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MeSH Review


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Disease relevance of Endoscopes


High impact information on Endoscopes


Chemical compound and disease context of Endoscopes

  • The recent development of a pediatric side-viewing endoscope (PJF Endoscope; Olympus Corporation of America) provided an opportunity to investigate the usefulness of endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) for precise visualization of the extrahepatic biliary passages in infants with persistent cryptogenic cholestasis [11].
  • METHODS: We randomized 60 patients with a 6-18 months history of sciatica to either targeted epidural local anaesthetic and steroid placement with a spinal endoscope or caudal epidural local anaesthetic and steroid treatment [12].
  • RESULTS: All 13 patients with luminal stenosis had at least a T3 (n = 12) or T4 (n = 1) lesion up to the level of maximum advancement of the echo endoscope [13].
  • MIVAP was performed with a 1.5 cm suprasternal incision; the operation was then done through this incision with a 30 degree 5 mm endoscope and microsurgical instruments with brief CO2 insufflation for adenoma identification [14].
  • CONCLUSION: Intraoperative fluorescein angiography using an endoscope disclosed unusual findings in the extreme peripheral retina and pars plana of patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy [15].

Biological context of Endoscopes


Anatomical context of Endoscopes

  • METHODS: Consecutive patients detected with columnar mucosa in the distal oesophagus were studied using an Olympus magnification endoscope (GIF-Q16OZ, 115x) [18].
  • Gastric mucosal damage was induced by spraying 80% ethanol on to the gastric mucosa through the biopsy channel of the endoscope [19].
  • Multipolar electrode catheters and a 3.6 mm diameter fibreoptic endoscope with a latex balloon covering the distal tip were inserted into the right atrium [20].
  • To visualize the peri- and epicardium, for video- and photo documentation, two sorts of 8F endoscope were used, either a flexible fibreglass version or a rigid 110 degree one--both made by Storz [21].
  • The 2.5 mm endoscope was also passed from the femoral artery distally into the hind limb and still did not allow adequate visualization of the vessel wall because of persistent luminal blood [22].

Associations of Endoscopes with chemical compounds

  • The endoscope sheath was shown to have screening properties, with a transmission factor of about 30% for the Olympus JFB-1 and about 11% for the JFB-2 and JFB-3 instruments [23].
  • After the application of 0.2% methylene blue, examination using a magnifying endoscope (Olympus CF-HM) revealed characteristic 'worm-eaten' appearances in 75% of the patients regardless of the activity of their disease [24].
  • Appropriate methods for sterilizing endoscopes are reviewed, including sterilization with 2.5 per cent glutaraldehyde solution and ethylene oxide gas [25].
  • A washing tube was passed via the endoscope and 0.1 N hydrochloric acid as well as normal saline were sequentially administered on to the ulcer crater, the sequence of infusion being randomised and double blind [26].
  • A limited dilatation was performed initially if a small calibre endoscope was unable to pass through the stricture [27].

Gene context of Endoscopes

  • CONCLUSION(S): Chemical sterilization of endoscopes can cause clinical manifestations in people with G6PD deficiency, a common enzyme abnormality [28].
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: ICG-sulfo-OSu-labeled mouse anti-human carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) antibody and an infrared fluorescence endoscope were used in this study [29].
  • CONCLUSIONS: An anti-CEA antibody with affinity for cancerous lesions and labeled with ICG-sulfo-OSu can therefore be imaged using this infrared fluorescence endoscope [29].
  • After a baseline 15-min collection and administration of IV synthetic secretin, fluid was continuously collected in 15-min aliquots for an hour. ePFT protocol: Endoscopy was performed using a 6-mm endoscope [30].
  • RESULTS: A simple color filter sheet, suitable for use with endoscopes with removable CCD-video head, appeared to be very effective in improving video endoscopic monitoring during treatment [31].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Endoscopes

  • We have developed an ultrathin endoscope for repeated endoscopy in unsedated subjects and used it with assessment of bleeding rates to investigate aspirin-induced gastric mucosal injury and its prevention by famotidine [8].
  • Sclerotherapy was carried out with an intravariceal injection of 5% ethanolamine oleate through a fiberoptic endoscope [32].
  • An array of methods was employed, including propofol sedation (n = 2), pediatric colonoscope (n = 8), an external straightener (n = 9), external straightener with pediatric colonoscope (n = 2), upper endoscope (n = 8), guidewire exchange (n = 3), and enteroscope with a colon straightener (n = 1) or an enteroscope straightener (n = 1) [33].
  • The effectiveness and versatility of the holmium laser combined with small rigid or flexible endoscopes make it our modality of choice for ureteroscopic lithotripsy [34].
  • METHODS: Questionnaires completed 1 day and 3 months after sigmoidoscopy were reviewed for 388 patients, and glutaraldehyde levels in the recycled rinse water of the endoscope washing machine were measured [35].


