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MeSH Review

Embolism, Air

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Disease relevance of Embolism, Air


High impact information on Embolism, Air

  • All the patients with diving-associated gas embolism had elevated serum creatine kinase activity (normal, < or = 175 U per liter); the values were markedly elevated (> 900 U per liter) in 14 [6].
  • Standing the media before injection resulted in a highly significant reduction of air embolism, reducing the total mean duration of emboli from 1.32 (SD 0.60) s after immediate injection to 0.04 (0.05) s after ten minutes standing for iohexol 340 mg/mL (p < 0.001) [7].
  • Heparin reduces neurological impairment after cerebral arterial air embolism in the rabbit [8].
  • Effect of lidocaine on somatosensory evoked response and cerebral blood flow after canine cerebral air embolism [9].
  • Air embolism of the brain in rabbits pretreated with mechlorethamine [10].

Chemical compound and disease context of Embolism, Air


Biological context of Embolism, Air


Anatomical context of Embolism, Air


Gene context of Embolism, Air


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Embolism, Air


  1. Evidence for subacute fat embolism as the cause of multiple sclerosis. James, P.B. Lancet (1982) [Pubmed]
  2. Effect of gamma-hydroxybutyrate on the reactivity of pial arteries before and after ischemia. Haller, C., Kuschinsky, W., Reimnitz, P. J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. (1986) [Pubmed]
  3. Brain injury after cerebral arterial air embolism in the rabbit as determined by triphenyltetrazolium staining. Hindman, B.J., Dexter, F., Subieta, A., Smith, T., Cutkomp, J. Anesthesiology (1999) [Pubmed]
  4. Effect of arterial blood pressure and ventilation gases on cardiac depression induced by coronary air embolism. van Blankenstein, J.H., Slager, C.J., Soei, L.K., Boersma, H., Verdouw, P.D. J. Appl. Physiol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  5. Protective effect of lidocaine in acute cerebral ischemia induced by air embolism. Evans, D.E., Kobrine, A.I., LeGrys, D.C., Bradley, M.E. J. Neurosurg. (1984) [Pubmed]
  6. Elevation of serum creatine kinase in divers with arterial gas embolization. Smith, R.M., Neuman, T.S. N. Engl. J. Med. (1994) [Pubmed]
  7. Microscopic air embolism during cerebral angiography and strategies for its avoidance. Markus, H., Loh, A., Israel, D., Buckenham, T., Clifton, A., Brown, M.M. Lancet (1993) [Pubmed]
  8. Heparin reduces neurological impairment after cerebral arterial air embolism in the rabbit. Ryu, K.H., Hindman, B.J., Reasoner, D.K., Dexter, F. Stroke (1996) [Pubmed]
  9. Effect of lidocaine on somatosensory evoked response and cerebral blood flow after canine cerebral air embolism. Dutka, A.J., Mink, R., McDermott, J., Clark, J.B., Hallenbeck, J.M. Stroke (1992) [Pubmed]
  10. Air embolism of the brain in rabbits pretreated with mechlorethamine. Helps, S.C., Gorman, D.F. Stroke (1991) [Pubmed]
  11. Effect of the muscarinic agonist carbachol on pial arteries in vivo after endothelial damage by air embolism. Haller, C., Sercombe, R., Verrecchia, C., Fritsch, H., Seylaz, J., Kuschinsky, W. J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. (1987) [Pubmed]
  12. Transcutaneous O2 and CO2 monitoring of neurosurgical patients: detection of air embolism. Glenski, J.A., Cucchiara, R.F. Anesthesiology (1986) [Pubmed]
  13. Doxycycline reduces early neurologic impairment after cerebral arterial air embolism in the rabbit. Reasoner, D.K., Hindman, B.J., Dexter, F., Subieta, A., Cutkomp, J., Smith, T. Anesthesiology (1997) [Pubmed]
