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Chemical Compound Review

Caliche     sodium nitrate

Synonyms: Nitratine, etabisulfite, Peru saltpeter, Chile salpeter, CCRIS 558, ...
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Disease relevance of sodium nitrate


Psychiatry related information on sodium nitrate


High impact information on sodium nitrate


Chemical compound and disease context of sodium nitrate


Biological context of sodium nitrate


Anatomical context of sodium nitrate


Associations of sodium nitrate with other chemical compounds

  • Efficient concentration of the sodium nitrate-beef extract eluate by organic flocculation required the addition of the antichaotrope (NH4)2SO4 to a 2 M concentration and Cat-Floc T (Calgon, Pittsburgh, Pa.) a cationic polyelectrolyte, to a 0.01% concentration [24].
  • Cu, Ni, Zn, Co, Fe+2, Mn, Cd, Fe+3 and Pb are easily separated and detected in isocratic mode by ion chromatography with post-column derivatization using a bifunctional ion-exchange column and an eluent formed by oxalic acid (28 mM) and sodium nitrate (250 mM) [25].
  • Neutral aqueous solutions of sodium nitrate/ethanol have been irradiated with high-energy heavy ions from the Berkeley Bevalac [26].
  • Altertoxins were separated on a reversed-phase column with methanol-water containing 0.1 M sodium nitrate and 1 mM nitric acid (60:40) as eluent and detected with dual in-series electrodes operating in the "redox" mode (generator electrode +1.0 V, indicator electrode -0.1 V) [27].
  • CONCLUSIONS: By using PVA crosslinked with sodium nitrate to entrap nitrifying and denitrifying sludge on the surface of a silicone tube, a novel bioreactor for simultaneous nitrification and denitrification was developed [28].

Gene context of sodium nitrate

  • In 1/3 to 2/3 of the subjects tested, sodium nitrate or nitrite decreased production of Th1 cytokines (interleukin-2, interferon-gamma, and tumor necrosis factor-beta) [29].
  • Sodium nitrate (from 0 to 2,000 p.p.m.) was added to the drinking water of 32-week old S.C. White Leghorn pullets [30].
  • The most favourable supporting electrolyte solution exhibiting the optimum electroanalytical performance of the NiHCF-SPCE sensor was found to be 0.2 mol/L sodium nitrate [31].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of sodium nitrate

  • In the modified test the loading dose of sodium nitrate was omitted and urinary NPRO levels were found to be significantly increased in Polya partial gastrectomy patients (P = 0.003) and post-vagotomy patients (P = 0.03) compared to controls [15].
  • Sodium nitrate (NaNO2) (pH 7.4), a major breakdown product of NO, failed to exert any protective effect in this same model of MI and reperfusion [32].
  • The first group (the control group) received no treatment, the second group received sodium nitrate (SN) treatment (574 mg of NaNO3 per kg of feed), the third group received experimental chlorate product (ECP) treatment (15 mM NaClO3 equivalents), and the fourth group received ECP treatment in combination with SN treatment [33].
  • In the laboratory, 40 g of dry and sifted material is analysed according to following procedure: 1 h standing, 20 minutes shaking and 3 minutes centrifugation (1500 rpm) in 5% sodium hydroxide (NaOH), then centrifugation, like above, with H2O for washing the sample and next with the saturated sodium nitrate (NaNO3) for flotation the eggs [34].


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  11. Relationship between the F0F1-ATPase and the K(+)-transport system within the membrane of anaerobically grown Escherichia coli. N,N'-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide-sensitive ATPase activity in mutants with defects in K(+)-transport. Trchounian, A.A., Vassilian, A.V. J. Bioenerg. Biomembr. (1994) [Pubmed]
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  15. Use of a modified N-nitrosoproline test to show intragastric nitrosation in patients at risk of gastric cancer. Houghton, P.W., Leach, S., Owen, R.W., McC Mortensen, N.J., Hill, M.J., Williamson, R.C. Br. J. Cancer (1989) [Pubmed]
  16. Determination of nafronyl in pharmaceutical preparations by means of stopped-flow micellar-stabilized room temperature phosphorescence. Munoz de la Peña, A., Espinosa Mansilla, A., Murillo Pulgarín, J.A., Alañón Molina, A., Fernández López, P. The Analyst. (1998) [Pubmed]
  17. Protective role of soybean feeding against the cytogenetical and histopathological effects of dibutylamine and sodium nitrate on bone marrow and liver of mice. Tohamy, A.A., el Ghor, A.A., Moharram, N.Z., el-Shazly, M.M. Mutat. Res. (1996) [Pubmed]
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  20. Effects of lactobacillus, antacids and antibiotics on the levels of nitrite in the gastro-intestinal tracts of rats fed sodium nitrate. Lin, J.K., Lai, C.C. Food Chem. Toxicol. (1982) [Pubmed]
  21. The role of thiols in ATP-dependent transport of S-(2,4-dinitrophenyl)glutathione by rat liver plasma membrane vesicles. Matsuda, Y., Epstein, L.F., Gatmaitan, Z., Arias, I.M. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1996) [Pubmed]
  22. Ultrastructure of gastric epithelium after exposure to mild environmental agents (sodium nitrate, saprol). Ptashekas, J.R. J. Environ. Pathol. Toxicol. Oncol. (1990) [Pubmed]
  23. Atrazine increases ranavirus susceptibility in the tiger salamander, Ambystoma tigrinum. Forson, D.D., Storfer, A. Ecological applications : a publication of the Ecological Society of America (2006) [Pubmed]
  24. Method for recovery of enteric viruses from estuarine sediments with chaotropic agents. Wait, D.A., Sobsey, M.D. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (1983) [Pubmed]
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  28. Simultaneous nitrification and denitrification using an autotrophic membrane-immobilized biofilm reactor. Ho, C.M., Tseng, S.K., Chang, Y.J. Lett. Appl. Microbiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
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  30. The influence of dietary nitrate on nitrate concentration in egg yolk and albumen. Lee, H.W., Adams, A.W., Cunningham, F.E. Poult. Sci. (1975) [Pubmed]
  31. Nickel hexacyanoferrate modified screen-printed carbon electrode for sensitive detection of ascorbic acid and hydrogen peroxide. Lin, J., Zhou, D.M., Hocevar, S.B., McAdams, E.T., Ogorevc, B., Zhang, X. Front. Biosci. (2005) [Pubmed]
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