The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review

Physical Fitness

Welcome! If you are familiar with the subject of this article, you can contribute to this open access knowledge base by deleting incorrect information, restructuring or completely rewriting any text. Read more.

Disease relevance of Physical Fitness


Psychiatry related information on Physical Fitness


High impact information on Physical Fitness


Chemical compound and disease context of Physical Fitness


Biological context of Physical Fitness


Anatomical context of Physical Fitness

  • RESULTS: Total (leisure and occupational) physical activity and physical fitness were significantly associated with fasting insulin concentrations after adjusting for age, BMI or percent body fat, waist circumference, and fasting glucose concentration in men but not in women [14].
  • METHODS: Physical fitness (duration of a graded treadmill test), Apo E phenotype, plasma LDL-C and HDL-C, and covariates were measured at baseline and seven years later in a bi-racial cohort of young adults, aged 18-30 years at baseline in 1985-86, from the Coronary Artery Risk Development In Young Adults (CARDIA) study [24].
  • This enhancement of AHH activity in HPL appears to be strongly correlated with enhanced lymphocyte count as well as induced metabolic and exercise stress but not with the intrinsic physical fitness of individuals [25].
  • CONCLUSION: Hip flexors can compensate for fatigued abdominal muscles, causing sit-ups to be performed unsafely, yet are still counted as correct according to Army Physical Fitness Test standards [26].

Associations of Physical Fitness with chemical compounds

  • Despite evidence for a strikingly higher level of physical fitness and a lower level of risk factors in the trained group, no significant difference in mean serum estradiol level was found [27].
  • CONCLUSIONS: Autonomic dysfunction, in combination with poor physical fitness, may be a mechanism associated with early glucose dysmetabolism and the development of diabetes [28].
  • Factor analytic derivation of the MHPG/NM ratio: implications for studying the link between physical fitness and depression [29].
  • Maternal family history and combined maternal and paternal family history predisposed to future type 2 diabetes both in univariate Cox analysis and in multivariate Cox regression analysis after adjusting for glucose disappearance rate (Rd) during an IVGTT, FBG level, BMI, physical fitness, triglyceride level, and age [30].
  • In all equations abdominal adiposity and physical fitness, rather than age, contributed significantly to predict changes in arginine stimulated GH secretion [21].

Gene context of Physical Fitness

  • On the other hand, the postheparin plasma hepatic lipase activity showed a significant negative correlation to physical fitness (r = -0.57, P less than 0.01) [31].
  • No relationship was found between physical fitness and LPL activity or between HDL3 and fitness [31].
  • Effects of exercise and physical fitness on the pituitary-thyroid axis and on prolactin secretion in male runners [32].
  • The effects of acute exercise and thyrotropin-releasing hormone on the pituitary-thyroid axis were examined in men placed into three well-defined categories of physical fitness [32].
  • We examined the relationship between physical fitness and circulating components of the GH-insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) system [i.e. GH, GH-binding protein (GHBP), IGF-I, and IGF-binding proteins 1-5 (IGFBP-1 through-5)] in adolescent females (age range, 15-17 yr) [33].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Physical Fitness


