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Disease relevance of Zimbabwe


High impact information on Zimbabwe


Chemical compound and disease context of Zimbabwe


Biological context of Zimbabwe


Anatomical context of Zimbabwe

  • In assessing the potential of the tetracycline compounds as biomarkers in oral rabies vaccination campaigns in jackals in Zimbabwe, the natural prevalence of fluorescent compounds in bone tissue from jackals was investigated [20].
  • Outer membrane immunized cattle were protected significantly following challenge with 10(4) Zimbabwe strain parasitized erythrocytes, demonstrated by significant differences in prepatent period and peak rickettsemia compared with adjuvant immunized control cattle [21].
  • CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that naked eye inspection of the cervix after application of acetic acid is a practical alternative to cervical cytology in screening for cervical cancer in countries with few resources like Zimbabwe [22].
  • Enumeration of CD4 and CD8 T-cells in HIV infection in Zimbabwe using a manual immunocytochemical method [23].
  • An evaluation of DDT and DDT residues in human breast milk in the Kariba Valley of Zimbabwe [24].

Associations of Zimbabwe with chemical compounds

  • The activity of these hepatic enzymes was tested in 45 Shona children from a rural area of Zimbabwe with use of caffeine as a probe [25].
  • RESULTS: Mean angiotensinogen levels varied widely across groups (Nigeria 1381 ng/ml angiotensin I generated, Zimbabwe 1638 ng/ml angiotensin I generated, Jamaica 1808 ng/ml angiotensin I generated, and Maywood 2039 ng/ml angiotensin I generated) [26].
  • Two clones were evaluated; pCS20 from Crystal Springs (Zimbabwe) strain DNA had a 1,306-bp insert, and pCR9 from Kiswani (Kenya) strain DNA had a 754-bp insert [27].
  • Sulphur and carbon isotopic analyses on small samples of kerogens and sulphide minerals from biogenic and non-biogenic sediments of the 2.7 x 10(9) years(Ga)-old Belingwe Greenstone Belt (Zimbabwe) imply that a complex biological sulphur cycle was in operation [28].
  • Eight of 28 (29%) rectal swab specimens obtained from hospitalized patients in Zimbabwe had gentamicin resistant enterococci [18].

