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Chemical Compound Review

methanedione     carbon dioxide

Synonyms: AC1L3OQ2, 51-90-1, Carbon-14C dioxide, (14C)Carbon dioxide
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Disease relevance of carbon dioxide


Psychiatry related information on carbon dioxide

  • Carbon dioxide-induced anxiety. Behavioral, physiologic, and biochemical effects of carbon dioxide in patients with panic disorders and healthy subjects [6].
  • Carbon dioxide (CO2) induces amnesia for the passive avoidance response when administered immediately upon termination of the acquisition trial [7].
  • Carbon dioxide measurements are not accurate, especially in children, if the response time of the carbon dioxide analyser is too slow and its output fails to reach the actual carbon dioxide concentration at the end of the breath [8].
  • Carbon dioxide produced retrograde amnesia for the foot shock induced avoidance response [9].
  • Carbon dioxide output increased significantly with task performance, as a result of wash-out of carbon dioxide from body stores by the increased ventilation [10].

High impact information on carbon dioxide


Chemical compound and disease context of carbon dioxide


Biological context of carbon dioxide


Anatomical context of carbon dioxide


Associations of carbon dioxide with other chemical compounds

  • Carbon dioxide was intensively generated by nitrification-denitrification processes, by hydration of urea, to a lesser degree by oxidation of organic matter, and probably by anoxic biodegradation of organics [29].
  • Carbon dioxide (CO2) is one of the most important gases in the atmosphere, and is necessary for sustaining life on Earth. It is also considered to be a major greenhouse gas contributing to global warming and climate change [30].
  • Carbon dioxide and oxygen solubilities are also reported in methyl-tributylammonium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide, butyl-methyl pyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide, and tri-isobutyl-methyl phosphonium p-toluenesulfonate [31].
  • Carbon dioxide partial pressures (pCO2) and CO2 fluxes on air-water interface in different trophic-level areas of Taihu Lake were calculated and corrected using alkalinity, pH, ionic strength, active coefficient, water temperature and wind speed on the basis of the data sets of monthly sampling in 1998 [32].

