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MeSH Review

Protein-Energy Malnutrition

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Disease relevance of Protein-Energy Malnutrition


Psychiatry related information on Protein-Energy Malnutrition


High impact information on Protein-Energy Malnutrition


Chemical compound and disease context of Protein-Energy Malnutrition


Biological context of Protein-Energy Malnutrition


Anatomical context of Protein-Energy Malnutrition


Gene context of Protein-Energy Malnutrition

  • RESULTS: Mean (+/-SE) serum SHBG concentrations were higher in the children with kwashiorkor (0.18 +/- 0.07 micromol/L) than in the children with marasmus (0.11 +/- 0.05 micromol/L, P < 0.0001) or the control subjects (0.11 +/- 0.03 micromol/L, P < 0.0005) [26].
  • Prolactin responses to thyrotropin-releasing hromone in protein-calorie malnutrition [27].
  • To determine the effects of protein calorie malnutrition on the spleen, liver-specific IGF-I-deficient mice were assigned to one of four isocaloric diets, differing in the protein content (20, 12, 4, and 0%), for a period of 10 d [28].
  • DESIGN: Nonblinded study of GM-CSF in mice with protein-energy malnutrition [29].
  • Detection of TNF did not correlate with sEPO or Hgb, but did correlate strongly with severe caloric malnutrition (marasmus) and mortality at 6 months (p = 0.049 and 0.04, respectively). gamma-IFN was not detected [30].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Protein-Energy Malnutrition


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  2. Erythrocyte membrane Na+ and K+ activated adenosine triphosphatase in protein-calorie malnutrition. Kaplay, S.S. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1978) [Pubmed]
  3. Pharmacokinetic study of antipyrine in malnourished children. Narang, R.K., Mehta, S., Mathur, V.S. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1977) [Pubmed]
  4. Disappearance of plasma growth hormone in acromegaly and protein-calorie malnutrition after somatostatin. Pimstone, B.L., Becker, D., Kronheim, S. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (1975) [Pubmed]
  5. Intestinal disaccharidases in malnourished infant rats. Jambunathan, L.R., Neuhoff, D., Younoszai, M.K. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1981) [Pubmed]
  6. Clinical and laboratory assessment of zinc deficiency in Dutch children. A review. Van Wouwe, J.P. Biological trace element research. (1995) [Pubmed]
  7. Severe villus atrophy and chronic malabsorption induced by azathioprine. Ziegler, T.R., Fernández-Estívariz, C., Gu, L.H., Fried, M.W., Leader, L.M. Gastroenterology (2003) [Pubmed]
  8. Impact of massive doses of vitamin A on incidence of nutritional blindness. Vijayaraghavan, K., Sarma, K.V., Rao, N.P., Reddy, V. Lancet (1984) [Pubmed]
  9. Hepatic steatosis after intestinal bypass--prevention and reversal by metronidazole, irrespective of protein-calorie malnutrition. Drenick, E.J., Fisler, J., Johnson, D. Gastroenterology (1982) [Pubmed]
  10. Letter: Thyroid-hormone levels in protein-calorie malnutrition. Pain, R.W., Phillips, P.J. Lancet (1976) [Pubmed]
  11. Nutrition and somatomedin. XXIII. Molecular regulation of IGF-I by amino acid availability in cultured hepatocytes. Harp, J.B., Goldstein, S., Phillips, L.S. Diabetes (1991) [Pubmed]
  12. Persistent impairment of insulin secretory response to glucose in adult rats after limited period of protein-calorie malnutrition early in life. Swenne, I., Crace, C.J., Milner, R.D. Diabetes (1987) [Pubmed]
  13. Alveolar macrophage function in rats with severe protein calorie malnutrition. Arachidonic acid metabolism, cytokine release, and antimicrobial activity. Skerrett, S.J., Henderson, W.R., Martin, T.R. J. Immunol. (1990) [Pubmed]
  14. Reversal of protein-energy malnutrition in children during treatment of advanced neoplastic disease. Rickard, K.A., Grosfeld, J.L., Kirksey, A., Ballantine, T.V., Baehner, R.L. Ann. Surg. (1979) [Pubmed]
  15. Cortisol metabolism and the pituitary-adrenal axis in adults with protein-calorie malnutrition. Smith, S.R., Bledsoe, T., Chhetri, M.K. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (1975) [Pubmed]
  16. Prevalence of malnutrition and vitamin A deficiency in the Diourbel, Fatick, and Kaolack regions of Senegal: a controlled study. Carlier, C., Moulia-Pelat, J.P., Ceccon, J.F., Mourey, M.S., Malvy, D., Fall, M., N'Diaye, M., Amédée-Manesme, O. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1991) [Pubmed]
  17. Response of splanchnic and whole-body leucine kinetics to treatment of children with edematous protein-energy malnutrition accompanied by infection. Reid, M., Badaloo, A., Forrester, T., Heird, W.C., Jahoor, F. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (2002) [Pubmed]
  18. Protein and calorie malnutrition among preschool Navajo Indian children, a follow-up. Van Duzen, J., Carter, J.P., Zwagg, R.V. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1976) [Pubmed]
  19. Influence of protein-calorie malnutrition on the pharmacokinetics, placental transfer and tissue localization of dexamethasone in rats. Varma, D.R., Yue, T.L. Br. J. Pharmacol. (1984) [Pubmed]
  20. Serum immunoreactive erythropoietin and erythropoiesis in protein-energy malnutrition. Wickramasinghe, S.N., Cotes, P.M., Gill, D.S., Tam, R.C., Grange, A., Akinyanju, O.O. Br. J. Haematol. (1985) [Pubmed]
  21. The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in infantile malnutrition. Malozowski, S., Muzzo, S., Burrows, R., Leiva, L., Loriaux, L., Chrousos, G., Winterer, J., Cassorla, F. Clin. Endocrinol. (Oxf) (1990) [Pubmed]
  22. Thyroid iodide clearance and radioiodide uptake in protein-calorie malnutrition. Ingenbleek, Y., Beckers, C. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1978) [Pubmed]
  23. Biotin supplementation affects lymphocyte carboxylases and plasma biotin in severe protein-energy malnutrition. Velázquez, A., Terán, M., Báez, A., Gutiérrez, J., Rodríguez, R. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1995) [Pubmed]
  24. Noradrenaline levels and morphologic alterations of myocardium in experimental protein-calorie malnutrition. Rossi, M.A., Pissaia, O., Cury, Y., Oliveira, J.S. J. Pathol. (1980) [Pubmed]
  25. Essential fatty acid status in paediatric Crohn's disease: relationship with disease activity and nutritional status. Trebble, T.M., Wootton, S.A., May, A., Erlewyn-Lajeunesse, M.D., Chakraborty, A., Mullee, M.A., Stroud, M.A., Beattie, R.M. Aliment. Pharmacol. Ther. (2003) [Pubmed]
  26. Serum concentrations of sex hormone binding globulin are elevated in kwashiorkor and anorexia nervosa but not in marasmus. Pascal, N., Amouzou, E.K., Sanni, A., Namour, F., Abdelmouttaleb, I., Vidailhet, M., Guéant, J.L. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (2002) [Pubmed]
  27. Prolactin responses to thyrotropin-releasing hromone in protein-calorie malnutrition. Becker, D.J., Vinik, A.I., Pimstone, B.L., Paul, M. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (1975) [Pubmed]
  28. Protein calorie restriction affects nonhepatic IGF-I production and the lymphoid system: studies using the liver-specific IGF-I gene-deleted mouse model. Naranjo, W.M., Yakar, S., Sanchez-Gomez, M., Perez, A.U., Setser, J., LERoith, D. Endocrinology (2002) [Pubmed]
  29. Antimicrobial effects of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor in protein-energy malnutrition. Hill, A.D., Naama, H., Shou, J., Calvano, S.E., Daly, J.M. Archives of surgery (Chicago, Ill. : 1960) (1995) [Pubmed]
  30. Erythropoietin and cytokine levels in the anemia of severe alcoholic liver disease. Means, R.T., Mendenhall, C.L., Worden, B.D., Moritz, T.E., Chedid, A. Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res. (1996) [Pubmed]
  31. Plasma thyroxine binding prealbumin as an index of mild protein-energy malnutrition in Nigerian children. Ogunshina, S.O., Hussain, M.A. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1980) [Pubmed]
  32. Serum insulin-like growth factors I and II concentrations and growth hormone and insulin responses to arginine infusion in children with protein-energy malnutrition before and after nutritional rehabilitation. Soliman, A.T., Hassan, A.E., Aref, M.K., Hintz, R.L., Rosenfeld, R.G., Rogol, A.D. Pediatr. Res. (1986) [Pubmed]
  33. The measurement of muscle mass in children using [15N]creatine. Picou, D., Reeds, P.J., Jackson, A., Poulter, N. Pediatr. Res. (1976) [Pubmed]
  34. Cutaneous anergy and marrow suppression as complications of gastroplasty for morbid obesity. Schneider, S.B., Erikson, N., Gebel, H.M., Wedner, H.J., Denes, A.E., Halverson, J.D. Surgery (1983) [Pubmed]
  35. Nutritional assessment of two famine prone Ethiopian communities. Alemu, T., Lindtjørn, B. Journal of epidemiology and community health. (1997) [Pubmed]
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