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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review

Memory, Short-Term

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Disease relevance of Memory, Short-Term

  • The concentration of sICAM-5 correlated with the performance in the immediate recall task (p = 0.013) and with the leukocyte count in the CSF (p = 0.02), especially in cases caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV) (r = 0.94; p = 0.002) [1].
  • Forty-three patients with multiple sclerosis showed disturbances in short-term memory, learning, and delayed recall which were associated with years of active disease (average was 4.5 years), age, presence of flareup, but not steroid/ACTH treatment [2].
  • OBJECTIVE: To examine effects of donepezil on short-term memory and sustained attention in postacute patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) [3].
  • In this study the anticholinergic drug, trihexyphenidyl, at low doses when administered chronically for one month to Parkinson disease patients caused a decrease in performance on recent but not immediate memory tests [4].
  • The interaction between the avitaminosis and ethanol neurotoxicity exerted its effects through the inhibition of the development of the intermediate (ITM) stage of memory (i.e., following 10 min after training), consequently affecting development of the long-term stage of memory and leaving the short-term memory stage intact [5].

Psychiatry related information on Memory, Short-Term


High impact information on Memory, Short-Term


Chemical compound and disease context of Memory, Short-Term

  • Severe tissue necrosis after cisplatin extravasation at low concentration: possible "immediate recall phenomenon" [16].
  • Methadone subjects performed significantly poorer on several tests of learning and immediate recall compared to absitinent subjects [17].
  • Additional experiments showed that anisomycin and Rp-cAMPS interfered with long-term memory (LTM), but not short-term memory (STM), of fear and that the effect on LTM was specific to memory consolidation processes rather than to deficits in sensory or performance processes [18].
  • In contrast, little is known about the role of DA in modulating other executive aspects of working memory such as the use of short-term memory to guide action [19].
  • The second half of the symposium consisted of papers on the state-of-the-art developments in the application of molecular biology to the studies of the atrial natriuretic factor and renin genes, adenylate cyclase-coupled adrenergic receptors, acetylcholine receptors and sodium channel, and long-term and short-term memories [20].

Biological context of Memory, Short-Term


Anatomical context of Memory, Short-Term

  • A role in learning for SRF: deletion in the adult forebrain disrupts LTD and the formation of an immediate memory of a novel context [26].
  • As infusions of the GR agonist into the hippocampus 60 min before training did not influence water-maze acquisition or immediate recall, the findings indicated that the GR agonist-induced retention impairment was induced selectively by an influence on information retrieval [27].
  • The membrane may serve as a short-term memory of peptides from antigens encountered by the presenting cell, for dynamic sampling by MHC molecules to be available for presentation to T cells [28].
  • In this paper we provide evidence that noradrenaline acts at beta1-ARs in the basal ganglia (lobus parolfactorius or medial striatum) in short-term memory processing immediately post-training and demonstrate inhibition of memory by selective AR antagonists at particular times in the sequential memory processing sequence after training [29].
  • We have been able to reproduce short-term memory deficits in our rat intravenous model of prenatal cocaine exposure, and as short-term memory is dependent on the function of dopamine neurons innervating the medial prefrontal cortex, we hypothesized that prenatal cocaine induces a dysfunction in the regulation of this pathway [30].

Gene context of Memory, Short-Term

  • Gdi1-deficient mice are impaired in tasks requiring formation of short-term temporal associations, suggesting a defect in short-term memory [31].
  • Interestingly, reduced LTP paralleled plaque appearance and increased Abeta levels and abnormal short-term memory (working memory) [32].
  • No changes in measures of anxiety, hunger, or short-term memory were observed at doses of L-365,260 shown to have antagonist activity at the CCK-B receptor [33].
  • In contrast, CTSD T/APOEepsilon4-positive volunteers scored lower on tests of fluid intelligence (P = 0.015), processing speed (ACT, P = 0.001; RL, P = 0.013) and immediate recall (P = 0.029) [34].
  • Volado mutants display impaired olfactory memories within 3 min of training, indicating that the integrin is required for short-term memory processes [14].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Memory, Short-Term


