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MeSH Review

Burkina Faso

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Disease relevance of Burkina Faso


Psychiatry related information on Burkina Faso

  • Milk from 101 mothers living in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) showed a mean lipid content of 33.42 g/l and a fatty acid composition strongly related to the mothers' dietary habits: high proportions of linoleic acid (19.80%), n-6 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (1.90%), and 8:0-14:0 saturated fatty acids (26.94%) [6].

High impact information on Burkina Faso

  • METHODS: A randomised double-blind placebo-controlled trial was carried out in public clinics of Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, and Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso [7].
  • BACKGROUND: On March 21, 1998, the Regional Health Authority of Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso, asked the Centre Muraz to investigate an unexplained outbreak of epidemic fatal encephalopathy (EFE) [8].
  • A case of epidermodysplasia verruciformis in a patient from Upper-Volta is described [9].
  • Sera collected during the post-epidemic period (1970 to 1977) in Senegal, Sierra Leone, Mali, Upper Volta, Chad, Niger and Gabon were also examined; 1573 (68%) were VN antibody negative (less than or equal to 1:4), while 733 (32%) and 433 (19%) had titers of 1:8 or greater and 1:16 or over, respectively [10].
  • In two phase II clinical trials on methylene blue (MB) antimalarial therapy in rural Burkina Faso, paediatric and adult participants were tested for G6PD deficiency [11].

Chemical compound and disease context of Burkina Faso


Biological context of Burkina Faso

  • Four Trypanosoma (T.) congolense reference clones with known isometamidium sensitivity and 16 T. congolense stocks from cattle in Kénédougou in south-western Burkina Faso, an area with known history of drug resistance, were characterised with the standard mouse test (SMT) and the drug incubation infectivity test (DIIT) [17].
  • Preliminary data indicate no differences in the fecundity of X(A)X(A) and X(A)X(B) females, but there are indications that G. m. submorsitans in colonies originating from Burkina Faso and Nigeria have genes on the autosomes and (or) the Y chromosome that suppress expression of sex-ratio distortion [18].
  • BACKGROUND: Vitamin A deficiency remains a public health problem in Burkina Faso and elsewhere in the developing world [19].
  • In the Upper Region along the border with Upper Volta now named Burkina Faso, a total of 185 clay-core dams were constructed in 15 years to enhance village water supplies during the 6-month dry season [20].
  • Sera from individuals in the process of either acquiring natural resistance (from different age groups in a village of Upper Volta) or losing acquired resistance (adults travelling from hyperendemic areas of Africa to France) were compared [21].

