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Disease relevance of Oligochaeta

  • We replaced amino acid 95 Lys in LK isolated from earthworm Eisenia foetida with two amino acids, Arg or Tyr, expressed the modified enzymes in Escherichia coli as a fusion protein with maltose-binding protein, and determined the kinetic parameters [1].
  • Coexistence of bacterial sulfide oxidizers, sulfate reducers, and spirochetes in a gutless worm (Oligochaeta) from the Peru margin [2].
  • Inherited resistance to arsenate toxicity in two populations of Lumbricus rubellus [3].
  • This study correlated extractabilities of 37 d aged phenanthrene residues in four dissimilar soils with the fraction that was available for earthworm (Lumbricus rubellus) accumulation and microorganism (Pseudomonas sp.) mineralisation [4].
  • The six lumbrokinase fractions (F1 to F6) with fibrinolytic activities were purified from earthworm Lumbricus rubellus lysates using the procedures of autolysis, ammonium sulfate fractionation, and column chromatography [5].

High impact information on Oligochaeta


Chemical compound and disease context of Oligochaeta


Biological context of Oligochaeta


Anatomical context of Oligochaeta


Associations of Oligochaeta with chemical compounds

  • The extracellular hemoglobin (Hb) of the earthworm, Lumbricus terrestris, has four major O2-binding chains, a, b, c (forming a disulfide-linked trimer), and d ("monomer") [25].
  • This sequence shows high homology with Tylorrhynchus chain I (Suzuki, T., Takagi, T., and Gotoh, T. (1982) Biochem. Biophys. Acta 708, 253-258) and Lumbricus chain AIII (Garlick, R. L., and Riggs, A. F. (1982) J. Biol. Chem. 257, 9005-9015) [26].
  • The large noncoding region (1,091 nt) identified in Platynereis has no significant sequence similarity to the noncoding region of Lumbricus, although each contains runs of TA dinucleotides and of homopolymers, which could potentially serve as signaling elements [27].
  • (1)H, (13)C, and (15)N chemical shift assignment of the C-terminal 15 kDa domain of a novel galactose-binding protein from the earthworm Lumbricus terrestris [28].
  • Glutathione S-transferase activity (EC was demonstrated in six species of earthworms of the family Lumbricidae: Eisenia foetida, Lumbricus terrestris, Lumbricus rebellus, Allolobophora longa, Allolobophora caliginosa and Allolobophora chlorotica [29].