  1. Release of soluble ICAM-5, a neuronal adhesion molecule, in acute encephalitis. Lindsberg, P.J., Launes, J., Tian, L., Välimaa, H., Subramanian, V., Sirén, J., Hokkanen, L., Hyypiä, T., Carpén, O., Gahmberg, C.G. Neurology (2002) [Pubmed]
  2. Deficient learning and memory in early and middle phases of multiple sclerosis. Grant, I., McDonald, W.I., Trimble, M.R., Smith, E., Reed, R. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. (1984) [Pubmed]
  3. Cholinergic augmentation with donepezil enhances recovery in short-term memory and sustained attention after traumatic brain injury. Zhang, L., Plotkin, R.C., Wang, G., Sandel, M.E., Lee, S. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. (2004) [Pubmed]
  4. Disturbance of recent memory function in parkinsonian patients on anticholinergic therapy. Koller, W.C. Cortex; a journal devoted to the study of the nervous system and behavior. (1984) [Pubmed]
  5. Phenytoin ameliorates the memory deficit induced in the young chick by ethanol toxicity in association with thiamine deficiency. Crowe, S.F., El-Hadj, D. Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav. (2002) [Pubmed]
  6. A double dissociation between accuracy and time of execution on attentional tasks in Alzheimer's disease and multi-infarct dementia. Gainotti, G., Marra, C., Villa, G. Brain (2001) [Pubmed]
  7. Psychomotor performance in smokers following single and repeated doses of nicotine gum. Sherwood, N., Kerr, J.S., Hindmarch, I. Psychopharmacology (Berl.) (1992) [Pubmed]
  8. Opposing roles for GABAA and GABAC receptors in short-term memory formation in young chicks. Gibbs, M.E., Johnston, G.A. Neuroscience (2005) [Pubmed]
  9. A comparison of the amnesic effects of lorazepam in alcoholics and non-alcoholics. Mallick, J.L., Kirkby, K.C., Martin, F., Philp, M., Hennessy, M.J. Psychopharmacology (Berl.) (1993) [Pubmed]
  10. Hippocampal overexpression of mutant creb blocks long-term, but not short-term memory for a socially transmitted food preference. Brightwell, J.J., Smith, C.A., Countryman, R.A., Neve, R.L., Colombo, P.J. Learn. Mem. (2005) [Pubmed]
  11. Drosophila fasciclinII is required for the formation of odor memories and for normal sensitivity to alcohol. Cheng, Y., Endo, K., Wu, K., Rodan, A.R., Heberlein, U., Davis, R.L. Cell (2001) [Pubmed]
  12. Bacteriophage T4 Alc protein: a transcription termination factor sensing local modification of DNA. Kashlev, M., Nudler, E., Goldfarb, A., White, T., Kutter, E. Cell (1993) [Pubmed]
  13. A neurofibromatosis-1-regulated pathway is required for learning in Drosophila. Guo, H.F., Tong, J., Hannan, F., Luo, L., Zhong, Y. Nature (2000) [Pubmed]
  14. Integrin-mediated short-term memory in Drosophila. Grotewiel, M.S., Beck, C.D., Wu, K.H., Zhu, X.R., Davis, R.L. Nature (1998) [Pubmed]
  15. Localization of a short-term memory in Drosophila. Zars, T., Fischer, M., Schulz, R., Heisenberg, M. Science (2000) [Pubmed]
  16. Severe tissue necrosis after cisplatin extravasation at low concentration: possible "immediate recall phenomenon". Bairey, O., Bishara, J., Stahl, B., Shaklai, M. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. (1997) [Pubmed]
  17. Physiological and psychological effects of methadone in man. Gritz, E.R., Shiffman, S.M., Jarvik, M.E., Haber, J., Dymond, A.M., Coger, R., Charuvastra, V., Schlesinger, J. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry (1975) [Pubmed]
  18. Memory consolidation of auditory pavlovian fear conditioning requires protein synthesis and protein kinase A in the amygdala. Schafe, G.E., LeDoux, J.E. J. Neurosci. (2000) [Pubmed]
  19. D1 receptor modulation of hippocampal-prefrontal cortical circuits integrating spatial memory with executive functions in the rat. Seamans, J.K., Floresco, S.B., Phillips, A.G. J. Neurosci. (1998) [Pubmed]
  20. Molecular biology in physiology. Chien, S., Gargus, J.J. FASEB J. (1987) [Pubmed]
  21. Effects of diphenhydramine on human eye movements. Hopfenbeck, J.R., Cowley, D.S., Radant, A., Greenblatt, D.J., Roy-Byrne, P.P. Psychopharmacology (Berl.) (1995) [Pubmed]
  22. Electrophysiological localization of brain regions involved in perceptual memory. Reinvang, I., Magnussen, S., Greenlee, M.W., Larsson, P.G. Experimental brain research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation cérébrale. (1998) [Pubmed]