Associations of Burkina Faso with chemical compounds


Gene context of Burkina Faso


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Burkina Faso


  1. Epilepsy in a focus of onchocerciasis in Burkina Faso. Kabore, J.K., Cabore, J.W., Melaku, Z., Druet-Cabanac, M., Preux, P.M. Lancet (1996) [Pubmed]
  2. A 24-bp duplication in exon 10 of human chitotriosidase gene from the sub-Saharan to the Mediterranean area: role of parasitic diseases and environmental conditions. Malaguarnera, L., Simporè, J., Prodi, D.A., Angius, A., Sassu, A., Persico, I., Barone, R., Musumeci, S. Genes Immun. (2003) [Pubmed]
  3. TNF as a malaria candidate gene: polymorphism-screening and family-based association analysis of mild malaria attack and parasitemia in Burkina Faso. Flori, L., Delahaye, N.F., Iraqi, F.A., Hernandez-Valladares, M., Fumoux, F., Rihet, P. Genes Immun. (2005) [Pubmed]
  4. Molecular epidemiology of meningococci isolated in Niger in 2003 shows serogroup A sequence type (ST)-7 and serogroup W135 ST-11 or ST-2881 strains. Nicolas, P., Djibo, S., Moussa, A., Tenebray, B., Boisier, P., Chanteau, S. J. Clin. Microbiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  5. Effect of chloroquine chemoprophylaxis during pregnancy on birth weight: results of a randomized trial. Cot, M., Roisin, A., Barro, D., Yada, A., Verhave, J.P., Carnevale, P., Breart, G. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. (1992) [Pubmed]
  6. High proportions of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids in mature milk of mothers in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Rocquelin, G., Kiffer, J., Tapsoba, S., Bouda, C. Acta Paediatr. (2001) [Pubmed]
  7. 6-month efficacy, tolerance, and acceptability of a short regimen of oral zidovudine to reduce vertical transmission of HIV in breastfed children in Côte d'Ivoire and Burkina Faso: a double-blind placebo-controlled multicentre trial. DITRAME Study Group. DIminution de la Transmission Mère-Enfant. Dabis, F., Msellati, P., Meda, N., Welffens-Ekra, C., You, B., Manigart, O., Leroy, V., Simonon, A., Cartoux, M., Combe, P., Ouangré, A., Ramon, R., Ky-Zerbo, O., Montcho, C., Salamon, R., Rouzioux, C., Van de Perre, P., Mandelbrot, L. Lancet (1999) [Pubmed]
  8. Epidemic of fatal encephalopathy in preschool children in Burkina Faso and consumption of unripe ackee (Blighia sapida) fruit. Meda, H.A., Diallo, B., Buchet, J.P., Lison, D., Barennes, H., Ouangré, A., Sanou, M., Cousens, S., Tall, F., Van de Perre, P. Lancet (1999) [Pubmed]
  9. Characterization of a human papillomavirus from epidermodysplasia verruciformis lesions of a patient from Upper-volta. Pfister, H., Nürnberger, F., Gissmann, L., zur Hausen, H. Int. J. Cancer (1981) [Pubmed]
  10. Seroepidemiologic studies of acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis virus (enterovirus type 70) in West Africa. II. Studies with human sera collected in West African countries other than Ghana. Kono, R., Miyamura, K., Yamazaki, S., Sasagawa, A., Kurahashi, H., Tajiri, E., Takeda, N., Robin, Y., Renaudet, J., Ishii, K., Nakazono, N., Sawada, H., Uchida, Y., Minami, K. Am. J. Epidemiol. (1981) [Pubmed]
  11. Diagnosis of red cell G6PD deficiency in rural Burkina Faso: comparison of a rapid fluorescent enzyme test on filter paper with polymerase chain reaction based genotyping. Meissner, P.E., Coulibaly, B., Mandi, G., Mansmann, U., Witte, S., Schiek, W., Müller, O., Heiner Schirmer, R., Mockenhaupt, F.P., Bienzle, U. Br. J. Haematol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  12. Amodiaquine, sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine, and combination therapy for uncomplicated falciparum malaria: a randomized controlled trial from Burkina Faso. Zongo, I., Dorsey, G., Rouamba, N., Dokomajilar, C., Lankoande, M., Ouedraogo, J.B., Rosenthal, P.J. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. (2005) [Pubmed]
  13. Failure of falciparum malaria prophylaxis by mefloquine in travelers from West Africa. Raccurt, C.P., Dumestre-Toulet, V., Abraham, E., Le Bras, M., Brachet-Liermain, A., Ripert, C. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. (1991) [Pubmed]
  14. Elevated levels of plasma homocysteine in postmenopausal women in Burkina Faso. Chillemi, R., Simpore, J., Persichilli, S., Minucci, A., D'Agata, A., Musumeci, S. Clin. Chem. Lab. Med. (2005) [Pubmed]