Gene context of Oligochaeta


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Oligochaeta


  1. Role of amino-acid residue 95 in substrate specificity of phosphagen kinases. Tanaka, K., Suzuki, T. FEBS Lett. (2004) [Pubmed]
  2. Coexistence of bacterial sulfide oxidizers, sulfate reducers, and spirochetes in a gutless worm (Oligochaeta) from the Peru margin. Blazejak, A., Erséus, C., Amann, R., Dubilier, N. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  3. Inherited resistance to arsenate toxicity in two populations of Lumbricus rubellus. Langdon, C.J., Piearce, T.G., Meharg, A.A., Semple, K.T. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. (2003) [Pubmed]
  4. Towards a more appropriate water based extraction for the assessment of organic contaminant availability. Hickman, Z.A., Reid, B.J. Environ. Pollut. (2005) [Pubmed]
  5. Purification and characterization of six fibrinolytic serine-proteases from earthworm Lumbricus rubellus. Cho, I.H., Choi, E.S., Lim, H.G., Lee, H.H. J. Biochem. Mol. Biol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  6. Kinetics of binding of carbon monoxide to lumbricus erythrocruorin: a possible model. Giacometti, G.M., Focesi, A., Giardina, B., Brunori, M., Wyman, J. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1975) [Pubmed]
  7. CCF, an invertebrate analogue of TNF, is not related to the other lytic components from Eisenia foetida earthworm. Beschin, A., De Baetselier, P., Bilej, M. Bioessays (2002) [Pubmed]
  8. A lipopolysaccharide- and beta-1,3-glucan-binding protein from hemocytes of the freshwater crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus. Purification, characterization, and cDNA cloning. Lee, S.Y., Wang, R., Söderhäll, K. J. Biol. Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
  9. Evidence for conservation of the vasopressin/oxytocin superfamily in Annelida. Satake, H., Takuwa, K., Minakata, H., Matsushima, O. J. Biol. Chem. (1999) [Pubmed]
  10. Identification and cloning of a glucan- and lipopolysaccharide-binding protein from Eisenia foetida earthworm involved in the activation of prophenoloxidase cascade. Beschin, A., Bilej, M., Hanssens, F., Raymakers, J., Van Dyck, E., Revets, H., Brys, L., Gomez, J., De Baetselier, P., Timmermans, M. J. Biol. Chem. (1998) [Pubmed]
  11. Responses of earthworms (Lumbricus rubellus) to copper and cadmium as determined by measurement of juvenile traits in a specifically designed test system. Spurgeon, D.J., Svendsen, C., Kille, P., Morgan, A.J., Weeks, J.M. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. (2004) [Pubmed]
  12. Short-term toxicity of lindane, hexachlorobenzene, and copper sulfate to tubificid sludgeworms (Oligochaeta) in artificial media. Meller, M., Egeler, P., Römbke, J., Schallnass, H., Nagel, R., Streit, B. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. (1998) [Pubmed]
  13. Toxicity of azodrin on the morphology and acetylcholinesterase activity of the earthworm Eisenia foetida. Rao, J.V., Kavitha, P. Environmental research. (2004) [Pubmed]
  14. Toxicity of chromium(III) and chromium(VI) to the earthworm Eisenia fetida. Sivakumar, S., Subbhuraam, C.V. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. (2005) [Pubmed]
  15. Ecotoxicity of chromium (III) to Eisenia fetida, Enchytraeus albidus, and Folsomia candida. Lock, K., Janssen, C.R. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. (2002) [Pubmed]
  16. Activation by phosphorylation of phosphofructokinase from the annelid Lumbricus terrestris and comparison of phosphorylated sites in invertebrate phosphofructokinases. Schaloske, R., Biethinger, M., Fothergill-Gilmore, L.A., Hofer, H.W. Biochem. J. (1996) [Pubmed]
  17. The amino acid sequence of cytochrome c from Eisenia foetida (Savigny) (common brandling worm). Lyddiatt, A., Boulter, D. FEBS Lett. (1976) [Pubmed]
  18. Rapid artificial restoration of electrical continuity across a crush lesion of a giant axon. Krause, T.L., Marquis, R.E., Lyckman, A.W., Ballinger, M.L., Bittner, G.D. Brain Res. (1991) [Pubmed]
  19. Evaluation of surrogate measures of cadmium, lead, and zinc bioavailability to Eisenia fetida. Conder, J.M., Lanno, R.P. Chemosphere (2000) [Pubmed]
  20. Mitochondrial mass and membrane potential in coelomocytes from the earthworm Eisenia foetida: studies with fluorescent probes in single intact cells. Cossarizza, A., Cooper, E.L., Quaglino, D., Salvioli, S., Kalachnikova, G., Franceschi, C. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (1995) [Pubmed]
  21. Octopamine-containing neurons in the alimentary tract of the earthworm (Eisenia fetida). Csoknya, M., Barna, J., Bánvölgyi, T., Hiripi, L., Eckert, M., Hámori, J., Elekes, K. Brain Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
