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MeSH Review

National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)

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Disease relevance of National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)


High impact information on National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)

  • The Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences has called for public and private purchasers of health care to create incentives for physician organizations (POs) to use CMPs and for the government to assist POs in implementing information technology (IT) to facilitate CMP use [6].
  • The basal diet, a standard commercial mouse chow containing more vitamin A than the National Research Council recommends as a daily allowance for rodents, supported normal growth, reproduction, and longevity of normal mice [7].
  • The Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission was established in Hiroshima in 1947 and in Nagasaki in 1948 under the auspices of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences to initiate a long-term and comprehensive epidemiological and genetic study of the atomic bomb survivors [8].
  • The current recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for vitamin C, as proposed by the Food and Nutrition Board/National Research Council in 1980 and reconfirmed in 1989, is 60 mg daily for nonsmoking adult males [9].
  • Finally, this review attempts to examine the needs for better information using as a basis the concerns briefly mentioned in the recent NRC report "Copper in Drinking Water" (National Research Council, 2000) [10].

Chemical compound and disease context of National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)


Biological context of National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)


Anatomical context of National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)


Associations of National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) with chemical compounds


Gene context of National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)

  • Dietary supplementation, with a 15-fold increase in vitamin E (160 IU/l) in the liquid diet (National Research Council), modulated interleukin-2 (IL) production in both uninfected mice and retrovirus-infected mice [25].
  • In 1984 we initiated a national external quality assessment (EQA) program (supported by the Italian National Research Council, CNR) for the CEA assay; at present, about 200 Italian laboratories are participating in the program [26].
  • Opiate-directed inhibition of NG108-15 adenylate cyclase has recently been shown to exhibit a similar requirement for GTP and Na+ [Blume, A. J., Lichtshtein, D. and Boone, G. (1979) Proc. National Academy of Sciences, USA, in press] [27].
  • After 8 mo, the following incidences of colon tumors (total) were seen: 0.2% Ca, 56%; 0.5% Ca [National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council (NAS/NRC) recommended level], 75%; 1.0% Ca, 61%; 2.0% Ca, 41% [28].
  • Rats were fed experimental diets containing amino acid (AA) mixtures in which the concentrations of all EAA were at levels recommended by the National Research Council (control), in which a single EAA was restricted to 20% of that of the control diets (Leu(-), Lys(-), Met(-) or Thr(-)), or in which the diet was devoid of amino acids (AA(-)) [29].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)