  1. Metabolic effects of nicotine after consumption of a meal in smokers and nonsmokers. Perkins, K.A., Epstein, L.H., Stiller, R.L., Sexton, J.E., Fernstrom, M.H., Jacob, R.G., Solberg, R. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1990) [Pubmed]
  2. Glucose metabolism, lipid metabolism, and cardiovascular risk factors in adult Turner's syndrome. The impact of sex hormone replacement. Gravholt, C.H., Naeraa, R.W., Nyholm, B., Gerdes, L.U., Christiansen, E., Schmitz, O., Christiansen, J.S. Diabetes Care (1998) [Pubmed]
  3. Insulin resistance is coupled to low physical fitness in normotensive men with a family history of hypertension. Endre, T., Mattiasson, I., Hulthén, U.L., Lindgärde, F., Berglund, G. J. Hypertens. (1994) [Pubmed]
  4. The effect of endurance training on the relationships between sex hormone binding globulin, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, apoprotein A1 and physical fitness in pre-menopausal women with mild obesity. Kumagai, S., Shono, N., Kondo, Y., Nishizumi, M. Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord. (1994) [Pubmed]
  5. Faster lactate transport across red blood cell membrane in sickle cell trait carriers. Fagnété, S., Philippe, C., Olivier, H., Mona, M.H., Maryse, E.J., Marie-Dominique, H.D. J. Appl. Physiol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  6. Physical activity, physical fitness, and general health perception among individuals with rheumatoid arthritis. Eurenius, E., Stenström, C.H. Arthritis Rheum. (2005) [Pubmed]
  7. Relationships between urinary catecholamine metabolites, particularly MHPG, and selected personality and physical fitness characteristics in normal subjects. Sothmann, M.S., Ismail, A.H. Psychosomatic medicine. (1984) [Pubmed]
  8. Changes in self-concept and body image during alopecia induced cancer chemotherapy. Münstedt, K., Manthey, N., Sachsse, S., Vahrson, H. Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer. (1997) [Pubmed]
  9. A public health intervention model for work-site health promotion. Impact on exercise and physical fitness in a health promotion plan after 24 months. Blair, S.N., Piserchia, P.V., Wilbur, C.S., Crowder, J.H. JAMA (1986) [Pubmed]
  10. Physical exercise conditioning in the absence of weight loss reduces fasting and postprandial triglyceride-rich lipoprotein levels. Weintraub, M.S., Rosen, Y., Otto, R., Eisenberg, S., Breslow, J.L. Circulation (1989) [Pubmed]
  11. Associations of resting heart rate with concentrations of lipoprotein subfractions in sedentary men. Williams, P.T., Haskell, W.L., Vranizan, K.M., Blair, S.N., Krauss, R.M., Superko, H.R., Albers, J.J., Frey-Hewitt, B., Wood, P.D. Circulation (1985) [Pubmed]
  12. Association between coronary heart disease risk factors and physical fitness in healthy adult women. Gibbons, L.W., Blair, S.N., Cooper, K.H., Smith, M. Circulation (1983) [Pubmed]
  13. The association between cardiorespiratory fitness and C-reactive protein in subjects with the metabolic syndrome. Aronson, D., Sella, R., Sheikh-Ahmad, M., Kerner, A., Avizohar, O., Rispler, S., Bartha, P., Markiewicz, W., Levy, Y., Brook, G.J. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  14. Physical activity, physical fitness, and insulin and glucose concentrations in an isolated Native Canadian population experiencing rapid lifestyle change. Kriska, A.M., Hanley, A.J., Harris, S.B., Zinman, B. Diabetes Care (2001) [Pubmed]
  15. Skeletal size and bone mineral content in Turner's syndrome: relation to karyotype, estrogen treatment, physical fitness, and bone turnover. Naeraa, R.W., Brixen, K., Hansen, R.M., Hasling, C., Mosekilde, L., Andresen, J.H., Charles, P., Nielsen, J. Calcif. Tissue Int. (1991) [Pubmed]
  16. "Lifestyle" interventions for promoting physical activity: a kilocalorie expenditure-based home feasibility study. Leaf, D.A., Reuben, D.B. Am. J. Med. Sci. (1996) [Pubmed]
  17. Improvements in physical fitness of Kenyan schoolboys infected with hookworm, Trichuris trichiura and Ascaris lumbricoides following a single dose of albendazole. Stephenson, L.S., Latham, M.C., Kinoti, S.N., Kurz, K.M., Brigham, H. Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. (1990) [Pubmed]
  18. Lifestyle and blood pressure levels in male twins in Utah. Slattery, M.L., Bishop, D.T., French, T.K., Hunt, S.C., Meikle, A.W., Williams, R.R. Genet. Epidemiol. (1988) [Pubmed]
  19. Effect of long-distance running on bone mass in women. Kirk, S., Sharp, C.F., Elbaum, N., Endres, D.B., Simons, S.M., Mohler, J.G., Rude, R.K. J. Bone Miner. Res. (1989) [Pubmed]
