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MeSH Review

Child, Preschool

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  • In a longitudinal study designed to assess the impact of a massive-dose vitamin A programme on the incidence of keratomalacia, 50 000 preschool children in 450 slum areas in Hyderabad city (India) were given 200 000 IU of vitamin A once every 6 months [34].
  • The effect of vitamin A supplementation on preschool child morbidity and mortality was assessed in a prospective double-blind placebo-controlled study around Hyderabad, India. Every six months 200,000 IU vitamin A was given to 7691 children (treatment group) whereas 8084 children received a placebo (control group) [35].
  • Nutrition studies with White Mountain Apache preschool children in 1976 and 1969 [36].
  • METHODS: Using National Immunization Survey data from 1996 through 2001, we compared vaccination coverage rates between non-Hispanic White, non-Hispanic Black, Hispanic, and Asian preschool children [37].
  • A new analytical method gas chromatography combined with UV spectrophotometry was used to measure isoprene and acetone in expired breath collected from four different groups of children: 1) healthy newborn babies, 2) healthy preschool children, 3) healthy school children, and 4) diabetic children in different metabolic states [38].


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  2. Vitamin A supplementation and dietary vitamin A in relation to the risk of xerophthalmia. Fawzi, W.W., Herrera, M.G., Willett, W.C., el Amin, A., Nestel, P., Lipsitz, S., Spiegelman, D., Mohamed, K.A. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1993) [Pubmed]
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  6. Neurodevelopment of children exposed in utero to antidepressant drugs. Nulman, I., Rovet, J., Stewart, D.E., Wolpin, J., Gardner, H.A., Theis, J.G., Kulin, N., Koren, G. N. Engl. J. Med. (1997) [Pubmed]
  7. Efficacy of methylphenidate among preschool children with developmental disabilities and ADHD. Handen, B.L., Feldman, H.M., Lurier, A., Murray, P.J. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. (1999) [Pubmed]
  8. Psychiatric comorbidity and functioning in clinically referred preschool children and school-age youths with ADHD. Wilens, T.E., Biederman, J., Brown, S., Tanguay, S., Monuteaux, M.C., Blake, C., Spencer, T.J. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. (2002) [Pubmed]
  9. Clonidine for posttraumatic stress disorder in preschool children. Harmon, R.J., Riggs, P.D. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. (1996) [Pubmed]
  10. Are all wheezing disorders in very young (preschool) children increasing in prevalence? Kuehni, C.E., Davis, A., Brooke, A.M., Silverman, M. Lancet (2001) [Pubmed]
  11. Efficacy of vitamin A in reducing preschool child mortality in Nepal. West, K.P., Pokhrel, R.P., Katz, J., LeClerq, S.C., Khatry, S.K., Shrestha, S.R., Pradhan, E.K., Tielsch, J.M., Pandey, M.R., Sommer, A. Lancet (1991) [Pubmed]
  12. Short-term effects of vitamin A and antimalarial treatment on erythropoiesis in severely anemic Zanzibari preschool children. Cusick, S.E., Tielsch, J.M., Ramsan, M., Jape, J.K., Sazawal, S., Black, R.E., Stoltzfus, R.J. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (2005) [Pubmed]
  13. Open-label, 8-week trial of olanzapine and risperidone for the treatment of bipolar disorder in preschool-age children. Biederman, J., Mick, E., Hammerness, P., Harpold, T., Aleardi, M., Dougherty, M., Wozniak, J. Biol. Psychiatry (2005) [Pubmed]
  14. Continuous glucose monitoring and the reality of metabolic control in preschool children with type 1 diabetes. Jeha, G.S., Karaviti, L.P., Anderson, B., Smith, E.O., Donaldson, S., McGirk, T.S., Haymond, M.W. Diabetes Care (2004) [Pubmed]
  15. A prevalence study of vitamin A deficiency and xerophthalmia in northeastern Thailand. Bloem, M.W., Wedel, M., Egger, R.J., Speek, A.J., Chusilp, K., Saowakontha, S., Schreurs, W.H. Am. J. Epidemiol. (1989) [Pubmed]
  16. Salivary antibodies to cytomegalovirus (CMV) glycoprotein B accurately predict CMV infections among preschool children. Wang, J.B., Adler, S.P. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  17. Bronchial responsiveness to methacholine and adenosine 5'-monophosphate in preschool children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Kim, d.o. .K., Choi, S.H., Yu, J., Yoo, Y., Kim, B.I., Koh, Y.Y. Pediatr. Pulmonol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  18. Cyclophosphamide in steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome: outcome and outlook. Vester, U., Kranz, B., Zimmermann, S., Hoyer, P.F. Pediatr. Nephrol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  19. Social behavior, cortisol, and sIgA levels in preschool children. Sanchez-Martin, J.R., Cardas, J., Ahedo, L., Fano, E., Echebarria, A., Azpiroz, A. Journal of psychosomatic research. (2001) [Pubmed]