  14. Of venous air embolism, aminophylline, and volatile agents. Drummond, J.C. Anesthesiology (1984) [Pubmed]
  15. Venous gas embolism from an Argon coagulator. Veyckemans, F., Michel, I. Anesthesiology (1996) [Pubmed]
  16. Hyperventilation impairs brain function in acute cerebral air embolism in pigs. van Hulst, R.A., Haitsma, J.J., Lameris, T.W., Klein, J., Lachmann, B. Intensive care medicine. (2004) [Pubmed]
  17. Retinal artery air embolism in dogs: fluorescein angiographic evaluation of effects of hypotension and hemodilution. Soga, K., Fujita, H., Andoh, T., Okumura, F. Anesth. Analg. (1999) [Pubmed]
  18. The roles of platelet-activating factor (PAF) in pulmonary vasoconstriction during venous air embolism in anesthetized mongrel dogs. Ohno, S., Suzuki, N., Kitamura, S. Journal of lipid mediators. (1992) [Pubmed]
  19. Restoration of pulmonary perfusion by a serotonin antagonist. Kalenda, Z., Hölzenspies, A.J. Angiology. (1981) [Pubmed]
  20. Cardiopulmonary effect of halothane concentration during pulmonary air embolism in dogs. Yahagi, N., Miyazaki, H., Ito, Y. Resuscitation. (1986) [Pubmed]
  21. Blood-brain barrier dysfunction to peroxidase after air embolism, aggravated by acute ethanol intoxication. Persson, L.I., Rosengren, L.E., Johansson, B.B., Hansson, H.A. J. Neurol. Sci. (1979) [Pubmed]
  22. Different roles of two subgroups of lung vagal C-fiber afferents in the tachypneic response to pulmonary air embolism in dogs. Chen, H.F., Lee, B.P., Kou, Y.R. The Chinese journal of physiology. (2000) [Pubmed]
  23. Effects of a selective endothelin A receptor antagonist, ABT-627, in healthy normotensive anaesthetized rats developing acute pulmonary air embolism. Ayach, B., Tsang, J., Jeng, A.Y., Blouin, A., Gosselin, M., Wang, F.H., Wu-Wong, J.R., Wessale, J., Opgenorth, T.J., Battistini, B. Clin. Sci. (2002) [Pubmed]
  24. Venous air embolism in craniosynostosis surgery: what do we want to detect? Meyer, P.G., Renier, D., Orliaguet, G., Blanot, S., Carli, P. Anesthesiology (2000) [Pubmed]
  25. Hemodynamic and biochemical monitoring during major liver resection with use of hepatic vascular exclusion. Delva, E., Barberousse, J.P., Nordlinger, B., Ollivier, J.M., Vacher, B., Guilmet, C., Huguet, C. Surgery (1984) [Pubmed]
  26. Radiological case of the month. Cerebral air embolism in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. (Osler-Weber-Rendu disease). Petrillo, T.M., Fortenberry, J.D., Chambliss, C.R., Nall, K.C. Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine. (2001) [Pubmed]
  27. Successful treatment of massive arterial air embolism during open heart surgery. Huber, S., Rigler, B., Mächler, H.E., Metzler, H., Smolle-Jüttner, F.M. Ann. Thorac. Surg. (2000) [Pubmed]
  28. Transesophageal echocardiography and transcutaneous O2 and CO2 monitoring for detection of venous air embolism. Glenski, J.A., Cucchiara, R.F., Michenfelder, J.D. Anesthesiology (1986) [Pubmed]
  29. Analysis and comparison of venous air embolism detection methods. Chang, J.L., Albin, M.S., Bunegin, L., Hung, T.K. Neurosurgery (1980) [Pubmed]
  30. Fatal air embolism to the right side of the heart during pneumonectomy for carcinoma. Result of broncho-azygous vein communication and positive-pressure ventilation. Cleveland, J.C. Chest (1977) [Pubmed]
  31. Wound ventilation with carbon dioxide: a simple method to prevent direct airborne contamination during cardiac surgery? Persson, M., van der Linden, J. J. Hosp. Infect. (2004) [Pubmed]
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