  20. Insulin resistance in relatives of NIDDM patients: the role of physical fitness and muscle metabolism. Nyholm, B., Mengel, A., Nielsen, S., Skjaerbaek, C., Møller, N., Alberti, K.G., Schmitz, O. Diabetologia (1996) [Pubmed]
  21. Abdominal adiposity and physical fitness are major determinants of the age associated decline in stimulated GH secretion in healthy adults. Vahl, N., Jørgensen, J.O., Jurik, A.G., Christiansen, J.S. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (1996) [Pubmed]
  22. Increased resting and exercise-induced oxidative stress in young IDDM men. Laaksonen, D.E., Atalay, M., Niskanen, L., Uusitupa, M., Hänninen, O., Sen, C.K. Diabetes Care (1996) [Pubmed]
  23. Effect of physical fitness and body composition on sleep and sleep-related hormone concentrations. Paxton, S.J., Trinder, J., Shapiro, C.M., Adam, K., Oswald, I., Gräf, K.J. Sleep. (1984) [Pubmed]
  24. Independent and interactive effects of apolipoprotein E phenotype and cardiorespiratory fitness on plasma lipids. Schmitz, K.H., Schreiner, P.J., Jacobs, D.R., Leon, A.S., Liu, K., Howard, B., Sternfeld, B. Annals of epidemiology. (2001) [Pubmed]
  25. Effects of acute physical exercise on aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity in human peripheral lymphocytes. Moochhala, S.M., Fung, K.P., Yuen, R., Das, N.P. Life Sci. (1990) [Pubmed]
  26. An electromyographical evaluation of the validity of the 2-minute sit-up section of the Army Physical Fitness Test in measuring abdominal strength and endurance. Szasz, A., Zimmerman, A., Frey, E., Brady, D., Spalletta, R. Military medicine. (2002) [Pubmed]
  27. Levels of serum sex hormones and risk factors for coronary heart disease in exercise-trained men. Gutin, B., Alejandro, D., Duni, T., Segal, K., Phillips, G.B. Am. J. Med. (1985) [Pubmed]
  28. Influence of autonomic nervous system dysfunction on the development of type 2 diabetes: the CARDIA study. Carnethon, M.R., Jacobs, D.R., Sidney, S., Liu, K. Diabetes Care (2003) [Pubmed]
  29. Factor analytic derivation of the MHPG/NM ratio: implications for studying the link between physical fitness and depression. Sothmann, M.S., Ismail, A.H. Biol. Psychiatry (1985) [Pubmed]
  30. Type 2 diabetes and maternal family history: an impact beyond slow glucose removal rate and fasting hyperglycemia in low-risk individuals? Results from 22.5 years of follow-up of healthy nondiabetic men. Bjørnholt, J.V., Erikssen, G., Liestøl, K., Jervell, J., Thaulow, E., Erikssen, J. Diabetes Care (2000) [Pubmed]
  31. Plasma high density lipoproteins HDL2, HDL3 and postheparin plasma lipases in relation to parameters of physical fitness. Kuusi, T., Nikkilä, E.A., Saarinen, P., Varjo, P., Laitinen, L.A. Atherosclerosis (1982) [Pubmed]
  32. Effects of exercise and physical fitness on the pituitary-thyroid axis and on prolactin secretion in male runners. Smallridge, R.C., Whorton, N.E., Burman, K.D., Ferguson, E.W. Metab. Clin. Exp. (1985) [Pubmed]
  33. Physical fitness, endurance training, and the growth hormone-insulin-like growth factor I system in adolescent females. Eliakim, A., Brasel, J.A., Mohan, S., Barstow, T.J., Berman, N., Cooper, D.M. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (1996) [Pubmed]
  34. C-Reactive protein is inversely related to physical fitness in middle-aged subjects. Aronson, D., Sheikh-Ahmad, M., Avizohar, O., Kerner, A., Sella, R., Bartha, P., Markiewicz, W., Levy, Y., Brook, G.J. Atherosclerosis (2004) [Pubmed]
  35. Propranolol and inspiratory muscle performance in normal subjects. Mucciardi, N., Muspratt, J., Miller, M.J. Journal of clinical pharmacology. (1988) [Pubmed]
  36. Blood pressure response to physical exercise in healthy adolescents and adolescents with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Nordgren, H., Freyschuss, U., Persson, B. Clin. Sci. (1994) [Pubmed]
  37. A randomized clinical trial comparing fitness and biofeedback training versus basic treatment in patients with fibromyalgia. van Santen, M., Bolwijn, P., Verstappen, F., Bakker, C., Hidding, A., Houben, H., van der Heijde, D., Landewé, R., van der Linden, S. J. Rheumatol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  38. Effects of endurance training on endocrine response to physical exercise after 5 days of bed rest in healthy male subjects. Koska, J., Ksinantová, L., Kvetnanský, R., Hamar, D., Martinkovic, M., Vigas, M. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities