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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
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Disease relevance of Schools


Psychiatry related information on Schools


High impact information on Schools

  • OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the efficacy of daily consumption of boiled and mashed OFSP in improving the vitamin A status of primary school children [9].
  • We determined the prevalence of markers of atopy and asthma among 1, 199 rural secondary school students ages 12 to 19 yr [10].
  • Effect of iron-, iodine-, and beta-carotene-fortified biscuits on the micronutrient status of primary school children: a randomized controlled trial [11].
  • In contrast, the inverse relation between S. mansoni and serum retinol found in primary school children could be due to an effect of infection on serum retinol or an increased susceptibility to infection among children with low serum retinol [1].
  • OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to examine the levels of cat allergen (Fel d 1) in the primary school environment, both on floors and on children's clothing [12].

Chemical compound and disease context of Schools

  • OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) in a second primary school cohort in a community in South Africa. METHOD: Active case ascertainment, two-tier screening, and Institute of Medicine assessment methodology were employed among 857 first grade pupils, most born in 1993 [13].
  • Eight of 22 non-capsulate strains of Neisseria meningitidis previously isolated from primary school children were re-identified as N. polysaccharea by aminopeptidase reactions and polysaccharide production [14].

Biological context of Schools


Associations of Schools with chemical compounds


Gene context of Schools


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Schools

  • METHODS: From 1981 to 1984, height and weight of 479 subjects (343 boys and 136 girls) were measured every year from entrance into primary school until graduation from high school in Tokyo. Obese children were defined as those with a body mass index (BMI) at or above the age-sex-specific standard value, derived from Japanese nationwide data [29].
  • METHODS: In March, 1994, 1164 (93.6%) of 1243 students from all 6 kindergartens, 9 primary schools and 3 middle schools in Paisha Township participated in the screening for anti-HCV by enzyme immunoassay with second generation commercial kits (Abbott EIA 2.0) [30].
  • This study compares the presence and level of measles haemagglutination inhibiting antibody in the sera of primary school children in selected rural and urban areas of Kaduna State, Nigeria following a vaccination campaign [31].
  • Reliability and validity of the Rey Visual Design Learning Test in primary school children [32].
  • Nine hundred and ninety-six children from four primary schools in Perth, Western Australia, were recruited for a domestic environmental and health survey during March and April of 2002 [33].


