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MeSH Review

Problem Solving

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Disease relevance of Problem Solving


Psychiatry related information on Problem Solving

  • Volumetric reduction of the corpus callosum in temporal lobe epilepsy was of clinical significance with smaller volumes associated with poorer performance on measures of nonverbal problem solving, immediate memory, speeded complex psychomotor ability and fine motor dexterity [6].
  • All subjects were assessed on the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, the Autobiographical Memory Test and the Mean Ends Problem-Solving procedure and also completed the Beck Depression Inventory, the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale, the Sociotropy Autonomy Scale and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Questionnaire [7].
  • RESULTS: Five individual studies that compared antidepressant or psychological treatments to placebo in patients with minor depression suggest short-term improvements in depressive symptoms with paroxetine, problem-solving therapy, and cognitive behavioral therapy, but not with amitryptiline [8].
  • An adequate model was unable to be estimated, thus raising questions about the meaning of the latent construct planning/problem-solving and the psychometric structure of the Tower of London Test [9].
  • This article examines the influence of self-efficacy beliefs on problem-solving coping, functional disability, and psychological well-being for 101 recently diagnosed adult patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) [10].

High impact information on Problem Solving

  • INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomly assigned to receive paroxetine (n = 137) or placebo (n = 140), starting at 10 mg/d and titrated to a maximum of 40 mg/d, or problem-solving treatment-primary care (PST-PC; n = 138) [11].
  • Do clozapine and risperidone affect social competence and problem solving [12]?
  • One measure (the Pin Test) correlated significantly with performance on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest the importance of combining motivational with instructional factors for training psychiatric patients in problem solving [13].
  • For example, the theory assumes that creative problem solving is improved, in part, because increased dopamine release in the anterior cingulate improves cognitive flexibility and facilitates the selection of cognitive perspective [14].
  • During the 12 intervention sessions with diabetic adolescents, different procedures were applied: instruction, blood glucose discrimination training, role-playing, relaxation exercises, self-instructions, problem-solving strategies, and homework, among others [15].

Chemical compound and disease context of Problem Solving

  • METHODS: These three strategies of data analysis were applied to changes in regional cerebral blood flow induced by a visuospatial problem-solving task in 38 healthy subjects as measured by the intravenous xenon-133 method with 32 stationary detectors [16].
  • Amantadine recipients also performed less well on an objective test measuring sustained attention and problem-solving ability [17].
  • Data were collected from self-report questionnaires, from an interview rated for Expressed Emotion (EE) and from direct observation of a family problem solving task which was rated for evidence of Minuchin's 'psychosomatic family' dimensions [18].
  • The results showed significantly less impairment with treatment by diphenylhydantoin than by sulthiame, and substantial differences were revealed on intellectual tasks, on tasks calling for sustained concentration and attention, and on psychomotor problem-solving tasks [19].
  • This experiment compared the cardiovascular, cortisol and affective responses to a problem solving task of non-smoking young men (n = 16) and regular smokers randomised to overnight abstinence (n = 14) and smoking 30 min prior to testing (n = 19) [20].

Biological context of Problem Solving


Anatomical context of Problem Solving

  • We explored this deficit in problem solving by studying the performance of schizophrenic patients after receiving concrete and explicit instructions on how to do the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, a task thought to be mediated by prefrontal cortex [26].
  • In this paper, we examine in more detail the performance of 10 cytogenetically expressing women and 10 control women on 2 problem solving measures considered sensitive to frontal lobe functions: the Contingency Naming Test and the Tower of Hanoi [27].
  • Offspring assigned to the Cincinnati test system were evaluated for growth, mortality, incisor eruption, eye opening, vaginal patency, surface righting, negative geotaxis, pivoting, olfactory orientation, swimming ontogeny, figure-8 activity, and complex water maze (Biel) problem solving [28].
  • MR has a problem-solving role, and conventional venography is now limited to specific scenarios including evaluation of central DVT in the upper extremities, as a prelude to intervention for thrombolysis/thrombectomy, and prior to placement of an inferior vena cava filter [29].