  1. Reduced glutaraldehyde susceptibility in Mycobacterium chelonae associated with altered cell wall polysaccharides. Manzoor, S.E., Lambert, P.A., Griffiths, P.A., Gill, M.J., Fraise, A.P. J. Antimicrob. Chemother. (1999) [Pubmed]
  2. Injection sclerotherapy for oesophageal varices in children. Stamatakis, J.D., Howard, E.R., Psacharopoulos, H.T., Mowat, A.P. The British journal of surgery. (1982) [Pubmed]
  3. Sinus headaches reconsidered: referred cephalgia of rhinologic origin masquerading as refractory primary headaches. Clerico, D.M. Headache. (1995) [Pubmed]
  4. Treatment of urinary calculi in a porcine and canine model using the Browne Pneumatic Impactor. Grasso, M., Loisides, P., Beaghler, M., Bagley, D. Urology (1994) [Pubmed]
  5. Pseudo-outbreak of Mycobacterium chelonae and Methylobacterium mesophilicum caused by contamination of an automated endoscopy washer. Kressel, A.B., Kidd, F. Infection control and hospital epidemiology : the official journal of the Society of Hospital Epidemiologists of America. (2001) [Pubmed]
  6. Identification of K-ras mutations: from microscope to endoscope. Tenner, S., Freedman, S., Van Dam, J. Gastroenterology (1996) [Pubmed]
  7. Glutaraldehyde colitis following endoscopy: clinical and pathological features and investigation of an outbreak. West, A.B., Kuan, S.F., Bennick, M., Lagarde, S. Gastroenterology (1995) [Pubmed]
  8. Use of microbleeding and an ultrathin endoscope to assess gastric mucosal protection by famotidine. Daneshmend, T.K., Prichard, P.J., Bhaskar, N.K., Millns, P.J., Hawkey, C.J. Gastroenterology (1989) [Pubmed]
  9. Management of foreign bodies of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Webb, W.A. Gastroenterology (1988) [Pubmed]
  10. Cardiopulmonary risk of esophagogastroduodenoscopy. Role of endoscope diameter and systemic sedation. Lieberman, D.A., Wuerker, C.K., Katon, R.M. Gastroenterology (1985) [Pubmed]
  11. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography in the diagnosis of biliary malformations in infants. Heyman, M.B., Shapiro, H.A., Thaler, M.M. Gastrointest. Endosc. (1988) [Pubmed]
  12. Comparison of caudal steroid epidural with targeted steroid placement during spinal endoscopy for chronic sciatica: a prospective, randomized, double-blind trial. Dashfield, A.K., Taylor, M.B., Cleaver, J.S., Farrow, D. British journal of anaesthesia. (2005) [Pubmed]
  13. Length of esophageal cancer and degree of luminal stenosis during upper endoscopy predict T stage by endoscopic ultrasound. Bhutani, M.S., Barde, C.J., Markert, R.J., Gopalswamy, N. Endoscopy. (2002) [Pubmed]
  14. Minimally invasive video-assisted parathyroidectomy: multiinstitutional study. Lorenz, K., Miccoli, P., Monchik, J.M., Düren, M., Dralle, H. World journal of surgery. (2001) [Pubmed]
  15. Fluorescein angiography of peripheral retina and pars plana during vitrectomy for proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Terasaki, H., Miyake, Y., Awaya, S. Am. J. Ophthalmol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  16. A prospective randomized trial comparing manual and automated endoscope disinfection methods. Fraser, V.J., Zuckerman, G., Clouse, R.E., O'Rourke, S., Jones, M., Klasner, J., Murray, P. Infection control and hospital epidemiology : the official journal of the Society of Hospital Epidemiologists of America. (1993) [Pubmed]
  17. CT characterization of inflammatory paranasal sinus disease in cystic fibrosis. Eggesbø, H.B., Søvik, S., Dølvik, S., Kolmannskog, F. Acta radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987) (2002) [Pubmed]
  18. Magnification chromoendoscopy for the detection of intestinal metaplasia and dysplasia in Barrett's oesophagus. Sharma, P., Weston, A.P., Topalovski, M., Cherian, R., Bhattacharyya, A., Sampliner, R.E. Gut (2003) [Pubmed]