  15. The economics of blindness prevention in Upper Volta under the Onchocerciasis Control Program. Prescott, N., Prost, A., Le Berre, R. Social science & medicine (1982) (1984) [Pubmed]
  16. Modelling endemic onchocerciasis in man in the presence of vector controls. Jerwood, D., Saporu, F.W. Medical informatics = Médecine et informatique. (1988) [Pubmed]
  17. Isometamidium sensitivity of Trypanosoma congolense stocks from cattle in West Africa tested in mice and the drug incubation infectivity test. Knoppe, T.N., Bauer, B., McDermott, J.J., Peregrine, A.S., Mehlitz, D., Clausen, P.H. Acta Trop. (2006) [Pubmed]
  18. Photographic polytene chromosome maps for Glossina morsitans submorsitans (Diptera: Glossinidae): cytogenetic analysis of a colony with sex-ratio distortion. Gariou-Papalexiou, A., Yannopoulos, G., Zacharopoulou, A., Gooding, R.H. Genome (2002) [Pubmed]
  19. Community assessment of availability, consumption, and cultural acceptability of food sources of (pro)vitamin a: toward the development of a dietary intervention among preschool children in rural Burkina Faso. Nana, C.P., Brouwer, I.D., Zagré, N.M., Kok, F.J., Traoré, A.S. Food and nutrition bulletin. (2005) [Pubmed]
  20. Inherited burden of disease: agricultural dams and the persistence of bloody urine (Schistosomiasis hematobium) in the Upper East Region of Ghana, 1959-1997. Hunter, J.M. Social science & medicine (1982) (2003) [Pubmed]
  21. Changes in recognition of Plasmodium falciparum antigens by human sera depending on previous malaria exposure. Dubois, P., Druilhe, P., Arriat, D., Jendoubi, M., Jouin, H. Ann. Inst. Pasteur Immunol. (1987) [Pubmed]
  22. In vivo sensitivity of Plasmodium falciparum to halofantrine hydrochloride in Burkina Faso. Del Nero, L., Lamizana, L., Nebie, I., Sare, S., Bougouma, L., Pietra, V. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. (1994) [Pubmed]
  23. Influence of deltamethrin treatment of bed nets on malaria transmission in the Kou valley, Burkina Faso. Robert, V., Carnevale, P. Bull. World Health Organ. (1991) [Pubmed]
  24. Anaemia during pregnancy in Burkina Faso, west Africa, 1995-96: prevalence and associated factors. DITRAME Study Group. Meda, N., Mandelbrot, L., Cartoux, M., Dao, B., Ouangré, A., Dabis, F. Bull. World Health Organ. (1999) [Pubmed]
  25. Therapeutic and prophylactic activity of isometamidium chloride against a tsetse-transmitted drug-resistant clone of Trypanosoma congolense in Boran cattle. Sutherland, I.A., Moloo, S.K., Holmes, P.H., Peregrine, A.S. Acta Trop. (1991) [Pubmed]
  26. Oxidation processes and clogging in intermittent unsaturated infiltration. Bancolé, A., Brissaud, F., Gnagne, T. Water Sci. Technol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  27. Molecular epidemiology of neisseria meningitidis isolated in the African Meningitis Belt between 1988 and 2003 shows dominance of sequence type 5 (ST-5) and ST-11 complexes. Nicolas, P., Norheim, G., Garnotel, E., Djibo, S., Caugant, D.A. J. Clin. Microbiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  28. Correlation between beta 2-microglobulin and soluble interleukin-2 receptor levels in plasma of individuals living in a malarial endemic region. Chumpitazi, B.F., Renversez, J.C., Peyron, F., Boudin, C., Picot, S., Ambroise-Thomas, P. Int. J. Parasitol. (1990) [Pubmed]
  29. Serological evaluation of a simplified immunization schedule using quadruple DPT-polio vaccine in Burkina Faso. Rümke, H.C., Schlumberger, M., Floury, B., Nagel, J., van Steenis, B. Vaccine (1993) [Pubmed]
  30. Trypanocidal failure suggested by PCR results in cattle field samples. Gall, Y., Woitag, T., Bauer, B., Sidibe, I., McDermott, J., Mehlitz, D., Clausen, P.H. Acta Trop. (2004) [Pubmed]
  31. Serodiagnosis of Schistosoma mansoni infections in an endemic area of Burkina Faso: performance of several immunological tests with different parasite antigens. Sorgho, H., Bahgat, M., Poda, J.N., Song, W., Kirsten, C., Doenhoff, M.J., Zongo, I., Ouédraogo, J.B., Ruppel, A. Acta Trop. (2005) [Pubmed]
  32. A comparative study on the oestrous response to PGF2 alpha analogue treatment, and conception rates according to time of artificial insemination, in Zebu (Bos indicus) and Baoulé (Bos taurus) cattle. Mattoni, M., Ouedraogo, A. Tropical animal health and production. (2000) [Pubmed]
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