Gene context of Problem Solving

  • Chronic anxiety adversely affects cognitive skills in all groups, and is associated with significantly greater decline in problem solving skills in cognitively normal APOE e4 HMZ [30].
  • Carcinoembryonic antigen testing can enhance problem solving in difficult cases and help prevent needless invasive interventions [31].
  • Conceptual understanding was assessed by the ability to spontaneously use such relational properties in problem solving (Task 1) and to recognize and explain them when prompted (Task 2) [32].
  • Deficient social problem-solving in boys with ODD/CD, with ADHD, and with both disorders [33].
  • Our data suggest that clinic-based problem-solving groups can be more effective with young adolescents with IDDM than conventional treatment in preventing the expected deterioration in blood glucose [34].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Problem Solving


  1. Screening for prostate cancer with the prostate-specific antigen test: are patients making informed decisions? O'Dell, K.J., Volk, R.J., Cass, A.R., Spann, S.J. The Journal of family practice. (1999) [Pubmed]
  2. Modeling and designing a proteomics application on PROTEUS. Cannataro, M., Cuda, G., Veltri, P. Methods of information in medicine. (2005) [Pubmed]
  3. Vaccine-Associated Feline Sarcoma Task Force: a new model for problem solving in veterinary medicine. Starr, R.M. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. (1998) [Pubmed]
  4. BRCA1/2 testing in hereditary breast and ovarian cancer families: effectiveness of problem-solving training as a counseling intervention. McInerney-Leo, A., Biesecker, B.B., Hadley, D.W., Kase, R.G., Giambarresi, T.R., Johnson, E., Lerman, C., Struewing, J.P. Am. J. Med. Genet. A (2004) [Pubmed]
  5. Cognitive skills in mathematical problem solving in Grade 3. Desoete, A., Roeyers, H. The British journal of educational psychology. (2005) [Pubmed]
  6. Neurodevelopmental vulnerability of the corpus callosum to childhood onset localization-related epilepsy. Hermann, B., Hansen, R., Seidenberg, M., Magnotta, V., O'Leary, D. Neuroimage (2003) [Pubmed]
  7. Cognitive vulnerability in patients with bipolar disorder. Scott, J., Stanton, B., Garland, A., Ferrier, I.N. Psychological medicine. (2000) [Pubmed]
  8. Rational treatment choices for non-major depressions in primary care: an evidence-based review. Ackermann, R.T., Williams, J.W. Journal of general internal medicine : official journal of the Society for Research and Education in Primary Care Internal Medicine. (2002) [Pubmed]
  9. On testing the face validity of planning/problem-solving tasks in a normal population. Kafer, K.L., Hunter, M. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society : JINS. (1997) [Pubmed]
  10. Assessing the impact of self-efficacy beliefs on adaptation to rheumatoid arthritis. Schiaffino, K.M., Revenson, T.A., Gibofsky, A. Arthritis care and research : the official journal of the Arthritis Health Professions Association. (1991) [Pubmed]
  11. Treatment of dysthymia and minor depression in primary care: A randomized controlled trial in older adults. Williams, J.W., Barrett, J., Oxman, T., Frank, E., Katon, W., Sullivan, M., Cornell, J., Sengupta, A. JAMA (2000) [Pubmed]
  12. Do clozapine and risperidone affect social competence and problem solving? Bellack, A.S., Schooler, N.R., Marder, S.R., Kane, J.M., Brown, C.H., Yang, Y. The American journal of psychiatry. (2004) [Pubmed]
  13. Wisconsin Card Sorting Test performance in schizophrenia: remediation of a stubborn deficit. Green, M.F., Satz, P., Ganzell, S., Vaclav, J.F. The American journal of psychiatry. (1992) [Pubmed]
  14. A neuropsychological theory of positive affect and its influence on cognition. Ashby, F.G., Isen, A.M., Turken, A.U. Psychological review. (1999) [Pubmed]
  15. Effects of a behavioral intervention on treatment adherence and stress management in adolescents with IDDM. Méndez, F.J., Beléndez, M. Diabetes Care (1997) [Pubmed]
  16. Data analysis in behavioral cerebral blood flow activation studies using xenon-133 clearance. Lagrèze, H.L., Hartmann, A. Stroke (1993) [Pubmed]
  17. Comparative toxicity of amantadine hydrochloride and rimantadine hydrochloride in healthy adults. Hayden, F.G., Gwaltney, J.M., Van de Castle, R.L., Adams, K.F., Giordani, B. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (1981) [Pubmed]