  19. Glutathione prevents ethanol induced gastric mucosal damage and depletion of sulfhydryl compounds in humans. Loguercio, C., Taranto, D., Beneduce, F., del Vecchio Blanco, C., de Vincentiis, A., Nardi, G., Romano, M. Gut (1993) [Pubmed]
  20. Direct in vivo visualization of right cardiac anatomy by fibreoptic endoscopy: observation of radiofrequency-induced acute lesions around the ostium of the coronary sinus. Fujimura, O., Lawton, M.A., Koch, C.A. Eur. Heart J. (1994) [Pubmed]
  21. Pericardioscopy and epicardial biopsy--new diagnostic tools in pericardial and perimyocardial disease. Maisch, B., Bethge, C., Drude, L., Hufnagel, G., Herzum, M., Schönian, U. Eur. Heart J. (1994) [Pubmed]
  22. Endoscopic laser resection of atherosclerotic plaque in a live animal model. A preliminary report on some technical difficulties. Lawrence, P.F., Kercher, J.M., Dries, D.J., Peric-Golia, L., Dixon, J.A. J. Vasc. Surg. (1987) [Pubmed]
  23. Effects of x-radiation on fibreoptic endoscopes. Ashby, B.S., Goodman, D.A. Gut (1980) [Pubmed]
  24. Endoscopic appearances of the rectal mucosa of patients with Crohn's disease visualised with a magnifying colonoscope. Makiyama, K., Bennett, M.K., Jewell, D.P. Gut (1984) [Pubmed]
  25. Salmonella oslo. A focal outbreak in a hospital. Chmel, H., Armstrong, D. Am. J. Med. (1976) [Pubmed]
  26. Acid perfusion of duodenal ulcer craters and ulcer pain: a controlled double blind study. Kang, J.Y., Yap, I., Guan, R., Tay, H.H. Gut (1986) [Pubmed]
  27. Endoscopic palliation for inoperable malignant dysphagia: long term follow up. Maunoury, V., Brunetaud, J.M., Cochelard, D., Boniface, B., Cortot, A., Paris, J.C. Gut (1992) [Pubmed]
  28. Pelvic pain, low blood pressure, and hemolysis after outpatient hysteroscopy in a patient with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency. De Angelis, C., Re, M.E., Santoro, G. Fertil. Steril. (2003) [Pubmed]
  29. Detection of human gastric cancer in resected specimens using a novel infrared fluorescent anti-human carcinoembryonic antigen antibody with an infrared fluorescence endoscope in vitro. Ito, S., Muguruma, N., Kusaka, Y., Tadatsu, M., Inayama, K., Musashi, Y., Yano, M., Bando, T., Honda, H., Shimizu, I., Ii, K., Takesako, K., Takeuchi, H., Shibamura, S. Endoscopy. (2001) [Pubmed]
  30. A randomized crossover study of secretin-stimulated endoscopic and dreiling tube pancreatic function test methods in healthy subjects. Stevens, T., Conwell, D.L., Zuccaro, G., Van Lente, F., Purich, E., Khandwala, F., Fein, S. Am. J. Gastroenterol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  31. Use of sheet color filters for video-endoscopic observation during intraluminal photodynamic therapy. Marijnissen, J.P., Boot, H., Baas, P. Lasers in surgery and medicine. (1996) [Pubmed]
  32. Propranolol in the prevention of recurrent upper gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with cirrhosis undergoing endoscopic sclerotherapy. A randomized controlled trial. Avgerinos, A., Rekoumis, G., Klonis, C., Papadimitriou, N., Gouma, P., Pournaras, S., Raptis, S. J. Hepatol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  33. Method of colonoscopy in 42 consecutive patients presenting after prior incomplete colonoscopy. Rex, D.K., Goodwine, B.W. Am. J. Gastroenterol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  34. Holmium:YAG laser lithotripsy for upper urinary tract calculi in 598 patients. Sofer, M., Watterson, J.D., Wollin, T.A., Nott, L., Razvi, H., Denstedt, J.D. J. Urol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  35. Glutaraldehyde as a possible cause of diarrhoea after sigmoidoscopy. Hanson, J.M., Plusa, S.M., Bennett, M.K., Browell, D.A., Cunliffe, W.J. The British journal of surgery. (1998) [Pubmed]
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