Gene context of Zimbabwe


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Zimbabwe


  1. HIV and other predictors of serum folate, serum ferritin, and hemoglobin in pregnancy: a cross-sectional study in Zimbabwe. Friis, H., Gomo, E., Koestel, P., Ndhlovu, P., Nyazema, N., Krarup, H., Michaelsen, K.F. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (2001) [Pubmed]
  2. Identification of dye-sensitive strains of Brucella melitensis. Corbel, M.J. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1991) [Pubmed]
  3. Vitamin B12 deficiency is the primary cause of megaloblastic anaemia in Zimbabwe. Savage, D., Gangaidzo, I., Lindenbaum, J., Kiire, C., Mukiibi, J.M., Moyo, A., Gwanzura, C., Mudenge, B., Bennie, A., Sitima, J. Br. J. Haematol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  4. Age-related antibody profiles in Schistosoma haematobium infections in a rural community in Zimbabwe. Ndhlovu, P., Cadman, H., Vennervald, B.J., Christensen, N.O., Chidimu, M., Chandiwana, S.K. Parasite Immunol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  5. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase 677 C --> T polymorphism, plasma folate, vitamin B(12) concentrations, and risk of preeclampsia among black African women from Zimbabwe. Rajkovic, A., Mahomed, K., Rozen, R., Malinow, M.R., King, I.B., Williams, M.A. Mol. Genet. Metab. (2000) [Pubmed]
  6. Misuse of mefloquine for malaria prophylaxis in Zimbabwe. Baily, G.G. Lancet (1987) [Pubmed]
  7. Effect of postpartum maternal or neonatal vitamin A supplementation on infant mortality among infants born to HIV-negative mothers in Zimbabwe. Malaba, L.C., Iliff, P.J., Nathoo, K.J., Marinda, E., Moulton, L.H., Zijenah, L.S., Zvandasara, P., Ward, B.J., Humphrey, J.H. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (2005) [Pubmed]
  8. DNA sequence variation at a duplicated gene: excess of replacement polymorphism and extensive haplotype structure in the Drosophila melanogaster bicoid region. Baines, J.F., Chen, Y., Das, A., Stephan, W. Mol. Biol. Evol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  9. Intermittent oral administration of potassium iodide solution for the correction of iodine deficiency. Todd, C.H., Dunn, J.T. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1998) [Pubmed]
  10. Oculocutaneous albinism among schoolchildren in Harare, Zimbabwe. Kagore, F., Lund, P.M. J. Med. Genet. (1995) [Pubmed]
  11. Risks of iodine-induced hyperthyroidism after correction of iodine deficiency by iodized salt. Delange, F., de Benoist, B., Alnwick, D. Thyroid (1999) [Pubmed]
  12. Status of chloroquine efficacy against falciparum malaria in the Mola area of Kariba district, Zimbabwe. Mharakurwa, S., Rangarira, R., Murahwa, F.C., Chandiwana, S.K. Ann. Trop. Med. Parasitol. (1998) [Pubmed]
  13. Deposition and retention of inhaled fibres: effects on incidence of lung cancer and mesothelioma. Lippmann, M. Occupational and environmental medicine. (1994) [Pubmed]
  14. Dental caries, fluoride levels and oral hygiene practices of school children in Matebeleland South, Zimbabwe. Sathananthan, K., Vos, T., Bango, G. Community dentistry and oral epidemiology. (1996) [Pubmed]
  15. Detection of antibodies to the Ehrlichia ruminantium MAP1-B antigen in goat sera from three communal land areas of Zimbabwe by an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Kakono, O., Hove, T., Geysen, D., Mahan, S. Onderstepoort J. Vet. Res. (2003) [Pubmed]
  16. Polymorphic acetylation of sulphamethazine in a Zimbabwe population. Nhachi, C.F. J. Med. Genet. (1988) [Pubmed]
  17. Evolutionary inferences from DNA variation at the 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase locus in natural populations of drosophila: selection and geographic differentiation. Begun, D.J., Aquadro, C.F. Genetics (1994) [Pubmed]
  18. Epidemiology of high-level gentamicin resistant enterococcal isolates from Zimbabwe. Patterson, J.E., Barry, M., Gallant, J., Mangine, L.S., Farrel, P., Latif, A. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. (1990) [Pubmed]