  18. The families of anorexia nervosa and cystic fibrosis patients. Blair, C., Freeman, C., Cull, A. Psychological medicine. (1995) [Pubmed]
  19. Effects of sulthiame upon intellectual, neuropsychological, and social functioning abilities among adult epileptics: comparison with diphenylhydantoin. Dodrill, C.B. Epilepsia (1975) [Pubmed]
  20. Cigarette smoking and psychophysiological stress responsiveness: effects of recent smoking and temporary abstinence. Tsuda, A., Steptoe, A., West, R., Fieldman, G., Kirschbaum, C. Psychopharmacology (Berl.) (1996) [Pubmed]
  21. The Utrecht model of teaching veterinary medicine and the role of veterinary parasitology. Eysker, M. Vet. Parasitol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  22. Worker safety and glutaraldehyde in the gastrointestinal lab environment. Cohen, N.L., Patton, C.M. Gastroenterology nursing : the official journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates. (2006) [Pubmed]
  23. Sex differences in mental rotations: an effect of time limits? Resnick, S.M. Brain and cognition. (1993) [Pubmed]
  24. The Turner syndrome: cognitive deficits, affective discrimination, and behavior problems. McCauley, E., Kay, T., Ito, J., Treder, R. Child development. (1987) [Pubmed]
  25. Predictors of initiation of early sex in black and white adolescent females. Felton, G.M., Bartoces, M. Public health nursing (Boston, Mass.) (2002) [Pubmed]
  26. Probing prefrontal function in schizophrenia with neuropsychological paradigms. Goldberg, T.E., Weinberger, D.R. Schizophrenia bulletin. (1988) [Pubmed]
  27. Problem solving limitations among cytogenetically expressing fragile X women. Mazzocco, M.M., Hagerman, R.J., Pennington, B.F. Am. J. Med. Genet. (1992) [Pubmed]
  28. Behavioral effects of prenatal methylmercury in rats: a parallel trial to the Collaborative Behavioral Teratology Study. Vorhees, C.V. Neurobehavioral toxicology and teratology. (1985) [Pubmed]
  29. Current DVT imaging. Katz, D.S., Hon, M. Techniques in vascular and interventional radiology. (2004) [Pubmed]
  30. A distinctive interaction between chronic anxiety and problem solving in asymptomatic APOE e4 homozygotes. Caselli, R.J., Reiman, E.M., Hentz, J.G., Osborne, D., Alexander, G.E. The Journal of neuropsychiatry and clinical neurosciences. (2004) [Pubmed]
  31. The usefulness of carcinoembryonic antigen testing in the overall management of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer. Sadoff, L. Am. J. Clin. Oncol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  32. The role of conceptual understanding in children's addition problem solving. Canobi, K.H., Reeve, R.A., Pattison, P.E. Developmental psychology. (1998) [Pubmed]
  33. Deficient social problem-solving in boys with ODD/CD, with ADHD, and with both disorders. Matthys, W., Cuperus, J.M., Van Engeland, H. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. (1999) [Pubmed]
  34. Effects of peer-group intervention on metabolic control of adolescents with IDDM. Randomized outpatient study. Anderson, B.J., Wolf, F.M., Burkhart, M.T., Cornell, R.G., Bacon, G.E. Diabetes Care (1989) [Pubmed]
  35. Tape test as a simple new method for the study of compounds increasing the problem-solving ability of the rat. Ezer, E., Szporny, L. Psychopharmacology (Berl.) (1976) [Pubmed]
  36. Child problem solving competence, behavioral adjustment and adherence to lipid-lowering diet. Hanna, K.J., Ewart, C.K., Kwiterovich, P.O. Patient education and counseling. (1990) [Pubmed]
  37. Learning from disappointing outcomes: an evaluation of prevocational interventions for methadone maintenance patients. Lidz, V., Sorrentino, D.M., Robison, L., Bunce, S. Substance use & misuse. (2004) [Pubmed]
  38. Personal problem-solving system for scoring TAT responses: preliminary validity and reliability data. Ronan, G.F., Colavito, V.A., Hammontree, S.R. Journal of personality assessment. (1993) [Pubmed]
  39. Nursing decisions; experiences in problem solving. Series 2; number 2. Sara N.; an anxious patient undergoing cardiac catheterization. de Tornyay, R., Piazza, D., Jackson, B.S. RN. (1976) [Pubmed]
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