma gondii for veterinary and medical diagnosis. MacPherson, J.M., Gajadhar, A.A. Can. J. Vet. Res. (1993) [Pubmed]
  6. The mannitol cycle--a new metabolic pathway in the Coccidia. Schmatz, D.M. Parasitol. Today (Regul. Ed.) (1989) [Pubmed]
  7. Malabsorption syndrome, coccidiosis, combined immune deficiency, and fulminant lymphoproliferative disease. Hallak, A., Yust, I., Ratan, Y., Adar, U. Arch. Intern. Med. (1982) [Pubmed]
  8. Anticoccidial derivatives of 6-azauracil. 5. Potentiation by benzophenone side chains. Carroll, R.D., Miller, M.W., Mylari, B.L., Chappel, L.R., Howes, H.L., Lynch, M.J., Lynch, J.E., Gupta, S.K., Rash, J.J., Koch, R.C. J. Med. Chem. (1983) [Pubmed]
  9. A condition dependent link between testosterone and disease resistance in the house finch. Duckworth, R.A., Mendonça, M.T., Hill, G.E. Proc. Biol. Sci. (2001) [Pubmed]
  10. Dietary cimetidine and copper in Eimeria acervulina-infected chicks. Brown, D.R., Southern, L.L. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. (1986) [Pubmed]
  11. Effect of dietary methionine status on response of chicks to coccidial infection. Murillo, M.G., Jensen, L.S., Ruff, M.D., Rahn, A.P. Poult. Sci. (1976) [Pubmed]
  12. Anticoccidial efficacy of drinking water soluble diclazuril on experimental and field coccidiosis in broiler chickens. El-Banna, H.A., El-Bahy, M.M., El-Zorba, H.Y., El-Hady, M. Journal of veterinary medicine. A, Physiology, pathology, clinical medicine. (2005) [Pubmed]
  13. Effects of decoquinate and clopidol on electron transport in mitochondria of Eimeria tenella (Apicomplexa: Coccidia). Fry, M., Williams, R.B. Biochem. Pharmacol. (1984) [Pubmed]
  14. Avian coccidiosis: the administration of encapsulated oocysts. Norton, C.C., Joyner, L.P. Parasitology (1986) [Pubmed]
  15. Effect of coccidiosis on reproductive maturation of male Japanese quail. Ruff, M.D., Abdel Nabi, M.A., Clarke, R.N., Mobarak, M., Ottinger, M.A. Avian Dis. (1988) [Pubmed]
  16. Influence of monensin on the performance of cattle. Goodrich, R.D., Garrett, J.E., Gast, D.R., Kirick, M.A., Larson, D.A., Meiske, J.C. J. Anim. Sci. (1984) [Pubmed]
  17. Mitogen-induced lymphocyte proliferation and interferon production following coccidia infection. Martin, A., Lillehoj, H.S., Kaspers, B., Bacon, L.D. Avian Dis. (1994) [Pubmed]
  18. Kinetic differences in intestinal and systemic interferon-gamma and antigen-specific antibodies in chickens experimentally infected with Eimeria maxima. Yun, C.H., Lillehoj, H.S., Zhu, J., Min, W. Avian Dis. (2000) [Pubmed]
  19. Potentiation of ionophorous anticoccidials with dihydroquinolines: battery trials against Eimeria tenella in chickens. Varga, I., Laczay, P., Lehel, J., Móra, Z., Romváry, A., Fekete, J. Int. J. Parasitol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  20. Microsporidiosis in Venezuela: prevalence of intestinal microsporidiosis and its contribution to diarrhea in a group of human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients from Zulia State. Chacin-Bonilla, L., Panunzio, A.P., Monsalve-Castillo, F.M., Parra-Cepeda, I.E., Martinez, R. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. (2006) [Pubmed]
  21. Drug sensitivity of coccidia from broiler breeder pullets and from broilers in the same integrated company. Mathis, G.F., McDougald, L.R., McMurray, B. Avian Dis. (1984) [Pubmed]
  22. Efficacy of lasalocid against coccidia in cattle. Fitzgerald, P.R., Mansfield, M.E. J. Parasitol. (1979) [Pubmed]
  23. Supplemental use of liquid amprolium in skip-a-day feeding of replacement pullets. Ruff, M.D., Chute, M.B., Garcia, R. Poult. Sci. (1991) [Pubmed]
  24. Glucose phosphate isomerase isozymes as genetic markers for lines of Eimeria tenella. Nakamura, T., Konishi, T., Kawaguchi, H., Hayashi, Y. Parasitology (1988) [Pubmed]
  25. Purification, characterization, substrate and inhibitor specificity of adenosine kinase from several Eimeria species. Miller, R.L., Adamczyk, D.L., Rideout, J.L., Krenitsky, T.A. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. (1982) [Pubmed]
  26. Effects of treatments with cyclooxygenase inhibitors on chickens infected with Eimeria acervulina. Allen, P.C. Poult. Sci. (2000) [Pubmed]
  27. Enhancement by p-phenylenediamine of osmium for staining coccidia in cell culture. Douglass, T.G., Speer, C.A. J. Parasitol. (1983) [Pubmed]
  28. Starch gel electrophoresis of lactate dehydrogenase and glucose phosphate isomerase of poultry coccidia using the LKB multiphor. Kucera, J. Folia Parasitol. (1989) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities