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Tobacco, Smokeless

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Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Tobacco, Smokeless


  1. Effects of smokeless tobacco on chemically transformed hamster oral keratinocytes: role of angiotensin I-converting enzyme. Müns, G., Vishwanatha, J.K., Rubinstein, I. Carcinogenesis (1994) [Pubmed]
  2. A case-control study of soft-tissue sarcoma. Zahm, S.H., Blair, A., Holmes, F.F., Boysen, C.D., Robel, R.J., Fraumeni, J.F. Am. J. Epidemiol. (1989) [Pubmed]
  3. Formation of bacterial mutagens from the reaction of chewing tobacco with nitrite. Whong, W.Z., Stewart, J.D., Ong, T. Mutat. Res. (1985) [Pubmed]
  4. Early overexpression of Cdk4 and possible role of KRF and c-myc in chewing tobacco mediated oral cancer development. Mishra, R., Das, B.R. Mol. Biol. Rep. (2003) [Pubmed]
  5. Comparison of pure nicotine- and smokeless tobacco extract-induced toxicities and oxidative stress. Yildiz, D., Liu, Y.S., Ercal, N., Armstrong, D.W. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  6. Treatment of smokeless tobacco addiction with bupropion and behavior modification. Berigan, T.R., Deagle, E.A. JAMA (1999) [Pubmed]
  7. Smokeless tobacco, reaction time, and strength in athletes. Escher, S.A., Tucker, A.M., Lundin, T.M., Grabiner, M.D. Medicine and science in sports and exercise. (1998) [Pubmed]
  8. Seven year follow-up of smoking cessation with smokeless tobacco. Tilashalski, K., Rodu, B., Cole, P. Journal of psychoactive drugs. (2005) [Pubmed]
  9. Nicotine delivery capabilities of smokeless tobacco products and implications for control of tobacco dependence in South Africa. Ayo-Yusuf, O.A., Swart, T.J., Pickworth, W.B. Tobacco control. (2004) [Pubmed]
  10. Expression of p53 in oral squamous cell carcinoma and its association with risk habits in southern Thailand. Kerdpon, D., Sriplung, H., Kietthubthew, S. Oral Oncol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  11. Nicotine and smokeless tobacco. Benowitz, N.L. CA: a cancer journal for clinicians. (1988) [Pubmed]
  12. Use of multiple drugs among adolescents who use anabolic steroids. DuRant, R.H., Rickert, V.I., Ashworth, C.S., Newman, C., Slavens, G. N. Engl. J. Med. (1993) [Pubmed]
  13. Quantitation of metabolites of 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone after cessation of smokeless tobacco use. Hecht, S.S., Carmella, S.G., Ye, M., Le, K.A., Jensen, J.A., Zimmerman, C.L., Hatsukami, D.K. Cancer Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
  14. Effect of storage conditions on nitrosated, acylated, and oxidized pyridine alkaloid derivatives in smokeless tobacco products. Andersen, R.A., Burton, H.R., Fleming, P.D., Hamilton-Kemp, T.R. Cancer Res. (1989) [Pubmed]
  15. Nicotine absorption and cardiovascular effects with smokeless tobacco use: comparison with cigarettes and nicotine gum. Benowitz, N.L., Porchet, H., Sheiner, L., Jacob, P. Clin. Pharmacol. Ther. (1988) [Pubmed]
  16. Aqueous smokeless tobacco extract impairs endothelium-dependent vasodilation in the oral mucosa. Suzuki, H., Gao, X.P., Olopade, C.O., Jaffe, H.A., Pakhlevaniants, S., Rubinstein, I. J. Appl. Physiol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  17. Ambulatory 24-h blood pressure monitoring in healthy, middle-aged smokeless tobacco users, smokers, and nontobacco users. Bolinder, G., de Faire, U. Am. J. Hypertens. (1998) [Pubmed]
  18. Influence of smokeless tobacco exposure on detoxification status and chromosomal damage in male and female habitues. Mahimkar, M.B., Buch, S.C., Samant, T.A., Kapoor, M.D., Bhisey, R.A. Mutat. Res. (2001) [Pubmed]
