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MeSH Review

Status Epilepticus

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Disease relevance of Status Epilepticus


Psychiatry related information on Status Epilepticus


High impact information on Status Epilepticus


Chemical compound and disease context of Status Epilepticus


Biological context of Status Epilepticus


Anatomical context of Status Epilepticus


Gene context of Status Epilepticus

  • Recent evidence suggests that substance P (SP), a peptide that has been implicated in cardiovascular function, inflammatory responses, and nociception, also contributes to hippocampal excitability and status epilepticus, in part by enhancing glutamate release [29].
  • These findings indicate that status epilepticus affects mGluR expression in a gene- and cell-specific manner, and that these changes vary with the developmental stage [26].
  • Our data suggest that BDNF signaling may partly mediate the development of epilepsy and propose that regrowth or repair processes initiated by status epilepticus and promoted by BDNF signaling may not be as advantageous as previously thought [30].
  • Expression of multidrug transporters MRP1, MRP2, and BCRP shortly after status epilepticus, during the latent period, and in chronic epileptic rats [31].
  • Spatiotemporal distribution of gp130 cytokines and their receptors after status epilepticus: comparison with neuronal degeneration and microglial activation [32].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Status Epilepticus


  1. Mortality in epilepsy in the first 11 to 14 years after diagnosis: multivariate analysis of a long-term, prospective, population-based cohort. Lhatoo, S.D., Johnson, A.L., Goodridge, D.M., MacDonald, B.K., Sander, J.W., Shorvon, S.D. Ann. Neurol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  2. Hemispheric brain damage in unilateral status epilepticus. Soffer, D., Melamed, E., Assaf, Y., Cotev, S. Ann. Neurol. (1986) [Pubmed]
  3. Glutamate and related acidic excitatory neurotransmitters: from basic science to clinical application. Robinson, M.B., Coyle, J.T. FASEB J. (1987) [Pubmed]
  4. Neurochemical and morphological changes associated with human epilepsy. Glass, M., Dragunow, M. Brain Res. Brain Res. Rev. (1995) [Pubmed]
  5. Secondary hyperparathyroidism manifesting as acute pancreatitis and status epilepticus. Sallman, A., Goldberg, M., Wombolt, D. Arch. Intern. Med. (1981) [Pubmed]
  6. Prolonged confusion due to absence status following metrizamide myelography. Vollmer, M.E., Weiss, H., Beanland, C., Krumholz, A. Arch. Neurol. (1985) [Pubmed]
  7. Electroconvulsive therapy in patients taking theophylline. Rasmussen, K.G., Zorumski, C.F. The Journal of clinical psychiatry. (1993) [Pubmed]
  8. SPECT in patients with cortical visual loss. Silverman, I.E., Galetta, S.L., Gray, L.G., Moster, M., Atlas, S.W., Maurer, A.H., Alavi, A. J. Nucl. Med. (1993) [Pubmed]
  9. Absence status manifested by compulsive masturbation. Jacome, D.E., Risko, M.S. Arch. Neurol. (1983) [Pubmed]
  10. Ictal catatonia as a manifestation of nonconvulsive status epilepticus. Lim, J., Yagnik, P., Schraeder, P., Wheeler, S. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. (1986) [Pubmed]
  11. A comparison of lorazepam, diazepam, and placebo for the treatment of out-of-hospital status epilepticus. Alldredge, B.K., Gelb, A.M., Isaacs, S.M., Corry, M.D., Allen, F., Ulrich, S., Gottwald, M.D., O'Neil, N., Neuhaus, J.M., Segal, M.R., Lowenstein, D.H. N. Engl. J. Med. (2001) [Pubmed]
  12. A comparison of four treatments for generalized convulsive status epilepticus. Veterans Affairs Status Epilepticus Cooperative Study Group. Treiman, D.M., Meyers, P.D., Walton, N.Y., Collins, J.F., Colling, C., Rowan, A.J., Handforth, A., Faught, E., Calabrese, V.P., Uthman, B.M., Ramsay, R.E., Mamdani, M.B. N. Engl. J. Med. (1998) [Pubmed]
  13. Decreased hippocampal inhibition and a selective loss of interneurons in experimental epilepsy. Sloviter, R.S. Science (1987) [Pubmed]
  14. Status epilepticus. The role of intravenous phenytoin. Cloyd, J.C., Gumnit, R.J., McLain, L.W. JAMA (1980) [Pubmed]
  15. Phencyclidine poisoning. Tong, T.G., Benowitz, N.L., Becker, C.E., Forni, P.J., Boerner, U. JAMA (1975) [Pubmed]
  16. Rectal valproate in intractable status epilepticus. Vajda, F.J., Symington, G.R., Bladin, P.F. Lancet (1977) [Pubmed]