  1. Serum retinol concentrations and Schistosoma mansoni, intestinal helminths, and malarial parasitemia: a cross-sectional study in Kenyan preschool and primary school children. Friis, H., Mwaniki, D., Omondi, B., Muniu, E., Magnussen, P., Geissler, W., Thiong'o, F., Michaelsen, K.F. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1997) [Pubmed]
  2. Spatial and temporal circulation of dengue virus serotypes: a prospective study of primary school children in Kamphaeng Phet, Thailand. Endy, T.P., Nisalak, A., Chunsuttiwat, S., Libraty, D.H., Green, S., Rothman, A.L., Vaughn, D.W., Ennis, F.A. Am. J. Epidemiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  3. Confirmation of an outbreak of parvovirus B19 in a primary school using IgM ELISA and PCR on thumb prick blood samples. Hoebe, C.J., Claas, E.C., Steenbergen, J.E., Kroes, A.C. J. Clin. Virol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  4. Age-specific prevalence of hepatitis B virus infection among children in an endemic area in southern Italy. Stroffolini, T., De Mattia, D., Compagnone, A., Arcamone, G.P., Altomare, M., Schettini, F. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (1990) [Pubmed]
  5. The effects of a supervised toothbrushing programme on the caries increment of primary school children, initially aged 5-6 years. Jackson, R.J., Newman, H.N., Smart, G.J., Stokes, E., Hogan, J.I., Brown, C., Seres, J. Caries Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
  6. The Singapore Youth Coronary Risk and Physical Activity Study. Schmidt, G.J., Walkuski, J.J., Stensel, D.J. Medicine and science in sports and exercise. (1998) [Pubmed]
  7. Life course socioeconomic conditions and adult psychosocial functioning. Harper, S., Lynch, J., Hsu, W.L., Everson, S.A., Hillemeier, M.M., Raghunathan, T.E., Salonen, J.T., Kaplan, G.A. International journal of epidemiology. (2002) [Pubmed]
  8. Supportive social relationships and adolescent health risk behavior among secondary school students in El Salvador. Springer, A., Parcel, G., Baumler, E., Ross, M. Social science & medicine (1982) (2006) [Pubmed]
  9. Beta-carotene-rich orange-fleshed sweet potato improves the vitamin A status of primary school children assessed with the modified-relative-dose-response test. van Jaarsveld, P.J., Faber, M., Tanumihardjo, S.A., Nestel, P., Lombard, C.J., Benadé, A.J. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (2005) [Pubmed]
  10. Relative scarcity of asthma and atopy among rural adolescents raised on a farm. Ernst, P., Cormier, Y. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. (2000) [Pubmed]
  11. Effect of iron-, iodine-, and beta-carotene-fortified biscuits on the micronutrient status of primary school children: a randomized controlled trial. van Stuijvenberg, M.E., Kvalsvig, J.D., Faber, M., Kruger, M., Kenoyer, D.G., Benadé, A.J. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1999) [Pubmed]
  12. Cat allergen (Fel d 1) levels on school children's clothing and in primary school classrooms in Wellington, New Zealand. Patchett, K., Lewis, S., Crane, J., Fitzharris, P. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  13. Fetal alcohol syndrome epidemiology in a South African community: a second study of a very high prevalence area. Viljoen, D.L., Gossage, J.P., Brooke, L., Adnams, C.M., Jones, K.L., Robinson, L.K., Hoyme, H.E., Snell, C., Khaole, N.C., Kodituwakku, P., Asante, K.O., Findlay, R., Quinton, B., Marais, A.S., Kalberg, W.O., May, P.A. J. Stud. Alcohol (2005) [Pubmed]
  14. The phenotypic relationship of Neisseria polysaccharea to commensal and pathogenic Neisseria spp. Cann, K.J., Rogers, T.R. J. Med. Microbiol. (1989) [Pubmed]
  15. Epidemiology of inapparent and symptomatic acute dengue virus infection: a prospective study of primary school children in Kamphaeng Phet, Thailand. Endy, T.P., Chunsuttiwat, S., Nisalak, A., Libraty, D.H., Green, S., Rothman, A.L., Vaughn, D.W., Ennis, F.A. Am. J. Epidemiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  16. Serum fatty acid composition in primary school children is associated with serum cholesterol levels and dietary fat intake. Cheng, H.H., Wen, Y.Y., Chen, C. European journal of clinical nutrition. (2003) [Pubmed]
  17. A novel plasmid (pEMCJH03) isolated from moraxella catarrhalis possibly useful as a cloning and expression vector within this species. Hays, J.P., Eadie, K., Verduin, C.M., Verbrugh, H., van Belkum, A. Plasmid (2005) [Pubmed]
  18. Children with smoking parents have a higher airway resistance measured by the interruption technique. Kooi, E.M., Vrijlandt, E.J., Boezen, H.M., Duiverman, E.J. Pediatr. Pulmonol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  19. The interrelationship among bronchial hyperresponsiveness, the diagnosis of asthma, and asthma symptoms. Pattemore, P.K., Asher, M.I., Harrison, A.C., Mitchell, E.A., Rea, H.H., Stewart, A.W. Am. Rev. Respir. Dis. (1990) [Pubmed]
  20. Passive smoking as a determinant of bronchial responsiveness in children. Forastiere, F., Agabiti, N., Corbo, G.M., Pistelli, R., Dell'Orco, V., Ciappi, G., Perucci, C.A. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. (1994) [Pubmed]
  21. School-based deworming program yields small improvement in growth of Zanzibari school children after one year. Stoltzfus, R.J., Albonico, M., Tielsch, J.M., Chwaya, H.M., Savioli, L. J. Nutr. (1997) [Pubmed]
  22. Physical activity and growth of Kenyan school children with hookworm, Trichuris trichiura and Ascaris lumbricoides infections are improved after treatment with albendazole. Adams, E.J., Stephenson, L.S., Latham, M.C., Kinoti, S.N. J. Nutr. (1994) [Pubmed]
  23. Alternate use of deferiprone and desferrioxamine in primary school children with thalassaemia major. Aydinok, Y., Nisli, G., Kavakli, K. Br. J. Haematol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  24. The IL-6 gene G-174C polymorphism related to health indices in Greek primary school children. Dedoussis, G.V., Manios, Y., Choumerianou, D.M., Yiannakouris, N., Panagiotakos, D.B., Skenderi, K., Zampelas, A. Obes. Res. (2004) [Pubmed]
  25. The nosology of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. August, G.J., Garfinkel, B.D. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. (1993) [Pubmed]
  26. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency in southern Italy: a study on the population of the Cosenza province. Tagarelli, A., Bastone, L., Cittadella, R., Calabrò, V., Bria, M., Brancati, C. Gene geography : a computerized bulletin on human gene frequencies. (1991) [Pubmed]
  27. Prevalence, incidence, and progression of myopia of school children in Hong Kong. Fan, D.S., Lam, D.S., Lam, R.F., Lau, J.T., Chong, K.S., Cheung, E.Y., Lai, R.Y., Chew, S.J. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (2004) [Pubmed]
  28. A school microepidemic of tuberculosis. Bredin, C.P., Godfrey, M., McKiernan, J. Thorax (1991) [Pubmed]
  29. Temporal course of the development of obesity in Japanese school children: a cohort study based on the Keio Study. Sugimori, H., Yoshida, K., Miyakawa, M., Izuno, T., Takahashi, E., Nanri, S. J. Pediatr. (1999) [Pubmed]
  30. Prevalence and manifestations of hepatitis C seropositivity in children in an endemic area. Lu, S.N., Chen, H.C., Tang, C.M., Wu, M.H., Yu, M.L., Chuang, W.L., Lu, C.F., Chang, W.Y., Chen, C.J. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J. (1998) [Pubmed]
  31. Measles antibody levels in children of rural and urban areas of Nigeria following vaccination campaign. Eghafona, N.O., Odama, L.E., Emejuaiwe, S.O., Obineche, E.N., Tafida, D.S. Epidemiol. Infect. (1987) [Pubmed]
  32. Reliability and validity of the Rey Visual Design Learning Test in primary school children. Wilhelm, P.W. Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology : official journal of the International Neuropsychological Society. (2004) [Pubmed]
  33. Household hygiene practices in relation to dampness at home and current wheezing and rhino-conjunctivitis among school age children. Zhang, G., Spickett, J., Lee, A.H., Rumchev, K., Stick, S. Pediatric allergy and immunology : official publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology. (2005) [Pubmed]
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