  19. Zimbabwe black population data on the six short tandem repeat loci--CSF1PO, TPOX, THO1, D3S1358, VWA and FGA. Budowle, B., Nhari, L.T., Moretti, T.R., Kanoyangwa, S.B., Masuka, E., Defenbaugh, D.A., Smerick, J.B. Forensic Sci. Int. (1997) [Pubmed]
  20. Naturally occurring tetracycline-like fluorescence in sections of femur from jackals in Zimbabwe. Bingham, J., Matema, R., Kappeler, A., Hill, F.W. Vet. Rec. (1994) [Pubmed]
  21. Heterologous strain challenge of cattle immunized with Anaplasma marginale outer membranes. Palmer, G.H., Munodzana, D., Tebele, N., Ushe, T., McElwain, T.F. Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  22. Visual inspection of the cervix as a primary means of cervical cancer screening: results of a pilot study. Chirenje, Z.M., Chipato, T., Kasule, J., Rusakaniko, S. The Central African journal of medicine. (1999) [Pubmed]
  23. Enumeration of CD4 and CD8 T-cells in HIV infection in Zimbabwe using a manual immunocytochemical method. Gomo, E., Ndhlovu, P., Vennervald, B.J., Nyazema, N., Friis, H. The Central African journal of medicine. (2001) [Pubmed]
  24. An evaluation of DDT and DDT residues in human breast milk in the Kariba Valley of Zimbabwe. Chikuni, O., Polder, A., Skaare, J.U., Nhachi, C.F. Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology. (1997) [Pubmed]
  25. Low CYP1A2 activity in rural Shona children of Zimbabwe. Masimirembwa, C.M., Beke, M., Hasler, J.A., Tang, B.K., Kalow, W. Clin. Pharmacol. Ther. (1995) [Pubmed]
  26. Angiotensinogen levels and obesity in four black populations. ICSHIB Investigators. Cooper, R., Forrester, T., Ogunbiyi, O., Muffinda, J. J. Hypertens. (1998) [Pubmed]
  27. A cloned DNA probe identifies Cowdria ruminantium in Amblyomma variegatum ticks. Waghela, S.D., Rurangirwa, F.R., Mahan, S.M., Yunker, C.E., Crawford, T.B., Barbet, A.F., Burridge, M.J., McGuire, T.C. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1991) [Pubmed]
  28. Antiquity of the biological sulphur cycle: evidence from sulphur and carbon isotopes in 2700 million-year-old rocks of the Belingwe Belt, Zimbabwe. Grassineau, N.V., Nisbet, E.G., Bickle, M.J., Fowler, C.M., Lowry, D., Mattey, D.P., Abell, P., Martin, A. Proc. Biol. Sci. (2001) [Pubmed]
  29. Distribution of HLA-DQA1, -DQB1 and DRB1 alleles in black IDDM patients and controls from Zimbabwe. Garcia-Pacheco, J.M., Herbut, B., Cutbush, S., Hitman, G.A., Zhonglin, W., Magzoub, M., Bottazzo, G.F., Kiere, C., West, G., Mvere, D. Tissue Antigens (1992) [Pubmed]
  30. Association of high HIV-1 RNA levels and homozygosity at HLA class II DRB1 in adults coinfected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Harare, Zimbabwe. Zijenah, L.S., Hartogensis, W.E., Katzenstein, D.A., Tobaiwa, O., Mutswangwa, J., Mason, P.R., Louie, L.G. Hum. Immunol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  31. Polymarker, HLA-DQA1 and D1S80 allele data in a Zimbabwean Black sample population. Wolfarth, R., Nhari, L.T., Budowle, B., Kanoyangwa, S.B., Masuka, E. Int. J. Legal Med. (2000) [Pubmed]
  32. Sequence-specific oligonucleotide typing in Shona patients with rheumatoid arthritis and healthy controls from Zimbabwe. Cutbush, S., Chikanza, I.C., Biro, P.A., Bekker, C., Stein, M., Lutalo, S., Garcia-Pacheco, J.M., McCloskey, D.S., Lanchbury, J.S., Sachs, J.A. Tissue Antigens (1993) [Pubmed]
  33. Use of a specific immunogenic region on the Cowdria ruminantium MAP1 protein in a serological assay. van Vliet, A.H., van der Zeijst, B.A., Camus, E., Mahan, S.M., Martinez, D., Jongejan, F. J. Clin. Microbiol. (1995) [Pubmed]
  34. Compliance with malaria chemoprophylaxis programmes in Zimbabwe. Taylor, P., Mutambu, S.L. Acta Trop. (1987) [Pubmed]
  35. Ketamine drip anaesthesia for caesarean section. Report on 200 cases from a rural hospital in Zimbabwe. Zimmermann, H. Tropical doctor. (1988) [Pubmed]
  36. A case of dual chloroquine and halofantrine treatment failure in Zimbabwe. Mharakurwa, S. The Central African journal of medicine. (1995) [Pubmed]
  37. Immunisation of cattle in Zimbabwe using Theileria parva (Boleni) without concurrent tetracycline therapy. Kanhai, G.K., Pegram, R.G., Hargreaves, S.K., Hove, T., Dolan, T.T. Tropical animal health and production. (1997) [Pubmed]
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