  1. Risk assessment for neurobehavioral toxicity. McMillan, D.E. Environ. Health Perspect. (1987) [Pubmed]
  2. Benchmark calculations for perchlorate from three human cohorts. Crump, K.S., Gibbs, J.P. Environ. Health Perspect. (2005) [Pubmed]
  3. HIV and the blood supply: an analysis of crisis decision making. Executive summary. The Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences Committee to Study HIV Transmission Through Blood and Blood Products. Leveton, L.B., Sox, H.C., Stoto, M.A. Transfusion (1996) [Pubmed]
  4. A multicenter evaluation of a proprietary weight loss program for the treatment of marked obesity: a five-year follow-up. Wadden, T.A., Frey, D.L. The International journal of eating disorders. (1997) [Pubmed]
  5. Subclinical vitamin A deficiency in Israeli-Bedouin toddlers. Coles, C.L., Levy, A., Gorodischer, R., Dagan, R., Deckelbaum, R.J., Blaner, W.S., Fraser, D. European journal of clinical nutrition. (2004) [Pubmed]
  6. External incentives, information technology, and organized processes to improve health care quality for patients with chronic diseases. Casalino, L., Gillies, R.R., Shortell, S.M., Schmittdiel, J.A., Bodenheimer, T., Robinson, J.C., Rundall, T., Oswald, N., Schauffler, H., Wang, M.C. JAMA (2003) [Pubmed]
  7. Moloney murine sarcoma virus tumors in CBA/J mice: chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic actions of supplemental beta-carotene. Seifter, E., Rettura, G., Padawer, J., Levenson, S.M. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. (1982) [Pubmed]
  8. Greetings: 50 years of Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission-Radiation Effects Research Foundation studies. Shigematsu, I. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1998) [Pubmed]
  9. Evidence for a recommended dietary allowance for vitamin C from pharmacokinetics: a comment and analysis. Young, V.R. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1996) [Pubmed]
  10. Environmental copper: its dynamics and human exposure issues. Georgopoulos, P.G., Roy, A., Yonone-Lioy, M.J., Opiekun, R.E., Lioy, P.J. Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part B, Critical reviews. (2001) [Pubmed]
  11. Effect of lysine and methionine supplementation of low protein roaster diets fed after six weeks of age. Daghir, N.J. Poult. Sci. (1983) [Pubmed]
  12. Skin discoloration with blue food coloring. Zillich, A.J., Kuhn, R.J., Petersen, T.J. The Annals of pharmacotherapy. (2000) [Pubmed]
  13. Dental fluorosis in cattle. Krook, L., Maylin, G.A., Lillie, J.H., Wallace, R.S. The Cornell veterinarian. (1983) [Pubmed]
  14. The physical and neuromotor development of progeny of female rats fed graded levels of pyridoxine during lactation. Alton-Mackey, M.G., Walker, B.L. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1978) [Pubmed]
  15. Highly sensitive capillary zone electrophoresis with artificial seawater as the background electrolyte and transient isotachophoresis as the on-line concentration procedure for simultaneous determination of nitrite and nitrate in seawater. Fukushi, K., Nakayama, Y., Tsujimoto, J. Journal of chromatography. A. (2003) [Pubmed]
  16. The Impact of Biology on Risk Assessment--workshop of the National Research Council's Board on Radiation Effects Research. July 21-22, 1997, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC. Fry, R.J., Grosovsky, A., Hanawalt, P.C., Jostes, R.F., Little, J.B., Morgan, W.F., Oleinick, N.L., Ullrich, R.L. Radiat. Res. (1998) [Pubmed]
  17. Characterization of an expressible nonclassical class I HLA gene. Pook, M.A., Woodcock, V., Tassabehji, M., Campbell, R.D., Summers, C.W., Taylor, M., Strachan, T. Hum. Immunol. (1991) [Pubmed]
  18. Uncertainties in the reference dose for methylmercury. Dourson, M.L., Wullenweber, A.E., Poirier, K.A. Neurotoxicology (2001) [Pubmed]
  19. Dietary excess of vitamin B-6 affects the concentrations of amino acids in the caudate nucleus and serum and the binding properties of serotonin receptors in the brain cortex of rats. Schaeffer, M.C., Gretz, D., Gietzen, D.W., Rogers, Q.R. J. Nutr. (1998) [Pubmed]
  20. A current look at the rationale of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences. Page, I.H. JAMA (1988) [Pubmed]
  21. Additive risk factors in atherosclerosis. Kummerow, F.A., Cho, B.H., Huang, W.Y., Imai, H., Kamio, A., Deutsch, M.J., Hooper, W.M. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1976) [Pubmed]
  22. Meals offered in the National School Lunch Program and the School Breakfast Program. Burghardt, J.A., Gordon, A.R., Fraker, T.M. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1995) [Pubmed]
  23. Selenium intake and metabolic balance of 10 men from a low selenium area of China. Luo, X.M., Wei, H.J., Yang, C.L., Xing, J., Qiao, C.H., Feng, Y.M., Liu, J., Liu, Z., Wu, Q., Liu, Y.X. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1985) [Pubmed]
  24. Selenium status of exclusively breast-fed infants as influenced by maternal organic or inorganic selenium supplementation. Kumpulainen, J., Salmenperä, L., Siimes, M.A., Koivistoinen, P., Perheentupa, J. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1985) [Pubmed]
  25. Vitamin E supplementation modulates cytokine production by thymocytes during murine AIDS. Wang, Y., Huang, D.S., Watson, R.R. Immunol. Res. (1993) [Pubmed]
  26. External quality assurance of the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) assay: main findings in six years' experience. Zucchelli, G.C., Ferdeghini, M., Pilo, A., Clerico, A., Masini, S., Prontera, C. Int. J. Biol. Markers (1992) [Pubmed]
  27. Muscarinic receptor regulation of NG108-15 adenylate cyclase: requirement for Na+ and GTP. Lichtshtein, D., Boone, G., Blume, A. Journal of cyclic nucleotide research. (1979) [Pubmed]
  28. Effect of dietary calcium on colon carcinogenesis induced by a single injection of 1,2-dimethylhydrazine in rats. Karkare, M.R., Clark, T.D., Glauert, H.P. J. Nutr. (1991) [Pubmed]
  29. Dietary restriction of single essential amino acids reduces plasma insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) but does not affect plasma IGF-binding protein-1 in rats. Takenaka, A., Oki, N., Takahashi, S.I., Noguchi, T. J. Nutr. (2000) [Pubmed]
  30. In search of the CPR. Simpson, R.L. Nursing management. (1998) [Pubmed]
  31. Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and of associated risk factors for atherosclerosis in a randomized population sample of western Sicily. Casteldaccia study. Avellone, G., Di Garbo, V., Panno, A.V., De Simone, R., Raneli, G., Strano, A. International angiology : a journal of the International Union of Angiology. (1989) [Pubmed]
  32. Definition, objectives, and evaluation of natural attenuation. Rittmann, B.E. Biodegradation (2004) [Pubmed]
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