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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review


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Disease relevance of USSR


High impact information on USSR


Chemical compound and disease context of USSR


Biological context of USSR


Anatomical context of USSR


Associations of USSR with chemical compounds


Gene context of USSR

  • We examined both clinically and by determining HLA-A, -B, -C and -DR antigens 50 patients thought to have seronegative erosive polyarticular rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Finland and the USSR [27].
  • These segment pairs represent basic elements of the regulatory peptide primary structure pattern, which was found recently [Dokl. Akad. Nauk USSR 289 (1986) 721-724; Int. J. Peptide Prot. Res. 38 (1991) 505-510] [28].
  • Interestingly, we also found TNFR activity on the surface of cells infected with VV Lister, USSR and Evans [29].
  • We have tested for expression of soluble binding activity for human TNF in cultures infected with 18 orthopoxviruses and have found that TNFRs are mostly absent but are produced by VV strains Lister, USSR and Evans, by the CPV elephantpox and by camelpox virus [29].
  • Transferrin (TF) subtypes were studied in 7 different populations from the Soviet Union (Buryats, Russians, Koreans, Kirghizes and Pamirians) and in 3 different populations from Mongolia [30].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of USSR

  • A genetic sequence analysis revealed that among the eight segments (genes) the PB1, HA, and NA genes were almost identical with allelic genes of the USSR/77 strain, and the PB2, PA, NP, M, and NS genes were almost identical with those of the A/PR/8/34 strain [31].
  • The following results were obtained in an experimental study in the dogs in general pentobarbital anaesthesia: Lidocaine type antiarrhythmics (lidocaine, Xylocaine ASTRA, Ethmozin USSR) administered shortly before artery ligation have a pro-fibrillation effect [32].
  • Along with the samples produced, several commercial activated carbons (namely RB-1, F 100, CA (adsorbent from military gas masks), BAY (product of the USSR)) were tested to compare adsorption properties in the adsorption of phenols, xylidines, amines, methylene blue and molasses [33].
  • Acute and convalescent sera from HFRS patients in Korea and the Asian USSR showed no or only very weak reactivity in the Puumala virus IgG and IgM ELISA [34].


