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Chemical Compound Review

CARBOXIN     2-methyl-N-phenyl-5,6- dihydro-1,4...

Synonyms: Karboxyn, Murganic, Vitaflow, Carboxine, Vitavax, ...
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Disease relevance of Vitavax


Psychiatry related information on Vitavax

  • Subjects for this study were 1,478 community-recruited women sexual partners of male injection drug users who were participants in the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)-supported Women Helping to Empower and Enhance Lives (WHEEL) project [6].

High impact information on Vitavax


Chemical compound and disease context of Vitavax


Biological context of Vitavax


Anatomical context of Vitavax


Associations of Vitavax with other chemical compounds


Gene context of Vitavax

  • The surface characteristics of different tooth-colored restoratives polished with the Enhance system, white stones, and the Super-snap system were evaluated using profilometry and microhardness testing [24].
  • The results of using three different finishing systems (Sof-Lex, Enhance, finishing burs) on two composites (Silux, Prisma TPH), a traditional glass ionomer (Ketac-Fil), and a resin-modified glass ionomer (Fuji II LC) were studied [25].
  • Knock-down of the Cytoprotective Gene, Clusterin, to Enhance Hormone and Chemosensitivity in Prostate and Other Cancers [26].
  • Targeting the Short Form of cFLIP by RNA Interference is Sufficient to Enhance TRAIL Sensitivity in PC3 Prostate Carcinoma Cells [27].
  • In this study the polishability of four hybrid composites (Pertac, APH, Herculite, and Z100) was compared after finishing and polishing with the Caulk Enhance polishing kit, Kerr composite finishing kit, and the ESPE MFS/MPS polishing kit [28].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Vitavax


