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MeSH Review

Trigeminal Nuclei

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Disease relevance of Trigeminal Nuclei


High impact information on Trigeminal Nuclei


Chemical compound and disease context of Trigeminal Nuclei


Biological context of Trigeminal Nuclei


Anatomical context of Trigeminal Nuclei


Associations of Trigeminal Nuclei with chemical compounds

  • Studies in the preceding paper demonstrated that the amplitude of the masseteric reflex in behaving cats is augmented by pharmacological manipulations that increase norepinephrine (NE) tone in the motor trigeminal nucleus (MoV) through exogenous means [22].
  • Stimulation of the SSS results in Fos expression in the superfical laminae of the trigeminal nucleus caudalis and in the dorsal horn of C1 and C2 [23].
  • The effects of intraperitoneal injected lipopolysaccharides (LPS) on behavior and c-fos expression in the trigeminal nucleus caudalis layer I, II (TNC I,II) elicited by intracisternally applied capsaicin were studied [24].
  • Glutamate activation of neurons within trigeminal nucleus caudalis increases adrenocorticotropin in the cat [25].
  • 1. In cats anaesthetized with urethane, extracellular micro-electrode recordings were made in the marginal layer of the trigeminal nucleus caudalis between the level of the obex and the Cl rootlets [26].

Gene context of Trigeminal Nuclei


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Trigeminal Nuclei


  1. Serotonin inhibits trigeminal nucleus activity evoked by craniovascular stimulation through a 5HT1B/1D receptor: a central action in migraine? Goadsby, P.J., Hoskin, K.L. Ann. Neurol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  2. The differential expression patterns of messenger RNAs encoding K-Cl cotransporters (KCC1,2) and Na-K-2Cl cotransporter (NKCC1) in the rat nervous system. Kanaka, C., Ohno, K., Okabe, A., Kuriyama, K., Itoh, T., Fukuda, A., Sato, K. Neuroscience (2001) [Pubmed]
  3. Morphine, 5-HT2 and 5-HT3 receptor antagonists reduce c-fos expression in the trigeminal nuclear complex following noxious chemical stimulation of the rat nasal mucosa. Ebersberger, A., Anton, F., Tölle, T.R., Zieglgänsberger, W. Brain Res. (1995) [Pubmed]
  4. A blessing in disguise: resolution of tardive dyskinesia with development of cervical myelitis. Lim, E.C., Wilder-Smith, E.P., Seet, R.C. Mov. Disord. (2006) [Pubmed]
  5. Opiate analgesics inhibit substance P release from rat trigeminal nucleus. Jessell, T.M., Iversen, L.L. Nature (1977) [Pubmed]
  6. Lack of barrels in the somatosensory cortex of monoamine oxidase A-deficient mice: role of a serotonin excess during the critical period. Cases, O., Vitalis, T., Seif, I., De Maeyer, E., Sotelo, C., Gaspar, P. Neuron (1996) [Pubmed]
  7. Activation of 5-HT(1B/1D) receptor in the periaqueductal gray inhibits nociception. Bartsch, T., Knight, Y.E., Goadsby, P.J. Ann. Neurol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  8. Evidence for prenatal competition among the central arbors of trigeminal primary afferent neurons. Chiaia, N.L., Bennett-Clarke, C.A., Eck, M., White, F.A., Crissman, R.S., Rhoades, R.W. J. Neurosci. (1992) [Pubmed]
  9. Chemically distinct compartments of the thalamic VPM nucleus in monkeys relay principal and spinal trigeminal pathways to different layers of the somatosensory cortex. Rausell, E., Jones, E.G. J. Neurosci. (1991) [Pubmed]
  10. Effect of a serotonin agonist (sumatriptan) on the peptidergic innervation of the rat cerebral dura mater and on the expression of c-fos in the caudal trigeminal nucleus in an experimental migraine model. Knyihár-Csillik, E., Tajti, J., Samsam, M., Sáry, G., Slezák, S., Vécsei, L. J. Neurosci. Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
  11. The link between glutamate and migraine. Ramadan, N.M. CNS spectrums. (2003) [Pubmed]
  12. Effects of substance P on nociceptive and non-nociceptive trigeminal brain stem neurons. Henry, J.L., Sessle, B.J., Lucier, G.E., Hu, J.W. Pain (1980) [Pubmed]
  13. Lack of estrogen increases pain in the trigeminal formalin model: a behavioural and immunocytochemical study of transgenic ArKO mice. Multon, S., Pardutz, A., Mosen, J., Hua, M.T., Defays, C., Honda, S., Harada, N., Bohotin, C., Franzen, R., Schoenen, J. Pain (2005) [Pubmed]
  14. Sex-related differences in the distribution of opioid receptor-like 1 receptor mRNA and colocalization with estrogen receptor mRNA in neurons of the spinal trigeminal nucleus caudalis in the rat. Flores, C.A., Shughrue, P., Petersen, S.L., Mokha, S.S. Neuroscience (2003) [Pubmed]