Gene context of carbon dioxide


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of carbon dioxide


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  2. Carbon dioxide sensitivity of mosquitoes infected with California encephalitis virus. Turell, M.J., Hardy, J.L. Science (1980) [Pubmed]
  3. Carbon dioxide breathing and mountain sickness. Hackett, P.H. Lancet (1989) [Pubmed]
  4. False suffocation alarms, spontaneous panics, and related conditions. An integrative hypothesis. Klein, D.F. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry (1993) [Pubmed]
  5. Pattern of breathing and carbon dioxide retention in chronic obstructive lung disease. Javaheri, S., Blum, J., Kazemi, H. Am. J. Med. (1981) [Pubmed]
  6. Carbon dioxide-induced anxiety. Behavioral, physiologic, and biochemical effects of carbon dioxide in patients with panic disorders and healthy subjects. Woods, S.W., Charney, D.S., Goodman, W.K., Heninger, G.R. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry (1988) [Pubmed]
  7. Parallel changes in behaviour and hippocampal serotonin metabolism in rats following treatment with desglycinamide lysine vasopressin. Ramaekers, F., Rigter, H., Leonard, B.E. Brain Res. (1977) [Pubmed]
  8. How the rise time of carbon dioxide analysers influences the accuracy of carbon dioxide measurements. Brunner, J.X., Westenskow, D.R. British journal of anaesthesia. (1988) [Pubmed]
  9. Changes in brain monoamine metabolism and carbon dioxide induced amnesia in the rat. Leonard, B.E., Rigter, H. Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav. (1975) [Pubmed]
  10. Interaction of mental factors with hypercapnic ventilatory drive in man. Rigg, J.R., Inman, E.M., Saunders, N.A., Leeder, S.R., Jones, N.L. Clinical science and molecular medicine. (1977) [Pubmed]
  11. Carbon dioxide transport and carbonic anhydrase in blood and muscle. Geers, C., Gros, G. Physiol. Rev. (2000) [Pubmed]
  12. Carbon dioxide causes exocytosis of vesicles containing H+ pumps in isolated perfused proximal and collecting tubules. Schwartz, G.J., Al-Awqati, Q. J. Clin. Invest. (1985) [Pubmed]
  13. Carbon dioxide, brain damage, and cardiac surgery. Nevin, M., Pepper, J.R. Lancet (1988) [Pubmed]
  14. Evidence for H+ secretion by the in vivo canine gallbladder. Rege, R.V., Moore, E.W. Gastroenterology (1987) [Pubmed]
  15. Carbon dioxide fixation in the metabolism of propylene and propylene oxide by Xanthobacter strain Py2. Small, F.J., Ensign, S.A. J. Bacteriol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  16. Experimental pathophysiology of panic. Griez, E., Schruers, K. Journal of psychosomatic research. (1998) [Pubmed]
  17. Carbon dioxide absorption: toxicity from sevoflurane and desflurane. Bremerich, D.H., Dudziak, R., Behne, M. Current opinion in anaesthesiology. (1999) [Pubmed]
  18. Hemodynamic and tissue blood flow responses to long-term pneumoperitoneum and hypercapnia in the pig. Yavuz, Y., Rønning, K., Bakkelund, K., Lyng, O., Aadahl, P., Mårvik, R., Grønbech, J.E. Surgical endoscopy. (2006) [Pubmed]
  19. Cerebral hemodynamic and metabolic changes in fulminant hepatic failure: a retrospective study. Aggarwal, S., Kramer, D., Yonas, H., Obrist, W., Kang, Y., Martin, M., Policare, R. Hepatology (1994) [Pubmed]
  20. CO(2) sensing in fungi and beyond. Bahn, Y.S., M??hlschlegel, F.A. Curr. Opin. Microbiol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  21. Fungal CO2 sensing: a breath of fresh air. Mitchell, A.P. Curr. Biol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  22. Carbon dioxide evolution during the cell cycle of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Creanor, J. J. Cell. Sci. (1978) [Pubmed]
  23. Effects of carbon dioxide inhalation on cerebral blood flow and oxygen tissue level in spontaneously hypertensive rabbits. Hegedüs, K., Fekete, I., Molnár, L. Stroke (1992) [Pubmed]
  24. Carbon dioxide sensitivity of dye coupling among glia and neurons of the neocortex. Connors, B.W., Benardo, L.S., Prince, D.A. J. Neurosci. (1984) [Pubmed]
  25. Carbon dioxide permeability of aquaporin-1 measured in erythrocytes and lung of aquaporin-1 null mice and in reconstituted proteoliposomes. Yang, B., Fukuda, N., van Hoek, A., Matthay, M.A., Ma, T., Verkman, A.S. J. Biol. Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
  26. Carbon dioxide reversibly inhibits meiosis of Xenopus laevis oocyte and the appearance of the maturation promoting factor. Bellé, R., Boyer, J., Ozon, R. Dev. Biol. (1982) [Pubmed]
  27. Carbon dioxide, membrane potential and intracellular potassium activity in frog skeletal muscle. Huguenin, F., Reber, W., Zeuthen, T. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (1980) [Pubmed]
  28. Hyalinosis cutis et mucosae in siblings. Haneke, E., Hornstein, O.P., Meisel-Stosiek, M., Steiner, W. Hum. Genet. (1984) [Pubmed]
  29. Impact of urbanization on hydrochemical evolution of groundwater and on unsaturated-zone gas composition in the coastal city of Tel Aviv, Israel. Zilberbrand, M., Rosenthal, E., Shachnai, E. J. Contam. Hydrol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  30. State of energy consumption and CO2 emission in Bangladesh. Azad, A.K., Nashreen, S.W., Sultana, J. Ambio. (2006) [Pubmed]
  31. Anion effects on gas solubility in ionic liquids. Anthony, J.L., Anderson, J.L., Maginn, E.J., Brennecke, J.F. The journal of physical chemistry. B, Condensed matter, materials, surfaces, interfaces & biophysical. (2005) [Pubmed]
  32. Divergence of carbon dioxide fluxes in different trophic areas of Taihu Lake, China. Fan, C.X., Ford, P.W., Hu, W.P., Qin, B.Q. Journal of environmental sciences (China). (2003) [Pubmed]
  33. Carbon dioxide respiratory response during positive inspiratory pressure in COPD patients. Heyer, L., Lorino, H., Delclaux, C., Isabey, D., Harf, A., Lofaso, F. Respiration physiology. (1997) [Pubmed]
  34. Behavioral responses of Drosophila to biogenic levels of carbon dioxide depend on life-stage, sex and olfactory context. Faucher, C., Forstreuter, M., Hilker, M., de Bruyne, M. J. Exp. Biol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  35. Carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum prevents mortality from sepsis. Hanly, E.J., Fuentes, J.M., Aurora, A.R., Bachman, S.L., De Maio, A., Marohn, M.R., Talamini, M.A. Surgical endoscopy. (2006) [Pubmed]
  36. Concerning the mechanism of the ring opening of propylene oxide in the copolymerization of propylene oxide and carbon dioxide to give poly(propylene carbonate). Chisholm, M.H., Zhou, Z. J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2004) [Pubmed]
  37. Carbon dioxide for colonoscopy. Rogers, B.H. Gastroenterology (1980) [Pubmed]
  38. Carbon dioxide retention and oxygen desaturation during gastrointestinal endoscopy. Freeman, M.L., Hennessy, J.T., Cass, O.W., Pheley, A.M. Gastroenterology (1993) [Pubmed]
  39. Carbon-dioxide portography: an expanding role? Vlachogiannakos, J., Patch, D., Watkinson, A., Tibballs, J., Burroughs, A.K. Lancet (2000) [Pubmed]
  40. Spinal cord compression and blood flow. I. The effect of raised cerebrospinal fluid pressure on spinal cord blood flow. Griffiths, I.R., Pitts, L.H., Crawford, R.A., Trench, J.G. Neurology (1978) [Pubmed]
  41. The plant multidrug resistance ABC transporter AtMRP5 is involved in guard cell hormonal signalling and water use. Klein, M., Perfus-Barbeoch, L., Frelet, A., Gaedeke, N., Reinhardt, D., Mueller-Roeber, B., Martinoia, E., Forestier, C. Plant J. (2003) [Pubmed]
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