  17. Propofol infusion for the treatment of status epilepticus. Wood, P.R., Browne, G.P., Pugh, S. Lancet (1988) [Pubmed]
  18. Status epilepticus complicating intrathecal baclofen overdose. Saltuari, L., Marosi, M.J., Kofler, M., Bauer, G. Lancet (1992) [Pubmed]
  19. Lorazepam in childhood status epilepticus and serial seizures: effectiveness and tachyphylaxis. Crawford, T.O., Mitchell, W.G., Snodgrass, S.R. Neurology (1987) [Pubmed]
  20. Temporal specific patterns of semaphorin gene expression in rat brain after kainic acid-induced status epilepticus. Barnes, G., Puranam, R.S., Luo, Y., McNamara, J.O. Hippocampus. (2003) [Pubmed]
  21. Intravenous phenytoin loading in patients after neurosurgery and in status epilepticus. A population pharmacokinetic study. Vozeh, S., Uematsu, T., Aarons, L., Maitre, P., Landolt, H., Gratzl, O. Clinical pharmacokinetics. (1988) [Pubmed]
  22. Changes in phosphorylation of the NMDA receptor in the rat hippocampus induced by status epilepticus. Niimura, M., Moussa, R., Bissoon, N., Ikeda-Douglas, C., Milgram, N.W., Gurd, J.W. J. Neurochem. (2005) [Pubmed]
  23. Pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus causes N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor-dependent inhibition of microsomal Mg(2+)/Ca(2+) ATPase-mediated Ca(2+) uptake. Parsons, J.T., Churn, S.B., Kochan, L.D., DeLorenzo, R.J. J. Neurochem. (2000) [Pubmed]
  24. A novel seizure-induced synaptotagmin gene identified by differential display. Babity, J.M., Armstrong, J.N., Plumier, J.C., Currie, R.W., Robertson, H.A. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1997) [Pubmed]
  25. Kainic acid-induced seizures enhance dentate gyrus inhibition by downregulation of GABA(B) receptors. Haas, K.Z., Sperber, E.F., Moshé, S.L., Stanton, P.K. J. Neurosci. (1996) [Pubmed]
  26. Status epilepticus-induced alterations in metabotropic glutamate receptor expression in young and adult rats. Aronica, E.M., Gorter, J.A., Paupard, M.C., Grooms, S.Y., Bennett, M.V., Zukin, R.S. J. Neurosci. (1997) [Pubmed]
  27. The embryonic form of neural cell surface molecule (E-NCAM) in the rat hippocampus and its reexpression on glial cells following kainic acid-induced status epilepticus. Le Gal La Salle, G., Rougon, G., Valin, A. J. Neurosci. (1992) [Pubmed]
  28. Metabolic alterations underlying the development of hypermetabolic necrosis in the substantia nigra in status epilepticus. Ingvar, M., Folbegrova, J., Siesjö, B.K. J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. (1987) [Pubmed]
  29. Resistance to excitotoxin-induced seizures and neuronal death in mice lacking the preprotachykinin A gene. Liu, H., Cao, Y., Basbaum, A.I., Mazarati, A.M., Sankar, R., Wasterlain, C.G. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1999) [Pubmed]
  30. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor signaling modifies hippocampal gene expression during epileptogenesis in transgenic mice. Lähteinen, S., Pitkänen, A., Knuuttila, J., Törönen, P., Castrén, E. Eur. J. Neurosci. (2004) [Pubmed]
  31. Expression of multidrug transporters MRP1, MRP2, and BCRP shortly after status epilepticus, during the latent period, and in chronic epileptic rats. van Vliet, E.A., Redeker, S., Aronica, E., Edelbroek, P.M., Gorter, J.A. Epilepsia (2005) [Pubmed]
  32. Spatiotemporal distribution of gp130 cytokines and their receptors after status epilepticus: comparison with neuronal degeneration and microglial activation. Rosell, D.R., Nacher, J., Akama, K.T., McEwen, B.S. Neuroscience (2003) [Pubmed]
  33. Double-blind study of lorazepam and diazepam in status epilepticus. Leppik, I.E., Derivan, A.T., Homan, R.W., Walker, J., Ramsay, R.E., Patrick, B. JAMA (1983) [Pubmed]
  34. Animal models of limbic epilepsies: what can they tell us? Coulter, D.A., McIntyre, D.C., Löscher, W. Brain Pathol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  35. Galanin modulation of seizures and seizure modulation of hippocampal galanin in animal models of status epilepticus. Mazarati, A.M., Liu, H., Soomets, U., Sankar, R., Shin, D., Katsumori, H., Langel, U., Wasterlain, C.G. J. Neurosci. (1998) [Pubmed]
  36. The functional anatomy of limbic status epilepticus in the rat. I. Patterns of 14C-2-deoxyglucose uptake and Fos immunocytochemistry. White, L.E., Price, J.L. J. Neurosci. (1993) [Pubmed]
  37. Another report of nonconvulsive status epilepticus after metrizamide myelography. Wagner, J.H. Ann. Neurol. (1985) [Pubmed]
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