  22. Evidence for the presence of thyroid stimulating hormone, thyroglobulin and their receptors in Eisenia fetida: a multilevel hormonal interface between the nervous system and the peripheral tissues. Wilhelm, M., Koza, A., Engelmann, P., Németh, P., Csoknya, M. Cell Tissue Res. (2006) [Pubmed]
  23. Alpha-actinin in different invertebrate muscle cell types of Drosophila melanogaster, the earthworm Eisenia foetida, and the snail Helix aspersa. Royuela, M., Astier, C., Fraile, B., Paniagua, R. J. Muscle Res. Cell. Motil. (1999) [Pubmed]
  24. Water-soluble luminal contents of the gut of the earthworm Lumbricus terrestris L. and their physiological significance. Tillinghast, E.K., O'Donnell, R., Eves, D., Calvert, E., Taylor, J. Comp. Biochem. Physiol., Part A Mol. Integr. Physiol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  25. Stoichiometry of subunits and heme content of hemoglobin from the earthworm Lumbricus terrestris. Zhu, H., Hargrove, M., Xie, Q., Nozaki, Y., Linse, K., Smith, S.S., Olson, J.S., Riggs, A.F. J. Biol. Chem. (1996) [Pubmed]
  26. Subunit structure of extracellular hemoglobin from the polychaete Tylorrhynchus heterochaetus and amino acid sequence of the constituent polypeptide chain (IIC). Suzuki, T., Furukohri, T., Gotoh, T. J. Biol. Chem. (1985) [Pubmed]
  27. Mitochondrial genomes of Galathealinum, Helobdella, and Platynereis: sequence and gene arrangement comparisons indicate that Pogonophora is not a phylum and Annelida and Arthropoda are not sister taxa. Boore, J.L., Brown, W.M. Mol. Biol. Evol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  28. (1)H, (13)C, and (15)N chemical shift assignment of the C-terminal 15 kDa domain of a novel galactose-binding protein from the earthworm Lumbricus terrestris. Hemmi, H., Kuno, A., Ito, S., Suzuki, R., Kaneko, S., Hasegawa, T., Hirabayashi, J., Kasai, K. J. Biomol. NMR (2004) [Pubmed]
  29. Glutathione S-transferases in earthworms (Lumbricidae). Stenersen, J., Guthenberg, C., Mannervik, B. Biochem. J. (1979) [Pubmed]
  30. Hydrolysis of fibrinogen and plasminogen by immobilized earthworm fibrinolytic enzyme II from Eisenia fetida. Zhao, J., Li, L., Wu, C., He, R.Q. Int. J. Biol. Macromol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  31. Effects of annetocin, an oxytocin-related peptide isolated from the earthworm Eisenia foetida, and some putative neurotransmitters on gut motility of the earthworm. Ukena, K., Oumi, T., Matsushima, O., Ikeda, T., Fujita, T., Minakata, H., Nomoto, K. J. Exp. Zool. (1995) [Pubmed]
  32. Glutathione, glutathione-related enzymes, and catalase activities in the earthworm Eisenia fetida andrei. Saint-Denis, M., Labrot, F., Narbonne, J.F., Ribera, D. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  33. Gastrin- and cholecystokinin-like immunoreactivities in the nervous system of the earthworm. Reglödi, D., Lubics, A., Szelier, M., Lengvári, I. Peptides (1999) [Pubmed]
  34. Immunocytochemical electron microscopic study and western blot analysis of myosin, paramyosin and miniparamyosin in the striated muscle of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster and in obliquely striated and smooth muscles of the earthworm Eisenia foetida. Royuela, M., Fraile, B., Cervera, M., Paniagua, R. J. Muscle Res. Cell. Motil. (1997) [Pubmed]
  35. Acute toxicity of chlorophenols to earthworms using a simple paper contact method and comparison with toxicities to fresh water organisms. Miyazaki, A., Amano, T., Saito, H., Nakano, Y. Chemosphere (2002) [Pubmed]
  36. Immunocytochemical electron microscopic study and western blot analysis of paramyosin in different invertebrate muscle cell types of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, the earthworm Eisenia foetida, and the snail Helix aspersa. Royuela, M., García-Anchuelo, R., Arenas, M.I., Cervera, M., Fraile, B., Paniagua, R. Histochem. J. (1996) [Pubmed]
  37. Molecular cloning, sequencing, and expression of a fibrinolytic serine-protease gene from the earthworm Lumbricus rubellus. Cho, I.H., Choi, E.S., Lee, H.H. J. Biochem. Mol. Biol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  38. Participation of electrogenic Na+-K+-ATPase in the membrane potential of earthworm body wall muscles. Volkov, E.M., Nurullin, L.F., Svandová, I., Nikolsky, E.E., Vyskocil, F. Physiological research / Academia Scientiarum Bohemoslovaca. (2000) [Pubmed]
  39. Angioedema, rhinitis and asthma provoked by fishing bait (Eisenia foetida). Valero Santiago, A., Huguet Casals, J., Sanosa Valls, J., Malet Casajuana, A., García Calderón, P.A. Allergologia et immunopathologia. (1989) [Pubmed]
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