  20. Pharmacokinetics of a sustained-release theophylline preparation in infants and preschool children with asthma. Isles, A.F., Newth, C.J. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. (1985) [Pubmed]
  21. Evaluation of rose bengal staining test and rapid dark-adaptation test for the field assessment of vitamin A status of preschool children in Southern Brazil. Fávaro, R.M., de Souza, N.V., Vannucchi, H., Desai, I.D., de Oliveira, J.E. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1986) [Pubmed]
  22. Effects of urban noise pollution on blood pressure and heart rate in preschool children. Regecová, V., Kellerová, E. J. Hypertens. (1995) [Pubmed]
  23. Bioavailability of a slow-release theophylline capsule given twice daily to preschool children with chronic asthma: comparison with liquid theophylline. Sallent, J., Hill, M., Stecenko, A., McKenzie, M., Hendeles, L. Pediatrics (1988) [Pubmed]
  24. Evaluation of the Alaris Auditory Evoked Potential Index as an indicator of anesthetic depth in preschool children during induction of anesthesia with sevoflurane and remifentanil. Weber, F., Bein, T., Hobbhahn, J., Taeger, K. Anesthesiology (2004) [Pubmed]
  25. Pyridoxine status in preschool children in northeast Thailand: a community survey. Changbumrung, S., Schelp, F.P., Hongtong, K., Buavatana, T., Supawan, V., Migasena, P. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1985) [Pubmed]
  26. Erythrocyte L-aspartyl-L-phenylalanine hydrolase activity and plasma phenylalanine and aspartate concentrations in children consuming diets high in aspartame. Stegink, L.D., Lindgren, S.D., Brummel, M.C., Stumbo, P.J., Wolraich, M.L. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1995) [Pubmed]
  27. Effect of a micronutrient fortificant mixture and 2 amounts of calcium on iron and zinc absorption from a processed food supplement. Mendoza, C., Peerson, J.M., Brown, K.H., Lönnerdal, B. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (2004) [Pubmed]
  28. Nutrition studied in Thailand. II. Effects of fortification of rice with lysine, threonine, thiamin, riboflavin, vitamin A, and iron on preschool children. Gershoff, S.N., McGandy, R.B., Suttapreyasri, D., Promkutkao, C., Nondasuta, A., Pisolyabutra, U., Tantiwongse, P., Viravaidhaya, V. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1977) [Pubmed]
  29. Randomized controlled trial of fluticasone in preschool children with intermittent wheeze. Pao, C.S., McKenzie, S.A. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. (2002) [Pubmed]
  30. Pulmonary function tests in preschool children with cystic fibrosis. Beydon, N., Amsallem, F., Bellet, M., Boulé, M., Chaussain, M., Denjean, A., Matran, R., Pin, I., Alberti, C., Gaultier, C. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. (2002) [Pubmed]
  31. Serum proteinase inhibitors and other serum proteins in protein-energy malnutrition. Schelp, F.P., Migasena, P., Pongpaew, P., Schreurs, W.H., Supawan, V. Br. J. Nutr. (1977) [Pubmed]
  32. Prealbumin, transferrin and two serum proteinase inhibitors in healthy Bangkok preschool children. Changbumrung, S., Supawan, V., Schelp, F.P., Poshakrishana, P. Southeast Asian J. Trop. Med. Public Health (1981) [Pubmed]
  33. The prevalence of the FMR1 and FMR2 mutations among preschool children with language delay. Mazzocco, M.M., Myers, G.F., Hamner, J.L., Panoscha, R., Shapiro, B.K., Reiss, A.L. J. Pediatr. (1998) [Pubmed]
  34. Impact of massive doses of vitamin A on incidence of nutritional blindness. Vijayaraghavan, K., Sarma, K.V., Rao, N.P., Reddy, V. Lancet (1984) [Pubmed]
  35. Effect of massive dose vitamin A on morbidity and mortality in Indian children. Vijayaraghavan, K., Radhaiah, G., Prakasam, B.S., Sarma, K.V., Reddy, V. Lancet (1990) [Pubmed]
  36. Nutrition studies with White Mountain Apache preschool children in 1976 and 1969. Owen, G.M., Garry, P.J., Seymoure, R.D., Harrison, G.G., Acosta, P.B. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1981) [Pubmed]
  37. Racial/ethnic disparities in preschool immunizations: United States, 1996-2001. Chu, S.Y., Barker, L.E., Smith, P.J. American journal of public health. (2004) [Pubmed]
  38. Exhaled isoprene and acetone in newborn infants and in children with diabetes mellitus. Nelson, N., Lagesson, V., Nosratabadi, A.R., Ludvigsson, J., Tagesson, C. Pediatr. Res. (1998) [Pubmed]
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