  23. Prenatal cocaine exposure disrupts non-spatial, short-term memory in adolescent and adult male rats. Morrow, B.A., Elsworth, J.D., Roth, R.H. Behav. Brain Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
  24. Possible short-term memory loss associated with nafarelin acetate. Kortepeter, C., Macmillan, M., Ferrell, R. The Annals of pharmacotherapy. (1992) [Pubmed]
  25. Apolipoprotein E, B vitamins, and cognitive function in older adults. Bunce, D., Kivipelto, M., Wahlin, A. The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences. (2005) [Pubmed]
  26. A role in learning for SRF: deletion in the adult forebrain disrupts LTD and the formation of an immediate memory of a novel context. Etkin, A., Alarcón, J.M., Weisberg, S.P., Touzani, K., Huang, Y.Y., Nordheim, A., Kandel, E.R. Neuron (2006) [Pubmed]
  27. The hippocampus mediates glucocorticoid-induced impairment of spatial memory retrieval: dependence on the basolateral amygdala. Roozendaal, B., Griffith, Q.K., Buranday, J., De Quervain, D.J., McGaugh, J.L. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2003) [Pubmed]
  28. Protein antigenic structures recognized by T cells: potential applications to vaccine design. Berzofsky, J.A., Cease, K.B., Cornette, J.L., Spouge, J.L., Margalit, H., Berkower, I.J., Good, M.F., Miller, L.H., DeLisi, C. Immunol. Rev. (1987) [Pubmed]
  29. Contrasting roles for beta1, beta2 and beta3-adrenoceptors in memory formation in the chick. Gibbs, M.E., Summers, R.J. Neuroscience (2005) [Pubmed]
  30. Prenatal cocaine exposure increases mesoprefrontal dopamine neuron responsivity to mild stress. Elsworth, J.D., Morrow, B.A., Roth, R.H. Synapse (2001) [Pubmed]
  31. Deletion of the mental retardation gene Gdi1 impairs associative memory and alters social behavior in mice. D'Adamo, P., Welzl, H., Papadimitriou, S., Raffaele di Barletta, M., Tiveron, C., Tatangelo, L., Pozzi, L., Chapman, P.F., Knevett, S.G., Ramsay, M.F., Valtorta, F., Leoni, C., Menegon, A., Wolfer, D.P., Lipp, H.P., Toniolo, D. Hum. Mol. Genet. (2002) [Pubmed]
  32. Progressive age-related development of Alzheimer-like pathology in APP/PS1 mice. Trinchese, F., Liu, S., Battaglia, F., Walter, S., Mathews, P.M., Arancio, O. Ann. Neurol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  33. Human pharmacokinetics and tolerability of L-365,260, a novel cholecystokinin-B antagonist. Grasing, K., Murphy, M.G., Lin, J., Swigar, M., Freedholm, D., Clarke, L., Zhang, J., Wolkowitz, O.M., Weingartner, H., Putnam, K., Seibold, J.R. Journal of clinical pharmacology. (1996) [Pubmed]
  34. Influence and interactions of cathepsin D, HLA-DRB1 and APOE on cognitive abilities in an older non-demented population. Payton, A., van den Boogerd, E., Davidson, Y., Gibbons, L., Ollier, W., Rabbitt, P., Worthington, J., Horan, M., Pendleton, N. Genes Brain Behav. (2006) [Pubmed]
  35. Antisense oligodeoxynucleotide-mediated disruption of hippocampal cAMP response element binding protein levels impairs consolidation of memory for water maze training. Guzowski, J.F., McGaugh, J.L. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1997) [Pubmed]
  36. Male rats exposed to cocaine in utero demonstrate elevated expression of Fos in the prefrontal cortex in response to environment. Morrow, B.A., Elsworth, J.D., Roth, R.H. Neuropsychopharmacology (2002) [Pubmed]
  37. Decrease in short-term memory function induced by CCK-4 in healthy volunteers. Shlik, J., Koszycki, D., Bradwejn, J. Peptides (1998) [Pubmed]
  38. Effect of switching to atypical antipsychotics on memory in patients with chronic schizophrenia. Mori, K., Nagao, M., Yamashita, H., Morinobu, S., Yamawaki, S. Prog. Neuropsychopharmacol. Biol. Psychiatry (2004) [Pubmed]
  39. Behavioral assessment of Alzheimer's transgenic mice following long-term Abeta vaccination: task specificity and correlations between Abeta deposition and spatial memory. Arendash, G.W., Gordon, M.N., Diamond, D.M., Austin, L.A., Hatcher, J.M., Jantzen, P., DiCarlo, G., Wilcock, D., Morgan, D. DNA Cell Biol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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