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Gene Review

ROM1  -  retinal outer segment membrane protein 1

Homo sapiens

Synonyms: ROM, ROSP1, RP7, Rod outer segment membrane protein 1, TSPAN23, ...
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Disease relevance of ROM1

  • These polymorphisms will be useful in the evaluation of ROM1 as a candidate gene in inherited retinal diseases [1].
  • The main features of research into HIV and AIDS between 1981 and 1990 were examined using a database of medical, nursing and dental journals [compact disc read-only memory (CD-ROM) version of the Medline database (Silver Platter Information Services, London, UK)] [2].
  • METHODS: English-language reports published up to the end of 1996 relating to completed RCTs in acute stroke were identified from electronic searches of the Cochrane Stroke Review Group database of stroke trials and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (CD-ROM issue 1, 1997, of the Cochrane Library) [3].
  • Participants with ongoing moderate/severe symptoms at 2-3 years continued to manifest decreased ROM, increased EMG during cranio-cervical flexion, sensory hypersensitivity and elevated levels of psychological distress when compared to recovered participants and those with milder symptoms [4].
  • Two other cell lines (glioblastoma ROM and small-cell lung carcinoma SC41) which were similarly tested with 111In-pentetreotide (2.5-4 MBq) gave T/M ratios at 24 hr of 4.8 +/- 2.8 and 38.4 +/- 21.8, respectively [5].

Psychiatry related information on ROM1

  • Motor function (ROM; kinaesthetic sense; activity of the superficial neck flexors (EMG) during cranio-cervical flexion), quantitative sensory testing (pressure, thermal pain thresholds and brachial plexus provocation test), sympathetic vasoconstrictor responses and psychological distress (GHQ-28, TSK and IES) were measured [4].
  • Methods Five residents in dermatology (University of Florence Medical School) were submitted to a teaching programme in dermoscopy based on both formal lessons and training and self-assessment using a newly developed, interactive CD-ROM on dermoscopy [6].
  • Patients were satisfied with the interactive shared decision making CD-ROM program, and two-thirds of patients were able to select a preferred treatment based on the information presented in the program that they intended to follow [7].
  • The relative efficacy of pamphlets, CD-ROM, and the Internet for disseminating adolescent drug abuse prevention programs: an exploratory study [8].
  • METHOD: Patients with bulimia nervosa referred to a catchment area-based eating disorder service were offered eight sessions of a novel CD-ROM cognitive-behavioral self-help treatment without any added therapist input [9].

High impact information on ROM1

  • The direct effect of guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cGMP) on excised patches of rod outer segment membrane strongly supports a role for cGMP as an intracellular messenger in phototransduction [10].
  • Single-point nonparametric linkage analysis provided evidence of linkage of COME/ROM to chromosome 10q at marker D10S212 (LOD 3.78; P=3.0 x 10(-5)) and to chromosome 19q at marker D19S254 (LOD 2.61; P=5.3 x 10(-4)) [11].
  • These results suggest that risk of COME/ROM is determined by interactions between genes that reside in several candidate regions of the genome and are probably modulated by other environmental risk factors [11].
  • We used a combination of SSCP analysis, denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis, and DNA sequencing to screen the entire coding region of the ROM1 gene in 11 different unrelated patients affected with Best disease [12].
  • 2. In addition, a polymorphism within the ROM1 gene also demonstrated no recombinants and resulted in a lod score of 10.0 in these same three families [12].

Chemical compound and disease context of ROM1

  • Histopathological activity was assessed in the skin tissue of 13 skin-smear negative, borderline tuberculoid leprosy patients after administration of a single dose of ROM (rifampin 600 mg, ofloxacin 400 mg and minocycline 100 mg) therapy [13].

Biological context of ROM1


Anatomical context of ROM1


Associations of ROM1 with chemical compounds

  • A heterozygous novel C253Y mutation in the highly conserved cysteine residues of ROM1 gene is the cause of retinitis pigmentosa in a Spanish family [21]?
  • 11-cis-Retinal added to a rod outer segment membrane suspension did not react directly with opsin but was rapidly solubilized into membranes and then recombined with opsin in the membrane [22].
  • The ruthenium-catalyzed ring-opening polymerization (ROMP) of 1-cyclobutenecarbonyl glycine methyl ester provides translationally invariant, head-to-tail ordered polymers [23].
  • The ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) of 1,3,5,7-cyclooctatetraene (COT) in the presence of a chain transfer agent (CTA) with a highly active ruthenium olefin metathesis catalyst resulted in the formation of soluble polyenes [24].
  • Cadmium selenide nanoparticles, prepared by known methods, were stabilized with functional phosphine oxide 1, then used to support the polymerization of cyclic olefins radially outward from the surface by ruthenium-catalyzed ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) [25].