  15. Nociceptive stimulation induces glutamate receptor down-regulation in the trigeminal nucleus. Florenzano, F., De Luca, B. Neuroscience (1999) [Pubmed]
  16. Substance P and neurokinin A variations throughout the rat estrous cycle; comparison with ovariectomized and male rats: II. Trigeminal nucleus and cervical spinal cord. Duval, P., Lenoir, V., Moussaoui, S., Garret, C., Kerdelhué, B. J. Neurosci. Res. (1996) [Pubmed]
  17. Sumatriptan can inhibit trigeminal afferents by an exclusively neural mechanism. Hoskin, K.L., Kaube, H., Goadsby, P.J. Brain (1996) [Pubmed]
  18. The actions of anandamide on rat superficial medullary dorsal horn neurons in vitro. Jennings, E.A., Vaughan, C.W., Roberts, L.A., Christie, M.J. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (2003) [Pubmed]
  19. The NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801 reduces capsaicin-induced c-fos expression within rat trigeminal nucleus caudalis. Mitsikostas, D.D., Sanchez del Rio, M., Waeber, C., Moskowitz, M.A., Cutrer, F.M. Pain (1998) [Pubmed]
  20. Inhibition of nociceptive dural input in the trigeminal nucleus caudalis by somatostatin receptor blockade in the posterior hypothalamus. Bartsch, T., Levy, M.J., Knight, Y.E., Goadsby, P.J. Pain (2005) [Pubmed]
  21. Vagus nerve stimulation in awake rats reduces formalin-induced nociceptive behaviour and fos-immunoreactivity in trigeminal nucleus caudalis. Bohotin, C., Scholsem, M., Multon, S., Martin, D., Bohotin, V., Schoenen, J. Pain (2003) [Pubmed]
  22. Noradrenergic modulation of the masseteric reflex in behaving cats. II. Physiological studies. Stafford, I.L., Jacobs, B.L. J. Neurosci. (1990) [Pubmed]
  23. Central activation of the trigeminovascular pathway in the cat is inhibited by dihydroergotamine. A c-Fos and electrophysiological study. Hoskin, K.L., Kaube, H., Goadsby, P.J. Brain (1996) [Pubmed]
  24. Lipopolysaccharide-induced hyperalgesia of intracranial capsaicin sensitive afferents in conscious rats. Kemper, R.H., Spoelstra, M.B., Meijler, W.J., Ter Horst, G.J. Pain (1998) [Pubmed]
  25. Glutamate activation of neurons within trigeminal nucleus caudalis increases adrenocorticotropin in the cat. Bereiter, D.A., Gann, D.S. Pain (1988) [Pubmed]
  26. The representation of facial temperature in the caudal trigeminal nucleus of the cat. Dostrovsky, J.O., Hellon, R.F. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (1978) [Pubmed]
  27. E-cadherin expression in a particular subset of sensory neurons. Shimamura, K., Takahashi, T., Takeichi, M. Dev. Biol. (1992) [Pubmed]
  28. Endothelin converting enzyme-1-, endothelin-1-, and endothelin-3-like immunoreactivity in the rat brain. Sluck, J.M., Lin, R.C., Katolik, L.I., Jeng, A.Y., Lehmann, J.C. Neuroscience (1999) [Pubmed]
  29. Proprioceptive afferents survive in the masseter muscle of trkC knockout mice. Matsuo, S., Ichikawa, H., Silos-Santiago, I., Arends, J.J., Henderson, T.A., Kiyomiya, K., Kurebe, M., Jacquin, M.F. Neuroscience (2000) [Pubmed]
  30. Expression of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) in the mesencephalic trigeminal nucleus of the rat after transsection of the masseteric nerve. Larsen, J.O., Hannibal, J., Knudsen, S.M., Fahrenkrug, J. Brain Res. Mol. Brain Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
  31. Expression profile of addicsin/GTRAP3-18 mRNA in mouse brain. Inoue, K., Akiduki, S., Ikemoto, M.J. Neurosci. Lett. (2005) [Pubmed]
  32. Pressor effect mediated by bradykinin in the paratrigeminal nucleus of the rat. Lindsey, C.J., Buck, H.S., Fior-Chadi, D.R., Lapa, R.C. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (1997) [Pubmed]
  33. Facial thermal input to the trigeminal spinal nucleus of rabbits and rats. Dickenson, A.H., Hellon, R.F., Taylor, D.C. J. Comp. Neurol. (1979) [Pubmed]
  34. Light microscopic localization of calcitonin gene-related peptide in the normal feline trigeminal system and following retrogasserian rhizotomy. Henry, M.A., Johnson, L.R., Nousek-Goebl, N., Westrum, L.E. J. Comp. Neurol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  35. Noradrenergic neurons with divergent projections to the motor trigeminal nucleus and the spinal cord: a double retrograde neuronal labeling study. Lyons, W.E., Grzanna, R. Neuroscience (1988) [Pubmed]
  36. Dopamine receptor antagonists increase markedly the quantity of retrograde transport of HRP in the rat masseteric motoneuron. Kawagishi, S., Yoshino, K., Jones, T.E., Iwamoto, M., Arai, S., Amano, N. Brain Res. (1992) [Pubmed]
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