  1. Rimantadine inhibits reproduction of influenza virus A/USSR/77. Galegov, G.A., Pushkarskaya, N.L., Smirnova, N.R., Lvov, N.D., Yatsina, A.A., Zhdanov, V.M. Lancet (1979) [Pubmed]
  2. The gene coding for the major birch pollen allergen Betv1, is highly homologous to a pea disease resistance response gene. Breiteneder, H., Pettenburger, K., Bito, A., Valenta, R., Kraft, D., Rumpold, H., Scheiner, O., Breitenbach, M. EMBO J. (1989) [Pubmed]
  3. Evolutionary changes in influenza B are not primarily governed by antibody selection. Air, G.M., Gibbs, A.J., Laver, W.G., Webster, R.G. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1990) [Pubmed]
  4. Randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover trial of low-dose oral methotrexate in children with extended oligoarticular or systemic arthritis. Woo, P., Southwood, T.R., Prieur, A.M., Doré, C.J., Grainger, J., David, J., Ryder, C., Hasson, N., Hall, A., Lemelle, I. Arthritis Rheum. (2000) [Pubmed]
  5. Sequential mutations in the NS genes of influenza virus field strains. Krystal, M., Buonagurio, D., Young, J.F., Palese, P. J. Virol. (1983) [Pubmed]
  6. Global surveillance for antituberculosis-drug resistance, 1994-1997. World Health Organization-International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Working Group on Anti-Tuberculosis Drug Resistance Surveillance. Pablos-Méndez, A., Raviglione, M.C., Laszlo, A., Binkin, N., Rieder, H.L., Bustreo, F., Cohn, D.L., Lambregts-van Weezenbeek, C.S., Kim, S.J., Chaulet, P., Nunn, P. N. Engl. J. Med. (1998) [Pubmed]
  7. Successful treatment of naturally occurring influenza A/USSR/77 H1N1. Van Voris, L.P., Betts, R.F., Hayden, F.G., Christmas, W.A., Douglas, R.G. JAMA (1981) [Pubmed]
  8. Immunologic studies on the influenza A virus nonstructural protein NS1. Shaw, M.W., Lamon, E.W., Compans, R.W. J. Exp. Med. (1982) [Pubmed]
  9. Ethmozin, a new antiarrhythmic drug for suppressing ventricular premature complexes. Podrid, P.J., Lyakishev, A., Lown, B., Mazur, N. Circulation (1980) [Pubmed]
  10. Boris Balinsky: transition from embryology to developmental biology. Korzh, V. Bioessays (2005) [Pubmed]
  11. Postreassortment changes in influenza A virus hemagglutinin restoring HA-NA functional match. Kaverin, N.V., Gambaryan, A.S., Bovin, N.V., Rudneva, I.A., Shilov, A.A., Khodova, O.M., Varich, N.L., Sinitsin, B.V., Makarova, N.V., Kropotkina, E.A. Virology (1998) [Pubmed]
  12. Mercury-resistant plasmids in bacteria from a mercury and antimony deposit area. Khesin, R.B., Karasyova, E.V. Mol. Gen. Genet. (1984) [Pubmed]
  13. Enzymatic hydrolysis of Russian-VX by organophosphorus hydrolase. Rastogi, V.K., DeFrank, J.J., Cheng, T.C., Wild, J.R. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (1997) [Pubmed]
  14. Comparison of amantadine and rimantadine for prevention of type A (Russian) influenza. Quarles, J.M., Couch, R.B., Cate, T.R., Goswick, C.B. Antiviral Res. (1981) [Pubmed]
  15. Ultrastructure and some biological properties of influenza A virus. II. Effect of physico-chemical factors on influenza A virus and its interferonogenic properties. Chomik, M. Arch. Immunol. Ther. Exp. (Warsz.) (1988) [Pubmed]
  16. Urinary mercury after administration of 2,3-dimercaptopropane-1-sulfonic acid: correlation with dental amalgam score. Aposhian, H.V., Bruce, D.C., Alter, W., Dart, R.C., Hurlbut, K.M., Aposhian, M.M. FASEB J. (1992) [Pubmed]
  17. Proteinic and genomic identification of spotted fever group rickettsiae isolated in the former USSR. Eremeeva, M.E., Balayeva, N.M., Ignatovich, V.F., Raoult, D. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  18. Analysis of drug resistance-associated mutations in treatment-naïve individuals infected with different genetic forms of HIV-1 circulating in countries of the former Soviet Union. Vázquez de Parga, E., Rakhmanova, A., Pérez-Alvarez, L., Vinogradova, A., Delgado, E., Thomson, M.M., Casado, G., Sierra, M., Muñoz, M., Carmona, R., Vega, Y., Contreras, G., Medrano, L., Osmanov, S., Nájera, R. J. Med. Virol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  19. Cloned lines of human cytotoxic T lymphocytes with specificity for influenza virus. Fleischer, B. J. Immunol. (1982) [Pubmed]
  20. Human influenza virus neuraminidase, but not hemagglutinin, induces murine macrophage interleukin 1 in vivo and in vitro. Houde, M., Arora, D.J. Immunol. Lett. (1989) [Pubmed]
  21. Mortality from malignancies of the hematopoietic and lymphatic tissues among personnel of the first nuclear plant in the USSR. Koshurnikova, N.A., Buldakov, L.A., Bysogolov, G.D., Bolotnikova, M.G., Komleva, N.S., Peternikova, V.S. Sci. Total Environ. (1994) [Pubmed]
  22. Characteristics of responders and nonresponders to slow-acting antirheumatic drugs in juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Giannini, E.H., Brewer, E.J., Kuzmina, N., Alekseev, L., Shokh, B.P. Arthritis Rheum. (1988) [Pubmed]
  23. Glycosylation sites of influenza viral glycoproteins: characterization of tryptic glycopeptides from the A/USSR(H1N1) hemagglutinin glycoprotein. Basak, S., Pritchard, D.G., Bhown, A.S., Compans, R.W. J. Virol. (1981) [Pubmed]
  24. Enhancement of activity against influenza viruses by combinations of antiviral agents. Hayden, F.G., Douglas, R.G., Simons, R. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (1980) [Pubmed]
  25. Amantadine aerosol in humans. Knight, V., Bloom, K., Wilson, S.Z., Wilson, R.K. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. (1979) [Pubmed]
  26. Aspects of the toxicology of chloroprene: immediate and long-term effects. Sanotskii, I.V. Environ. Health Perspect. (1976) [Pubmed]
  27. Seronegative rheumatoid arthritis: a clinical study with HLA typing. Kaarela, K., Alekberova, Z., Lehtinen, K., Puolakka, K., Koskimies, S., Nassonova, V., Pospelov, L. J. Rheumatol. (1990) [Pubmed]
  28. Relationship between primary structure and activity in exorphins and endogenous opioid peptides. Bakalkin Gya, n.u.l.l., Demuth, H.U., Nyberg, F. FEBS Lett. (1992) [Pubmed]
  29. Vaccinia virus strains Lister, USSR and Evans express soluble and cell-surface tumour necrosis factor receptors. Alcamí, A., Khanna, A., Paul, N.L., Smith, G.L. J. Gen. Virol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  30. Transferrin types in different ethnic groups of the USSR and Mongolia. Titenko, N.V., Spitsyn, V.A., Alekseeva, T.I. Hum. Hered. (1991) [Pubmed]
  31. A reassortant H1N1 influenza A virus caused fatal epizootics among camels in Mongolia. Yamnikova, S.S., Mandler, J., Bekh-Ochir, Z.H., Dachtzeren, P., Ludwig, S., Lvov, D.K., Scholtissek, C. Virology (1993) [Pubmed]
  32. Prevention of sudden coronary death. Fejfar, Z., Vrána, M., Hess, L., Vránová, Z., Blazek, Z. Czechoslovak medicine. (1991) [Pubmed]
  33. Characteristics of activated carbon produced from biosludge and its use in wastewater post-treatment. Pikkov, L., Kallas, J., Rüütmann, T., Rikmann, E. Environmental technology. (2001) [Pubmed]
  34. Haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome: evaluation of ELISA for detection of Puumala-virus-specific IgG and IgM. Niklasson, B., Tkachenko, E., Ivanov, A.P., van der Groen, G., Wiger, D., Andersen, H.K., LeDuc, J., Kjelsson, T., Nyström, K. Res. Virol. (1990) [Pubmed]
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