  19. Smokeless tobacco and nicotine bring about excessive cytokine responses of murine memory T-cells. Petro, T.M., Schwartzbach, S.D., Zhang, S. Int. J. Immunopharmacol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  20. Mechanisms of smokeless tobacco-induced oral mucosa inflammation: role of bradykinin. Gao, X.P., Vishwanatha, J.K., Conlon, J.M., Olopade, C.O., Rubinstein, I. J. Immunol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  21. A pilot beta-carotene intervention trial with Inuits using smokeless tobacco. Stich, H.F., Hornby, A.P., Dunn, B.P. Int. J. Cancer (1985) [Pubmed]
  22. Nicotine impairs histamine-induced increases in macromolecular efflux: role of oxygen radicals. Mayhan, W.G., Sharpe, G.M. J. Appl. Physiol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  23. The effects of smokeless tobacco on clinical parameters of inflammation and gingival crevicular fluid prostaglandin E2, interleukin-1 alpha, and interleukin-1 beta. Poore, T.K., Johnson, G.K., Reinhardt, R.A., Organ, C.C. J. Periodontol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  24. Detection of tobacco smoke carcinogen-DNA adducts in cultured rat buccal mucosa cells following exposure to ethanol and total cigarette smoke condensate or chewing tobacco. Autrup, J.L., Hansen, C., Autrup, H. Chem. Biol. Interact. (1992) [Pubmed]
  25. Smokeless tobacco and cardiovascular risk. Gupta, R., Gurm, H., Bartholomew, J.R. Arch. Intern. Med. (2004) [Pubmed]
  26. Plasma nicotine and cotinine concentrations in habitual smokeless tobacco users. Gritz, E.R., Baer-Weiss, V., Benowitz, N.L., Van Vunakis, H., Jarvik, M.E. Clin. Pharmacol. Ther. (1981) [Pubmed]
  27. Activation of STAT 5-cyclin D1 pathway in chewing tobacco mediated oral squamous cell carcinoma. Mishra, R., Das, B.R. Mol. Biol. Rep. (2005) [Pubmed]
  28. Molecular cloning, isolation and characterisation of ERK3 gene from chewing-tobacco induced oral squamous cell carcinoma. Rai, R., Mahale, A., Saranath, D. Oral Oncol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  29. Smokeless tobacco extract decreases IL-12 production from LPS-stimulated but increases IL-12 from IFN-gamma-stimulated macrophages. Petro, T.M., Anderson, L.L., Gowler, J.S., Liu, X.J., Schwartzbach, S.D. Int. Immunopharmacol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  30. Tobacco use, body mass index and the risk of malignant lymphomas--a nationwide cohort study in Sweden. Fernberg, P., Odenbro, A., Bellocco, R., Boffetta, P., Pawitan, Y., Adami, J. Int. J. Cancer (2006) [Pubmed]
  31. Enantiomeric composition of N'-nitrosonornicotine and N'-nitrosoanatabine in tobacco. Carmella, S.G., McIntee, E.J., Chen, M., Hecht, S.S. Carcinogenesis (2000) [Pubmed]
  32. Dose-response study of the carcinogenicity of tobacco-specific N-nitrosamines in F344 rats. Hoffmann, D., Rivenson, A., Amin, S., Hecht, S.S. J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol. (1984) [Pubmed]
  33. Effects of behavioral and pharmacological treatment on smokeless tobacco users. Hatsukami, D., Jensen, J., Allen, S., Grillo, M., Bliss, R. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology. (1996) [Pubmed]
  34. Prevalence of short segments of specialized columnar epithelium in distal esophagus: association with gastroesophageal reflux. Dhawan, P.S., Alvares, J.F., Vora, I.M., Joseph, T.K., Bhatia, S.J., Amarapurkar, A.D., Parikh, S.S., Kulkarni, S.G., Kalro, R.H. Indian journal of gastroenterology : official journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology. (2001) [Pubmed]
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