Other interactions of ROM1

  • Moreover, heterozygous mutations in ROM1 on 11q13, in combination with heterozygous mutations in RDS on 6p21.1-cen, cause digenic RP (the two-locus mechanism) [26].
  • One family (0.5%) has digenic RDS-ROM1 mutations [27].
  • Fine mapping of Best's macular dystrophy localizes the gene in close proximity to but distinct from the D11S480/ROM1 loci [16].
  • Mutations in ROM1 or in PDE6G are not causative of feline Rdy [28].
  • Activation of guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) phosphodiesterase (EC in frog rod outer segment membrane by rhodopsin analogues has been investigated [29].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of ROM1

  • Subjects who had tympanostomy tube surgery for COME/ROM (probands) and their families were recruited for the present study, and an ear examination was performed, without knowledge of the subject's history, to determine presence of OM sequelae [11].
  • Supported analogues of 2 were prepared by immobilization on hydroxymethyl-Merrifield resin and a monolithic support derived from ring-opening-metathesis polymerization (ROMP) [30].
  • Recent developments in fast database searching, multiple sequence alignment, and molecular modeling are discussed and windows-based, mouse-driven software for CD-ROM and network information retrieval are described [31].
  • ROM was related to respiratory tract infection (RR 9. 5), day care (RR 1.9), conjunctivitis (RR 2.0), maternal OM history (RR 1.9), and birth in the fall (RR 2.6) [32].
  • In the treatment group the tenderness score and the neck ROM limitation score were significantly improved after treatment, while there was no significant improvement in the placebo group [33].


  1. Polymorphisms and rare sequence variants at the ROM1 locus. Bascom, R.A., Liu, L., Humphries, P., Fishman, G.A., Murray, J.C., McInnes, R.R. Hum. Mol. Genet. (1993) [Pubmed]
  2. Research into HIV and AIDS between 1981 and 1990: the epidemic curve. Elford, J., Bor, R., Summers, P. AIDS (1991) [Pubmed]
  3. Quality of full and final publications reporting acute stroke trials: a systematic review. Bath, F.J., Owen, V.E., Bath, P.M. Stroke (1998) [Pubmed]
  4. Physical and psychological factors maintain long-term predictive capacity post-whiplash injury. Sterling, M., Jull, G., Kenardy, J. Pain (2006) [Pubmed]
  5. Strong uptake of 111In-pentetreotide by an MIBG-negative, xenografted neuroblastoma. Manil, L., Perdereau, B., Barbaroux, C., Brixy, F. Int. J. Cancer (1994) [Pubmed]
  6. Pattern analysis, not simplified algorithms, is the most reliable method for teaching dermoscopy for melanoma diagnosis to residents in dermatology. Carli, P., Quercioli, E., Sestini, S., Stante, M., Ricci, L., Brunasso, G., De Giorgi, V. Br. J. Dermatol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  7. Health literacy and shared decision making for prostate cancer patients with low socioeconomic status. Kim, S.P., Knight, S.J., Tomori, C., Colella, K.M., Schoor, R.A., Shih, L., Kuzel, T.M., Nadler, R.B., Bennett, C.L. Cancer Invest. (2001) [Pubmed]
  8. The relative efficacy of pamphlets, CD-ROM, and the Internet for disseminating adolescent drug abuse prevention programs: an exploratory study. Di Noia, J., Schwinn, T.M., Dastur, Z.A., Schinke, S.P. Preventive medicine. (2003) [Pubmed]
  9. A preliminary investigation into the feasibility and efficacy of a CD-ROM-based cognitive-behavioral self-help intervention for bulimia nervosa. Bara-Carril, N., Williams, C.J., Pombo-Carril, M.G., Reid, Y., Murray, K., Aubin, S., Harkin, P.J., Treasure, J., Schmidt, U. The International journal of eating disorders. (2004) [Pubmed]
  10. Divalent cations directly affect the conductance of excised patches of rod photoreceptor membrane. Stern, J.H., Knutsson, H., MacLeish, P.R. Science (1987) [Pubmed]
  11. Chronic and recurrent otitis media: a genome scan for susceptibility loci. Daly, K.A., Brown, W.M., Segade, F., Bowden, D.W., Keats, B.J., Lindgren, B.R., Levine, S.C., Rich, S.S. Am. J. Hum. Genet. (2004) [Pubmed]
  12. Refining the locus for Best vitelliform macular dystrophy and mutation analysis of the candidate gene ROM1. Nichols, B.E., Bascom, R., Litt, M., McInnes, R., Sheffield, V.C., Stone, E.M. Am. J. Hum. Genet. (1994) [Pubmed]
  13. Histopathological activity in paucibacillary leprosy patients after ROM therapy. Ebenezer, G.J., Job, C.K. Int. J. Lepr. Other Mycobact. Dis. (1999) [Pubmed]
  14. Localization of the photoreceptor gene ROM1 to human chromosome 11 and mouse chromosome 19: sublocalization to human 11q13 between PGA and PYGM. Bascom, R.A., García-Heras, J., Hsieh, C.L., Gerhard, D.S., Jones, C., Francke, U., Willard, H.F., Ledbetter, D.H., McInnes, R.R. Am. J. Hum. Genet. (1992) [Pubmed]
  15. Cloning of the human and murine ROM1 genes: genomic organization and sequence conservation. Bascom, R.A., Schappert, K., McInnes, R.R. Hum. Mol. Genet. (1993) [Pubmed]
  16. Fine mapping of Best's macular dystrophy localizes the gene in close proximity to but distinct from the D11S480/ROM1 loci. Graff, C., Forsman, K., Larsson, C., Nordström, S., Lind, L., Johansson, K., Sandgren, O., Weissenbach, J., Holmgren, G., Gustavson, K.H. Genomics (1994) [Pubmed]
  17. Putative association of a mutant ROM1 allele with retinitis pigmentosa. Martínez-Mir, A., Vilela, C., Bayés, M., Valverde, D., Dain, L., Beneyto, M., Marco, M., Baiget, M., Grinberg, D., Balcells, S., Gonzàlez-Duarte, R., Vilageliu, L. Hum. Genet. (1997) [Pubmed]
  18. ROM-1 potentiates photoreceptor specific membrane fusion processes. Boesze-Battaglia, K., Stefano, F.P., Fitzgerald, C., Muller-Weeks, S. Exp. Eye Res. (2007) [Pubmed]
  19. Genetic heterogeneity of butterfly-shaped pigment dystrophy of the fovea. van Lith-Verhoeven, J.J., Cremers, F.P., van den Helm, B., Hoyng, C.B., Deutman, A.F. Mol. Vis. (2003) [Pubmed]
  20. Mammary cancer in humans and mice: a tutorial for comparative pathology. The CD-ROM. Cardiff, R.D., Wagner, U., Hennighausen, L. Journal of mammary gland biology and neoplasia. (2000) [Pubmed]
  21. A heterozygous novel C253Y mutation in the highly conserved cysteine residues of ROM1 gene is the cause of retinitis pigmentosa in a Spanish family? Reig, C., Martinez-Gimeno, M., Carballo, M. Hum. Mutat. (2000) [Pubmed]
  22. Kinetic study of transfer of 11-cis-Retinal between rod outer segment membranes using regeneration of rhodopsin. Kawaguchi, T., Hamanaka, T., Kito, Y. Biophys. Chem. (1986) [Pubmed]
  23. Amino Acid-Bearing ROMP Polymers with a Stereoregular Backbone. Lee, J.C., Parker, K.A., Sampson, N.S. J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2006) [Pubmed]
  24. Direct synthesis of soluble, end-functionalized polyenes and polyacetylene block copolymers. Scherman, O.A., Rutenberg, I.M., Grubbs, R.H. J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2003) [Pubmed]
  25. Preparation of cadmium selenide-polyolefin composites from functional phosphine oxides and ruthenium-based metathesis. Skaff, H., Ilker, M.F., Coughlin, E.B., Emrick, T. J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2002) [Pubmed]
  26. Update on the molecular genetics of retinitis pigmentosa. Wang, Q., Chen, Q., Zhao, K., Wang, L., Wang, L., Traboulsi, E.I. Ophthalmic Genet. (2001) [Pubmed]
  27. Prevalence of disease-causing mutations in families with autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa: a screen of known genes in 200 families. Sullivan, L.S., Bowne, S.J., Birch, D.G., Hughbanks-Wheaton, D., Heckenlively, J.R., Lewis, R.A., Garcia, C.A., Ruiz, R.S., Blanton, S.H., Northrup, H., Gire, A.I., Seaman, R., Duzkale, H., Spellicy, C.J., Zhu, J., Shankar, S.P., Daiger, S.P. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (2006) [Pubmed]
  28. Autosomal dominant retinal dystrophy (Rdy) in Abyssinian cats: exclusion of PDE6G and ROM1 and likely exclusion of Rhodopsin as candidate genes. Gould, D.J., Sargan, D.R. Anim. Genet. (2002) [Pubmed]
  29. Activation of phosphodiesterase in frog rod outer segment by rhodopsin analogues. Fukada, Y., Yoshizawa, T., Ito, M., Tsukida, K. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1982) [Pubmed]
  30. Novel metathesis catalysts based on ruthenium 1,3-dimesityl-3,4,5,6-tetrahydropyrimidin-2-ylidenes: synthesis, structure, immobilization, and catalytic activity. Yang, L., Mayr, M., Wurst, K., Buchmeiser, M.R. Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany) (2004) [Pubmed]
  31. Computational sequence analysis revisited: new databases, software tools, and the research opportunities they engender. Boguski, M.S. J. Lipid Res. (1992) [Pubmed]
  32. Epidemiology of otitis media onset by six months of age. Daly, K.A., Brown, J.E., Lindgren, B.R., Meland, M.H., Le, C.T., Giebink, G.S. Pediatrics (1999) [Pubmed]
  33. The 'dry-needle technique': intramuscular stimulation in tension-type headache. Karakurum, B., Karaalin, O., Coskun, O., Dora, B., Uçler, S., Inan, L. Cephalalgia : an international journal of headache. (2001) [Pubmed]
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