  1. Antibodies to gp350/220 Enhance the Ability of Epstein-Barr Virus To Infect Epithelial Cells. Turk, S.M., Jiang, R., Chesnokova, L.S., Hutt-Fletcher, L.M. J. Virol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  2. Compensatory Mutations in E1, p7, NS2, and NS3 Enhance Yields of Cell Culture-Infectious Intergenotypic Chimeric Hepatitis C Virus. Yi, M., Ma, Y., Yates, J., Lemon, S.M. J. Virol. (2007) [Pubmed]
  3. Human Cytomegalovirus (HCMV) Infection of Endothelial Cells Promotes Naive Monocyte Extravasation and Transfer of Productive Virus To Enhance Hematogenous Dissemination of HCMV. Bentz, G.L., Jarquin-Pardo, M., Chan, G., Smith, M.S., Sinzger, C., Yurochko, A.D. J. Virol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  4. Antibodies Enhance Interaction of Vibrio cholerae with Intestinal M-Like Cells. Blanco, L.P., Dirita, V.J. Infect. Immun. (2006) [Pubmed]
  5. Polydnavirus Genes that Enhance the Baculovirus Expression Vector System. Fath-Goodin, A., Kroemer, J., Martin, S., Reeves, K., Webb, B.A. Adv. Virus Res. (2006) [Pubmed]
  6. Early life sexual abuse as a risk factor for crack cocaine use in a sample of community-recruited women at high risk for illicit drug use. Freeman, R.C., Collier, K., Parillo, K.M. The American journal of drug and alcohol abuse. (2002) [Pubmed]
  7. Effects of Diazoxide on Gene Expression in Rat Pancreatic Islets Are Largely Linked to Elevated Glucose and Potentially Serve to Enhance {beta}-Cell Sensitivity. Ma, Z., Portwood, N., Brodin, D., Grill, V., Björklund, A. Diabetes (2007) [Pubmed]
  8. Augmented IL-7 Signaling during Viral Infection Drives Greater Expansion of Effector T Cells but Does Not Enhance Memory. Sun, J.C., Lehar, S.M., Bevan, M.J. J. Immunol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  9. Small Organic Compounds Enhance Antigen Loading of Class II Major Histocompatibility Complex Proteins by Targeting the Polymorphic P1 Pocket. H??pner, S., Dickhaut, K., Hofst??tter, M., Kr??mer, H., R??ckerl, D., S??derh??ll, J.A., Gupta, S., Marin-Esteban, V., K??hne, R., Freund, C., Jung, G., Falk, K., R??tzschke, O. J. Biol. Chem. (2006) [Pubmed]
  10. PTH-Induced Actin Depolymerization Increases Mechanosensitive Channel Activity to Enhance Mechanically Stimulated Ca(2+) Signaling in Osteoblasts*. Zhang, J., Ryder, K.D., Bethel, J.A., Ramirez, R., Duncan, R.L. J. Bone Miner. Res. (2006) [Pubmed]
  11. Insulin Growth Factor-I and Epidermal Growth Factor Receptors Recruit Distinct Upstream Signaling Molecules to Enhance AKT Activation in Mammary Epithelial Cells. Fleming, J.M., Desury, G., Polanco, T.A., Cohick, W.S. Endocrinology (2006) [Pubmed]
  12. The PROTECT Study: final results of a large multicenter postmarketing study in patients with type 2 diabetes. Precose Resolution of Optimal Titration to Enhance Current Therapies. Buse, J., Hart, K., Minasi, L. Clinical therapeutics. (1998) [Pubmed]
  13. Why Can't the Immune System Control HIV-1? Defining HIV-1-Specific CD4+ T Cell Immunity in Order to Develop Strategies to Enhance Viral Immunity. Ostrowski, M.A., Yu, Q., Yue, F.Y., Liu, J., Jones, B., Gu, X.X., Loutfy, M., Kovacs, C.M., Halpenny, R. Immunol. Res. (2006) [Pubmed]
  14. Genes That Enhance the Ecological Fitness of Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 in Sediments Reveal the Value of Antibiotic Resistance. Groh, J.L., Luo, Q., Ballard, J.D., Krumholz, L.R. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2007) [Pubmed]
  15. Resistance and mitotic instability to chloroneb and 1,4-oxathiin in Aspergillus nidulans. Azevedo, J.L., Santana, E.P., Bonatelli, R. Mutat. Res. (1977) [Pubmed]
  16. Transfer for urgent percutaneous coronary intervention early after thrombolysis for ST-elevation myocardial infarction: The TRANSFER-AMI pilot feasibility study. Cantor, W.J., Burnstein, J., Choi, R., Heffernan, M., Dzavik, V., Lazzam, C., Duic, M., Fitchett, D., Tan, M., Wawrzyniak, J., Kassam, S., Dhingra, S., Morrison, L.J., Langer, A., Goodman, S.G. The Canadian journal of cardiology (2006) [Pubmed]
  17. Do Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors Enhance the Effect of Exercise Rehabilitation in Patients With Hypertension and ACE DD and DI Genotypes? Duzli, Y., Grossman, E., Gaides, M., Segev, S., Gal, N., Ben-Dov, I. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation (2007) [Pubmed]
  18. Some biochemical changes in young barley plants, due to the Vitavax disinfection of seeds against Ustilago nuda (Jens.) Rostr. Krátká, J. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Zweite naturwissenschaftliche Abt.: Allgemeine, landwirtschaftliche und technische Mikrobiologie. (1975) [Pubmed]
  19. Noladin Ether Acts on Trabecular Meshwork Cannabinoid (CB1) Receptors to Enhance Aqueous Humor Outflow Facility. Njie, Y.F., Kumar, A., Qiao, Z., Zhong, L., Song, Z.H. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (2006) [Pubmed]
  20. Infusions of 5alpha-Pregnan-3alpha-Ol-20-One (3alpha,5alpha-THP) to the Ventral Tegmental Area, but not the Substantia Nigra, Enhance Exploratory, Anti-Anxiety, Social and Sexual Behaviours and Concomitantly Increase 3alpha,5alpha-THP Concentrations in the Hippocampus, Diencephalon and Cortex of Ovariectomised Oestrogen-Primed Rats. Frye, C.A., Rhodes, M.E. J. Neuroendocrinol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  21. Calcineurin Promotes Infection of the Cornea by Candida albicans and Can Be Targeted To Enhance Fluconazole Therapy. Onyewu, C., Afshari, N.A., Heitman, J. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (2006) [Pubmed]
  22. PROTECT interim results: a large multicenter study of patients with type II diabetes. Precose Resolution of Optimal Titration to Enhance Current Therapies. Baron, A., Neumann, C. Clinical therapeutics. (1997) [Pubmed]
  23. Xylitol and Glycine Fillers Increase Permeability of PMMA to Enhance Elution of Daptomycin. McLaren, A.C., McLaren, S.G., Smeltzer, M. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. (2006) [Pubmed]
  24. Surface characteristics of tooth-colored restoratives polished utilizing different polishing systems. Yap, A.U., Lye, K.W., Sau, C.W. Operative dentistry. (1997) [Pubmed]
  25. The effect of three finishing systems on four esthetic restorative materials. Hoelscher, D.C., Neme, A.M., Pink, F.E., Hughes, P.J. Operative dentistry. (1998) [Pubmed]
  26. Knock-down of the Cytoprotective Gene, Clusterin, to Enhance Hormone and Chemosensitivity in Prostate and Other Cancers. Gleave, M., Chi, K.N. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. (2005) [Pubmed]
  27. Targeting the Short Form of cFLIP by RNA Interference is Sufficient to Enhance TRAIL Sensitivity in PC3 Prostate Carcinoma Cells. White, S.J., Lu, P., Keller, G.M., Voelkel-Johnson, C. Cancer Biol. Ther. (2006) [Pubmed]
  28. The effect of three polishing systems on the surface roughness of four hybrid composites: a profilometric and scanning electron microscopy study. Kaplan, B.A., Goldstein, G.R., Vijayaraghavan, T.V., Nelson, I.K. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry. (1996) [Pubmed]
  29. Determination of 5,6-dihydro-2-methyl-1,4-oxathiin-3-carboxanilide (vitavax) and two of its photoproducts by high speed liquid chromatography. Wolkoff, A.W., Onuska, F.I., Comba, M.E., Larose, R.H. Anal. Chem. (1975) [Pubmed]
  30. Perioperative Chemotherapy in Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer to Enhance Survival and/or as a Strategy for Bladder Preservation. Sternberg, C.N. Semin. Oncol. (2007) [Pubmed]
  31. Comparison of sperm separation methods: effect on recovery, motility, motion parameters, and hyperactivation. Centola, G.M., Herko, R., Andolina, E., Weisensel, S. Fertil. Steril. (1998) [Pubmed]
  32. Conjunctival changes associated with glaucoma therapy: implications for the external disease consultant and the treatment of glaucoma. Liesegang, T.J. Cornea (1998) [Pubmed]
  33. Thrombus aspiration before primary angioplasty improves myocardial reperfusion in acute myocardial infarction: the DEAR-MI (Dethrombosis to Enhance Acute Reperfusion in Myocardial Infarction) study. Silva-Orrego, P., Colombo, P., Bigi, R., Gregori, D., Delgado, A., Salvade, P., Oreglia, J., Orrico, P., de Biase, A., Piccal??, G., Bossi, I., Klugmann, S. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. (2006) [Pubmed]
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